Al-hamdu lillahi nahmadhu wa nasta`inuhu wa nastaghfiruhu, wa na`udhu billahi min shururi anfusina wa min sayi’ati a`malina, man yahdihillahu fala mudilla lahu, wa man yudlil fala hadiya lahu. Wa ashadu an la ilaha illallahu wahduhu la sharika lahu, wa anna Muhammadan `abduhu wa rasuluhu.
(Praise is to Allah, we praise Him and we seek His help and His forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allah from the evil of our own souls and from our bad deeds, Whomsoever Allah guides will never be led astray; and whomsoever is led astray, no one can guide. I bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped but Allah, alone with no partner or associate, and that Muhammad (ﷺ) is His slave and His Messenger). ‘O you who believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared, and die not except in the state of Islam (as Muslims) with complete submission to Allah.’ And: ‘O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person, and from him He created his wife, and from them both He created many men and women, and fear Allah through Whom you demand your mutual (rights), and (do not cut the relations of) the wombs (kinship). Surely, Allah is Ever an All-Watcher over you.’ And: ‘O you who believe! Keep your duty to Allah and fear Him, and speak (always) the truth. He will direct you to do righteous good deeds and will forgive you your sins.’
(Sunan Ibn Majah, 1892)
Research Scope and Methodology:
In Islam, the spiritural cleansing of the heart is imparative for overall wellbeing in this life and the next. This work is a humble attempt to examine all the ayats of Qur’an that mention the heart (generally “qalb” in Arabic) and other mentions including “the chest” or “Fou’ad”. The author estimates that there at least 180 ayat to be examined in this work. The methodology employed shall include; examining texts of Tafsir, Hadith, and works of scholars pertaining to this matter. Some author commentary is included as an attempt to add beneficial insights as well as to direct the flow of the text. Scholarly information and authors comments are distinguished by author reference points in the text.
Grades of hadith used shall be included as much as possible. Abbreviations shall include;
Allah, The Exalted = Allah (S.W.T.)
Prophet Muhammad, May Peace and Blessings be Upon Him = Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.)
A Narrator of Hadith: May Allah be pleased with them = Narrator of Hadith (R.A.A.)
One of the Most Important Matters in the Life of a Muslim: Cleansing the Heart
Allah, The Exalted, has says in the Qur’an:
إِلَّا مَنْ أَتَى اللَّهَ بِقَلْبٍ سَلِيمٍ
“Except him who brings to Allah a clean heart [clean from Shirk (polytheism) and Nifaq (hypocrisy)].
These two matters; shirk and hypocrisy, are two of the weightiest sins one can commit. If one dies upon shirk (polytheism) then his or her deeds have been lost and they will not be forgiven by Allah (S.W.T.). Hypocrisy, carries the heaviest punishment in the hereafter as those who die upon this sin will be cast into the lowest part of the hell-fire.
No Muslim should feel safe from falling into shirk or hypocrisy. We must be exceptionally vigilant in seeking knowledge and implementing it to avoid the major and minor pitfalls of these grave offenses. It is important here to note that none of the Sahaba felt themselves free of hypocrisy. In fact, they all feared it;
Ibn Abī Mulaykah – Allah have mercy on him – said: I met thirty of the Prophet’s Companions – Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him – and every one of them feared falling into nifāq (hypocrisy); not one of them claimed he had the level of faith of Jibrīl or Mīkā`īl.
(Quoted by Al-Bukhārī)
Additionally, Prophet Muhammad (May Allah be pleased with him) feared that his Ummah would fall into Ash-Shirk al-Khafi (The inconspicuous Shirk). This type of shirk implies being inwardly dissatisfied with the inevitable condition that has been ordained for one by Allah; conscientiously lamenting that had you done or not done such and such or had you approached such and such you would have had a better status, etc.
The Noble Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) said:
“Ash-Shirk al Khafi in the Muslim nation is more inconspicuous than the creeping of a black ant on a black rock in the pitch-darkness of the night.” And this inconspicuous Shirk is expiated by saying thrice the following sentences every day: “O Allah! I take Your refuge from that I should ascribe anything as partner in Your worship, being conscious of that, and I beg Your pardon for that sin which I am not aware of.”
