26:89 pt. 1

On Nifaq (Hypocrisy), The Two-Faced Person, Taking Disbelievers as Friends, Women & Spiritual Deficiencies During Menses, Shirk

Allah, the Most High, said:

إِلَّا مَنْ أَتَى اللَّهَ بِقَلْبٍ سَلِيمٍ 

“Except him who comes to Allah with a clean heart [clean from Shirk (polytheism) and Nifaq (hypocrisy)].”

(26:89)

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about this ayah:

(The Day whereon neither wealth nor sons will avail,) means, a man’s wealth will not protect him from the punishment of Allah, even if he were to pay a ransom equivalent to an earthful of gold. (nor sons) means, `or if you were to pay a ransom of all the people on earth.’ On that Day nothing will be of any avail except faith in Allah and sincere devotion to Him, and renunciation of Shirk and its people. Allah says:  (Except him who brings to Allah a clean heart.) meaning, free from any impurity or Shirk. 

Ibn Sirin said, “The clean heart knows that Allah is true, that the Hour will undoubtedly come and that Allah will resurrect those who are in the graves.” Sa`id bin Al-Musayyib said, “The clean heart is the sound heart.” This is the heart of the believer, for the heart of the disbeliever and the hypocrite is sick. Allah says:  (In their hearts is a disease) (2:10). 

Abu `Uthman An-Nisaburi said, “It is the heart that is free from innovation and is content with the Sunnah.”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

It is imperative for the believer to understand that Allah (S.W.T.) will hold us accountable for what we have held in our hearts as Allah (S.W.T.), The Most Near has told us:

قُلْ إِن تُخْفُوا مَا فِي صُدُورِكُمْ أَوْ تُبْدُوهُ يَعْلَمْهُ اللَّهُ ۗ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ 

Say, “Whether you conceal what is in your breasts or reveal it, Allah knows it. And He knows that which is in the heavens and that which is on the earth. And Allah is over all things competent.

(3:29)

In order to properly address the matters of the heart, we must identify the characteristics of dis-ease.  Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) has left us with much guidance, by the permission of Allah (S.W.T.) in the matters of hypocrisy, of which we will discuss below.

An-Nifaq (Hypocrisy)

Hypocrisy is of two types;

  1. Hypocrisy in Belief.
  2. Hypocrisy in deeds and actions.

Hypocrisy in Belief:

There are six aspects of hypocrisy in Belief:

  1. To deny the Messenger (Muhammad, S.A.W.)
  2. To deny some of all that was brought by the Messenger (Muhammad, S.A.W.) (e.g. the Qur’an, the Sunnah, laws and principles of Islam).
  3. To hate the Messenger (Muhammad, S.A.W.).
  4. To hate some of that which was brought by the Messenger (Muhammad, S.A.W.) e.g. Islamic Monotheism, etc. 
  5. To feel happy at the disgrace of or the set-back for the religion of Allah’s Messenger (Muhammad, S.A.W.).
  6. To dislike that the religion of Allah’s Messenger (Islamic Monotheism) becomes victorious (not being pleased at the victory of Islam).

A person having these six types (of hypocrisy) will be in the lowest depths (grade) of the Fire (Hell).  (Qur’an 4:145)

Hypocrisy in deeds and actions:

There are five aspects of hypocrisy in deeds and actions, and their proof is from the statement of Allah’s Messenger (S.A.W.): 

  1. Whenever he speaks, he tells a lie.
  2. Whenever he promises, he always breaks it (his promise).
  3. If you trust him, he proves to be dishonest (if you keep something as a trust with him, he will not return it.)
  4. (And in another narration of the Prophet, S.A.W.) Whenever he quarrels, he behaves in a very imprudent, evil, insulting manner.
  5. Whenever he makes a covenant, he proves himself treacherous.

(Noble Qur’an, Appendix II)

This is like the hadith:

It is narrated on the authority of Abdullah b. ‘Amr (R.A.A.) that the Prophet observed:  “There are four characteristics, whoever has them all is a pure hypocrite, and whoever has one of its characteristics, he has one of the characteristics of hypocrisy, until he gives it up: When he speaks he lies, when he makes a covenant he betrays it, when he makes a promise he breaks it, and when he disputes he resorts to obscene speech.” In the narration of Sufyan (one of the narrators) it is: “And if he has one of them, he has one of the characteristics of hypocrisy.”

