2:7

The True State of the Disbeliever.

Allah, The Exalted says in The Qur’an;

خَتَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِمْ وَعَلَىٰ سَمْعِهِمْ ۖ وَعَلَىٰ أَبْصَارِهِمْ غِشَاوَةٌ ۖ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ

“Allah has set a seal on their hearts and on their hearing, (i.e., they are closed from accepting Allah’s Guidance), and on their eyes is a covering. Theirs will be a great torment.”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:7)

This Surah has many virtues which have been discuss in detail in 2:10. Allah, عزوجل, starts this Surah by identifying the target audience of His book;

ذَٰلِكَ الْكِتَابُ لَا رَيْبَ ۛ فِيهِ ۛ هُدًى لِّلْمُتَّقِينَ

“This is the Book (the Qur’an), whereof there is no doubt, a guidance to those who are Al-Muttaqun [the pious believers of Islamic Monotheism who fear Allah much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which He has forbidden) and love Allah much (perform all kids of good deeds which He has ordained)].

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:2)

Out of His immense Mercy, Allah goes on to describe their (The Believers) qualities;

الَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالْغَيْبِ وَيُقِيمُونَ الصَّلَاةَ وَمِمَّا رَزَقْنَاهُمْ يُنفِقُونَ

وَالَّذِينَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِمَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ وَمَا أُنزِلَ مِن قَبْلِكَ وَبِالْآخِرَةِ هُمْ يُوقِنُونَ

أُولَٰئِكَ عَلَىٰ هُدًى مِّن رَّبِّهِمْ ۖ وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ

“Who believe in the Ghaib (unseen) and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and spend out of what We have provided for them [i.e. give Zakat, spend on themselves, their parents, their children, their wives, etc., and also give charity to the poor and also in Allah’s Cause- Jihad]. And who believe in that (the Qur’an and the Sunnah) which has been sent down (revealed) to you (Muhammad ﷺ) and in that which was sent down before you [the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel), etc.] and they believe with certainty in the Hereafter (Resurrection, recompense of their good and bad deeds, Paradise and Hell). They are on (true) guidance from their Lord, and they are the successful.”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:2-5)

Allah, عزوجل, then goes on to describe two other people-the disbelievers and hypocrites respectively. These to unfortunate groups of people are spoken about throughout the Qur’an but the way in which they are mentioned in the opening of this very powerful Surah is significant.

The disbeliever is discussed in two ayah when Allah, The Most Merciful, says;

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا سَوَاءٌ عَلَيْهِمْ أَأَنذَرْتَهُمْ أَمْ لَمْ تُنذِرْهُمْ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ

خَتَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِمْ وَعَلَىٰ سَمْعِهِمْ ۖ وَعَلَىٰ أَبْصَارِهِمْ غِشَاوَةٌ ۖ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ

“Verily, those who disbelieve, it is the same to them whether you (O Muhammad ﷺ) warn them or do not warn them, they will not believe. Allah has set a seal on their hearts and on their hearing, (i.e., they are closed from accepting Allah’s Guidance), and on their eyes there is a covering. Theirs will be a great torment.”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:6-7)

Allah, عزوجل, then goes on to identify the state of the hypocrites in 13 ayahs. Here, Allahعزوجل, has spent time identifying in this mighty Surah the people whom His book is for (believers), those whom His book is not (the disbelievers), and those whom His Book will reach physically but not spiritually (the hypocrites). The discussion of The True State of the Hypocrites can be found here. For now, we shall examine The State of the Disbeliever.

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about this ayat:

خَتَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِمْ وَعَلَىٰ سَمْعِهِمْ ۖ وَعَلَىٰ أَبْصَارِهِمْ غِشَاوَةٌ ۖ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ

“Allah has set a seal on their hearts and on their hearing, (i.e., they are closed from accepting Allah’s Guidance), and on their eyes there is a covering. Theirs will be a great torment.”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:7)

Meaning of Khatama

As-Suddi said that,
﴿ خَتَمَ ٱللَّهُ ﴾

(Khatama Allah) means, “Allah has sealed.” Qatadah said that this Ayah means, “Shaytan controlled them when they obeyed him. Therefore, Allah sealed their hearts, hearing and sight, and they could neither see the guidance nor hear, comprehend or understand.” Ibn Jurayj said that Mujahid said,
﴿ خَتَمَ ٱللَّهُ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِمۡ ﴾

(Allah has set a seal on their hearts), “A stamp. It occurs when sin resides in the heart and surrounds it from all sides, and this submersion of the heart in sin constitutes a stamp, meaning a seal.” Ibn Jurayj also said that the seal is placed on the heart and the hearing. In addition, Ibn Jurayj said, that `Abdullah bin Kathir narrated that Mujahid said, “The stain is not as bad as the stamp, the stamp is not as bad as the lock which is the worst type.” Al-A`mash said, “Mujahid demonstrated with his hand while saying, `They used to say that the heart is just like this – meaning the open palm. When the servant commits a sin, a part of the heart will be rolled up – and he rolled up his index finger. When the servant commits another sin, a part of the heart will be rolled up’ – and he rolled up another finger, until he rolled up all of his fingers. Then he said, `Then, the heart will be sealed.’ Mujahid also said that this is the description of the Ran (refer to 83:14).”

Al-Qurtubi said, “The Ummah has agreed that Allah has described Himself with sealing and closing the hearts of the disbelievers, as a punishment for their disbelief. Similarly, Allah said,
﴿ بَلۡ طَبَعَ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيۡہَا بِكُفۡرِهِمۡ ﴾

(Nay, Allah has set a seal upon their hearts because of their disbelief) (4:155).”

He then mentioned the Hadith about changing the hearts, (in which the Prophet supplicated),
« يَا مُقَلِبَ الْقُلُوبِ ثَبِّتْ قُلُوبَنَا عَلى دِينِك »

(O You Who changes the hearts, make our hearts firm on Your religion.)

He also mentioned the Hadith by Hudhayfah recorded in the Sahih, in which the Messenger of Allah said,
« تُعْرَضُ الْفِتَنُ عَلَى الْقُلُوبِ كَالْحَصِيرِ عُودًا عُودًا، فَأَيُّ قَلْبٍ أُشْرِبَهَا نُكِتَ فِيه نُكْتَةٌ سَوْدَاءُ وَأَيُّ قَلْبٍ أَنْكَرَهَا نُكِتَ فِيهِ نُكْتَةٌ بَيْضَاءُ حَتى تَصِيرَ عَلَى قَلْبَيْنِ: عَلى أَبْيَضَ مِثْلِ الصَّفَا، فَلَا تَضُرُّهُ فِتْنَةٌ مَا دَامَتِ السَّمَوَاتُ وَالْأَرْضُ وَالْآخَرُ أَسْوَدُ مُرْبَادًّا كَالْكُوزِ مُجَخِّيًا لَا يَعْرِفُ مَعْرُوفًا وَلَا يُنْكِرُ مُنْكَرًا »

(The Fitan (trials, tests) are offered to the hearts, just as the straws that are sewn into a woven mat, one after another. Any heart that accepts the Fitan, then a black dot will be engraved on it. Any heart that rejects the Fitan, then a white dot will be engraved on it. The hearts will therefore become two categories: white, just like the barren rock; no Fitnah shall ever harm this category as long as the heavens and earth still exist. Another category is black, just as the cup that is turned upside down, for this heart does not recognize righteousness or renounce evil. )

Ibn Jarir said, “The truth regarding this subject is what the authentic Hadith from the Messenger of Allah stated. Abu Hurayrah narrated that the Messenger of Allah said,
« إِنَّ الْمُؤمِنَ إِذَا أَذْنَبَ ذَنْبًا كَانَتْ نُكْتَةً سَوْدَاءَ فِي قَلْبِهِ، فَإِنْ تَابَ وَنَزَعَ وَاسْتَعْتَبَ صَقِلَ قَلْبُهُ وَإِنْ زَادَ زَادَتْ حَتَّى تَعْلُوَ قَلْبَهُ، فَذلِكَ الرَّانُ الَّذِي قَالَ اللهُ تَعَالى:﴿ كَلَّا‌ۖ بَلۡۜ رَانَ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِہِم مَّا كَانُواْ يَكۡسِبُونَ ﴾

(When the believer commits a sin, a black dot will be engraved on his heart. If he repents, refrains and regrets, his heart will be polished again. If he commits more errors, the dots will increase until they cover his heart. This is the Ran (stain) that Allah described,
﴿ كَلَّا‌ۖ بَلۡۜ رَانَ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِہِم مَّا كَانُواْ يَكۡسِبُونَ ﴾

(Nay! But on their hearts is the Ran (stain) which they used to earn)” (83:14).

(At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa’i and Ibn Majah recorded this Hadith, and At-Tirmidhi said that it is Hasan Sahih.)

The Meaning of Ghishawah

Reciting the Ayah,
﴿ خَتَمَ ٱللَّهُ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِمۡ وَعَلَىٰ سَمۡعِهِمۡ‌ۖ ﴾

(Allah has set a seal on their hearts and on their hearing), then pausing, then continuing with,
﴿ وَعَلَىٰٓ أَبۡصَـٰرِهِمۡ غِشَـٰوَةٌ۬‌ۖ ﴾

(And on their eyes there is a Ghishawah (covering)) is accurate, for the stamp is placed on the heart and the hearing while the Ghishawah, the covering, is appropriately placed on the eyes. In his Tafsir, As-Suddi said that Ibn `Abbas and Ibn Mas`ud said about Allah’s statement,
﴿ خَتَمَ ٱللَّهُ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِمۡ وَعَلَىٰ سَمۡعِهِمۡ‌ۖ ﴾

(Allah has set a seal on their hearts and on their hearing), “So that they neither understand nor hear. Allah also said that He placed a covering on their sight, meaning eyes, and so, they do not see.”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

The disbelievers have a seal set on their hearts due to the sin that they are earning. Allah, عزوجل, through His infinite Mercy has given us all an opportunity to make choices. It is unfortunate that this group (the disbelievers) have chosen to deny their Lord and in doing so, oppress themselves. Due to the covering over their eyes they cannot see the torment they are in. Due to their hearts being sealed the cannot feel heaviness of their condition. As a result, they go and play about, defrauding others, and committing other great sins of oppression.

It is important for those who hope to be Believers, to understand the heart conditions of the disbelievers as a protection from the evil consequences of their companionship. There are many hadith that discusses the disbeliever in reference to the Signs of the Last Days. Some of which we will examine below;

Abu Huraira, رضى الله عنه, reported: The Messenger of Allah ﷺ , said, “Years of treachery will come over people in which liars are believed and the truthful are denied, the deceitful are trusted and the trustworthy are considered traitors, and the disgraceful will deliver speeches.” It was said, “Who are the disgraceful?” The Prophet said, “Petty men with authority over the common people.”

(Sunan Ibn Mājah 4036)

Narrated Abu Huraira رضى الله عنه :

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Time will pass rapidly, good deeds will decrease, miserliness will be thrown (in the hearts of the people) afflictions will appear and there will be much ‘Al-Harj.” They said, “O Allah’s Apostle! What is” Al-Harj? “He said,” Killing! Killing! “

( Sahih al-Bukhari 7061, See Hadith No. 63, Vol. 8)

Understanding the hearts of the disbelievers and avoiding the evil consequences of association with their likes is essential for spiritual preservation. We ask Allah to give us spiritual maturity and wisdom during these times. We also ask Him to make us one of those who act upon the knowledge they receive despite the worldly consequences of doing so just like our brother in the hadith below. Ameen.

Abu Sa’id al-Khudri رضى الله عنه reported:

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying: The Dajjal would come forth and a person from amongst the believers would go towards him and the armed men of the Dajjal would meet him and they would say to him: Where do you intend to go? He would say: I intend to go to this one who is coming forth. They would say to him: Don’t you believe in our Lord? He would say: There is nothing hidden about our Lord. They would say: Kill him.

Then some amongst them would say: Has your master (Dajjal) not forbidden you to kill anyone without (his consent)? And so they would take him to the Dajjal and when the believer would see him, he would say: O people. he is the Dajjil about whom Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) has informed (us).

The Dajjal would then order for breaking his head and utter (these words): Catch hold of him and break his head. He would be struck even on his back and on his stomach. Then the Dajjal would ask him: Don’t you believe in me? He would say: You are a false Masih.

He would then order him to be torn (into pieces) with a saw from the parting of his hair up to his legs. After that the Dajjal would walk between the two pieces. He would then say to him: Stand, and he would stand erect. He would then say to him: Don’t you believe in me? And the person would say: It has only added to my insight concerning you (that you are really the Dajjal).

He would then say: O people, he would not behave with anyone amongst people (in such a manner) after me. The Dajjal would try to catch hold of him so that he should kill him (again). The space between his neck and collar bone would be turned into copper and he would find no means to kill him.

So he would catch hold of him by his hand and feet and throw him (into the air) and the people would think as if he had been thrown in the Hell-Fire whereas he would be thrown in Paradise. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said: He would be the most eminent amongst persons in regard to martyrdom in the eye of the Lord of the world.

(Sahih Muslim 2938 c)

We must remember, that Allah has his party (the believers) and the accursed Shaytan has his party (the disbelievers). In his work; “Al-Furqaan Bayna Awliyaa Ar-Rahmaan wa Awliyaa Ash-Shaytaan (The Criteria Between the Friends of Allah and the Friends of the Devil)”, Ibn Taymiyya رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰه says;

“So, if a person is in contact with filthy and disgusting things which are loved by shaitaan,
or hangs out in bathrooms and vacant lots which are frequented by the devils or eats
snakes and scorpions and hornets, dogs ears which are one of the unclean animals, or
drinks urine or other such filth which are loved by shaitaan. Or if he calls to other than
Allah and seeks aid from created beings, and turns his face toward them or prostrates in
the direction of his “Shaikh”, and does not purify his deen purely for the Lord of the worlds.
Or if he is in contact with dogs and fire, and hangs out in animal pens and dirty places, or
graveyards, especially the graveyards of the disbelievers such as the Jews, Christians or
other associationists. Or if he dislikes hearing the recitation of the Qur’an, and is repelled
by it and seeks out the hearing of poetry and songs, preferring the sound of the pipes of
shaitaan (music) to the sound of the words of the Merciful. These are the signs of the allies of the devil, not the allies of the Merciful (Ar-Rahmaan).

(Ibn Taymiyyah)

We can see here some of the wicked sins the disbelievers are engaged in that has caused Allah عزوجل, to place a seal on their hearts. Their conditions are beyond our ability to change as the Turner of Hearts has turned them away from His religion. Allah guides whom He Wills to Islam and He turns away whom He Wills.

We thank Allah for giving us food and drink and making us Muslims. Ameen.

50:33, 50:37

The Turning of The Hearts

Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ says in The Qur’an:

مَّنْ خَشِيَ الرَّحْمَٰنَ بِالْغَيْبِ وَجَاءَ بِقَلْبٍ مُّنِيبٍ

“Who feared the Most Merciful unseen and came with a heart returning [in repentance].”

(Surah Qaf, 50:33)

and;

إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَذِكْرَىٰ لِمَن كَانَ لَهُ قَلْبٌ أَوْ أَلْقَى السَّمْعَ وَهُوَ شَهِيدٌ

“Verily, therein is indeed a reminder for him who has a heart or gives ear while he is heedful.”

(Surah Qaf, 50:37)

Background on Surah Qaf:

By scholarly consensus, Surah Qaf is the first of the Mufassal (short Surahs) of The Qur’an. These Surah’s are called Mufassal because they have many breaks in them. The proof of Surah Qaf being the beginning of the Mufassal surahs can be found in the hadith narrated by Aws ibn Hudhayfah, رضى الله عنه, who said;

I asked the companions of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ how they divided the Qur’an. They said, Three and five and seven and nine and eleven and thirteen, and Hizb al-Mufassal [This refers to the number of soorahs in each hizb or portion of Qur’an. Thus the first hizb contains the first three soorahs, the second contains the next five soorahs, and so on. Hizb al-Mufassal is the last portion of the Qur’an, from Soorat Qaf until the end].

(Narrated by Abu Dawood (1396) and Ibn Maajah (1345); its isnaad was classed as hasan by Ibn Katheer in Fadaa’il al-Qur’aan (83) and as da ‘eef (weak) by al-Albaani in Da‘eef Abi Dawood.)

This Surah is believed to have been revealed in or around the fourth year of The Prophet’s ﷺ mission. The Prophet ﷺ, is said to have recited Surah Qaf every Jummah for nearly two years. This led to many companions, رضى الله عنه , memorizing Suratul Qaf as narrated by the daughter of Al-Harith bin An-Nu`man:

“I only memorized Surah Qaf from the mouth of the Messenger of Allah who used to recite it in every Friday Khutbah. Our oven and the oven of the Messenger was one and the same.”

(Abu Dawud)

The analysis of the the two above-mentioned ayah from Surah Qaf would be incomplete without understanding the context in which they were revealed. For this reason, we shall look at the main points of the Surah and highlight lessons to be gained, by Allah’s permission.

A Look at سُو رَتُُ ق

Allah عزوجل starts off this beautiful Surah by with the one the mysterious words that He alone knows, then swearing by His words (The Qur’an);

ق ۚ وَالْقُرْآنِ الْمَجِيدِ

“Qaf. [These letters (Qaf, etc.) are one of the miracles of the Qur’an, and none but Allah (Alone) knows their meanings].