(The Noble Qur’an pg. 903)
Allah, The Exalted, has put forth every type of example and has given us guidance to cure all dis-ease of the heart. For those “stuck” in mental and emotional lamenting over past events the Qur’an and Sunnah provides such wise guidance and encouragement to help us free ourselves from these self-destructive patterns.
مَا أَصَابَ مِن مُّصِيبَةٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا فِي أَنفُسِكُمْ إِلَّا فِي كِتَابٍ مِّن قَبْلِ أَن نَّبْرَأَهَا ۚ إِنَّ ذَٰلِكَ عَلَى اللَّهِ يَسِيرٌ
لِّكَيْلَا تَأْسَوْا عَلَىٰ مَا فَاتَكُمْ وَلَا تَفْرَحُوا بِمَا آتَاكُمْ ۗ وَاللَّهُ لَا يُحِبُّ كُلَّ مُخْتَالٍ فَخُورٍ
“No calamity befalls on earth or in yourselves but it is inscribed in the Book of Decrees (Al-Lauh Al Mahfiz) before We bring it into existence. Verily, that is easy for Allah. In order that you may not grieve at the things that you fail to get, nor rejoice of that which has been given to you. And Allah likes not every prideful boaster.”
There is so much alleviation for the heart in seeking knowledge. Allah, The Exalted tells us in the Qur’an that only those who possess knowledge truly fear Allah (35:28). Therefore, it is highly important for us to study The Deen of Allah so that we can-by Allah’s permission, have the fortuity at correctness in word and deed.
In the matter of Ash-Shirk al Khafi, understanding what Allah, The Exalted, has revealed to us of Al Qadr can help us reconcile with our past (i.e., ignorance/sins, trauma, and so on) in a way that is spiritually healthy and productive for our present and future, in shaa Allah.
Ibn ‘Umar (R.A.A.) narrated from the Prophet (S.A.W): “There will be a collapse of the earth and transformation in my Ummah, and that is for those who deny Al-Qadar.” (Hasan)
(Jami at-Tirmidi, 2153)
It is very noteworthy to point out that in the commentary of this hadith it states that the “transformation” mentioned may reference a physical change (ex. Turning into monkeys or the like) or a figurative change (ex. A collapse of the heart). In today’s times we are seeing both, as transgender issues–men cutting at their private parts to change themselves into women, and women taking hormones to change themselves into men, makeup artistry which completely fabricates the face of a person, plastic surgery that leaves the face and body deformed. Worldwide, we are witnessing a spiritual decline in Muslim countries that now host concerts for some of the most persuasive leaders of misguidance! (See commentary ref.  – Jami at-Tirmidi, 2185)
Jãbir bin ‘Abdullãh (R.A.A.) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) said: “A slave (of Allah) shall not believe until he believes in Al-Qadar, its good and its bad, such that he knows that what struck him would not have missed him, and that what missed him would not have struck him.” (Hasan)
(Jami at-Tirmidi, 2144)
Abu Hurairah (R.A.A.) narrated that the Prophet said: “Adam and Musa argued, Müsã said: ‘O Adam! You are the one that Allah created with His Hand, and blew into you of His Spirit, and you misled the people and caused them to be expelled from Paradise.’ So Adam said: ‘You are Musa, the one Allah selected with His Speech! Are you blaming me for something I did which Allah had decreed for me, before creating the heavens and the earth?” He said: “So Adam confuted Musa.” (Sahih)
(Jami at-Tirmidi, 2144)
The righteous Sahaba regularly practiced muhasabah, taking oneself to account. ‘Umar ibn al-Kitab (R.A.A.) said;
Hasibu anfusakum Qabla antuhasabu “Bring yourself to account before you are taken to account.” And ‘Umar added: Wazinu anfusakum Qabla antuzanu “Weigh your deeds before your deeds are weighed.”