(Sahih Muslim, 116)

There are two types of hypocrites whom are spoken about in the Qur’an; 

  1. The complete hypocrite; and 
  2. The hesitant hypocrite (those who have some forms of hypocrisy.

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir 2:20)

The complete hypocrite has all of the characteristics of hypocrisy and has indisputable malice intent.  The hesitant hypocrite is like the one mentioned in the following hadith;

It was narrated from Ibn ‘Umar (R.A.A.) that:  The Messenger of Allah [SAW] said: “The parable of the hypocrite is that of a sheep that hesitates between two flocks, sometimes following one, and sometimes following another, not knowing which to follow.” (Sahih)

(Sunan an-Nasa’i 5037)

Hypocrites are in a deep state of confusion and are persuaded easily by fear, large numbers, and material possessions.  

Allah (SWT) says in the Qur’an:

فِي قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٌ فَزَادَهُمُ اللَّهُ مَرَضًا ۖ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ بِمَا كَانُوا يَكْذِبُونَ 

وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ لَا تُفْسِدُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ قَالُوا إِنَّمَا نَحْنُ مُصْلِحُونَ 

أَلَا إِنَّهُمْ هُمُ الْمُفْسِدُونَ وَلَٰكِن لَّا يَشْعُرُونَ

In their hearts is a disease, so Allah has increased their disease; and for them is a painful punishment because they [habitually] used to lie.  And when it is said to them, “Do not cause corruption on the earth,” they say, “We are but reformers.” Unquestionably, it is they who are the corrupters, but they perceive [it] not.

(2:10-12)

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about these ayat:

As-Suddi narrated from Abu Malik and (also) from Abu Salih, from Ibn `Abbas, and (also) Murrah Al-Hamdani from Ibn Mas`ud and other Companions that this Ayah,

﴿فِى قُلُوبِهِمْ مَّرَضٌ﴾

(In their hearts is a disease) means, `doubt’, and,

﴿فَزَادَهُمُ اللَّهُ مَرَضًا﴾

(And Allah has increased their disease) also means `doubt’. Mujahid, `Ikrimah, Al-Hasan Al-Basri, Abu Al-`Aliyah, Ar-Rabi` bin Anas and Qatadah also said similarly. `Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam commented on,

﴿فِى قُلُوبِهِمْ مَّرَضٌ﴾

(In their hearts is a disease), “A disease in the religion, not a physical disease. They are the hypocrites and the disease is the doubt that they brought to Islam.

﴿فَزَادَهُمُ اللَّهُ مَرَضًا﴾

(And Allah has increased their disease) meaning, increased them in shameful behavior.” He also recited,

﴿فَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ ءامَنُواْ فَزَادَتْهُمْ إِيمَـناً وَهُمْ يَسْتَبْشِرُونَوَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ فِى قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٌ فَزَادَتْهُمْ رِجْسًا إِلَى رِجْسِهِمْ﴾

(As for those who believe, it has increased their faith, and they rejoice. But as for those in whose hearts is a disease, it will add disgrace to their disgrace.) (9:124-125) and commented, “Evil to their evil and deviation to their deviation.” This statement by `Abdur-Rahman is true, and it constitutes a punishment that is compatible to the sin, just as the earlier scholars stated. Similarly, Allah said,

﴿وَالَّذِينَ اهْتَدَوْاْ زَادَهُمْ هُدًى وَءَاتَـهُمْ تَقُوَاهُمْ ﴾

(While as for those who accept guidance, He increases their guidance and grants them their piety) (47:17).

Allah said next,

﴿بِمَا كَانُواْ يَكْذِبُونَ﴾

(Because they used to tell lies). The hypocrites have two characteristics, they lie and they deny the Unseen.

The scholars who stated that the Prophet knew the hypocrites of his time have only the Hadith of Hudhayfah bin Al-Yaman as evidence. In it the Prophet gave him the names of fourteen hypocrites during the battle of Tabuk. These hypocrites plotted to assassinate the Prophet during the night on a hill in that area. They planned to excite the Prophet’s camel, so that she would throw him down the hill. Allah informed the Prophet about their plot, and the Prophet told Hudhayfah their names.

As for the other hypocrites, Allah said about them,

﴿وَمِمَّنْ حَوْلَكُم مِّنَ الاٌّعْرَابِ مُنَـفِقُونَ وَمِنْ أَهْلِ الْمَدِينَةِ مَرَدُواْ عَلَى النَّفَاقِ لاَ تَعْلَمُهُمْ نَحْنُ نَعْلَمُهُمْ﴾

(And among the bedouins around you, some are hypocrites, and so are some among the people of Al-Madinah who persist in hypocrisy; you (O Muhammad ) know them not, We know them) (9:101), and,

﴿لَّئِن لَّمْ يَنتَهِ الْمُنَـفِقُونَ وَالَّذِينَ فِى قُلُوبِهِمْ مَّرَضٌ وَالْمُرْجِفُونَ فِى الْمَدِينَةِ لَنُغْرِيَنَّكَ بِهِمْ ثُمَّ لاَ يُجَاوِرُونَكَ فِيهَآ إِلاَّ قَلِيلاً – مَّلْعُونِينَ أَيْنَمَا ثُقِفُواْ أُخِذُواْ وَقُتِّلُواْ تَقْتِيلاً ﴾

(If the hypocrites, and those in whose hearts is a disease, and those who spread false news among the people in Al-Madinah do not cease, We shall certainly let you overpower them, then they will not be able to stay in it as your neighbors but a little while. Accursed, they shall be seized wherever found, and killed with a (terrible) slaughter) (33:60-61).