By the Glorious Qur’an.”

(Surah Qaf, 50:1)

Many theorists have given effort to examining the mysteries of some of the letter symbols that precede Surah’s in The Qur’an. Some of those Surah’s are:

﴿ صٓ‌ۚ ﴾ (Sad.) (38:1)
﴿ نٓ‌ۚ ﴾ (Nun. ) (68:1)
﴿ الٓمٓ ﴾ (Alif Lam Mim.) (2:1),
﴿ حمٓ ﴾ (Ha Mim.) (40:1), and
﴿ طسٓ‌ۚ ﴾ (Ta Sin) (28:1)

Too much theory about Allah’s سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ use of these words and their meanings can easily lead to misguidance and thus it should be avoided. We will never be able to comprehend Allah’s complete Wisdom as He is our creator and we are His creation. For those who desire to be believers, it is better to say as Allah عزوجل has said in His Book;

هُوَ الَّذِي أَنزَلَ عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ مِنْهُ آيَاتٌ مُّحْكَمَاتٌ هُنَّ أُمُّ الْكِتَابِ وَأُخَرُ مُتَشَابِهَاتٌ ۖ فَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ زَيْغٌ فَيَتَّبِعُونَ مَا تَشَابَهَ مِنْهُ ابْتِغَاءَ الْفِتْنَةِ وَابْتِغَاءَ تَأْوِيلِهِ ۗ وَمَا يَعْلَمُ تَأْوِيلَهُ إِلَّا اللَّهُ ۗ وَالرَّاسِخُونَ فِي الْعِلْمِ يَقُولُونَ آمَنَّا بِهِ كُلٌّ مِّنْ عِندِ رَبِّنَا ۗ وَمَا يَذَّكَّرُ إِلَّا أُولُو الْأَلْبَابِ

“It is He Who has sent down to you (Muhammad ﷺ) the Book (this Qur’an). In it are Verses that are entirely clear, they are the foundations of the Book [and those are the Verses of Al-Ahkam (commandments), Al-Fara’id (obligatory duties) and Al-Hudud (legal laws for the punishment of theives, adulterers)]; and others not entirely clear. So as for those in whose hearts there is a deviation (from the truth) they follow that which is not entirely clear thereof, seeking Al-Fitnah (polytheism and trials), and seeking for its hidden meanings, but none knows its hidden meanings except Allah. And those who are firmly grounded in knowledge say: “We believe in it; the whole of it (clear and unclear Verses) are from our Lord.” And none receive admonition except men of understanding. (Tafsir At-Tabari).

(Surah Al ‘Imran, 3:7)

We should leave these debates about the unseen and say; “Allahu Alim” , that is, “Allah knows best” as Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ has said;

قُلِ اللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا لَبِثُوا ۖ لَهُ غَيْبُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۖ أَبْصِرْ بِهِ وَأَسْمِعْ ۚ مَا لَهُم مِّن دُونِهِ مِن وَلِيٍّ وَلَا يُشْرِكُ فِي حُكْمِهِ أَحَدًا

“Say: “Allah knows best how long they stayed. With Him is (the knowledge of) the Unseen of the heavens and the earth. How clearly He sees, and hears (everything)! The have no Wali (Helper, Disposer of affairs, Protector) other than Him, and He makes none to share in His Decision and His Rule.”

(Surah Kahf, 18:26)

There is none save Allah, who speaks the absolute Truth and knows the fine details of everything, who can testify (with absolute certainty) about all matters. So Allah عزوجل swears by His Book, The Qur’an. This swearing of Allah عزوجل by The Qur’an is His affirming the Truth of His book to which includes its warnings, promises, events, etc. He is re-affirming His legislated conduct for Himself toward His slaves, and the conduct of His slaves towards Him. Thus the believer should take Allah’s swearing as a warning and glad tidings and take much care in reciting and pondering the following verses.

In the next ayat, Allah goes on to explain to the state of the unbelieving folk of Mecca and their spiritual, mental, and emotional state. Instead, of pondering over the truth of the message, they were stuck pondering over the truth of the messenger! Allah عزوجل says;

بَلْ عَجِبُوا أَن جَاءَهُم مُّنذِرٌ مِّنْهُمْ فَقَالَ الْكَافِرُونَ هَٰذَا شَيْءٌ عَجِيبٌ

“Nay, they wonder that there has come to them a warner (Muhammad ﷺ) from among themselves. So the disbelievers say: “This is a strange thing!”

(Surah Qaf, 50:2)

What a sad state the disbelievers are in that they cannot separate God from Mankind. May Allah عزوجل guide those who believe to soundness in Tawheed. Ameen.

The one who believes in Allah عزوجل should know, without a doubt, that The Day of Judgement is real and near. This is one fact that disbelievers have no real concept of, therefore they theorize and deny the rising up [of mankind] for judgement, and the fact that we will all be held account for what we have done in this life.

Their ignorance leads them to becoming oblivious to the the signs of Resurrection around us all. Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;

وَنَزَّلْنَا مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً مُّبَارَكًا فَأَنبَتْنَا بِهِ جَنَّاتٍ وَحَبَّ الْحَصِيدِ

وَالنَّخْلَ بَاسِقَاتٍ لَّهَا طَلْعٌ نَّضِيدٌ

رِّزْقًا لِّلْعِبَادِ ۖ وَأَحْيَيْنَا بِهِ بَلْدَةً مَّيْتًا ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ الْخُرُوجُ

“And We send down blessed water (rain) from the sky, then We produce therewith gardens and grain (every kind of harvests) that are reaped. And tall date-palms, with ranged clusters. A provision for (Allah’s) slaves. And We give life therewith to a dead land. Thus will be the resurrection (of the dead).”

(Surah Qaf, 50:7-11)

These are like the ayah;

وَاضْرِبْ لَهُم مَّثَلَ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا كَمَاءٍ أَنزَلْنَاهُ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ فَاخْتَلَطَ بِهِ نَبَاتُ الْأَرْضِ فَأَصْبَحَ هَشِيمًا تَذْرُوهُ الرِّيَاحُ ۗ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ مُّقْتَدِرًا

“And put forward to them the example of the life of this world: it is like the water (rain) which We send down from the sky, and the vegetation of the earth mingles with it, (and becomes fresh and green). But (later) it becomes dry and broken pieces, which the winds scatter. And Allah is Able to do everything.”

(Surah Kahf, 18:45)

In these verses and in their reality, (that is what we witness in our day to day lives), we can see and feel the Subtleness of Allah, عزوجل. He feeds both the believers and disbelievers alike. Even in the provision that He sends down there is a reminder for those who take heed about the Resurrection.

Those who deny the signs of Allah عزوجل yet all the while benefiting from His signs are ungrateful, arrogant, stubborn, and wicked. Allah عزوجل says;

وَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّن ذُكِّرَ بِآيَاتِ رَبِّهِ فَأَعْرَضَ عَنْهَا وَنَسِيَ مَا قَدَّمَتْ يَدَاهُ ۚ إِنَّا جَعَلْنَا عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِمْ أَكِنَّةً أَن يَفْقَهُوهُ وَفِي آذَانِهِمْ وَقْرًا ۖ وَإِن تَدْعُهُمْ إِلَى الْهُدَىٰ فَلَن يَهْتَدُوا إِذًا أَبَدًا

“And who does more wrong than he who is reminded of the Ayat (proofs, evidences,verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of his Lord, but turns away from them, forgetting what (deeds) his hands have sent forth. Truly, We have set veils over their hearts lest they should understand (the Qur’an), and in their ears, deafness. And if you (O Muhammad ﷺ) call them to guidance, even then they will never be guided.”

(Surah Kahf, 18:57)

The above-mentioned ayah from Surah Kahf gives the essence of the message of Surah Qaf; that the disbelievers who deny Allah’s signs are under a veil of heedlessness due to their disbelief and other sins which they are committing. Consequently, they will never believe unless Allah عزوجل Wills.

Allah عزوجل says in the last ayah of Surah Qaf;

نَّحْنُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا يَقُولُونَ ۖ وَمَا أَنتَ عَلَيْهِم بِجَبَّارٍ ۖ فَذَكِّرْ بِالْقُرْآنِ مَن يَخَافُ وَعِيدِ

“We know best what they say. And you (O Muhammad ﷺ) are not the one to force them (to Belief). But warn by the Qur’an him who fears My Threat.”

(Surah Qaf, 50:45)

Here, Allah عزوجل is reminding The Prophet ﷺ of His duty to warn. Herein, lies an important point- the life of a true believer should be heavily involved in dawah (the propogation of Islam). The believer should be constant in seeking knowledge and guidance from his or her Lord so that they may be able to spread the knowledge to mankind. Allah عزوجل has legislated this so that the truth may prevail over falsehood as Allah عزوجل says;

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُونُوا أَنصَارَ اللَّهِ كَمَا قَالَ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ لِلْحَوَارِيِّينَ مَنْ أَنصَارِي إِلَى اللَّهِ ۖ قَالَ الْحَوَارِيُّونَ نَحْنُ أَنصَارُ اللَّهِ ۖ فَآمَنَت طَّائِفَةٌ مِّن بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَكَفَرَت طَّائِفَةٌ ۖ فَأَيَّدْنَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا عَلَىٰ عَدُوِّهِمْ فَأَصْبَحُوا ظَاهِرِينَ

“O you who believe! Be you helpers (in the Cause) of Allah as said Isa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), to the Hawariyyun (the disciples): “Who are my helpers (in the Cause) of Allah?” The Hawariyyun (the disciples) said: “We are Allah’s helpers” (i.e. we will strive in His Cause!). Then a group of the Children of Israel believed and a group disbelieved. So We gave power to those who believed against their enemies, and they became the victorious (the uppermost).

(Surah As Saff, 61:14)

Victory for the believer happens in this life and the next as Allah عزوجل said;

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا هَلْ أَدُلُّكُمْ عَلَىٰ تِجَارَةٍ تُنجِيكُم مِّنْ عَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ

تُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَتُجَاهِدُونَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ بِأَمْوَالِكُمْ وَأَنفُسِكُمْ ۚ ذَٰلِكُمْ خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ إِن كُنتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ

يَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ وَيُدْخِلْكُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ وَمَسَاكِنَ طَيِّبَةً فِي جَنَّاتِ عَدْنٍ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ

وَأُخْرَىٰ تُحِبُّونَهَا ۖ نَصْرٌ مِّنَ اللَّهِ وَفَتْحٌ قَرِيبٌ ۗ وَبَشِّرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ

“O you who believe! Shall I guide you a trade that will save you from a painful torment? That you believe in Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad ﷺ), and that you strive hard and fight in the Cause of Allah with your wealth and your lives: that will be better for you, if you but know! (If you do so) He will forgive you your sins, and admit you into Gardens under which rivers flow, and pleasant dwellings in ‘Adn (Eden) Paradise; that is indeed the great success. And also (He will give you) another (blessing) which you love, – help from Allah (against your enemies) and a near victory. And give glad tidings (O Muhammad ﷺ) to the believers.”

(Surah As-Saff, 61:10-13)

Hasan Al-Basri,رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰهُ, once said;

Sell this life for the next and you will win both of them. Sell the next life for this and you will loose both of them. [Al-Hilyah 2/143]

In aiding Allah’s religion, we must remember that we do not have the power to change any circumstance or any person without the Will of Allah. When reminding Allah’s creation we must refrain from compulsion. It is only Allahعزوجل who knows how His Message will hit the heart of the one who hears it and when (if ever) they will heed to His call. We ask Allah to keep us rightly guided and grant us actions that are pleasing to Him. Ameen.

The Heart of the Believer

Surah Qaf contains two references to the heart or قلب “qalb” as Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;

مَّنْ خَشِيَ الرَّحْمَٰنَ بِالْغَيْبِ وَجَاءَ بِقَلْبٍ مُّنِيبٍ

“Who feared the Most Merciful unseen and came with a heart returning [in repentance].”

(Surah Qaf, 50:33)

and;

إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَذِكْرَىٰ لِمَن كَانَ لَهُ قَلْبٌ أَوْ أَلْقَى السَّمْعَ وَهُوَ شَهِيدٌ

“Verily, therein is indeed a reminder for him who has a heart or gives ear while he is heedful.”

(Surah Qaf, 50:37)

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about these ayahs:

Jahannam and Paradise and their Dwellers

Allah states that He will say to Jahannam on the Day of Resurrection, “Have you had your fill” Allah the Most Honored has promised Hell that it will have its fill from the Jinns and mankind. He, the Exalted and Most Honored, will decide who will be thrown into the Fire and she will keep saying, “Are there any more,” or, `Are there any more whom You will provide me with’ This is the apparent meaning of this Ayah which is supported by several Hadiths. Imam Ahmad recorded that Anas said that the Messenger of Allah said,
« لَا تَزَالُ جَهَنَّمُ يُلْقَى فِيهَا وَتَقُولُ: هَلْ مِنْ مَزِيدٍ؟ حَتْى يَضَعَ رَبُّ الْعِزَّةِ قَدَمَهُ فِيهَا، فَيَنْزَوِي بَعْضُهَا إِلَى بَعْضٍ وَتَقُولُ: قَطْ قَطْ وَعِزَّتِكَ وَكَرَمِكَ. وَلَا يَزَالُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ فَضْلٌ حَتْى يُنْشِىءَ اللهُ لَهَا خَلْقًا آخَرَ فَيُسْكِنَهُمُ اللهُ تَعَالَى فِي فُضُولِ الْجَنَّة »

(The people will be thrown into Jahannam and it will say, `Are there any more’ Until the Mighty Lord puts His Foot over it and its corners will be collected together and it will say, “Enough, enough by Your grace and compassion!’ There will be sufficient empty space in Paradise until Allah creates another creation and He, the Exalted, makes them dwell in the empty parts of Paradise.)” Muslim also collected this Hadith. Al-Bukhari recorded that Abu Hurayrah narrated that the Prophet said,
« يُقَالُ لِجَهَنَّمَ هَلِ امْتَلَأْتِ؟ وَتَقُولُ: هَلْ مِنْ مَزِيدٍ؟ فَيَضَعُ الرَّبُّ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى قَدَمَهُ عَلَيْهَا فَتَقُولُ: قَطْ قَط »

(Jahannam will be asked, “Are you full” and it will say, “Are there any more” Until the Lord, the Blessed and Most Honored, puts His Foot over it and it will say: “Enough! Enough!”) Al-Bukhari recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said,
« تَحَاجَّتِ الْجَنَّةُ وَالنَّارُ فَقَالَتِ النَّارُ: أُوثِرْتُ بِالْمُتَكَبِّرِينَ وَالْمُتَجَبِّرِينَ. وَقَالَتِ الْجَنَّةُ: مَالِي لَا يَدْخُلُنِي إِلَّا ضُعَفَاءُ النَّاسِ وَسَقَطُهُمْ. قَالَ اللهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لِلْجَنَّةِ: أَنْتِ رَحْمَتِي أَرْحَمُ بِكِ مَنْ أَشَاءُ مِنْ عِبَادِي . وَقَالَ لِلنَّارِ: إِنَّمَا أَنْتِ عَذَابِي أُعَذِّبُ بِكِ مَنْ أَشَاءُ مِنْ عِبَادِي وَلِكُلِّ وَاحِدَةٍ مِنْكُمَا مِلْؤُهَا، فَأَمَّا النَّارُ فَلَا تَمْتَلِىءُ حَتْى يَضَعَ رِجْلَهُ فِيهَا فَتَقُولُ: قَطْ قَطْ، فَهُنَالِكَ تَمْتَلِىءُ وَيَنْزَوِي بَعْضُهَا إِلَى بَعْضٍ وَلَا يَظْلِمُ اللهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ مِنْ خَلْقِهِ أَحَدًا، وَأَمَّا الْجَنَّةُ فَإِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يُنْشِىءُ لَهَا خَلْقًا آخَر »

(Paradise and the Fire quarreled. The Fire said, “I have been favored with the arrogant people and tyrants.” Paradise said, “What is wrong with me that only the poor and humble people enter me” Allah the Exalted and Most Honored said to Paradise, “You are My mercy, with which I grant mercy to those whom I will among My servants.” He said to Hell, “You are My punishment which I inflict upon whom I wish from My servants, and I shall fill both of you.” As for Hellfire, it will not have its fill until Allah puts His Foot over it and she will say, “Enough! Enough!” She will become full and its sides will come close to each other. Allah the Exalted and Most Honored shall not be unjust to any one of His creatures. As for Paradise, Allah the Exalted and Most Honored will create another creation to fill it.) Allah the Exalted said,
﴿ وَأُزۡلِفَتِ ٱلۡجَنَّةُ لِلۡمُتَّقِينَ غَيۡرَ بَعِيدٍ ﴾

(And Paradise will be Uzlifat to those who had Taqwa, not far off.) meaning, Paradise will be brought close and near to the pious, according to Qatadah, Abu Malik and As-Suddi,
﴿ غَيۡرَ بَعِيدٍ ﴾

(not far off), and this will occur on the Day of Resurrection, which is not far off. Surely that Day will come to pass and all that is bound to come, is near,
﴿ هَـٰذَا مَا تُوعَدُونَ لِكُلِّ أَوَّابٍ ﴾