(Igathat al-lahfan by Imam Ibnul Qayyim al-Jawziyyah (rahimahullaah)
The person who seeks to be good and righteous never stops analyzing him/herself. It is the wicked, evil persons who never take accountability for their actions and consequently, their deeds have been lost as Allah (S.W.T.) tells us in the Qur’an;
وَاصْبِرْ نَفْسَكَ مَعَ الَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ رَبَّهُم بِالْغَدَاةِ وَالْعَشِيِّ يُرِيدُونَ وَجْهَهُ ۖ وَلَا تَعْدُ عَيْنَاكَ عَنْهُمْ تُرِيدُ زِينَةَ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا ۖ وَلَا تُطِعْ مَنْ أَغْفَلْنَا قَلْبَهُ عَن ذِكْرِنَا وَاتَّبَعَ هَوَاهُ وَكَانَ أَمْرُهُ فُرُطًا
And keep yourself patient [by being] with those who call upon their Lord in the morning and the evening, seeking His countenance. And let not your eyes pass beyond them, desiring adornments of the worldly life, and do not obey one whose heart We have made heedless of Our remembrance and who follows his desire and whose affair is ever [in] neglect.
Al-Hãrith bin Suwaid (R.A.A.) said: “‘Abdullãh [bin Mas’üd] (R.A.A.) narrated two Ahãdith to us, one of them from himself and the other from the Prophet (S.A.W.). ‘Abdullah said: ‘The believer sees his sins as if he was at the base of a mountain, fearing that it is about to fall upon him. The wicked person sees his sins as if (they are) flies are hitting his nose” he said: “Like this” – motioning with his hand – “to get them to fly away.” (Sahih)
(Jami at-Tirmidi, 2497)
Heart purification is a lofty devoir for all Muslims;
Abu Huraira (R.A.A.) reported Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying:
Verily Allah does not look to your faces and your wealth but He looks to your heart and to your deeds.
(Sahih Muslim, 2564)
The most deprived people on The Day of Judgement will be those who never stopped to examine their own hearts and actions. Allah, The Exalted says in the Qur’an;
“Say (O Muhammad, S.A.W.): Shall We tell you the greatest losers in respect of (their) deeds? Those whose efforts have been wasted in this life while they thought that they were acquiring good by their deeds.”
Only the dark shadows of the imagination can attempt to picture the mournful scene for the hypocrites on The Day of Judgement. When the believers and hypocrites alike will be given a light and made to cross over Al-Sirat. The light will be snached from the hypocrites and Allah, The Exalted tells us in the Qur’an;
يَوْمَ تَرَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ يَسْعَىٰ نُورُهُم بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَبِأَيْمَانِهِم بُشْرَاكُمُ الْيَوْمَ جَنَّاتٌ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا ۚ ذَٰلِكَ هُوَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ
يَوْمَ يَقُولُ الْمُنَافِقُونَ وَالْمُنَافِقَاتُ لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا انظُرُونَا نَقْتَبِسْ مِن نُّورِكُمْ قِيلَ ارْجِعُوا وَرَاءَكُمْ فَالْتَمِسُوا نُورًا فَضُرِبَ بَيْنَهُم بِسُورٍ لَّهُ بَابٌ بَاطِنُهُ فِيهِ الرَّحْمَةُ وَظَاهِرُهُ مِن قِبَلِهِ الْعَذَابُ
يُنَادُونَهُمْ أَلَمْ نَكُن مَّعَكُمْ ۖ قَالُوا بَلَىٰ وَلَٰكِنَّكُمْ فَتَنتُمْ أَنفُسَكُمْ وَتَرَبَّصْتُمْ وَارْتَبْتُمْ وَغَرَّتْكُمُ الْأَمَانِيُّ حَتَّىٰ جَاءَ أَمْرُ اللَّهِ وَغَرَّكُم بِاللَّهِ الْغَرُورُ
“On the Day you shall see the believing men and the believing women: their light running forward before them and by their right hands. Glad tidings for you this Day! Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise), to dwell therein forever! Truly, this is a great success! On the Day when the hypocrites- men and women – will say to the believers: “Wait for us! Let us get something from your light!” It will be said: “Go back to your rear! Then seek a light!” So a wall will be put up between them, with a gate therein. Inside it will be mercy, and outside it will be torment. (The hypocrites) will call the believers: “Were we not with you?” The believers will reply: “Yes! But you led yourselves into temptations, you looked forward for our destruction; you doubted (in Faith) and you were deceived by false desires, till the Command of Allah came to pass. And the chief deceiver (Satan) deceived you in respect of Allah.”