These Ayat prove that the Prophet was not informed about each and everyone among the hypocrites of his time. Rather, the Prophet was only informed about their characteristics, and he used to assume that some people possessed these characteristics. Similarly, Allah said,

﴿وَلَوْ نَشَآءُ لأَرَيْنَـكَهُمْ فَلَعَرَفْتَهُم بِسِيمَـهُمْ وَلَتَعْرِفَنَّهُمْ فِى لَحْنِ الْقَوْلِ﴾

(Had We willed, We could have shown them to you, and you should have known them by their marks; but surely, you will know them by the tone of their speech!) (47:30).

The most notorious hypocrite at that time was `Abdullah bin Ubayy bin Salul; Zayd bin Arqam – the Companion – gave truthful testimony to that effect. In addition, `Umar bin Al-Khattab once mentioned the matter of Ibn Salul to the Prophet , who said,

«إِنِّي أَكْرَهُ أَنْ تَتَحَدَّثَ الْعَرَبُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا يَقْتُلُ أَصْحَابَه»

(I would not like the Arabs to say to each other that Muhammad is killing his Companions.)

Yet, when Ibn Salul died, the Prophet performed the funeral prayer for him and attended his funeral just as he used to do with other Muslims. It was recorded in the Sahih that the Prophet said,

«إِنِّي خُيِّرْتُ فَاخْتَرْت»

(I was given the choice (to pray for him or not), so I chose.)

In another narration, the Prophet said,

«لَوْ أَعْلَمُ أَنِّي لَوْ زِدْتُ عَلَى السَّبْعِينَ يُغْفَرُ لَهُ لَزِدْت»

(If I knew that by asking (Allah to forgive Ibn Salul) more than seventy times that He would forgive him, then I would do that.)

﴿وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ لاَ تُفْسِدُواْ فِى الأَرْضِ قَالُواْ إِنَّمَا نَحْنُ مُصْلِحُونَ – أَلا إِنَّهُمْ هُمُ الْمُفْسِدُونَ وَلَـكِن لاَّ يَشْعُرُونَ ﴾

In his Tafsir, As-Suddi said that Ibn `Abbas and Ibn Mas`ud commented,

﴿وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ لاَ تُفْسِدُواْ فِى الأَرْضِ قَالُواْ إِنَّمَا نَحْنُ مُصْلِحُونَ ﴾

(And when it is said to them: “Do not make mischief on the earth,” they say: “We are only peacemakers.”) “They are the hypocrites. As for,

﴿لاَ تُفْسِدُواْ فِى الأَرْضِ﴾

(“Do not make mischief on the earth”), that is disbelief and acts of disobedience.” Abu Ja`far said that Ar-Rabi` bin Anas said that Abu Al-`Aliyah said that Allah’s statement,

﴿وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ لاَ تُفْسِدُواْ فِى الأَرْضِ﴾

(And when it is said to them: “Do not make mischief on the earth,”), means, “Do not commit acts of disobedience on the earth. Their mischief is disobeying Allah, because whoever disobeys Allah on the earth, or commands that Allah be disobeyed, he has committed mischief on the earth. Peace on both the earth and in the heavens is ensured (and earned) through obedience (to Allah).” Ar-Rabi` bin Anas and Qatadah said similarly.

Ibn Jarir said, “The hypocrites commit mischief on earth by disobeying their Lord on it and continuing in the prohibited acts. They also abandon what Allah made obligatory and doubt His religion, even though He does not accept a deed from anyone except with faith in His religion and certainty of its truth. The hypocrites also lie to the believers by saying contrary to the doubt and hesitation their hearts harbor. They give as much aid as they can, against Allah’s loyal friends, and support those who deny Allah, His Books and His Messengers. This is how the hypocrites commit mischief on earth, while thinking that they are doing righteous work on earth.”