(This is what you were promised — (it is) for those returning) who go back to Allah in sincere repentance intending not to repeat sin,
﴿ حَفِيظٍ۬ ﴾

(Hafiz), who preserve their covenant with Allah and do not break or betray it,
﴿ مَّنۡ خَشِىَ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنَ بِٱلۡغَيۡبِ ﴾

(Who feared Ar-Rahman unseen) who feared Allah in secret when only Allah the Exalted and Most Honored could see him. The Prophet said,
« وَرَجُلٌ ذَكَرَ اللهَ تَعَالَى خَالِيًا، فَفَاضَتْ عَيْنَاه »

(And a man who remembered Allah the Exalted while alone, and his eyes became tearful.) Allah said,
﴿ وَجَآءَ بِقَلۡبٍ۬ مُّنِيبٍ ﴾

(and brought a heart turned in repentance. ) meaning, he will meet Allah, the Exalted and Most Honored, on the Day of Resurrection with a heart turned in repentance to Him and absolutely free (of Shirk) and humbled to Him,
﴿ ٱدۡخُلُوهَا ﴾

(Enter you therein), meaning Paradise,
﴿ بِسَلَـٰمٍ۬‌ۖ ﴾

(in peace and security), they will earn security from the torment of Allah, the Exalted and Most Honored, and the angels of Allah will greet them with the Salam, according to the explanation of Qatadah. The statement of Allah the Exalted and Most Honored:
﴿ ذَٲلِكَ يَوۡمُ ٱلۡخُلُودِ ﴾

(– this is a Day of eternal life!), meaning, they will reside in Paradise forever and will never die, neither be transferred from it nor wish to be transferred from it. The statement of Allah the All-Mighty,
﴿ لَهُم مَّا يَشَآءُونَ فِيہَا ﴾

(There they will have all that they desire), means, whatever delights they wish and desire, they will find it brought before them. Allah’s statement,
﴿ وَلَدَيۡنَا مَزِيدٌ۬ ﴾

(and We have more.) is similar to His other statement,
﴿ لِّلَّذِينَ أَحۡسَنُواْ ٱلۡحُسۡنَىٰ وَزِيَادَةٌ۬‌ۖ ﴾

(For those who have done good is the best and even more. )(10:26) In the Sahih, Muslim recorded that Suhayb bin Sinan Ar-Rumi said that `more’ refers to looking at the Most Honorable Face of Allah.
﴿ وَكَمۡ أَهۡلَڪۡنَا قَبۡلَهُم مِّن قَرۡنٍ هُمۡ أَشَدُّ مِنۡہُم بَطۡشً۬ا فَنَقَّبُواْ فِى ٱلۡبِلَـٰدِ هَلۡ مِن مَّحِيصٍ • إِنَّ فِى ذَٲلِكَ لَذِڪۡرَىٰ لِمَن كَانَ لَهُ ۥ قَلۡبٌ أَوۡ أَلۡقَى ٱلسَّمۡعَ وَهُوَ شَهِيدٌ۬ • وَلَقَدۡ خَلَقۡنَا ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضَ وَمَا بَيۡنَهُمَا فِى سِتَّةِ أَيَّامٍ۬ وَمَا مَسَّنَا مِن لُّغُوبٍ۬ • فَٱصۡبِرۡ عَلَىٰ مَا يَقُولُونَ وَسَبِّحۡ بِحَمۡدِ رَبِّكَ قَبۡلَ طُلُوعِ ٱلشَّمۡسِ وَقَبۡلَ ٱلۡغُرُوبِ • وَمِنَ ٱلَّيۡلِ فَسَبِّحۡهُ وَأَدۡبَـٰرَ ٱلسُّجُودِ ﴾

and;

Allah the Exalted asks, `how many We have destroyed before these denying disbelievers’
﴿ مِّن قَرۡنٍ هُمۡ أَشَدُّ مِنۡہُم بَطۡشً۬ا ﴾

(a generation who were stronger in power than they.) they were more numerous, mightier than they and who constructed on the earth and built on it more than they. The statement of Allah the Exalted,
﴿ فَنَقَّبُواْ فِى ٱلۡبِلَـٰدِ هَلۡ مِن مَّحِيصٍ ﴾

(And they went about the land! Could they find any place of refuge) Ibn `Abbas commented, “They left the traces throughout the land,” Qatadah said, “They traveled throughout the land seeking provisions through trade and business, more than you have.” Allah’s statement,
﴿ هَلۡ مِن مَّحِيصٍ ﴾

(Could they find any place of refuge) means, `could they find a shelter from Allah’s decision and appointed destiny Have what they collected benefited them or averted Allah’s torment when it came to them on account of their denial of the Messengers Likewise, you will never be able to avert, avoid, or find refuge or shelter (from His torment).’ Allah the Exalted and Most Honored said,
﴿ إِنَّ فِى ذَٲلِكَ لَذِكۡرَىٰ ﴾

(Verily, therein is indeed a reminder) and a lesson,
﴿ لِمَن كَانَ لَهُ ۥ قَلۡبٌ ﴾

(for him who has a heart) meaning, a sound understanding with which he comprehends, or, a good mind, according to Mujahid,
﴿ أَوۡ أَلۡقَى ٱلسَّمۡعَ وَهُوَ شَهِيدٌ۬ ﴾

(or gives ear while he is heedful.) meaning, he hears the speech, comprehends and understands it in his mind and grasps its indications with his intellect. Mujahid said that,
﴿ أَوۡ أَلۡقَى ٱلسَّمۡعَ ﴾

(or gives ear), means, he does not talk to himself but listens with an attentive heart. Ad-Dahhak commented, “The Arabs would say that someone has given ear when he hears with his ears, while his heart is present and not absent.” Ath-Thawri and several others said similarly. 

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

From these two ayahs we can see that the heart must meet certain conditions before it can gain benefit in this life and the next. Success in the next life is appearing before Allahعزوجل with a heart that has been turned over and over in sorrow for its sins. This success apexes at one seeing Allah’s Face. May Allah, عزوجل, grant us with that satisfying pleasure, Ameen. Success in this life starts and ends with our hearts testifying to the truth of the Oneness of Allah (Tawheed) and dying upon that truth. May Allah عزوجل, grant us Tawfeeq in those matters. Ameen.

The “Qalb” قلب

When Allah عزوجل mentions the “heart” in these ayah he uses قلب or “qalb”. Qalb is the proper name for the heart and means; something that turns easily and frequently.

Ungratefulness, hastiness, stinginess, pride, passions, lusts, greed, etc. are all inclinations of the soul that must be constantly overcome. Allah عزوجل tells us in The Qur’an;

يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ أَن يُخَفِّفَ عَنكُمْ ۚ وَخُلِقَ الْإِنسَانُ ضَعِيفًا

“Allah wishes to lighten (the burden) for you; and man was created weak (cannot be patient to leave sexual intercourse with women) .”

(Surah An-Nisa, 4:28)

and;

إِنَّ الْإِنسَانَ لِرَبِّهِ لَكَنُودٌ

“Verily, man is ungrateful to his Lord.”

(Surah Al-Adiyat, 100:6)

Concerning Allah’s statement,
﴿ إِنَّ ٱلۡإِنسَـٰنَ لِرَبِّهِۦ لَكَنُودٌ۬ ﴾

(Verily, man is ungrateful (Kanud) to his Lord.) This is the subject what is being sworn about, and it means that he (man) is ungrateful for the favors of His Lord and he rejects them. Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, Ibrahim An-Nakha`i, Abu Al-Jawza’, Abu Al-`Aliyah, Abu Ad-Duha, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Muhammad bin Qays, Ad-Dahhak, Al-Hasan, Qatadah, Ar-Rabi` bin Anas and Ibn Zayd all said, “Al-Kanud means ungrateful.” Al-Hasan said, “Al-Kanud is the one who counts the calamities (that befall him) and he forgets Allah’s favors.”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

The deficiencies that mankind has within their nature can only be cured by first submitting Allah, gaining knowledge, and acting upon that knowledge which we receive. The Qur’an is a shifah (healing) for the hearts, and although it turns, we can trust that with true repentance, Allah is there to turn our hearts towards His religion.

It must be understood that true repentance requires firmness in the heart and action, that is, the action of leaving off the sin that caused one to repent in the first place.

Allah, The Exalted says;

إِنَّمَا التَّوْبَةُ عَلَى اللَّهِ لِلَّذِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ السُّوءَ بِجَهَالَةٍ ثُمَّ يَتُوبُونَ مِن قَرِيبٍ فَأُولَٰئِكَ يَتُوبُ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمْ ۗ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَلِيمًا حَكِيمًا

وَلَيْسَتِ التَّوْبَةُ لِلَّذِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ السَّيِّئَاتِ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا حَضَرَ أَحَدَهُمُ الْمَوْتُ قَالَ إِنِّي تُبْتُ الْآنَ وَلَا الَّذِينَ يَمُوتُونَ وَهُمْ كُفَّارٌ ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ أَعْتَدْنَا لَهُمْ عَذَابًا أَلِيمًا

“Allah accepts only the repentance of those who do evil in ignorance and foolishness and repent soon (i.e. afterwards); it is they whom Allah will forgive and Allah is Ever All-Knower, All Wise. And of no effect is the repentance of those who continue to do evil deeds until death faces one of them and he says: “Now I repent;” nor of those who die while they are disbelievers. For them We have prepared a painful torment.”

(Surah An-Nisa, 4:17-18)

Abdullah b. Amr b. al-‘As,رضى الله عنه, reported that he heard Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying:Verily, the hearts of all the sons of Adam are between the two fingers out of the fingers of the Compassionate Lord as one heart. He turns that to any (direction) He likes. Then Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said: 0 Allah, the Turner of the hearts, turn our hearts to Thine obedience.

(Sahih Muslim 2655)

It is only one who listens with his heart, that is, his feelings and emotions, who may take heed to the call. There are amongst mankind those who pretend to listen in order to argue. This isn’t listening at all. They are simply preparing a response due to their hearts already being closed to what is being said. Then there are some who bring their hearts, their true feelings, doubts, and apprehensions. They are allowing the truth to touch their hearts. It is these whom may take heed to the warning. For those who are charged with delivering the message it is important to remember that we are not overseers. Nor is it our job to try to determine in what state a persons heart may be in or if they will receive the message. Our duty is only to warn and we must leave the rest to Allah.

It is out of The Mercy and Kindness of Allah عزوجل that He gives us a slight privy into the hearts of mankind as He says;

أَمْ تَحْسَبُ أَنَّ أَكْثَرَهُمْ يَسْمَعُونَ أَوْ يَعْقِلُونَ ۚ إِنْ هُمْ إِلَّا كَالْأَنْعَامِ ۖ بَلْ هُمْ أَضَلُّ سَبِيلًا

“Or do you think that most of them hear or understand? They are only like cattle- nay, they are even farther astray from the Path (i.e. even worse than cattle).

(Surah Al-Furqan, 25:44)

During the time of The Prophet, ﷺ, there we hypocrites who tried to assassinate Him and he was given their names. Beyond that, there is no evidence that he knew the other hypocrites amongst himself and the believers. However, Allah عزوجل informed the Prophet ﷺ, that they existed when He said;

وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يَقُولُ آمَنَّا بِاللَّهِ وَبِالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ وَمَا هُم بِمُؤْمِنِينَ

يُخَادِعُونَ اللَّهَ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَمَا يَخْدَعُونَ إِلَّا أَنفُسَهُمْ وَمَا يَشْعُرُونَ

فِي قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٌ فَزَادَهُمُ اللَّهُ مَرَضًا ۖ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ بِمَا كَانُوا يَكْذِبُونَ

“And of mankind, there are some (hypocrites) who say: “We believe in Allah and the Last Day” while in fact they believe not. They (think to) deceive Allah and those who believe, while they only deceive themselves, and perceive (it) not! In their hearts is a disease (of doubt and hypocrisy) and Allah has increased their disease. A painful torment is theirs because they used to tell lies.”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:8-10)

Once again, out of His immense Mercy, Allah informs us about the states of mankind (here, the hypocrite), and even tells us about the condition of the heart. We should take from this that it is only Allah, All Knower of everything, who can inform us about these matters. We, bearers of The Qur’an and givers of dawah must always remember that, Allah knows and we no very little. Even when we see some qualities that may place a person in a category of disbelief or hypocrisy in the Qur’an we must remember the nature of the Qalb. It is between the two fingers of Allah,عزوجل, and He turns it when and as He wills. Our duty is only to warn.

Usamah bin Zaid (May Allah be pleased with them) reported:Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) sent us to Huraqat, a tribe of Juhainah. We attacked that tribe early in the morning and defeated them, (then) a man from the Ansar and I caught hold of a man (of the defeated tribe). When we overcame him, he said: ‘La ilaha illallah (There is no true god except Allah).’ At that moment, the Ansari spared him, but I attacked him with my spear and killed him. By the time we went back to Al-Madinah, news had already reached Messenger of Allah (ﷺ). He said to me, “O Usamah, did you kill him after he professed La ilaha illallah (There is no true god except Allah)?” I said, “O Messenger of Allah! He professed it only to save his life.” Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) repeated, “Did you kill him after he had professed La ilaha illallah?”

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim] .

Another narration is: Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Did you kill him in spite of his professing La ilaha illallah?” I said, “O Messenger of Allah! He said out of fear of our arms.” He (ﷺ) said, “Why did you not cut his heart open to find out whether he had done so sincerely or not?” He continued repeating it until I wished that I had embraced Islam only that day.

May Allah increase us in knowledge. Ameen yaa Rabbi.

40:56

The Prideful Heart

Allah, The Exalted says in The Qur’an:

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يُجَادِلُونَ فِي آيَاتِ اللَّهِ بِغَيْرِ سُلْطَانٍ أَتَاهُمْ ۙ إِن فِي صُدُورِهِمْ إِلَّا كِبْرٌ مَّا هُم بِبَالِغِيهِ ۚ فَاسْتَعِذْ بِاللَّهِ ۖ إِنَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْبَصِيرُ

“Indeed, those who dispute concerning the signs of Allah without [any] authority having come to them – there is not within their breasts except pride, [the extent of] which they cannot reach. So seek refuge in Allah . Indeed, it is He who is the Hearing, the Seeing.”

(Surah Ghafir, 40:56)

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about this ayah:

(Verily, those who dispute about the Ayat of Allah, without any authority having come to them,) means, they try to refute the truth with falsehood, and to refute sound evidence with dubious arguments, having no proof or evidence from Allah.

﴿إِن فِى صُدُورِهِمْ إِلاَّ كِبْرٌ مَّـا هُم بِبَـلِغِيهِ﴾

(there is nothing else in their breasts except pride. They will never have it.) means, they are too proud to follow the truth and submit to the one who has brought it. But their attempts to suppress the truth and elevate falsehood will fail; the truth will prevail and their words and aspirations will be defeated.

﴿فَاسْتَعِذْ بِاللَّهِ﴾

(So seek refuge in Allah. ) means, from being like these people,

﴿إِنَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ البَصِيرُ﴾

(Verily, it is He Who is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer.) or seek refuge with Him from being like these people who dispute about the Ayat of Allah without any authority having come to them.

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

The Heart: A Distinction Between Qalb, Sadr, Fu’aad, and Lubb…

Allah, The All-Knowing, sent messengers to all generations, speaking to them in their own language. He chose our beloved Prophet Muhammad (sallalahu alaihi wasallam), an Arab, and the Arabic language for His last message to mankind. The Arabic language is unique for its richness and complex grammatical structures as one statement often carries many meanings. The nuances of the Arabic language makes it very precise and that precision aids in its preservation by Allah’s Might, and Allah knows best.

There are over 180 references to the “heart” in the Qur’an using four different words which are;

  • صدر “sadr”. The “sadr” can be defined as “the breast/chest”.
  • قلب “qalb”, the proper noun for “the heart”
  • فؤاد “fu’aad” or “inner heart” and;
  • لُبّ “lubb” which references the “the subtle or higher intellect / the innermost chamber of the heart”

These four- the “sadr”, “qalb”, “fu’aad”, and lubb” are places or seats within the heart. One may think of these seats as their own individual components-being unique in its purpose, design, and function. Yet, despite their singularity, any undertaking by one requires endeavor from the other. This is what may be referenced to working in synergy. Just as our bodies cannot live with one organ alone, our heart cannot function with one seat of the heart being healthy. These acts are in fact impossible. We are made up from cells and those cells form tissue. The tissue goes on to form organs which work together to support the body. When the cellular structure in one organ starts to disintegrate (as in the case of Cancer), it is not uncommon for the dis-ease to spread through the blood or lymphatic system to other organs where they will disintegrate also.

This occurrence is known as “Metastasis“. Spiritually, a person can undergo metastasis when their natural Fitra has become corrupt and they do not seek out a cure for their dis-ease.

On the authority of an-Nu’man ibn Basheer (R.A.A.), who said:

I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say, “That which is lawful is clear and that which is unlawful is clear, and between the two of them are doubtful matters about which many people do not know. Thus he who avoids doubtful matters clears himself in regards to his religion and his honor, but he who falls into doubtful matters [eventually] falls into that which is unlawful, like the shepherd who pastures around a sanctuary, all but grazing therein. Truly every king has a sanctuary, and truly Allah’s sanctuary is His prohibitions. Truly in the body there is a morsel of flesh, which, if it be whole, all the body is whole, and which, if it is diseased, all of [the body] is diseased. Truly, it is the heart.”