In these days, many people are searching for peace and are feeling the urge to explore natural practices such as meditation, herbal therapies, etc.. As a Natural Care practitioner, I have met many people who suffer from somatic symptom dis-order, these include symptoms such as pain with no known cause. Many a Raqi may quickly attribute these phenomena to Jinn possession and in many cases this is true. In my work I have found that Jinn possession is a consequence of dis-ease.
Allah (S.W.T.) tells us in the Qur’an:
هَلْ أُنَبِّئُكُمْ عَلَىٰ مَن تَنَزَّلُ الشَّيَاطِينُ
تَنَزَّلُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ أَفَّاكٍ أَثِيمٍ
“Shall I inform you (O people!) upon whom the Shayatin (devils) descend? They descend on every lying, sinful person.”
Since none of us are without sin, Jinn possession is quite probable for us all. However, the Jinn are only able to affect those who follow them. Adhering to the Qur’an and Sunnah is our only hope for prevention and recovery from this and all other ills, in shaa Allah.
What did the Jinn tell the man who informed Al-A’mash?
Al-A’mash (rahimahullaah) said: ”A man who used to speak to the Jinn informed us that they (i.e. the Jinn) said: ”There is none more severe upon us than the one who follows the Sunnah. As for the people of desires (i.e. the innovators), we play about with them.”
[Source: Talbees Iblees of Imaam Ibnul Jawzee (rahimahullaah) with the checking of Al-Allaamah Zaid Bin Haadee Al-Madkhalee (may Allaah preserve him) Page: 43]
Anas (R.A.A.) narrated that the Prophet (S.A.W.) said: “Every son of Adam sins, and the best of the sinners are the repentant.” (Da’if)
(Jami at-Tirmidi, 2499)
Abu Huraira (R.A.A.) reported Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying:
Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, said: I live in the thought of My servant and I am with him as he remembers Me. (The Holy Prophet) further said: By Allah, Allah ismore pleased with the repentance of His servant than what one of you would do on finding the lost camel in the waterless desert. When he draws near Me by the span of his hand. I draw near him by the length of a cubit and when he draws near Me by the length of a cubit. I draw near him by the length of a fathom and when he draws near Me walking I draw close to him hurriedly.
(Sahih Muslim, 2675)
Prophet Ibrahim (A.S.) along with other Prophets (A.S.) were constant in repentance and in them we have a beautiful example of how to purify our hearts.
Simply attempting to treat Jinn possession can be likened to hastily applying the nearest medicine over a bleeding wound without first examining the type of injury that is present. In all forms of medicine– and even truer spiritual medicine, one must identify the etiology of the dis-ease in order to prescribe with accuracy.
Our beloved Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) came to us over 1400 years ago with a message that is a healing and a mercy to the Alamin. It is not a coincidence that there are a multitude of references to the qalb (heart) in the Qur’an. To treat any manifestation of disease be it spiritual, physical, mental, or emotional–an honest examination of one’s own heart, according to the Qur’an and Sunnah must be the primary point for true holistic healing.
And Allah is Al-Shafee (The Healer) and His is the cure that leaves behind no trace of dis-ease.
Why the Heart?
There are many correlations between spiritual corruption and physical decline found in the Qur’an and Sunnah:
On the authority of an-Nu’man ibn Basheer (R.A.A.), who said:
I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say, “That which is lawful is clear and that which is unlawful is clear, and between the two of them are doubtful matters about which many people do not know. Thus he who avoids doubtful matters clears himself in regards to his religion and his honor, but he who falls into doubtful matters [eventually] falls into that which is unlawful, like the shepherd who pastures around a sanctuary, all but grazing therein. Truly every king has a sanctuary, and truly Allah’s sanctuary is His prohibitions. Truly in the body there is a morsel of flesh, which, if it be whole, all the body is whole, and which, if it is diseased, all of [the body] is diseased. Truly, it is the heart.”
(Sahih Bukhari & Muslim)
Narrated Zahdam bin Mudarrib (R.A.A.): `Imran bin Husain (R.A.A.) said: The Prophet (S.A.W.) said, “The best people are my contemporaries (i.e., the present (my) generation) and then those who come after them (i.e., the next generation).” `Imran added: I am not sure whether the Prophet repeated the statement twice after his first saying. The Prophet added, “And after them there will come people who will bear witness, though they will not be asked to give their witness; and they will be treacherous and nobody will trust them, and they will make vows, but will not fulfill them, and fatness will appear among them.”