The statement by Ibn Jarir is true, taking the disbelievers as friends is one of the categories of mischief on the earth. Allah said,

﴿وَالَّذينَ كَفَرُواْ بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلِيَآءُ بَعْضٍ إِلاَّ تَفْعَلُوهُ تَكُنْ فِتْنَةٌ فِى الاٌّرْضِ وَفَسَادٌ كَبِيرٌ ﴾

(And those who disbelieve are allies of one another, if you do not do this (help each other), there will be turmoil and oppression on the earth, and great mischief.) (8:73), In this way Allah severed the loyalty between the believers and the disbelievers. Similarly, Allah said,

﴿يَـأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لاَ تَتَّخِذُواْ الْكَـفِرِينَ أَوْلِيَآءَ مِن دُونِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَتُرِيدُونَ أَن تَجْعَلُواْ للَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ سُلْطَاناً مُّبِيناً ﴾

(O you who believe! Do not take disbelievers as Awliya’ (protectors or helpers or friends) instead of believers. Do you wish to offer Allah a manifest proof against yourselves) (4: 144).

Allah then said,

﴿إِنَّ الْمُنَـفِقِينَ فِى الدَّرْكِ الاٌّسْفَلِ مِنَ النَّارِ وَلَن تَجِدَ لَهُمْ نَصِيراً ﴾

(Verily, the hypocrites will be in the lowest depth of the Fire; no helper will you find for them) (4:145).

Since the outward appearance of the hypocrite displays belief, he confuses the true believers. Hence, the deceitful behavior of the hypocrites is an act of mischief, because they deceive the believers by claiming what they do not believe in, and because they give support and loyalty to the disbelievers against the believers.

If the hypocrite remains a disbeliever (rather than pretending to be Muslim), the evil that results from him would be less. Even better, if the hypocrite becomes sincere with Allah and makes the statements that he utters conform to his deeds, he will gain success. Allah said,

﴿وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ لاَ تُفْسِدُواْ فِى الأَرْضِ قَالُواْ إِنَّمَا نَحْنُ مُصْلِحُونَ ﴾

(And when it is said to them: “Do not make mischief on the earth,” they say: “We are only peacemakers.”) meaning, “We seek to be friends with both parties, the believers and the disbelievers, and to have peace with both parties.” Similarly, Muhammad bin Ishaq reported that Ibn `Abbas said,

﴿وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ لاَ تُفْسِدُواْ فِى الأَرْضِ قَالُواْ إِنَّمَا نَحْنُ مُصْلِحُونَ ﴾

(And when it is said to them: “Do not make mischief on the earth,” they say: “We are only peacemakers.”) means, “We seek to make amends between the believers and the People of the Book. ” Allah said,

﴿أَلا إِنَّهُمْ هُمُ الْمُفْسِدُونَ وَلَـكِن لاَّ يَشْعُرُونَ ﴾

(Verily, they are the ones who make mischief, but they perceive not.). This Ayah means that the hypocrites’ behavior, and their claim that it is for peace, is itself mischief, although in their ignorance, they do not see it to be mischief.

﴿وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ ءَامِنُواْ كَمَآ ءَامَنَ النَّاسُ قَالُواْ أَنُؤْمِنُ كَمَآ آمَنَ السُّفَهَآءُ أَلاَ إِنَّهُمْ هُمُ السُّفَهَآءُ وَلَـكِن لاَّ يَعْلَمُونَ ﴾

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

No Muslim should feel safe from falling into hypocrisy (May Allah protect us from that).  In fact, many of the Sahaba, May Allah (SWT) be pleased with them all, used to fear falling into hypocrisy as  Ibn Abī Mulaykah – Allah have mercy on him – said:

I met thirty of the Prophet’s Companions – Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – and every one of them feared falling into nifāq (hypocrisy); not one of them claimed he had the level of faith of Jibrīl or Mīkā`īl.

(Quoted by Al-Bukhārī)

Beneficial Hadith on Hypocrisy:

Abu Musa al-Ash’ari (R.A.A.) reported Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying:

A believer who recites the Qur’an is like an orange whose fragrance is sweet and whose taste is sweet; a believer who does not recite the Qur’an is like a date which has no fragrance but has a sweet taste; and the hypocrite who recites the Qur’an is like a basil whose fragrance is sweet, but whose taste is bitter; and a hypocrite who does not recite the Qur’an is like the colocynth which has no fragrance and has a bitter taste.

(Sahih Muslim, 797)

Abu Huraira (R.A.A.) reported Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying:

The Similitude of a believer is that of (a standing) crop which the air continues to toss from one side to another; in the same way a believer always (receives the strokes) of misfortune. The similitude of a hypocrite is that of a cypress tree which does not move until it is uprooted.