(Sahih Bukhari & Muslim)

These people have become a willing awliya, or friend,of Shaitan. They happily follow his Sunnah this includes; eating (committing excess, wasting etc.), dressing, speaking (terms of Jahilliyah), character (prideful, lewdness, mischievousness etc.), and shirk. This is why the Mu’min, the Believer, in Allah, subhan wa’ta ala, should acquire knowledge of the Sunnah Prophet Muhammad, sallalahu alaihi wasallam, to prevent him or herself from falling into the Sunnah of Shaitan and his hizb.

Narrated `Ali bin Al-Husain:

Safiya, the wife of the Prophet (ﷺ) told me that she went to Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) to visit him in the mosque while he was in I`tikaf in the last ten days of Ramadan. She had a talk with him for a while, then she got up in order to return home. The Prophet (ﷺ) accompanied her. When they reached the gate of the mosque, opposite the door of Um-Salama, two Ansari men were passing by and they greeted Allah’s Apostle . He told them: Do not run away! And said, “She is (my wife) Safiya bint Huyai.” Both of them said, “Subhan Allah, (How dare we think of any evil) O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)!” And they felt it. The Prophet said (to them), “Satan reaches everywhere in the human body as blood reaches in it, (everywhere in one’s body). I was afraid lest Satan might insert an evil thought in your minds.”

(Sahih al-Bukhari, 2035)

We can see from this hadith many valuable lessons-one of which, the preservation of one’s thoughts upon righteousness. As Muslims we have a duty to act in a righteous manner as to guard our own hearts from corruption. Acting righteously also affects the hearts of those around us as it is a guard for their heart from the Shaytan.

The Outermost Seat of the Qalb: صدر “sadr”, the chest or breast

Everything that contains something precious must be guarded. The “sadr” can be likened to a fence around a garden. A spiritual garden that encloses the inner layer or the “qalb”, the layer just inside of that- the”fu’aad”, and the innermost seat- the “lubb”.

Just a fence around a garden is designed to–to keep away predators that wish to steal its fruits. The “sadr”, if healthy is the first line of defense against the Shaytan entering ones heart. It is here, the “sadr” that the accursed Shaytan makes his false promises and threats;

وَقَالَ الشَّيْطَانُ لَمَّا قُضِيَ الْأَمْرُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَعَدَكُمْ وَعْدَ الْحَقِّ وَوَعَدتُّكُمْ فَأَخْلَفْتُكُمْ ۖ وَمَا كَانَ لِيَ عَلَيْكُم مِّن سُلْطَانٍ إِلَّا أَن دَعَوْتُكُمْ فَاسْتَجَبْتُمْ لِي ۖ فَلَا تَلُومُونِي وَلُومُوا أَنفُسَكُم ۖ مَّا أَنَا بِمُصْرِخِكُمْ وَمَا أَنتُم بِمُصْرِخِيَّ ۖ إِنِّي كَفَرْتُ بِمَا أَشْرَكْتُمُونِ مِن قَبْلُ ۗ إِنَّ الظَّالِمِينَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ

“And Shaitan (Satan) will say when the matter has been decided: “Verily, Allah promised you a promise of truth. And I too promised you, but I betrayed you. I had no authority over you except that I called you, and you responded to me. So blame me not, but blame yourselves. I cannot help you, nor can you help me. I deny your former act in associating me (Satan) as a partner with Allah (by obeying me in the life of the world). Verily, there is a painful torment for the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers).

(Surah Ibrahim, 14:22)

This is like the ayat:

مِن شَرِّ الْوَسْوَاسِ الْخَنَّاسِ

الَّذِي يُوَسْوِسُ فِي صُدُورِ النَّاسِ

“Alladhi yuwaswisu fi sudurin-nas)

مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ وَالنَّاسِ

“From the evil of the whisperer (devil who whispers evil in the hearts of men) who withdraws (from his whispering in one’s heart after one remembers Allah). Who whispers in the breast of mankind. Of jinn and men.”

(Surah An-Nas, 114:4-6)

Here the word صُدُورٍsudurin” (stemming from the root “sadr”) is used to convey the “chest” or “breast”.

Allah, subhana wa ta’ala, has given his slaves His Book, كتاب الله, giving Light. A means of avoiding the darkness of the Sunnah of Shaitan. In it Allah, subhana wa ta’ala says;

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ اتَّقَوْا إِذَا مَسَّهُمْ طَائِفٌ مِّنَ الشَّيْطَانِ تَذَكَّرُوا فَإِذَا هُم مُّبْصِرُونَ

“Verily, those who are Al-Muttaqun (the pious), when an evil thought comes to them from Shaitan (Satan), the remember (Allah), and (indeed) they then see (aright). But (as for) their brothers (the devils) they (i.e. the devils) plunge them deeper into error, and they never stop short.”

(Surah Al-A’raf, 7:201-202)

When Pride Enters the صدر Sadr

Allah, subhana wa ta’ala, says in The Qur’an:

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يُجَادِلُونَ فِي آيَاتِ اللَّهِ بِغَيْرِ سُلْطَانٍ أَتَاهُمْ ۙ إِن فِي صُدُورِهِمْ إِلَّا كِبْرٌ مَّا هُم بِبَالِغِيهِ ۚ فَاسْتَعِذْ بِاللَّهِ ۖ إِنَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْبَصِيرُ

“Indeed, those who dispute concerning the signs of Allah without [any] authority having come to them – there is not within their breasts except pride, [the extent of] which they cannot reach. So seek refuge in Allah . Indeed, it is He who is the Hearing, the Seeing.”

(Surah Ghafir, 40:56)

Here Allah uses the word; صُدُورِ٥ِمْ, to refer to the seat of the heart which is dis-eased-the chest or outer layer. Here As-Sha’afee, has pinpointed the dis-ease which in this case is, pride.

The prideful one, the one who disputes about the signs of Allah are of many degrees. The disbelievers, those who outright reject the signs of Allah including His book, some of His Prophets. Their arguments against the truth always will be futile based on their whims and desires. They will never have the pride that comes with submitting to and following the truth. Nor will they have the true inner knowledge of spiritual realities. The Shaitan has beautified for them their way and have shared in wealth and children with some of them. These ones boast on being Awliah of Allah when in fact they are devote Awliyah of Shaitan.

Allah, subhana wa ta’ala says in The Qur’an:

وَقَالَتِ الْيَهُودُ وَالنَّصَارَىٰ نَحْنُ أَبْنَاءُ اللَّهِ وَأَحِبَّاؤُهُ ۚ قُلْ فَلِمَ يُعَذِّبُكُم بِذُنُوبِكُم ۖ بَلْ أَنتُم بَشَرٌ مِّمَّنْ خَلَقَ ۚ يَغْفِرُ لِمَن يَشَاءُ وَيُعَذِّبُ مَن يَشَاءُ ۚ وَلِلَّهِ مُلْكُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا ۖ وَإِلَيْهِ الْمَصِيرُ

“And (both) the Jews and the Christians say: “We are the children of Allah and His loved ones.” Say: “Why then does He punish you for your sins?” Nay, you are but human beings of those He has created, He forgives whom He wills and He punishes whom He wills. And to Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them; and to Him is the return of all.”

(Surah Al-Ma’idah, 5:18)

There are some who claim to be Muslims who are upon this unfortunate affair. They are people who have not fought themselves to overcome desires. Even after The Message of Allah, subhana wa ta’ala, has reached them, they still wish to roll about in their desires. And so, these rejectors of Faith accept part of The Message and reject the parts that do not enable their desires. These are the hypocrites, who pull from this and that and have made their own Sunnah. They think themselves safe through ignorance and when the evidences are presented to them they argue with falsehood. We seek refuge in Allah from this most unfortunate affair. Ameen.

When Shaitan came to the hearts of these people pride entered and penetrated their chest. Allah subhana wa ta’ala, says that their chests are full of pride and so the truth cannot enter as pride is a sword in the jihad against the truth. Once a heart is full of pride how might the heart be benefited?

The conditions of the heart are never unjustified as Allah, subhana wa ta’ala says in The Qur’an;

لَا يُكَلِّفُ اللَّهُ نَفْسًا إِلَّا وُسْعَهَا ۚ لَهَا مَا كَسَبَتْ وَعَلَيْهَا مَا اكْتَسَبَتْ ۗ رَبَّنَا لَا تُؤَاخِذْنَا إِن نَّسِينَا أَوْ أَخْطَأْنَا ۚ رَبَّنَا وَلَا تَحْمِلْ عَلَيْنَا إِصْرًا كَمَا حَمَلْتَهُ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِنَا ۚ رَبَّنَا وَلَا تُحَمِّلْنَا مَا لَا طَاقَةَ لَنَا بِهِ ۖ وَاعْفُ عَنَّا وَاغْفِرْ لَنَا وَارْحَمْنَا ۚ أَنتَ مَوْلَانَا فَانصُرْنَا عَلَى الْقَوْمِ الْكَافِرِينَ

“Allah burdens not a soul beyond his scope. He gets reward for that (good) which he has earned, and he is punished for that (evil) which he has earned. “Our Lord! Punish us not if we forget or fall into error, our Lord! Lay not on us a burden like that which you did lay on those before us (Jews and Christians); our Lord! Put not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Pardon us and grant us Forgiveness. Have mercy on us. You are our Maula (Patron, Supporter, and Protector, etc.) and give us victory over the disbelieving people.”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:286)

The the sickness of one’s heart is earned by the soul as Allah, subhana wa ta’ala, says in The Qur’an;

ظَهَرَ الْفَسَادُ فِي الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ بِمَا كَسَبَتْ أَيْدِي النَّاسِ لِيُذِيقَهُم بَعْضَ الَّذِي عَمِلُوا لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْجِعُونَ

“Evil (sins and disobedience to Allah) has appeared on land and sea because of what the hands of men have earned (by oppression and evil deeds), that He (Allah) may make them taste a part of that which they have done, in order that they may return (by repenting to Allah, and begging His Pardon).”

(Surah Ar-Rum, 30:41)

This is also like the ayat:

وَلَا نُكَلِّفُ نَفْسًا إِلَّا وُسْعَهَا ۖ وَلَدَيْنَا كِتَابٌ يَنطِقُ بِالْحَقِّ ۚ وَهُمْ لَا يُظْلَمُونَ

بَلْ قُلُوبُهُمْ فِي غَمْرَةٍ مِّنْ هَٰذَا وَلَهُمْ أَعْمَالٌ مِّن دُونِ ذَٰلِكَ هُمْ لَهَا عَامِلُونَ

“And We task not any person except according to his capacity, and with Us is a Record which speaks the truth, ad they will not be wronged. Nay, but their hearts are covered from (understanding) this (the Qur’an), and they have other (evil) deeds, besides, which they are doing.”

(Surah Al Mu’minun, 23:62-63)

Those with unjustified pride will never attain the status in which they seek. They will never be able to prevail in any argument against the truth and will always retreat humiliated. It is upon the Ummah to stand firm against those who wish to put out the light of Faith, to constantly purify our hearts through Tawbah and the returning to righteous conduct. We must guard our hearts and thoughts from the attacks of Shaitan through the constant remembrance of Allah, subana wa’ta ala.

Here is a beautiful advice from Shaykh Rabee (rahimullah) on accepting sincere advice:

“Accepting sincere advice and following the truth is one of the greatest obligations upon all of the Muslims, from whichever source it comes from. It is not permissible for a Muslim to belittle and disrespect the sincere adviser regardless of what his status may be.

I seek refuge with Allah that I reject an advice and defend a mistake or falsehood which emanated from me; for indeed this is from the means to evil, in fact, it is from the ways of the the people of corruption, arrogance, and arrogant stubbornness. And when he is reminded he doesn’t take the reminder, as Allah said,

وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا ذُكِّرُوا بِآيَاتِ رَبِّهِمْ لَمْ يَخِرُّوا عَلَيْهَا صُمًّا وَعُمْيَانًا

“And those, who reminded of the verses of their Lord, fall not deaf or blind thereat.”

(Surah Al-Furqan, 25:73)

Shaykh Rabee bin Hadi Al-Madhkhali

Chapter on Humbleness from Al-Fusool al-Mudiyyah min Seerati ash-Shaykh Rabeen ibn Hadi ‘Umayr Al Madhkhali wa Juhoodihi Al-Ilmiyyah wa ad-Da’awiyyah pg. 152.

May Allah make our hearts firm upon Tawheed and obedience to Him and and His Messenger. May he grant us Tawfeeq to stay upon the affair of Tawheed and obedience until death overtakes us. Ameen yaa Rabbi.

Enjoin Righteousness or Perish

Allah, The Exalted, says in The Qur’an:

وَالْعَصْرِ

إِنَّ الْإِنسَانَ لَفِي خُسْرٍ

إِلَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالْحَقِّ وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالصَّبْرِ

“By Al- ‘Asr (the time). Verily, man is in loss, except those who believe (in Islamic Monotheism) and do righteous good deeds, and recommend one another to the truth [i.e. order one another to perform all kinds of good deeds (Al-Ma’ruf) which Allah has ordained, and abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds (Al-Munkar) which Allah has forbidden], and recommend one another to patience (for the sufferings, harms, and injuries which one may encounter in Allah’s Cause during preaching His religion of Islamic Monotheism or Jihad).”

(Surah Al-‘Asr, 103:1-3)

A nation will never be successful, unless it keeps the evil doers from committing evil acts by the good works (preaching and spreading Allah’s Message) of the righteous. A stern warning is given in the Qur’an when Allah, The Most High, says;

وَاتَّقُوا فِتْنَةً لَّا تُصِيبَنَّ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا مِنكُمْ خَاصَّةً ۖ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ

“And fear the Fitnah (affliction and trial) which affects not in particular (only) those of you who do wrong (but it may afflict all the good and the bad people), and know that Allah is Severe in punishment.”

(Surah Al-Anfal, 8:25)

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about this ayah:

Allah warns His believing servants of a Fitnah, trial and test, that encompasses the wicked and those around them. Therefore, such Fitnah will not be restricted to the sinners and evildoers. Rather, it will reach the others if the sins are not stopped and prevented. Imam Ahmad recorded that Mutarrif said, “We asked Az-Zubayr, `O Abu `Abdullah! What brought you here (for the battle of Al-Jamal) You abandoned the Khalifah who was assassinated (`Uthman, may Allah be pleased with him) and then came asking for revenge for his blood’ He said, `We recited at the time of the Messenger of Allah , and Abu Bakr, `Umar and `Uthman,

﴿وَاتَّقُواْ فِتْنَةً لاَّ تُصِيبَنَّ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُواْ مِنكُمْ خَآصَّةً﴾

(And fear the Fitnah (affliction and trial) which affects not in particular (only) those of you who do wrong,) We did not think that this Ayah was about us too, until it reached us as it did.”’ `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said that the Ayah,

﴿وَاتَّقُواْ فِتْنَةً لاَّ تُصِيبَنَّ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُواْ مِنكُمْ خَآصَّةً﴾

(And fear the Fitnah (affliction and trial) which affects not in particular (only) those of you who do wrong,) refers to the Companions of the Prophet in particular. In another narration from Ibn `Abbas, he said, “Allah commanded the believers to stop evil from flourishing among them, so that Allah does not encompass them all in the torment (Fitnah). ” This, indeed, is a very good explanation, prompting Mujahid to comment about Allah’s statement,

﴿وَاتَّقُواْ فِتْنَةً لاَّ تُصِيبَنَّ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُواْ مِنكُمْ خَآصَّةً﴾

(And fear the Fitnah (affliction and trial) which affects not in particular (only) those of you who do wrong,)

“Is for you too!” Several said similarly, such as Ad-Dahhak and Yazid bin Abi Habib and several others. Ibn Mas`ud said, “There is none among you but there is something that represents a Fitnah for him, for Allah said,

﴿إِنَّمَآ أَمْوَلُكُمْ وَأَوْلَـدُكُمْ فِتْنَةٌ﴾

(Your wealth and your children are only a trial (Fitnah)…) ﴿64:15﴾. Therefore, when you seek refuge, seek it with Allah from the Fitnah that causes misguidance.” Ibn Jarir collected this Hadith. The view that the warning in this Ayah addresses the Companions and all others is true, even though the speech in the Ayah was directed at the Companions. There are Hadiths that warn against Fitnah in general, thus providing the correctness of this explanation. Similarly there will be a separate book in which this subject will be discussed, Allah willing, as also is the case with the Imams, there being a number of writings about this. Of the most precise things that have been mentioned under this topic, is what was recorded by Imam Ahmad from Hudhayfah bin Al-Yaman that the Messenger of Allah said,

«وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ لَتَأْمُرُنَّ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَلَتَنْهَوُنَّ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ أَوْ لَيُوشِكَنَّ اللهُ أَنْ يَبْعَثَ عَلَيْكُمْ عِقَابًا مِنْ عِنْدِهِ ثُمَّ لَتَدْعُنَّهُ فَلَا يَسْتَجِيبُ لَكُم»

(By He in Whose Hand is my soul! You will enjoin righteousness and forbid evil, or Allah will send a punishment upon you from Him; you will supplicate then to Him, but He will not answer your supplication.)

Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Ar-Riqad said, “I heard Hudhayfah saying, `A person used to utter one word during the time of the Messenger of Allah and become a hypocrite on account of it. I now hear such words from one of you four times in the same sitting. Surely, you will enjoin good, forbid evil and encourage each other to do good or Allah will surround you all with torment, or make the wicked among you become your leaders. The righteous among you will then supplicate, but their supplication will not be accepted.”’ sImam Ahmad recorded that An-Nu`man bin Bashir said that the Prophet gave a speech in which he said, while pointing to his ears with two of his fingers,

«مَثَلُ الْقَائِمِ عَلَى حُدُودِ اللهِ وَالْوَاقِعِ فِيهَا وَالْمُدَاهِنِ فِيهَا كَمَثَلِ قَوْمٍ رَكِبُوا سَفِينَةً فَأَصَابَ بَعْضُهُمْ أَسْفَلَهَا وَأَوْعَرَهَا وَشَرَّهَا وَأَصَابَ بَعْضُهُمْ أَعْلَاهَا فَكَانَ الَّذِينَ فِي أَسْفَلِهَا إِذَا اسْتَقَوُا الْمَاءَ مَرُّوا عَلَى مَنْ فَوقَهُمْ فَآذُوْهُمْ فَقَالُوا: لَوْ خَرَقْنَا فِي نَصِيبِنَا خَرْقًا فَاسْتَقَيْنَا مِنْهُ وَلَمْ نُؤْذِ مَنْ فَوْقَنَا: فَإِنْ تَرَكُوهُمْ وَأَمْرَهُمْ هَلَكُوا جَمِيعًا وَإِنْ أَخَذُوا عَلَى أَيْدِيهِمْ نَجَوْا جَمِيعًا»

(The parable of the person abiding by Allah’s order and restrictions in comparison to those who violate them, or sit idle while they are being violated, is that of those who drew lots for their seats in a boat. Some of them got seats in the lower part, which is the most rough and worst part, and the others in the upper. When the former needed water, they had to go up to bring water and that troubled the others, so they said, `Let us make a hole in our share of the ship and get water, saving those who are above us from troubling them, so, if the people in the upper part let the others do what they suggested, all the people of the ship would be destroyed, but if they prevented them, both parties would be safe.)

This was recorded by Al-Bukhari, but not Muslim, in the Book of Partnerships and the Book of Witnesses. It was also recorded by At-Tirmidhi through a different route of narration.

Imam Ahmad recorded that Umm Salamah, the Prophet’s wife, said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah saying,

«إِذَا ظَهَرَتِ الْمَعَاصِي فِي أُمَّتِي عَمَّهُمُ اللهُ بِعَذَابٍ مِنْ عِنْدِه»

(If sins become apparent in my Ummah, Allah will surround them with punishment from Him.) I said, `O Allah’s Messenger! Will they have righteous people among them then’ He said,

«بَلَى»

(Yes.) I asked, `What will happen to them’ He said,

«يُصِيبُهُمْ مَا أَصَابَ النَّاسَ ثُمَّ يَصِيرُونَ إِلَى مَغْفِرَةٍ مِنَ اللهِ وَرِضْوَان»

(They will be striken as the people, but they will end up with Allah’s forgiveness and pleasure.)”

Imam Ahmad recorded that Jarir said that the Messenger of Allah said,

«مَا مِنْ قَوْمٍ يُعْمَلُ فِيهِمْ بِالْمَعَاصِي هُمْ أَعَزُّ وَأَكْثَرُ مِمَّنْ يَعْمَلُونَ ثُمَّ لَمْ يُغَيِّرُوهُ إِلَّا عَمَّهُمُ اللهُ بِعِقَاب»

(Every people among whom sins are being committed, while they are mightier and more numerous than those who do wrong, yet they did nothing to stop them, then Allah will surround them all with punishment.)

Ibn Majah collected this Hadith.

﴿وَاذْكُرُواْ إِذْ أَنتُمْ قَلِيلٌ مُّسْتَضْعَفُونَ فِى الاٌّرْضِ تَخَافُونَ أَن يَتَخَطَّفَكُمُ النَّاسُ فَآوَاكُمْ وَأَيَّدَكُم بِنَصْرِهِ وَرَزَقَكُم مِّنَ الطَّيِّبَاتِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ ﴾

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

There were many civilizations that lived before us who did not enjoin righteousness and forbid evil. They perished for this act. Allah informs us about them in The Qur’an when He, The Most High, says:

كَانُوا لَا يَتَنَاهَوْنَ عَن مُّنكَرٍ فَعَلُوهُ ۚ لَبِئْسَ مَا كَانُوا يَفْعَلُونَ

“They used not to forbid one another from Al-Munkar (wrong, evil-doing, sins, polytheism, disbelief) which they committed. Vile indeed was what they used to do.”

(Surah Al-Ma’idah, 5:79)

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about this ayah:

Allah states that He has cursed the disbelievers among the Children of Israel long ago, and revealed this fact to His Prophets Dawud and `Isa, son of Maryam. He cursed them because they disobeyed Allah and transgressed against His creatures. Al-`Awfi reported that Ibn `Abbas said, “They were cursed in the Tawrah, the Injil, the Zabur (Psalms) and the Furqan (Qur’an).” Allah then states that during their time, their habit was that,

﴿كَانُواْ لاَ يَتَنَـهَوْنَ عَن مُّنكَرٍ فَعَلُوهُ﴾

(They used not to forbid one another from the evil they committed.) They did not forbid each other from committing sins and the prohibitions. Allah chastised them for this behavior, so that their behavior would not be imitated. Allah said,

﴿لَبِئْسَ مَا كَانُواْ يَفْعَلُونَ﴾

(Vile indeed was what they used to do.)

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

Allah, The All Wise, warns His slaves about enjoining righteousness when He says;

وَإِذَا رَأَيْتَ الَّذِينَ يَخُوضُونَ فِي آيَاتِنَا فَأَعْرِضْ عَنْهُمْ حَتَّىٰ يَخُوضُوا فِي حَدِيثٍ غَيْرِهِ ۚ وَإِمَّا يُنسِيَنَّكَ الشَّيْطَانُ فَلَا تَقْعُدْ بَعْدَ الذِّكْرَىٰ مَعَ الْقَوْمِ الظَّالِمِينَ

وَمَا عَلَى الَّذِينَ يَتَّقُونَ مِنْ حِسَابِهِم مِّن شَيْءٍ وَلَٰكِن ذِكْرَىٰ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَّقُونَ

وَذَرِ الَّذِينَ اتَّخَذُوا دِينَهُمْ لَعِبًا وَلَهْوًا وَغَرَّتْهُمُ الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا ۚ وَذَكِّرْ بِهِ أَن تُبْسَلَ نَفْسٌ بِمَا كَسَبَتْ لَيْسَ لَهَا مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ وَلِيٌّ وَلَا شَفِيعٌ وَإِن تَعْدِلْ كُلَّ عَدْلٍ لَّا يُؤْخَذْ مِنْهَا ۗ أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ أُبْسِلُوا بِمَا كَسَبُوا ۖ لَهُمْ شَرَابٌ مِّنْ حَمِيمٍ وَعَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ بِمَا كَانُوا يَكْفُرُونَ

“And when you (Muhammad, S.A.W.) see those who engage in a false conversation about Our Verses (of the Qur’an) by mocking at them, stay away from them till they turn to another topic. And if Shaitan (Satan) causes you to forget, then after the remembrance sit not you in the company of those people who are the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers). Those who fear Allah, keep their duty to Him and avoid evil are not responsible for them (the disbelievers) in any case, but (their duty) is to remind them, that they may fear Allah (and refrain from mocking at the Qur’an). And leave alone those who take their religion as play and amusement, and whom the life of this wold has deceived. But remind (them) with it (the Qur’an) lest a person be given up to destruction for that which he has earned, when he will find for himself no protector or intercessor besides Allah, and even if he offers every ransom, it will not be accepted from him. Such are they who are given up to destruction because of that which they have earned. For them will be a drink of boiling water and a painful torment because they used to disbelieve.”

(Surah Al-An’am, 6:68-70)

Hadiths that Order Enjoining Righteousness and Forbidding Evil

There are many Hadiths that order enjoining righteousness and forbidding evil. Imam Ahmad recorded that Hudhayfah bin Al-Yaman said that the Prophet said,

«وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ، لَتَأْمُرُنَّ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ، وَلَتَنْهَوُنَّ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ، أَوْ لَيُوشِكَنَّ اللهُ أَنْ يَبْعَثَ عَلَيْكُمْ عِقَابًا مِنْ عِنْدِهِ، ثُمَّ لَتَدْعُنَّهُ فَلَا يَسْتَجِيبَ لَكُم»

(By He in Whose Hand is my soul! You will enjoin righteousness and forbid evil, or Allah will send a punishment on you from Him. Then, you will supplicate to Him, but He will not accept your supplication.) At-Tirmidhi also recorded it and said, “This Hadith is Hasan.” Muslim recorded that Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri said that the Messenger of Allah said,

«مَنْ رَأَى مِنْكُمْ مُنْكَرًا فَلْيُغَيِّرْهُ بِيَدِهِ، فَإِنْ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ فَبِلِسَانِهِ، فَإِنْ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ فَبِقَلْبِهِ، وَذلِكَ أَضْعَفُ الْإِيمَان»

(He among you who witnesses an evil, let him change it with his hand, if he cannot do that, then by his tongue, if he cannot do even that, then with his heart, and this is the weakest faith.) Abu Dawud said that Al-`Urs, meaning Ibn `Amirah, said that the Prophet said,

«إِذَا عُمِلَتِ الْخَطِيئَةُ فِي الْأَرْضِ كَانَ مَنْ شَهِدَهَا فَكَرِهَهَا، وَقَالَ مَرَّةً فَأَنْكَرَهَا كَانَ كَمَنْ غَابَ عَنْهَا، وَمَنْ غَابَ عَنْهَا فَرَضِيَهَا كَانَ كَمَنْ شَهِدَهَا»

(When sin is committed on the earth, then whoever witnesses it and hates – (once he said): forbids it, will be like those who did not witness it. Whoever was absent from it, but agreed with it, will be like those who witness it.) Only Abu Dawud recorded this Hadith. Abu Dawud recorded that one of the Companions said that the Prophet said,

«لَنْ يَهْلِكَ النَّاسُ حَتَّى يَعْذِرُوا أَوْ يُعْذِرُوا مِنْ أَنْفُسِهِم»

(The people will not perish until they do not leave -or- have any excuse for themselves.) Ibn Majah recorded that Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri said that the Messenger of Allah gave a speech once and said,

«أَلَا لَا يَمْنَعَنَّ رَجُلًا هَيْبَةُ النَّاسِ أَنْ يَقُولَ الْحَقَّ إِذَا عَلِمَه»

(Behold! Fear from people should not prevent one from saying the truth if he knows it.) Abu Sa`id then cried and said, “By Allah! We have seen some errors, but we feared (the people).” Another Hadith that Abu Sa`id narrated states that the Messenger of Allah said,

«أَفْضَلُ الْجِهَادِ كَلِمَةُ حَقَ عِنْدَ سُلْطَانٍ جَائِر»

(The best Jihad is a word of truth proclaimed before an unjust ruler.) Recorded by Abu Dawud, At-Tirmidhi, and Ibn Majah. At-Tirmidhi said, “Hasan Gharib from this route of narration.” Imam Ahmad recorded that Hudhayfah said that the Prophet said,

«لَا يَنْبَغِي لِمُسْلِمٍ أَنْ يُذِلَّ نَفْسَه»

(It is not required of the Muslim that he humiliate himself.) They said, `How does one humiliate himself” he said;

«يَتَعَرَّضُ مِنَ الْبَلَاءِ لِمَا لَا يُطِيق»

(He takes on trials that he is not capable of enduring. ) This was recorded by At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah, and At-Tirmidhi said, “This Hadith is Hasan Sahih Gharib.”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

O you who believe! Remember Allah and fear Him in regards to the things entrusted to you. Allah is As Shaheed (The Witness). Allah, The Exalted, says in The Qur’an:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَخُونُوا اللَّهَ وَالرَّسُولَ وَتَخُونُوا أَمَانَاتِكُمْ وَأَنتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ

وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّمَا أَمْوَالُكُمْ وَأَوْلَادُكُمْ فِتْنَةٌ وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ عِندَهُ أَجْرٌ عَظِيمٌ

“O you who believe! Betray not Allah and His Messenger, nor betray knowingly your Amanat (things entrusted to you, and all the duties which Allah has ordained for you). And know that your possessions and your children are but a trial and that surely with Allah is a mighty reward.”

(Surah Al-Anfal, 8:27-28)

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about these ayat:

The Two Sahihs mention the story of Hatib bin Abi Balta`ah. In the year of the victory of Makkah he wrote to the Quraysh alerting them that the Messenger of Allah intended to march towards them. Allah informed His Messenger of this, and he sent a Companion to retrieve the letter that Hatib sent, and then he summoned him. He admitted to what he did. `Umar bin Al-Khattab stood up and said, “O Allah’s Messenger! Should I cut off his head, for he has betrayed Allah, His Messenger and the believers” The Prophet said,

«دَعْهُ فَإِنَّهُ قَدْ شَهِدَ بَدْرًا، وَمَا يُدْرِيكَ لَعَلَّ اللهَ اطَّلَعَ عَلَى أَهْلِ بَدْرٍ فَقَالَ: اعْمَلُوا مَا شِئْتُمْ فَقَدْ غَفَرْتُ لَكُم»

(Leave him! He participated in Badr. How do you know that Allah has not looked at those who participated in Badr and said, Do whatever you want, for I have forgiven you.)

However, it appears that this Ayah is more general, even if it was revealed about a specific incident. Such rulings are dealt with by their indications, not the specific reasons behind revealing them, according to the majority of scholars.

Betrayal includes both minor and major sins, as well those that affect others. `Ali bin Abi Talhah said that Ibn `Abbas commented on the Ayah,

﴿وَتَخُونُواْ أَمَـنَـتِكُمْ﴾

(nor betray your Amanat) “The Amanah refers to the actions that Allah has entrusted the servants with, such as and including what He ordained. Therefore, Allah says here,

﴿لاَ تَخُونُواْ﴾

(nor betray…), `do not abandon the obligations.”’ `Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd commented, “Allah forbade you from betraying Him and His Messenger, as hypocrites do.”

Allah said,

﴿وَاعْلَمُواْ أَنَّمَآ أَمْوَلُكُمْ وَأَوْلَـدُكُمْ فِتْنَةٌ﴾

(And know that your possessions and your children are but a trial.) from Him to you. He grants these to you so that He knows which of you will be grateful and obedient to Him, or become busy with and dedicated to them instead of Him. Allah said in another Ayah,

﴿إِنَّمَآ أَمْوَلُكُمْ وَأَوْلَـدُكُمْ فِتْنَةٌ وَاللَّهُ عِنْدَهُ أَجْرٌ عَظِيمٌ ﴾

(Your wealth and your children are only a trial, whereas Allah! With Him is a great reward.) ﴿64:15﴾,

﴿وَنَبْلُوكُم بِالشَّرِّ وَالْخَيْرِ فِتْنَةً﴾

(And We shall make a trial of you with evil and with good.) ﴿21:35﴾,

﴿يأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لاَ تُلْهِكُمْ أَمْوَلُكُمْ وَلاَ أَوْلَـدُكُمْ عَن ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ وَمَن يَفْعَلْ ذَلِكَ فَأُوْلَـئِكَ هُمُ الْخَـسِرُونَ ﴾

(O you who believe! Let not your properties or your children divert you from the remembrance of Allah. And whosoever does that, then they are the losers.)﴿63:9﴾, and,

﴿يأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ إِنَّ مِنْ أَزْوَجِكُمْ وَأَوْلـدِكُمْ عَدُوّاً لَّكُمْ فَاحْذَرُوهُمْ﴾

(O you who believe! Verily, among your wives and your children there are enemies for you (who may stop you from the obedience of Allah); therefore beware of them!) ﴿64:14﴾ Allah said next,

﴿وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ عِندَهُ أَجْرٌ عَظِيمٌ﴾

(And that surely with Allah is a mighty reward.) Therefore, Allah’s reward, favor and Paradise are better for you than wealth and children. Certainly, among the wealth and children there might be enemies for you and much of them avail nothing. With Allah alone is the decision and sovereignty in this life and the Hereafter, and He gives tremendous rewards on the Day of Resurrection. In the Sahih, there is a Hadith in which the Messenger of Allah said,

«ثَلَاثٌ مَنْ كُنَّ فِيهِ، وَجَدَ بِهِنَّ حَلَاوَةَ الْإِيمَانِ: مَنْ كَانَ اللهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَحَبَّ إِلَيْهِ مِمَّا سِوَاهُمَا، وَمَنْ كَانَ يُحِبُّ الْمَرْءَ لَا يُحِبُّهُ إِلَّا للهِ، وَمَنْ كَانَ أَنْ يُلْقَى فِي النَّارِ أَحَبَّ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ أَنْ يَرْجِعَ إِلَى الْكُفْرِ بَعْدَ إِذْ أَنْقَذَهُ اللهُ مِنْه»

(There are three qualities for which whomever has them, he will have tasted the sweetness of faith. (They are:) whoever Allah and His Messenger are dearer to him than anyone else, whoever loves a person for Allah’s sake alone, and whoever prefers to be thrown in fire rather than revert to disbelief, after Allah has saved him from it.)