(Sahih Bukhari, 8.436)
Currently, the leading causes of death include Cardiovascular Dis-ease, Cancer, Diabetes II (in which obesity is a leading factor)– interestingly all link back to the Heart (Circulatory System).
The Theory of Cardiac Coherence
With the prevalence of physical, mental, and emotional illness in society, modern scientists are on a quest to make physiological connections, which they hope will lead them to more cures to dis-ease. Of such scientist there some making mighty headway the areas of neurocardiology.
Cardiac Coherence is a theory that, in lay terms, purports that there is a communication pathway between the heart and brain. Furthermore, advantages as well as deficiencies in this link directly affect one’s physical, mental, and emotional health. This link can be measured in by the variations in a person’s heartbeat–or Heart Rate Variability. In essence- the higher the variability, the more “coherence” or ability to self-regulate emotions a person may have. On the contrary, the lower the HRV, the lower a person’s ability to adapt to internal and external stressors. Studies have found that individuals who have suffered from trauma such as war veterans who have been diagnosed with PTSD have lower HRV. Also, individuals who play violent video games also have lower cardiac coherence.
Additionally, lower cardiac coherence is present in those suffering from high blood pressure, diabetes, and cardiovascular problems.
McCraty, Rollin, and Maria A Zayas. “Cardiac coherence, self-regulation, autonomic stability, and psychosocial well-being.” Frontiers in psychology vol. 5 1090. 29 Sep. 2014, doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01090
What is quite amazing is that modern science is in a desperate attempt to cure self-induced social ills by uncovering realizations that Islam has illuminated in its fullness a many years ago.
The Qur’an (Divine Law) and Sunnah (The Application of The Divine Law) provide the ultimate and most exhaustive guide to developing self-regulatory capacity which will in turn increase the communication pathways between the heart and brain (cardiac coherence). The improved communication highway reflected in ascended levels of HRV which results in higher levels of emotional control.
The psychophysiological benefits are immense and include; overall better spiritual, physical, mental, and emotional states that encompasses (what most of us desire most); calmness, less stress, and most of all–peace which in Arabic simply means; Islam.
The cardiac coherence theory focuses on shifting the internal baseline reference by increasing self regulatory capacity. Overtime, this establishes a new inner baseline reference, a type of implicit memory, that organizes perceptions and feelings. Without establishing new baseline references people are at risk of getting “stuck” in old, familiar, and sometimes unhealthy patterns of thinking and behavior.
The cardiac coherence model, while semi comprehensive in its aim–addresses only the physical, emotional, and mental aspects while leaving out the most fundamental element of human experience: the spirit.
This author argues that The Qur’an and The Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad contain all mankind needs to acheive high levels of cardiac coherance. The problem that many of today’s Ummah face is that we are Muslim by name but many of us have not yet tasted the sweetness of Iman. We have acknowledge that Allah (S.W.T.) is our Lord yet we have entered Islam operating with the same heart we “left” Jahilliyah with.
Allah, The Exalted tells us in the Qur’an;
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا ادْخُلُوا فِي السِّلْمِ كَافَّةً وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا خُطُوَاتِ الشَّيْطَانِ ۚ إِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُّبِينٌ
“O you who believe! Enter perfectly in Islam (by obeying all the rules and regulations of the Islamic religion) and follow not the footsteps of Shaytan (Satan). Verily, he is to you a plain enemy.
Abu Hurayra (R.A.A.) reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “I was sent to perfect good character.”
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
I heard Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) saying, “People are like gold and silver; those who were best in Jahiliyyah (Pre-Islamic Period of Ignorance) are best in Islam, if they have religious understanding; and the souls are like recruited soldiers, they get mixed up with those similar with them in qualities and oppose and drift away from those who do not share their qualities”.
(Sahih Muslim, 371)
True holistic medicine starts with heart purification with all other therapies including ruqya, herbal regimens, and the like from the Sunnah should be viewed as complementary.
Who should engage in heart purification?