(Sahih Muslim, 2809)

Narrated Ka`b (R.A.A.):  The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “The example of a believer is that of a fresh tender plant, which the wind bends lt sometimes and some other time it makes it straight. And the example of a hypocrite is that of a pine tree which keeps straight till once it is uprooted suddenly.

(Sahih al-Bukhari 5643)

Salam ibn Miskin, quoting an old man who witnessed AbuWa’il in a wedding feast, said:  They began to play, amuse and sing. He united the support of his hand round his knees that were drawn up, and said: I heard Abdullah (ibn Mas’ud) say: I heard the apostle of Allah (ﷺ) say: Singing produces hypocrisy in the heart. (Da’if)

(Sunan Abi Dawud 4927)

A Note to The Women: Beware of Yourself During Your Menses!

Hormonal imbalances in the body have a significant impact on women especially during the time of their menses.  It is at these times that we women must ever cautious about our actions, the rights of others, and the state of our hearts.  

It is narrated on the authority of ‘Abdullah b. Umar (R.A.A.) that the Messenger of Allah observed:  O womenfolk, you should give charity and ask much forgiveness for I saw you in bulk amongst the dwellers of Hell. A wise lady among them said: Why is it, Messenger of Allah, that our folk is in bulk in Hell? Upon this the Prophet observed: You curse too much and are ungrateful to your spouses. I have seen none lacking in common sense and failing in religion but (at the same time) robbing the wisdom of the wise, besides you. Upon this the woman remarked: What is wrong with our common sense and with religion? He (the Holy Prophet) observed: Your lack of common sense (can be well judged from the fact) that the evidence of two women is equal to one man, that is a proof of the lack of common sense, and you spend some nights (and days) in which you do not offer prayer and in the month of Ramadan (during the days) you do not observe fast, that is a failing in religion.  

(Sahih Muslim, 79)

Many women feel strong emotions before, during, and periods after their menses and giving birth. It is our fluctuating emotional state that may cause us to become hasty in decision making, breaking covenants, ill-manners, and intentionally and unintentionally forgetful the promises and rights due to others.   How many women curse their families, stop serving their husbands, ask for divorce, make hasty duaas against their children due to high emotion and lack of common sense! May Allah (S.W.T.) forgive us and protect us from that, Allahumma Ameen.  

During these times it is important to remember Allah (S.W.T.) much, constantly turn to Him in repentance, and practice good self care which includes seeking aid from your believing companions.  

I remind you as I remind myself first;

Allah (S.W.T.) says in the Holy Qur’an;

وَلَا تَكُونُوا كَالَّتِي نَقَضَتْ غَزْلَهَا مِن بَعْدِ قُوَّةٍ أَنكَاثًا تَتَّخِذُونَ أَيْمَانَكُمْ دَخَلًا بَيْنَكُمْ أَن تَكُونَ أُمَّةٌ هِيَ أَرْبَىٰ مِنْ أُمَّةٍ ۚ إِنَّمَا يَبْلُوكُمُ اللَّهُ بِهِ ۚ وَلَيُبَيِّنَنَّ لَكُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ مَا كُنتُمْ فِيهِ تَخْتَلِفُونَ 

And do not be like she who untwisted her spun thread after it was strong [by] taking your oaths as [means of] deceit between you because one community is more plentiful [in number or wealth] than another community. Allah only tries you thereby. And He will surely make clear to you on the Day of Resurrection that over which you used to differ.

(16:92)

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir regarding this ayah:

(And do not be like the one who undoes the thread which she has spun, after it has become strong,) `Abdullah bin Kathir and As-Suddi said: “This was a foolish woman in Makkah. Everytime she spun thread and made it strong, she would undo it again.” Mujahid, Qatadah and Ibn Zayd said: “This is like the one who breaks a covenant after confirming it.” This view is more correct and more apparent, whether or not there was a woman in Makkah who undid her thread after spinning it. The word Ankathan could be referring back to the word translated as “undoes”, reinforcing the meaning, or it could be the predicate of the verb “to be”, meaning, do not be Ankathan, the plural of Nakth (breach, violation), from the word Nakith (perfidious). Hence after this, Allah says:

﴿تَتَّخِذُونَ أَيْمَـنَكُمْ دَخَلاً بَيْنَكُمْ﴾

(by taking your oaths as a means of deception among yourselves) meaning for the purposes of cheating and tricking one another.

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

Don’t be mistaken the male and female hypocrites are as bad as one another as Allah (S.W.T) tells us in the Qur’an;

الْمُنَافِقُونَ وَالْمُنَافِقَاتُ بَعْضُهُم مِّن بَعْضٍ ۚ يَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمُنكَرِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَقْبِضُونَ أَيْدِيَهُمْ ۚ نَسُوا اللَّهَ فَنَسِيَهُمْ ۗ إِنَّ الْمُنَافِقِينَ هُمُ الْفَاسِقُونَ 

“The men and women of the hypocrites are as bad as one another, they command what is wrong and forbid what is right and keep their fists tightly closed.  They have forgotten Allah and He has forgotten them. The hypocrites are deviators.”