Therefore, loving the Messenger of Allah comes before loving children, wealth and oneself. In the Sahih, it is confirmed that he said,

«وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ لَا يُؤْمِنُ أَحَدُكُمْ حَتَّى أَكُونَ أَحَبَّ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ نَفْسِهِ وَأَهْلِهِ وَمَالِهِ وَالنَّاسِ أَجْمَعِين»

(By He in Whose Hand is my soul! None of you will have faith unless I become dearer to him than himself, his family, his wealth and all people.)

﴿يِـأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ إَن تَتَّقُواْ اللَّهَ يَجْعَل لَّكُمْ فُرْقَانًا وَيُكَفِّرْ عَنكُمْ سَيِّئَاتِكُمْ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ وَاللَّهُ ذُو الْفَضْلِ الْعَظِيمِ ﴾

(29. O you who believe! If you obey and fear Allah, He will grant you Furqan, and will expiate for you your sins, and forgive you; and Allah is the Owner of the great bounty.)

Ibn `Abbas, As-Suddi, Mujahid, `Ikrimah, Ad-Dahhak, Qatadah, Muqatil bin Hayyan and several others said that,

﴿فُرْقَانًا﴾

(Furqan), means, `a way out’; Mujahid added, “In this life and the Hereafter.” In another narration, Ibn `Abbas is reported to have said, `Furqan’ means `salvation’ or — according to another narration — `aid’. Muhammad bin Ishaq said that `Furqan’ means `criterion between truth and falsehood’. This last explanation from Ibn Ishaq is more general than the rest that we mentioned, and it also includes the other meanings. Certainly, those who have Taqwa of Allah by obeying what He ordained and abstaining from what he forbade, will be guided to differentiate between the truth and the falsehood. This will be a triumph, safety and a way out for them from the affairs of this life, all the while acquiring happiness in the Hereafter. They will also gain forgiveness, thus having their sins erased, and pardon, thus having their sins covered from other people, as well as, being directed to a way to gain Allah’s tremendous rewards,

﴿يأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ اتَّقُواْ اللَّهَ وَءَامِنُواْ بِرَسُولِهِ يُؤْتِكُمْ كِفْلَيْنِ مِن رَّحْمَتِهِ وَيَجْعَل لَّكُمْ نُوراً تَمْشُونَ بِهِ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ ﴾

(O you who believe! Have Taqwa of Allah, and believe in His Messenger, He will give you a double portion of His mercy, and He will give you a light by which you shall walk (straight). And He will forgive you. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.) ﴿57:28﴾.

﴿وَإِذْ يَمْكُرُ بِكَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ لِيُثْبِتُوكَ أَوْ يَقْتُلُوكَ أَوْ يُخْرِجُوكَ وَيَمْكُرُونَ وَيَمْكُرُ اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ خَيْرُ الْمَـكِرِينَ ﴾

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

lbn Abi Dun ya reported, on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas رضى الله عنه , that the Prophet ﷺ said: “There will come a time when the heart of a believer will melt in the way that salt dissolves in water.’ He was asked: ‘What is the reason, 0 Messenger of Allah?’ He replied: ‘Because of (all) the evil deeds (objectionable things) that he sees yet does not change.”

(Spiritual Diseases and their Cures, Ibnul Qiyyim p. 67)

Zaid bin Arqam (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) would supplicate: “Allahumma inni a’udhu bika minal-‘ajzi wal-kasali, wal-bukhli wal-harami, wa ‘adhabil-qabri. Allahumma ati nafsi taqwaha, wa zakkiha Anta khairu man zakkaha, Anta waliyyuha wa maulaha. Allahumma inni a’udhu bika min ‘ilmin la yanfau’, wa min qalbin la yakhsha’u, wa min nafsin la tashba’u, wa min da’watin la yustajabu laha’ [O Allah! I seek refuge in You from the inability (to do good), indolence, cowardice, miserliness, decrepitude and torment of the grave. O Allah! Grant me the sense of piety and purify my soul as You are the Best to purify it. You are its Guardian and its Protecting Friend. O Allah! I seek refuge in You from the knowledge which is not beneficial, and from a heart which does not fear (You), and from desire which is not satisfied, and from prayer which is not answered].”

(Sahih Muslim, Book 15, Hadith 17)

40:35

The Sealed Heart

Imam Ahmad recorded Abu Sa`id saying that the Messenger of Allah said;

«الْقُلُوبُ أَرْبَعَةٌ: قَلْبٌ أَجْرَدُ فِيهِ مِثْلُ السِّرَاجِ يَزْهَرُ وَقَلْبٌ أَغْلَفُ مَرْبُوطٌ عَلى غِلَافِهِ وَقَلْبٌ مَنْكُوسٌ وَقَلْبٌ مُصْفَحٌ، فَأَمَّا الْقَلْبُ الْأَجْرَدُ فَقَلْبُ الْمُؤْمِنِ فَسِرَاجُهُ فِيهِ نُورُهُ، وَأَمَّا الْقَلْبُ الْأَغْلَفُ فَقَلْبُ الْكَافِرِ، وَأَمَّا الْقَلْبُ الْمَنْكُوسُ فَقَلْبُ الْمُنَافِقِ الْخَالِصِ عَرَفَ ثُمَّ أَنْكَرَ وَأَمَّا الْقَلْبُ الْمُصْفَحُ فَقَلْبٌ فِيهِ إيمَانٌ وَنِفَاقٌ وَمَثَلُ الْإيمَانِ فِيهِ كَمَثَلِ الْبَقْلَةِ يَمُدُّهَا الْمَاءُ الطَّيِّبُ وَمَثَلُ النِّفَاقِ فِيهِ كَمَثَلِ الْقُرْحَةِ يَمُدُّهَا الْقَيْحُ وَالدَّمُ فَأَيُّ الْمَادَّتَيْنِ غَلَبَتْ عَلَى الْأُخْرَى غَلَبَتْ عَلَيْه»

(The hearts are four (types): polished as shiny as the radiating lamp, a sealed heart with a knot tied around its seal, a heart that is turned upside down and a wrapped heart. As for the polished heart, it is the heart of the believer and the lamp is the light of faith. The sealed heart is the heart of the disbeliever. The heart that is turned upside down is the heart of the pure hypocrite, because he had knowledge but denied it. As for the wrapped heart, it is a heart that contains belief and hypocrisy. The example of faith in this heart, is the example of the herb that is sustained by pure water. The example of hypocrisy in it, is the example of an ulcer that thrives on puss and blood. Whichever of the two substances has the upper hand, it will have the upper hand on that heart). This Hadith has a Jayid Hasan (good) chain of narration.

Allah, The Exalted says in the Qur’an:

الَّذِينَ يُجَادِلُونَ فِي آيَاتِ اللَّهِ بِغَيْرِ سُلْطَانٍ أَتَاهُمْ ۖ كَبُرَ مَقْتًا عِندَ اللَّهِ وَعِندَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ يَطْبَعُ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ قَلْبِ مُتَكَبِّرٍ جَبَّارٍ

“Those who dispute about the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, without any authority that has come to them, it is greatly hateful and disgusting to Allah and to those who believe. Thus does Allah seal up the heart of every arrogant, tyrant. (So they cannot guide themselves to the right path).”

(40:35)

This ayah informs us about the wretched state of the disbelievers. They have a severe dis-ease of the heart that only Allah can cure. People who disbelieve in Allah know the truth but have concealed it deep within their own hearts and have conjured layers of falsehood to cover it [the truth]. They have no interest in seeking the truth as their opinion and the opinion and ways of their forefathers are enough.

When confronted with the truth, any truth, they have an impromptu rebuttle – they think themselves to high to be warned. The boldness of unbelievers! They think they are on right guidance and they make that judgement with no book, no wisdom, no sure knowledge of anything.

You will talk to one of them and they will tell you that their soul is secure from the punishment of Allah and underestimate greatly, death and The Day of Resurrection.

Excerpt from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about this ayah:

(Those who dispute about the Ayat of Allah, without any authority that has come to them,) means, those who attempt to refute truth with falsehood and who dispute the proof without evidence or proof from Allah, Allah will hate them with the utmost loathing. Allah says:

﴿كَبُرَ مَقْتاً عِندَ اللَّهِ وَعِندَ الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ﴾

(it is greatly hateful and disgusting to Allah and to those who believe.) meaning, the believers too will despise those who are like this, and whoever is like this, Allah will put a seal on his heart so that after that he will not acknowledge anything good or denounce anything evil. Allah says:

﴿كَذَلِكَ يَطْبَعُ اللَّهُ عَلَى كُـلِّ قَلْبِ مُتَكَبِّرٍ﴾

(Thus does Allah seal up the heart of every arrogant.) meaning, so that they cannot follow the truth.

﴿جَبَّارٍ﴾

(tyrant.)

﴿وَقَالَ فَرْعَوْنُ يهَـمَـنُ ابْنِ لِى صَرْحاً لَّعَـلِّى أَبْلُغُ الاٌّسْبَـبَ – أَسْبَـبَ السَّمَـوَتِ فَأَطَّلِعَ إِلَى إِلَـهِ مُوسَى وَإِنِّى لاّظُنُّهُ كَـذِباً وَكَـذَلِكَ زُيِّنَ لِفِرْعَوْنَ سُوءُ عَمَلِهِ وَصُدَّ عَنِ السَّبِيلِ وَمَا كَـيْدُ فِرْعَوْنَ إِلاَّ فِى تَبَابٍ ﴾

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir 40:35)

You will find the disbelieving folk taking with airs of conceit, as if their social status, age, or “life wisdom’s” give them the authority to determine what is right or wrong in matters of religion. A person who is ignorant of their religion [Islam] might be swayed by their speech- as they have grown masterly in the poetry of Shaytan. They invite to all that is evil and forbid all that is good. They think that they are good-doers, yet they are the corrupters and the are the dwellers of the fire.

This state can be seen in the affair of the arrogant tyrant Fir’aun (Pharaoh). When his beliving cousin warned him and he turned away to his own dictates;

يَا قَوْمِ لَكُمُ الْمُلْكُ الْيَوْمَ ظَاهِرِينَ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَمَن يَنصُرُنَا مِن بَأْسِ اللَّهِ إِن جَاءَنَا ۚ قَالَ فِرْعَوْنُ مَا أُرِيكُمْ إِلَّا مَا أَرَىٰ وَمَا أَهْدِيكُمْ إِلَّا سَبِيلَ الرَّشَادِ

“O my people! Yours is the kingdom today, you being dominant in the land. But who will save us from the Torment of Allah, should it befall us?” Fir’aun (Pharaoh) said: “I show you only that which I see (correct), and I guide you only to the path of right policy.”

(40:29)

In truth, the disbelievers are in great doubt about religion. However,their arrogance prevents them from acknowledging that truth as they are unmotivated to do so. Their lust for the worldly life has deceived them and because of their doubt and turning away from Allah he has left them astray. They are the ones who have let the chief deceiver (Shaytan) deceive them about Allah.

It is important to understand the state of those who disbelieve– those who are have been warned but are obstinate in their rejection of the truth of Islam. The pitiful state of these persons, can be likened to a child who has ran away to a dark room, locked the door, and slung the only key under the door far from reach. They see only by the light that exists in the world they have created in their minds. They spend their time groping around, hands outstretched, reaching for substance. They have are content with consuming whatever they are able to gain, unconcerned about the halal and haram of it all. They are in utter blindness yet they think they can see!

The disbelievers only hope is with Allah and they have rejected Him. So, who will guide them after Allah?

إِنَّكَ لَا تَهْدِي مَنْ أَحْبَبْتَ وَلَٰكِنَّ اللَّهَ يَهْدِي مَن يَشَاءُ ۚ وَهُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِالْمُهْتَدِينَ

“Verily, you (O Muhammad, S.A.W.) guide not whom you like, but Allah guides whom He wills. And He knows best those who are guided.”

(28:56)

وَعَلَى اللَّهِ قَصْدُ السَّبِيلِ وَمِنْهَا جَائِرٌ ۚ وَلَوْ شَاءَ لَهَدَاكُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ

“And upon Allah is the responsibility to explain the Straight Path. But there are ways that turn aside (such as Paganism, Judaism, and Christianity). And had He willed, He would have guided you all (mankind).

(16:9)

By Allah’s infinite Mercy and His Justice, he has placed the obligation upon the Muslims to warn and the best of those who have warned are The Prophets (A.S.).

Allah, The Exalted says in The Qur’an:

وَأَنذِرْ عَشِيرَتَكَ الْأَقْرَبِينَ

“And warn your tribe (O Muhammad, S.A.W.) of near kindred.”

(26:215)

Narrated Ibn `Abbas (R.A):

When the Verse:– ‘And warn your tribe of near kindred.’ (26.214) was revealed. Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) went out, and when he had ascended As-Safa mountain, he shouted, “O Sabahah!” The people said, “Who is that?” “Then they gathered around him, whereupon he said, “Do you see? If I inform you that cavalrymen are proceeding up the side of this mountain, will you believe me?” They said, “We have never heard you telling a lie.” Then he said, “I am a plain warner to you of a coming severe punishment.” Abu Lahab said, “May you perish! You gathered us only for this reason? ” Then Abu Lahab went away. So the “Surat:–ul–LAHAB” ‘Perish the hands of Abu Lahab!’ (111.1) was revealed.

(Sahih Bukhari, Book 65, Hadith 4971.)

The heart of the believer must be attached to spreading the Words of Allah (S.W.T.) just as we are accustomed to breathing. Those who spread the message of Al Islam to disbelieving folk must realize that only Allah can open the breast and the only duty incumbent is to convey the message clearly.

Giving da’wah to enemies of Islam must be handled with extreme patience as Allah, The Exalted, says in The Qur’an:

ادْفَعْ بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ السَّيِّئَةَ ۚ نَحْنُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا يَصِفُونَ

وَقُل رَّبِّ أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ هَمَزَاتِ الشَّيَاطِينِ

وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ رَبِّ أَن يَحْضُرُونِ

“Repel evil with that which is better. We are Best-Knower of the things they utter. And say: “My Lord! I seek refuge with You from the whispering (suggestions) of the Shayatin (devils). And I seek refuge with you, My Lord! lest they should come near me.”

(23:96-98)

According to Tafsir Ibn Kathir, these are the only three Ayat that carry this meaning. Allah commanded that we be lenient human enemy, so that his soft nature might make him an ally and a supporter. He also commanded that we seek refuge from the satanic enemy, because the devil does not relent in his enmity if we treat him with kindness and leniency. The devil only seeks the destruction of the Son of Adam due to the vicious enmity and hatred he has always had towards man’s father, Adam. 

Allah (S.W.T.) sends His reminder to the disbelievers so that the case may be established against them. On The Day of Judgement they will no be able to use the excuse that they were never warned. Allah is utterly Just to His slaves.

We seek refuge in Allah from the fate of those who are going to be cast into the fire and we ask Allah to give us firmness and patience in spreading His beautiful Book. Ameen yaa Rabbi.

37:84

The Lessons from the Seerah of Prophet Ibrahim, May Allah be Pleased with Him

Allah, The Most High, said;

إِذْ جَاءَ رَبَّهُ بِقَلْبٍ سَلِيمٍ

“When he came to his Lord with a pure heart [attached to Allah Alone and none else, worshiping not Allah Alone–true Islamic Monotheism, pure from the filth of polytheism].”

(37:84)

The story of Prophet Ibrahim, is one that holds immense lessons for all of mankind. He was born in Babylonia during the height of idol worship.  As a young boy, he questioned the deep seated polytheistic beliefs which existed generations before him. Prophet Ibrahim was born to disbelieving parents- his father, a very well known idol maker in his time.  To question belief in the idols was (to the disbelievers of that time) blasphemy and deemed an unfathomable disrespect to family legacy and the ancestors.  

Despite being surrounded by disbelief, Allah out of His abounding Mercy, chose Prophet Ibrahim (as it had been written) and guided him to Tawheed.  The first great lesson we can learn here is that: Allah chooses whom He wills for Islam as He knows best where to place His message.

The Lineage of the Prophets

All of the Prophets were chosen from a particular bloodline stemming from Prophet Adam and branching down generation after generation.  It is believed that the lineage of the Prophets all came through Sheth, Prophet Adam’s (A.S.) son whom he appointed as his successor. The offspring through Seth’s lineage was peppered with believers and non-believers producing mighty Prophet’s and messengers from Allah, (may Allah be pleased with them).

Allah, The Exalted, says in the Qur’an:

وَلَقَدْ أَرْسَلْنَا نُوحًا وَإِبْرَاهِيمَ وَجَعَلْنَا فِي ذُرِّيَّتِهِمَا النُّبُوَّةَ وَالْكِتَابَ ۖ فَمِنْهُم مُّهْتَدٍ ۖ وَكَثِيرٌ مِّنْهُمْ فَاسِقُونَ

“And indeed, We sent Nuh (Noah) and Ibrahim (Abraham), and placed in their offspring Prophethood and Scripture. And among them there are some who are guided; but many of them are Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah).