Everyone who is seeking healing be it spiritual, physical, emotional, or mental. However, this text has been written specifically with the Muslim in mind. Utterance of the Shahada is indeed a blessing however, without constantly assessing and attempting to purify the heart, the Shaytan may cause one slip whilst he or she is unaware. Allah (S.W.T.) specifically addresses the believers in His call to heart purification in The Qur’an;
أَلَمْ يَأْنِ لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَن تَخْشَعَ قُلُوبُهُمْ لِذِكْرِ اللَّهِ وَمَا نَزَلَ مِنَ الْحَقِّ وَلَا يَكُونُوا كَالَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ مِن قَبْلُ فَطَالَ عَلَيْهِمُ الْأَمَدُ فَقَسَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ ۖ وَكَثِيرٌ مِّنْهُمْ فَاسِقُونَ
“Has not the time come for the hearts of those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah–Islamic Monotheism) to be affected by Allah’s Reminder (this Qur’an), and that which has been revealed of the truth, lest they become as those who received the Scripture [the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] before (i.e. Jews and Christians), and the term was prolonged for them and so their hearts were hardened? And many of them were Fasiqun (the rebellious, disobedient to Allah).
As aforementioned, the aim of this work is to examine each of the ayat referencing the qalb (heart) or fou’ad (chest) in the Qur’an. If Allah so wills, this work shall examine each of these ayah’s, the Salaf’s understanding of these ayats, author selected sahih hadith from the sahihan relative to these ayats, and (where applicable) beneficial duaas, practices, and stories from the Qur’an and Sunnah that will (in shaa Allah) help us all take true stock of the condition of our hearts which should lead us to the path of repentance.
Imam Ahmad recorded Abu Sa`id saying that the Messenger of Allah said;
«الْقُلُوبُ أَرْبَعَةٌ: قَلْبٌ أَجْرَدُ فِيهِ مِثْلُ السِّرَاجِ يَزْهَرُ وَقَلْبٌ أَغْلَفُ مَرْبُوطٌ عَلى غِلَافِهِ وَقَلْبٌ مَنْكُوسٌ وَقَلْبٌ مُصْفَحٌ، فَأَمَّا الْقَلْبُ الْأَجْرَدُ فَقَلْبُ الْمُؤْمِنِ فَسِرَاجُهُ فِيهِ نُورُهُ، وَأَمَّا الْقَلْبُ الْأَغْلَفُ فَقَلْبُ الْكَافِرِ، وَأَمَّا الْقَلْبُ الْمَنْكُوسُ فَقَلْبُ الْمُنَافِقِ الْخَالِصِ عَرَفَ ثُمَّ أَنْكَرَ وَأَمَّا الْقَلْبُ الْمُصْفَحُ فَقَلْبٌ فِيهِ إيمَانٌ وَنِفَاقٌ وَمَثَلُ الْإيمَانِ فِيهِ كَمَثَلِ الْبَقْلَةِ يَمُدُّهَا الْمَاءُ الطَّيِّبُ وَمَثَلُ النِّفَاقِ فِيهِ كَمَثَلِ الْقُرْحَةِ يَمُدُّهَا الْقَيْحُ وَالدَّمُ فَأَيُّ الْمَادَّتَيْنِ غَلَبَتْ عَلَى الْأُخْرَى غَلَبَتْ عَلَيْه»
(The hearts are four (types): polished as shiny as the radiating lamp, a sealed heart with a knot tied around its seal, a heart that is turned upside down and a wrapped heart. As for the polished heart, it is the heart of the believer and the lamp is the light of faith. The sealed heart is the heart of the disbeliever. The heart that is turned upside down is the heart of the pure hypocrite, because he had knowledge but denied it. As for the wrapped heart, it is a heart that contains belief and hypocrisy. The example of faith in this heart, is the example of the herb that is sustained by pure water. The example of hypocrisy in it, is the example of an ulcer that thrives on puss and blood. Whichever of the two substances has the upper hand, it will have the upper hand on that heart). This Hadith has a Jayid Hasan (good) chain of narration.
The author, at one time, considered naming this work; “A Guide for Repentance” to further emphasize its purpose and scope.
“Oh, Allah, please purify my heart and grant it its piety. For you are the best to purify it, you are its protector and guardian.”