(9:67)

I mention the women in this section as we must realize that  our role in the family is detrimental to its success or failure.  Even if we are not fully awakened to our high status within the family and society as a whole those around us–those who depend on us certainly do.  As Muslim women, those around us expect much from our role as Wife, Mother, Daughter, Sister, Companion, and so on. This can seem lopsided due to the fact we may need to give rights more than we are receiving our own however, we must not become overwhelmed and lose patience as our reward is with Allah (S.W.T.).

Failing in our promises and covenants has the ability to hinder people from the path of Islam as Allah (S.W.T.) says in the Holy Qur’an;

وَلَا تَتَّخِذُوا أَيْمَانَكُمْ دَخَلًا بَيْنَكُمْ فَتَزِلَّ قَدَمٌ بَعْدَ ثُبُوتِهَا وَتَذُوقُوا السُّوءَ بِمَا صَدَدتُّمْ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ ۖ وَلَكُمْ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ 

And do not take your oaths as [means of] deceit between you, lest a foot slip after it was [once] firm, and you would taste evil [in this world] for what [people] you diverted from the way of Allah, and you would have [in the Hereafter] a great punishment.

(16:94)

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir regarding this ayah:

Then Allah warns His servant against taking oaths as means of deception, i.e., using them for treacherous purposes, lest a foot should slip after being firmly planted. This is an analogy describing one who was on the right path but then deviated and slipped from the path of guidance because of an unfulfilled oath that involved hindering people from the path of Allah. This is because if a disbeliever were to find that after having agreed to a covenant, then the believer betrayed him, then the believer will have hindered him from entering Islam. Thus Allah says:

﴿وَتَذُوقُواْ الْسُّوءَ بِمَا صَدَدتُّمْ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَلَكُمْ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ﴾

(and you taste the evil of having hindered from the path of Allah, and you will suffer a terrible punishment.)

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

It is unfortunate that many of us Muslims mask two-faced behaviors behind the guise of  “seeking nisiyah” about family matters. Intimate Sister gatherings (instead of being uplifting and dedicated to striving to become closer to Allah (S.W.T.)) are sometimes so full with low vibratory energy derived from backbiting those closest to us–our Husbands and Children.  We must remember to always complain to Allah (S.W.T.) to protect our hearts from this type of dis-ease.  

Narrated Abu Huraira (R.A.A.):  Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “You see that the people are of different natures. Those who were the best in the pre-lslamic period, are also the best in Islam if they comprehend religious knowledge. You see that the best amongst the people in this respect (i.e. ambition of ruling) are those who hate it most. And you see that the worst among people is the double faced (person) who appears to these with one face and to the others with another face (i.e a hypocrite).

(Sahih al-Bukhari 3493, 3494)

Allah (S.W.T.) tells us in the Qur’an Prophet Ya’qub’s words when he was faced with trials;

قَالَ إِنَّمَا أَشْكُو بَثِّي وَحُزْنِي إِلَى اللَّهِ وَأَعْلَمُ مِنَ اللَّهِ مَا لَا تَعْلَمُونَ 

“He said: “I only complain of my grief and sorrow to Allah, and I know from Allah that which you do not.”

(12:86)

We have promises from Allah that the reward for good is good.  So we must strive to be upright, even when face injustice–we must know with surety that our reward is with Allah (S.W.T.).

However, there will be times that we need good Islamic advice.  We must choose a trustworthy person who is grounded in knowledge to assist us in our affairs. 

Abu Huraira (R.A.A.) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Do you know what is backbiting? They (the Companions) said: Allah and His Messenger know best. Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: Backbiting implies your talking about your brother in a manner which he does not like. It was said to him: What is your opinion about this that if I actually find (that failing) in my brother which I made a mention of? He said: If (that failing) is actually found (in him) what you assert, you in fact backbited him, and if that is not in him it is a slander.

(Sahih Muslim, 6265)

Beneficial practices during menses: 

Understand your menses indications (PMS).  For many sisters, menses symptoms start as soon as a week before the actual show of blood. These symptoms range in severity and may include; fluctuating emotions, racing thoughts, irritability, and poor eating habits.  

To combat the spiritual weakness during these times we must be constant in reciting Qur’an as the scholars agree that this is permissible to do  during menses. Stay connected to the salat schedule by sitting during the times of prayers for Dhkir. Be sure to eat well and take calming herbs like chamomile and lavender when needed.   Other good habits include staying hydrated, and performing Ruqya on yourself as Shaytan’s waswas may be high during for some during these times.  