(57:26)

The prayer for righteous descendants;

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “When a man dies, his deeds come to an end except for three things: Sadaqah Jariyah (ceaseless charity); a knowledge which is beneficial, or a virtuous descendant who prays for him (for the deceased).”

(Sahih Muslim, Book 13, Hadith 8)

The prayer for righteous decendents has always been a matter of upmost importance for the righteous as Allah (S.W.T.) tells us in the Qur’an;

وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا ذُكِّرُوا بِآيَاتِ رَبِّهِمْ لَمْ يَخِرُّوا عَلَيْهَا صُمًّا وَعُمْيَانًا

وَالَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا هَبْ لَنَا مِنْ أَزْوَاجِنَا وَذُرِّيَّاتِنَا قُرَّةَ أَعْيُنٍ وَاجْعَلْنَا لِلْمُتَّقِينَ إِمَامً

أُولَٰئِكَ يُجْزَوْنَ الْغُرْفَةَ بِمَا صَبَرُوا وَيُلَقَّوْنَ فِيهَا تَحِيَّةً وَسَلَامًا

“And those who, when they are reminded of the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of their Lord, fall not deaf and blind thereat. And those who say: “Our Lord! Bestow on us from our wives and our offspring the comfort of our eyes, and make us leaders of the Muttaqun (the pious). Those will be rewarded with the highest place (in Paradise) because of their patience. Therein they shall be met with greetings and the word of peace and respect.

(25:73-75)

هُنَالِكَ دَعَا زَكَرِيَّا رَبَّهُ ۖ قَالَ رَبِّ هَبْ لِي مِن لَّدُنكَ ذُرِّيَّةً طَيِّبَةً ۖ إِنَّكَ سَمِيعُ الدُّعَاءِ

“At that, Zechariah called upon his Lord, saying, “My Lord, grant me from Yourself a good offspring. Indeed, You are the Hearer of supplication.”

(3:38)

The Prophets all come from the same lineage, each lighting the way from one another. Despite the circumstances they were born into and the distance between their arrivals, they are all brothers;

Narrated Abu Huraira (R.A.): Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Both in this world and in the Hereafter, I am the nearest of all the people to Jesus, the son of Mary. The prophets are paternal brothers; their mothers are different, but their religion is one.”

( Sahih al-Bukhari 3443)

The Prophet (S.A.W.) said;

I am the supplication of my father Ibrahim and the glad tidings brought forth by Jesus the son of Mary.

(Tafsir Ibn Khathir, 2:129)

Giving Dawah with Logical Arguments & The Blessing of Hukm

Allah (S.W.T.) granted Prophet Ibrahim (A.S.) the ability and zeal to call his people to Islam with sure knowledge. He was very patient in his approach to Da’wah, as he debated with his people for years and years. By Allah’s Grace and Mercy, Prophet Ibrahim (A.S.) understood the deeply rooted polytheistic beliefs of his people and sought to draw them out their darkness with rational words that hit the mark.

It is Allah (S.W.T.) who plants the seeds of faith and waters it just as the winds come before a heavy rain. By the Mercy of Allah, one area may receive a downpour and those who are near are given the opportunity to benefit from the rain as it trickles down. As such with knowledge and Hukm of the righteous ones sent among us.

In the case of our Father,Prophet Ibrahim (A.S.) Allah (S.W.T.) put his seed of Faith to the test by showing him His (Allah’s) wondrous signs and then assigning the task of proclaiming those signs to men with patience and firmness. Prophet Ibrahim’s seed of Faith was watered by his submissiveness to Allah’s guidance. This indeed was a manifest sign for his people and serves as a mighty sign of true faith for his descendants.

Allah, The Exalted says in the Qur’an;

وَكَذَٰلِكَ نُرِي إِبْرَاهِيمَ مَلَكُوتَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَلِيَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُوقِنِينَ

فَلَمَّا جَنَّ عَلَيْهِ اللَّيْلُ رَأَىٰ كَوْكَبًا ۖ قَالَ هَٰذَا رَبِّي ۖ فَلَمَّا أَفَلَ قَالَ لَا أُحِبُّ الْآفِلِينَ

فَلَمَّا رَأَى الْقَمَرَ بَازِغًا قَالَ هَٰذَا رَبِّي ۖ فَلَمَّا أَفَلَ قَالَ لَئِن لَّمْ يَهْدِنِي رَبِّي لَأَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْقَوْمِ الضَّالِّينَ

فَلَمَّا رَأَى الشَّمْسَ بَازِغَةً قَالَ هَٰذَا رَبِّي هَٰذَا أَكْبَرُ ۖ فَلَمَّا أَفَلَتْ قَالَ يَا قَوْمِ إِنِّي بَرِيءٌ مِّمَّا تُشْرِكُونَ

إِنِّي وَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِيَ لِلَّذِي فَطَرَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ حَنِيفًا ۖ وَمَا أَنَا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ

وَحَاجَّهُ قَوْمُهُ ۚ قَالَ أَتُحَاجُّونِّي فِي اللَّهِ وَقَدْ هَدَانِ ۚ وَلَا أَخَافُ مَا تُشْرِكُونَ بِهِ إِلَّا أَن يَشَاءَ رَبِّي شَيْئًا ۗ وَسِعَ رَبِّي كُلَّ شَيْءٍ عِلْمًا ۗ أَفَلَا تَتَذَكَّرُونَ

وَكَيْفَ أَخَافُ مَا أَشْرَكْتُمْ وَلَا تَخَافُونَ أَنَّكُمْ أَشْرَكْتُم بِاللَّهِ مَا لَمْ يُنَزِّلْ بِهِ عَلَيْكُمْ سُلْطَانًا ۚ فَأَيُّ الْفَرِيقَيْنِ أَحَقُّ بِالْأَمْنِ ۖ إِن كُنتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ

الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَلَمْ يَلْبِسُوا إِيمَانَهُم بِظُلْمٍ أُولَٰئِكَ لَهُمُ الْأَمْنُ وَهُم مُّهْتَدُونَ

وَتِلْكَ حُجَّتُنَا آتَيْنَاهَا إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَلَىٰ قَوْمِهِ ۚ نَرْفَعُ دَرَجَاتٍ مَّن نَّشَاءُ ۗ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ حَكِيمٌ عَلِيمٌ

“Thus did we show Ibrahim (Abraham) the kingdom of the heavens and the earth that he be one of those who have Faith with certainty. When the night covered him over with darkness he saw a star. He said: “This is my lord.” But when it set, he said: “I like not those that set.” When he saw the moon rising up, he said: “This is my lord.” But when it set, he said: “Unless my Lord guides me, I shall surely be among the people who went astray.” When he saw the sun rising up, he said: “This is my lord. This is greater.” But when it set, he said: “O my people! I am indeed free from all that you join as partners (in worship with Allah). Verily, I have turned my face towards Him who has created the heavens and the earth Hanif, (Islamic Monotheism, i.e. worshiping non but Allah Alone), and I am not of Al-Mushrikun“. His people disputed with him. He said: “Do you dispute with me concerning Allah while He has guided me, and I fear not those whom you associate with Him (Allah) in worship. (Nothing can happen to me) except when my Lord (Allah) wills something. My Lord comprehends in His Knowledge all things. Will you not then remember? And how should I fear those whom you associate in worship with Allah (tough they can neither benefit nor harm), while you fear not that you have joined in worship with Allah things for which He has not sent down to you any authority. So which of the two parties has more right to be in security? If you but know. It is those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah and worship none but Him Alone) and confuse not their belief with Zulm (wrong i.e. by worshiping others besides Allah), for them (only) there is security and they are the guided. Ant that was Our Proof which we gave Ibrahim (Abraham) against his people. We raise whom We will in degrees. Certainly your Lord is All-Wise, All-Knowing.

(6:75-83)

Notes:

  • One’s guidance to Islam may be due to the prayers of forefathers for righteous offspring ;
  • Islam is a gift to chosen slaves;
  • Prophet’s (A.S.) are brothers;
  • One must pray for righteous descendants and spend charity on their offspring by raising them firmly upon the deen of Al Islam;
  • Ibrahim (A.S.) is our Father in religion. We must model him in all ways–he was constantly returning to Allah in repentance, steadfast in carrying out the commands of Allah, and patient with the harms he suffered from the people.

The Hard Heart

Al-hamdu lillahi nahmadhu wa nasta`inuhu wa nastaghfiruhu, wa na`udhu billahi min shururi anfusina wa min sayi’ati a`malina, man yahdihillahu fala mudilla lahu, wa man yudlil fala hadiya lahu. Wa ashadu an la ilaha illallahu wahduhu la sharika lahu, wa anna Muhammadan `abduhu wa rasuluhu. 

(Praise is to Allah, we praise Him and we seek His help and His forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allah from the evil of our own souls and from our bad deeds, Whomsoever Allah guides will never be led astray; and whomsoever is led astray, no one can guide. I bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped but Allah, alone with no partner or associate, and that Muhammad (ﷺ) is His slave and His Messenger). ‘O you who believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared, and die not except in the state of Islam (as Muslims) with complete submission to Allah.’ And: ‘O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person, and from him He created his wife, and from them both He created many men and women, and fear Allah through Whom you demand your mutual (rights), and (do not cut the relations of) the wombs (kinship). Surely, Allah is Ever an All-Watcher over you.’ And: ‘O you who believe! Keep your duty to Allah and fear Him, and speak (always) the truth. He will direct you to do righteous good deeds and will forgive you your sins.’

(Sunan Ibn Majah, 1892)

My Dear Brothers and Sisters in Islam,

We thank Allah for guiding us to Islam and making us Muslims. In being grateful to Allah (S.W.T.) for His guidance, we must preserve the holy text, and we can only preserve the Holy text by understanding its meanings. After understanding its meanings we must act on its orders and refrain from its prohibitions. This is the way the Prophets (may Allah (S.W.T.) be pleased with them)and the righteous ones who came before us.

It is not for a Muslim to have an opinion about the matter- the matter of practicing his or her religion in the way legislated by Allah, after the truth has been made clear to them. This is indeed a going astray. You will see people, who when reminded about the fundamentals of Islam- praying their five daily prayers, refraining from watching and listening to the haram like music and television and the like, arguing in great fury when reminded.

These are the people who have been given guidance but refuse to accept due to rebellion and disbelief. Their hearts have turned away from Allah so He has hardened their hearts. The light of faith cannot enter a heart in this condition unless Allah (S.W.T.) turns to them in Mercy.

This is the condition of the peoples who have come before us–those who call themselves Christians. They have a book from Allah giving light yet they are heedless to its commands and they have changed much of it to suit their desires. By the Mercy of Allah (S.W.T.) we are reminded of them and their crooked ways when we recite Surah Al-Fatiha. In it, we ask Allah (S.W.T.) to guide us to a straight path, then in the last ayah we ask;

صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا الضَّالِّينَ

“The Way of those on whom You have bestowed Your Grace, not (the way) of those who earned Your Anger (i.e. those whose intentions are perverted: they know the Truth, yet do not follow it–((the Jews)), nor of those who went astray (i.e. those who have lost the (true) knowledge, so they wander in error, and are not guided to the Truth ((the Christians)).”

(The Noble Qur’an, 1:7)

The hypocrisy of the Christians is evident in their speech and actions. We have just witnessed them celebrating the Birth of Prophet Isa (A.S.) whom they take as a God (AgstagfirAllah). No permission have they in their book for such a matter. Their are many instances in the Bible where Prophet Isa (A.S.) acknowledges Allah (S.W.T.) as His Lord but this important fact, the Christians deny. (Matthew 5:48, Matthew 6:1, Matthew 7:21, Matthew 11:25, Matthew 14:23). Their chosen mode of worship of Prophet Isa (A.S.) is through a birthday celebration, is a practice deeply rooted in paganism yet they delight in their fallacy!

We have witnessed their putting up Christmas trees, another paganistic act, which is forbidden for them in the Bible (Jeremiah 10-15).

It is well known that during this celebrations many of them roast a pig and eat from it–something else they are forbidden to do in their Book, yet some of the learned ones argue viciously with false arguments to cover their misdeeds while the majority (the ignorant) see, yet pay no heed. (Leviticus 11:7).

My dear Brothers and Sisters in Islam, the people who came before us have rejected a great part of the message. It did not suit their taste for corruption, forbidden things, and the pleasures of the worldly life–so they, in their boldness changed the words of Allah and fell into disbelief. They were foretold about the coming of our beloved Nabi, Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) and they rejected it. (John 16:5-8, John 14:15-16, John 15:26-27, John 16:12-14) However, we, the Muslims, have accepted the truth (The Gospel-as much as we can confirm of its original form, and the Prophethood of the “Comforter”, Prophet Muhammad, (S.A.W.).

If we want success O Muslims, we must take a lesson from those who have went astray. So as to not throw our books behind us, as they have. So that our speech and deeds will be in accordance with the Light of the Qur’an and so that we may not become people who say things that they do not do. May Allah pardon us a protect us from this great evil. Ameen.

The Christians have a book, they preach from it, yet many of them don’t take time to ponder its meanings. For if they did, they would not be upon what they are upon. They are lost, a blind people, deceived by the life of this world. Enjoying its pleasures, doing grievous forbidden things.

Allah, The Exalted says in the Qur’an:

وَإِذْ أَخَذْنَا مِيثَاقَكُمْ وَرَفَعْنَا فَوْقَكُمُ الطُّورَ خُذُوا مَا آتَيْنَاكُم بِقُوَّةٍ وَاذْكُرُوا مَا فِيهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ

“And (O Children of Israel, remember when we took your covenant and We raised above you the Mount (saying): “Hold fast to that which We have given you, and remember that which is therein so that you may become Al-Muttaqun (the pious).”

(2:63)

We as Muslims must take account of our actions today so as not to be like them. We must take an inventory of our acts of ibadah–is there any Khu’shoo in our recitation and prayers or are we merely uttering words, remembering Allah a little and remembering our desires much? How are our homes? Are they filled with things and actions that please Allah such as Islamic books, studying, reciting Qur’an, listening to lectures? Or is the T.V. blasting showing images of people doing and saying inappropriate things?

What is our state O Muslims? Have we gone astray like the Christians?

There are some from among us who have even made it permissible to celebrate with the Christians in this evil affair! AgstagfirAllah.

Beware of the hard heart, beware of the hard heart!

When the heart becomes hard, one will find themselves changing Allah’s words from their right places. They will be given to their own “interpretation” of the ayat and forgo what the Prophet (S.A.W), the righteous companions, and the scholars say about them. They will be given to what they “think” what they “feel” and thus become the people of desires.

O Muslims I warn you of a Day that no one can put back. A Day when no soul can avail another. A Day when our individual books will be laid bare and nothing will be hidden.

Abandon the desire for this Dunya and its pleasures. This is not our true home. The home for the true believers in Islam, those who when they are reminded about the ayat of Allah say; “we here and we obey”, those who seek a path with Allah (S.W.T.) and His Messenger (S.A.W.), those who repent when they have wronged and struggle for the path again, it is those who can hope for a great reward.

My Dear Brothers and Sisters, I encourage you to clean your heart, minds, and homes from any traces of this Dunya. Purify yourself by stricktly adhering to the Qur’an and Sunnah as much as you are able. Commit yourself to reading and contemplating meanings of the beautiful Words of Allah (S.W.T.), study the Sunnah of our beloved Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.), learn about the righteous Companions (A.S.), get acquainted with the scholars of Ahul Sunnah wa Jamaah.

Purify yourselves then warn your families lest you fall into the way of those who came before us–The Christians. Those who have a book from Allah giving light but they abused it (changed it) and fail to implement (practice it.)

May Allah forgive us our misdeeds and guide us always. Allahummah Ameen.

57:16

Those Headed for Destruction, The Sacredness of Islam and the Muslims, Ways of the Innovators, Holding Grudges

O you who believe! Have Tawqah of Allah in your dealings with His believing slaves. For Allah (S.W.T.) is ever mindful of what you do!

Allah (S.W.T.) in His infinite knowledge knows what we reveal and what we conceal. He is all knowing of the truth behind the truth and nothing is hidden from him. He flings down the truth upon falsehood and obliterates it, and that is most easy for our Lord. He has sent the Qur’an as a book giving light, and our Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.), inviting mankind to all that is good.

Those who are destined for a bad end have many evil marks. One of which is the attempt at changing the Words of Allah from their right places. Bi’dah and innovations are trademarks of those who are rebellious and disobedient to Allah. They are those who seek to make excuses for their disbelief so as to hide their great evil from men. The do nothing but lie to themselves in order to delight in their created realities. They are show-off truly, and their minds have not risen to grasp the jurisdiction of their Lord over all that they seek to gain (honor, fame, power, etc.).

The one who has established a relationship with their Lord and allowed themselves to be guided by Him, the one who delights in the miracles of the Qur’an and Sunnah may enviably feel grieved when observing the words and actions of those who claim to have knowledge of The Deen of Al-Islam. It is most unfortunate that the innovators are often in the forefront propagating their own versions of what they claim to be Islam by which they lead many astray.

How is one who claims to be Muslim able to commit such a grave offence when they are clearly learned in Islam ( as they often quote Qur’an, Hadith, Tafsir, and the like?) How are they deluded away from the truth?

Allah, by His abounding Mercy, has allowed us a glimpse into this deadly dis-ease so that we might prevent (or intervene in) our own hearts from falling into this level of dis-belief and hypocrisy. So that we may save ourselves from being destroyed utterly by the evil root of this condition.