Also, inform those who are closest to you about how your menses affect you.  Trials (when we look at them as opportunities to grow), can open up the doorway to honest communication with those who are closest to you.  Share your struggles and ask for help from everyone during this time. It is important for everyone to understand that when a woman is on her menses, she is Spiritually, Physically, Emotionally, and Mentally sick. Kind treatment, help with household duties, and duaa are all things that can benefit her during these times. Remember, we are the Party of Allah and it is our duty to help one another when we are weak.  May Allah (S.W.T.) help all the families and increase them in righteousness. Ameen.  

Beneficial Hadith to ponder…

Al-Harith Al-Ash`ari (R.A.A.) narrated that the Prophet of Allah said; Allah commanded Yahya bin Zakariya to implement five commands and to order the Children of Israel to implement them, but Yahya was slow in carrying out these commands. `Isa said to Yahya, `You were ordered to implement five commands and to order the Children of Israel to implement them. So either order, or I will do it.’ Yahya said, ‘My brother! I fear that if you do it before me, I will be punished or the earth will be shaken under my feet.’ Hence, Yahya bin Zakariya called the Children of Israel to Bayt Al-Maqdis (Jerusalem), until they filled the Masjid. He sat on the balcony, thanked Allah and praised him and then said, `Allah ordered me to implement five commandments and that I should order you to adhere to them. The first is that you worship Allah alone and not associate any with Him. The example of this command is the example of a man who bought a servant from his money with paper or gold. The servant started to work for the master, but was paying the profits to another person. Who among you would like his servant to do that Allah created you and sustains you. Therefore, worship Him alone and do not associate anything with Him. I also command you to pray, for Allah directs His Face towards His servant’s face, as long as the servant does not turn away. So when you pray, do not turn your heads to and fro. I also command you to fast. The example of it is the example of a man in a group of men and he has some musk wrapped in a piece of cloth, and consequently, all of the group smells the scent of the wrapped musk. Verily, the odor of the mouth of a fasting person is better before Allah than the scent of musk. I also command you to give charity. The example of this is the example of a man who was captured by the enemy. They tied his hands to his neck and brought him forth to cut off his neck. He said to them, ‘Can I pay a ransom for myself’ He kept ransoming himself with small and large amounts until he liberated himself. I also command you to always remember Allah. The example of this deed is that of a man who the enemy is tirelessly pursuing. He takes refuge in a fortified fort. When the servant remembers Allah, he will be resorting to the best refuge from Satan.)

Al-Harith then narrated that the Messenger of Allah said,

(And I order you with five commandments that Allah has ordered me. Stick to the Jama`ah (community of the faithful), listen and obey (your leaders) and perform Hijrah (migration) and Jihad for the sake of Allah. Whoever abandons the Jama`ah, even the distance of a hand span, will have removed the tie of Islam from his neck, unless he returns. Whoever uses the slogans of Jahiliyah (the pre-Islamic period of ignorance) he will be among those kneeling in Jahannam (Hellfire).) They said, “O Messenger of Allah! Even if he prays and fasts” He said, (Even if he prays, fasts and claims to be Muslim. So call the Muslims with their names that Allah has called them: `The Muslims, the believing servants of Allah.’) (Hasan)

(Musnad Imam Ahmad)

Thawbaan (R.A.A.) narrated that The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Any woman who asks her husband for a divorce when it is not absolutely necessary, the fragrance of Paradise will be forbidden to her.”. (Sahih)

(Sunan Abu Da’ud, 2226)

Thawban (R.A.A.) narrated that: The Prophet said: “The women who seek a Khul are hypocrites.” (Sahih)

(Jami` at-Tirmidhi, 1186)

Uprooting Nifaq (Hypocrisy) From the Heart Beneficial Recommendations  from The Qur’an & Sunnah

Allah (S.W.T.) says in the Qur’an:

إِنَّ الْمُنَافِقِينَ فِي الدَّرْكِ الْأَسْفَلِ مِنَ النَّارِ وَلَن تَجِدَ لَهُمْ نَصِيرًا إِلَّا الَّذِينَ تَابُوا وَأَصْلَحُوا وَاعْتَصَمُوا بِاللَّهِ وَأَخْلَصُوا دِينَهُمْ لِلَّهِ فَأُولَٰئِكَ مَعَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ۖ وَسَوْفَ يُؤْتِ اللَّهُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَجْرًا عَظِيمًا مَّا يَفْعَلُ اللَّهُ بِعَذَابِكُمْ إِن شَكَرْتُمْ وَآمَنتُمْ ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ شَاكِرًا عَلِيمًا 

“Verily, the hypocrites will be in the lowest dept (grade) of Fire; no helper will you find for them.  Except those who repent (from hypocrisy), do righteous good deeds, hold fast to Allah, and purify their religion for Allah (by worshiping none but Allah, and do good for Allah’s sake only, not to show off), ten they will be with the believers.  And Allah will grant the believers a great reward. Why should Allah punish you if you have thanked (Him) and have believed in Him. And Allah is Ever All-Appreciative (of good), All-Knowing.  
(4:145-147)

قُلْ يَا عِبَادِيَ الَّذِينَ أَسْرَفُوا عَلَىٰ أَنفُسِهِمْ لَا تَقْنَطُوا مِن رَّحْمَةِ اللَّهِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ جَمِيعًا ۚ إِنَّهُ هُوَ الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ 

Say, “O My servants who have transgressed against themselves [by sinning], do not despair of the mercy of Allah . Indeed, Allah forgives all sins. Indeed, it is He who is the Forgiving, the Merciful.”(39:53)

“And worship your Lord until there comes unto you the certainty (i.e. death).”(15:99)

الَّذِينَ يَحْمِلُونَ الْعَرْشَ وَمَنْ حَوْلَهُ يُسَبِّحُونَ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّهِمْ وَيُؤْمِنُونَ بِهِ وَيَسْتَغْفِرُونَ لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا رَبَّنَا وَسِعْتَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ رَّحْمَةً وَعِلْمًا فَاغْفِرْ لِلَّذِينَ تَابُوا وَاتَّبَعُوا سَبِيلَكَ وَقِهِمْ عَذَابَ الْجَحِيمِ

“Those [angels] who carry the Throne and those around it exalt [ Allah ] with praise of their Lord and believe in Him and ask forgiveness for those who have believed, [saying], “Our Lord, You have encompassed all things in mercy and knowledge, so forgive those who have repented and followed Your way and protect them from the punishment of Hellfire.”(40:7)

Beneficial Duaas:
 Abu Hurairah (R.A.A.) said:  “The Messenger of Allah [SAW] used to say in his supplication: ‘Allahumma inni a’udhu bika minash-shiqaqi wan-nifaqi, wa suw’il-akhlaq (O Allah, I seek refuge with You from opposing the truth, hypocrisy and bad manners.)'” (Da’if)

(Sunan an-Nasa’i 5471)


Do Deeds!:
Allah (S.W.T.) says in the Qur’an:

أَفَمَا نَحْنُ بِمَيِّتِينَ
إِلَّا مَوْتَتَنَا الْأُولَىٰ وَمَا نَحْنُ بِمُعَذَّبِينَ
لِمِثْلِ هَٰذَا فَلْيَعْمَلِ الْعَامِلُونَ


“(The dwellers of Paradise will say) Are we then not to die (any more)?Except our first death, and we shall not be punished?  (after we have entered Paradise). Truly, this is the supreme success!  For the like of this let the workers work.”(37:58-61)

Abu Barza al-Aslami (R.A.A.) said, “I said, ‘Messenger of Allah, show me an action by which I will enter the Garden!” He said, ‘Remove harmful things from people’s path.'” (Sahih)(Al-Albani, 228)

Anas bin Malik (R.A.A.) narrated that:  Allah’s Messenger said: “Whoever performs Salat for Allah for forty days in congregation, catching the first Takbir, two absolution’s are written for him: absolution from the Fire, and absolution from the Fire, and absolution from hypocrisy.” (Da’if)
(Jami` at-Tirmidhi 241)

Ibn ‘Umar and Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with them) reported:We heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) saying (while delivering Khutbah on his wooden pulpit), “Either some people (i.e., hypocrites) stop neglecting the Friday prayers, or Allah will seal their hearts and they will be among the heedless.”
(Muslim, 160)

Narrated Abu Huraira (R.A.A.):The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “No prayer is heavier upon the hypocrites than the Fajr and the `Isha’ prayers and if they knew what is in them (in reward), they would have attended them, even if (it was) crawling. Certainly, I felt the urge to order the Mu’adh-dhin (call-maker) so that he would pronounce Iqama, then order a man to lead the people (in prayer), then take a flame of fire so that I burn (the houses) upon those who had not left for the prayer yet.”
(Sahih al-Bukhari 657)

In Part 2 we will discuss Shirk and its forms In shaa Allah.

Published by Umm Nadia Taliah Muhammad

Striving to be a faithful servant of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ. Mother of six. Forever a student, In shaa Allah- in the areas of Qur'an, Sunnah, and Islamic Herbal Herbal Medicine.

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