Changing words from their right places, mis-quoting the stories of the Qur’an, innovating matters in the Deen are grave outward manifestations of hypocrisy. The true issue lies in our hearts in how we perceive the sacredness of our religion and those members who have been called to it.

Allah, The Exalted says in the Qur’an:

يَوْمَ تَرَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ يَسْعَىٰ نُورُهُم بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَبِأَيْمَانِهِم بُشْرَاكُمُ الْيَوْمَ جَنَّاتٌ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا ۚ ذَٰلِكَ هُوَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ

يَوْمَ يَقُولُ الْمُنَافِقُونَ وَالْمُنَافِقَاتُ لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا انظُرُونَا نَقْتَبِسْ مِن نُّورِكُمْ قِيلَ ارْجِعُوا وَرَاءَكُمْ فَالْتَمِسُوا نُورًا فَضُرِبَ بَيْنَهُم بِسُورٍ لَّهُ بَابٌ بَاطِنُهُ فِيهِ الرَّحْمَةُ وَظَاهِرُهُ مِن قِبَلِهِ الْعَذَابُ

يُنَادُونَهُمْ أَلَمْ نَكُن مَّعَكُمْ ۖ قَالُوا بَلَىٰ وَلَٰكِنَّكُمْ فَتَنتُمْ أَنفُسَكُمْ وَتَرَبَّصْتُمْ وَارْتَبْتُمْ وَغَرَّتْكُمُ الْأَمَانِيُّ حَتَّىٰ جَاءَ أَمْرُ اللَّهِ وَغَرَّكُم بِاللَّهِ الْغَرُورُ

فَالْيَوْمَ لَا يُؤْخَذُ مِنكُمْ فِدْيَةٌ وَلَا مِنَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا ۚ مَأْوَاكُمُ النَّارُ ۖ هِيَ مَوْلَاكُمْ ۖ وَبِئْسَ الْمَصِيرُ

أَلَمْ يَأْنِ لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَن تَخْشَعَ قُلُوبُهُمْ لِذِكْرِ اللَّهِ وَمَا نَزَلَ مِنَ الْحَقِّ وَلَا يَكُونُوا كَالَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ مِن قَبْلُ فَطَالَ عَلَيْهِمُ الْأَمَدُ فَقَسَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ ۖ وَكَثِيرٌ مِّنْهُمْ فَاسِقُونَ

“On the Day you shall see the believing men and the believing women: their light running forward before them and (with their Records- Books of deeds) in their right hands. Glad tidings for you this Day! Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise), to dwell therein forever! Truly, this is the great success! On the Day when the hypocrites-men and women-will say to the believers: “Wait for us! Let us get something from your light!” It will be said: “Go back to your rear! Then seek a light!” So a wall will be put up between them, with a gate therein. Inside it will be mercy, and outside it will be torment. (The hypocrites) will call the believers: “Were we not with you?” The believers will reply: “Yes! But you led yourselves into temptations, you looked forward for our destruction; you doubted (in Faith) and you were deceived by false desires, till the Command of Allah came to pass. And the chief deceiver (Satan) deceived you in respect of Allah. So this Day no ransom shall be taken from you (hypocrites), nor of those who disbelieved (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism). Your abode is the Fire. That is your maula (friend – proper place) and worst indeed is that destination. Has not the time come for the hearts of those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism) to be affected by Allah’s Reminder (this Qur’an), and that which has been revealed of the truth, lest they become as those who received the Scripture [the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] before (i.e. Jews and Christians), and the term was prolonged for them and so their hearts were hardened? Any many of them were Fasiqun (the rebellious, the disobedient to Allah).”

(57:12-16)

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir (rahimullah):

The Condition of the Hypocrites on the Day of Resurrection

Allah said, (On the Day when the hypocrites men and women will say to the believers: “Wait for us! Let us get something from your light ! ”) Allah informs us in this Ayah of the terrible horrors, horrendous incidents and tremendous events that will take place on the Day of Resurrect ion in the Gathering Area. No one will be saved on that Day, except those who believed in Allah and His Messenger, obeyed Allah’s commands and avoided His prohibit ions.

Al-Awf i, Ad-Dahhak, and others reported from Ibn Abbas:”When the people are gathering in darkness, Allah will send light , and when the believers see the light they will march towards it . This light will be their guide from Allah to Paradise. When the hypocrites see the believers following the light , they will follow them. However, Allah will extinguish the light for the hypocrites and they will say(to the believers),

(Wait for us! Let us get something from your light . ) The believers will reply by saying,

(Go back to your rear! ) to the dark area you were in, and look for a light there! ”’ Allah said,

(So, a wall will be put up between them, with a gate therein. Inside it will be mercy, and
outside it will be torment .) Al-Hasan and Qatadah said that the wall mentioned here is located between Paradise and Hellfire. ` Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam said that the wall mentioned in this Ayah is the wall that Allah described in His statement,

(And between them will be a (barrier) screen. )(7:46) Similar was reported from Mujahid and others, and it is correct . Allah said, (Inside it will be mercy, ) meaning, Paradise and all that is in it, (and outside it will be torment . ) meaning, the Hellfire, according to Qatadah, Ibn Zayd and others. Allah said,

((The hypocrites) will call the believers: “Were we not with you”) meaning, the hypocrites will call out to the believers saying, “Were we not with you in the life of the world, at tending Friday prayers and congregational prayers, Did we not stand with you on Mount ` Arafah (during Haj j ), participate in battle by your side and perform all types of acts of worship with you?”

(The believers will reply: “Yes! . . . ”) The believers will answer the hypocrites by saying, “Yes, you were with us, (But you led yourselves into temptations, you looked forward to our destruction; and you doubted (in faith) and you were deceived by false hopes, ) ” Qatadah said, (you looked forward to destruction), “Of the truth and its people. ”

(and you doubted, ) that Resurrect ion occurs after death,

(and you were deceived by false hopes,) meaning: you said that you will be forgiven your sins; or, they say it means: this life deceived you; (till the command of Allah came to pass.) Meaning: you remained on this path until death came to you,

(And the deceiver deceived you in regard to Allah. ) ` the deceiver’ being Shaytan. Qatadah said, “They were deceived by Ash-Shaytan. By Allah! They remained deceived until Allah cast them into Hellf ire.” The meaning here is that the believers will answer the hypocrites by saying, “You were with us in bodies which were heart less and devoid of intentions. You were cast in doubt and suspicion. You were showing of f for people and remembered Allah, little.”

Muj ahid commented, “The hypocrites were with the believers in this life, marrying f rom among each other, yet betraying them even when they were associating with them. They were dead. They will both be given a light on the Day of Resurrect ion, but the light of the hypocrites will be extinguished when they reach the wall; this is when the two camps separate and part! ” Allah’s statement ,

(Your abode is the Fire. ) means, the Fire is your final destination and to it will be your return for residence, (That is your protector, ) meaning, it is the worthy shelter for you rather than any other residence, because of your disbelief and doubt , and how evil is the Fire for Final Destination.

Encouraging Khushu` and the Prohibition of imitating the People of
the Scriptures

Allah asks, Has not the time come for the believers to feel humility in their hearts by the remembrance of Allah and hearing subtle advice and the recitation of the Qur’an, so that they may comprehend the Qur’an, abide by it, and hear and obey? Muslim recorded that Abdullah bin Mas’ud said, “Only four years separated our acceptance of Islam and the revelation of this Ayah, in which Allah subtly admonished us,

(Has not the time yet come for the believers that their hearts should be humble for the
remembrance of Allah)” This is the narration Muslim collected, just before the end of his book. An-Nasa’i also collected this Hadith in the Tafsir of this Ayah.

Allah’s statement, (Lest they become as those who received the Scripture before, and the term was prolonged for them and so their hearts were hardened).

Allah is prohibiting the believers from imitating those who were given the Scriptures before them, the Jews and Christians. As time passed, they changed the Book of Allah that they had, and sold it for a small, miserable price. They also abandoned Allah’s Book behind their back and were impressed and consumed by various opinions and false creeds. They imitated the way others behaved with the religion of Allah, making their rabbis and priests into gods beside Allah. Consequently, their hearts became hard and they would not accept advice; their hearts did not feel humbled by Allah’s promises or threats.

(And many of them were rebellious. ) meaning, in action; therefore, their hearts are corrupt and their actions are invalid, just as Allah the Exalted said,

(So, because of their breach of their covenant , We cursed them and made their hearts grow hard. They changed the words from their (right ) places and have abandoned a good part of the Message that was sent to them.) (5:13) meaning, their hearts became corrupt and they hardened, and they acquired the behavior of changing Allah’s Speech from their appropriate places and meanings. They abandoned acts of worship that they were commanded to perform and committed what they were prohibited to do. This is why Allah forbade the believers from imitating them in any way, be it basic or detailed matters.

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir, pp. 5035-5040)

A Sacred Bond

The believers are united by our acknowledgement and submission to Tawheed (The Oneness of Allah). Allah (S.W.T.) guides only those whom He chooses to His way. When one enters the fold of Islam, they enter into a brotherhood. The believers will only be successful when we are friends and helpers to one another. When we act hostile, abuse, neglect, and forsake one another we become helpers of the Shaytan and his friends among the jinn and men.

Having one foot with the believers and one foot with the Shaytan, a believer becomes a hypocrite–a hostile enemy to Islam, the Muslims, a wretched betrayer. It is unfortunate and all too common to see these events happening in the broader Ummah (Muslim countries waging wars and killing other Muslim nations) and more intimately, in our homes (Husbands and Wives / Siblings causing fitna for one another).

For those who are striving to have Tawqa of Allah, that is, full awareness and fear of their Lord, we must remember that Allah takes a close account of all that we do, all that we say, even what is in the heart.

These abhorrent acts (killing and betraying the Muslims) become easy for the one who does not contemplate the Qur’an and it’s meanings with the guidance of the Sunnah of our Nabi, Prophet Muhammad, (S.A.W), the rightly guided Companions (R.A.), and the knowledgeable scholars of Ahul Sunnah wa Jamah. Leaving off this guidance by not truly desiring it, leaves one at the Mercy of his or her own whims and desires. What a woeful place to be with a devastating end.

We seek Allah’s Protection and Mercy from Him misguiding us after He has guided, and our misguiding ourselves and others. Allahumma Ameen.

Beneficial Hadith on the Establishment of Brotherhood / Sisterhood:

It was narrated that ‘Uqbah bin ‘Amir (R.A.): “I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say: ‘The Muslim is the brother of another Muslim, and it is not permissible for a Muslim to sell his brother goods in which there is a defect, without pointing that out to him.”‘

(Sunan Ibn Majah, 2246)

‘Uqba b. ‘Amir (R.A.) said on the pulpit that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said: A believer is the brother of a believer, so it is not lawful for a believer to outbid his brother, and he should not propose an engagement when his brother has thus proposed until he gives it up.

(Sahih Muslim, 1414)

Narrated Abu Hurayrah (R.A.): The Prophet (ﷺ) said: The believer is the believer’s mirror, and the believer is the believer’s brother who guards him against loss and protects him when he is absent.

(Sunan Abi Dawud, 4918)

Narrated Ibn Mas’ud (R.A.): that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “A Muslim’s fighting his brother is disbelief, and verbally abusing him is disobedience.”

(Jami` at-Tirmidhi, 2634)

It was narrated from Abu Hurairah (R.A.) that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:
“It is sufficient evil for a man to look down on his Muslim brother.”

(Sunan Ibn Majah, 4213)

Abu Hurayra (R.A.) said, “A believer is the mirror of his brother. When he sees a fault in it, he should correct it.”

(Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 238)

A Note on Holding Grudges:

The striving Muslim can recognize Allah’s signs within him or herself. By Allah’s grace and Mercy they were guided to Islam and brought out from darkness into the light. In building a relationship with Allah (S.W.T.) one is sure to realize Allah is Al-Nur, light upon light, and so, as He guides His servants to more awareness of Himself, they are bound to grow if they are truly striving to be upon righteousness.

For those who have experienced this guidance of Allah, (S.W.T.) we have learned to ask Allah to forgive us and have undertaken the hardest task of forgiving ourselves. This is the Mercy of Allah, this is Allah (S.W.T.) being good to His slaves-as He is At-Tawwaab (The One who guides His servants to repent and accepts their repentance).

How can we, after Allah has been good to us, refuse to be good and Merciful to others? In particular to the believers. We must understand that our Muslim Brothers and Sisters, have acknowledged Allah (S.W.T.) as their Lord. He guides them, as guides you. All of us together, by Allah’s Grace and Mercy, acknowledged His signs of Tawheed.

So if your Muslim Brother or Sister wrongs you-ask Allah for His forgiveness for them. Don’t you wish that Allah (S.W.T.) should forgive you? Put up with their harms for the sake of Allah, perhaps you are trial for them and He will guide them to a better way through you. These conditions are not contingent upon the other person acknowledging their faults to you and asking for your forgiveness. They may have done so in private and in any case, their affair is with their Lord. We must all fear a day when no soul will be able to help another.

Holding onto grudges creates a hostile environment in our hearts and minds for fellow believers which can then turn into hostile words and actions. It is enough evil to look down on your Muslim brother or Sister, how much more to take actions against them?

Allah, The Exalted says in the Qur’an:

اعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ يُحْيِي الْأَرْضَ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهَا ۚ قَدْ بَيَّنَّا لَكُمُ الْآيَاتِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَعْقِلُونَ

“Know that Allah gives life to the earth after its death! Indeed We have made clear the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) to you, if you but understand.”

(57:17)

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about this ayah:

Allah says; (Know that Allah gives life to the earth after its death! Indeed We have made clear the Ayat to you, if you but understand. ) This Ayah indicates that He brings subtleness to hearts after they have become hard, guides the confused after they were led astray, and relieves hardships after they have intensified. And just as Allah brings life back to the dead and dry earth by sending the needed abundant rain, He also guides the hardened hearts with the proofs and evidences of the Qur’an. The light (of faith) would have access to the hearts once again, after they were closed and, as a consequence, no guidance was able to reach them. All praise is due to Him Who guides whomever He wills after they were misguided, Who misguides those who were led aright before. Surely, it is He Who does what He wills and He is the All-Wise, the Most Just in
all that He does, the Most Subtle, the Most Aware, the Most High, the Proud.

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir, p. 5040)

We seek Allah’s, The Most High, to pour upon us patience to bear whatever may befall us, to not see the trials of mankind as His punishment, to guide us always and to forgive us when we forget or fall into error, to increase us in knowledge and true adherence to His religion, to be brothers and sisters of one another in order for our religion to reign supreme. Allahummah Ameen.

Tawwakul

Allah (S.W.T.) has promised the believer that there are times in life where we will be tested. During these times, the truthful one (the believer) is distinguished from the liar (the hypocrite and disbeliever).

Allah, The Exalted says;

أَحَسِبَ النَّاسُ أَن يُتْرَكُوا أَن يَقُولُوا آمَنَّا وَهُمْ لَا يُفْتَنُونَ

وَلَقَدْ فَتَنَّا الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ ۖ فَلَيَعْلَمَنَّ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ صَدَقُوا وَلَيَعْلَمَنَّ الْكَاذِبِينَ

“Do people think that they will e left alone because they say: “We believe, and will not be tested? And We indeed tested those who were before them. And Allah will certainly make (it) known (the falsehood of those who are liars, (although Allah knows all that before putting them to test).”

(29:2-3)

Allah, The Most High, has not created this world for His mere amusement as the spiritually bereft say. Allah, in His infinite wisdom created because He is Al-Khaaliq (the Creator and Maker of everything–it is who He is. Shaykh ul-Islaam ibn Taymiyyah states in Majmoo ‘ul-Fataawa that Al-Khaaliq was always Allah’s attribute–He did not ecome the Creator when the creation came into existence, rather He has always been the Creator. This has always been His attribute.”

Allah, The Exalted says;

وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ

“And I (Allah) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (alone).”

(51:56)

This is a point that many miss due to ignorance of Allah’s attributes and exaggeration of their own station. Mankind and Jinn are all created things, created to worship Allah. Allah can do whatever He wills with his slaves and success can only be achieved when we submit ourselves to the Divine Will of Allah and put our complete confidence in Him and Him alone.

Why do bad things happen?

Many people, even those who believe their faith to be strong struggle with this question during the times of trials. It is important to note here that what we deem bad is a matter of perception.

Firstly, we must understand that this dunya (worldly life) is a place for trials and testing. It was not designed for our complete comfort. We are all here on a journey back to Allah. Trials are a means for us to propel forward in that journey as it prevents spiritual, physical, mental, and emotional stagnation.

We must understand that Allah, The Most Kind, does not wrong us–it is we who wrong ourselves. He never commands Al-Fahishah (evil, immoral deeds, wrongdoing).

Allah, The Exalted, says;

ظَهَرَ الْفَسَادُ فِي الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ بِمَا كَسَبَتْ أَيْدِي النَّاسِ لِيُذِيقَهُم بَعْضَ الَّذِي عَمِلُوا لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْجِعُونَ

“Evil (sins and disobedience to Allah) has appeared on land and sea because of what the hands of men have earned (by oppression and evil deeds), that He (Allah) may make them taste a part of that which they have done, in order that they may return (by repenting to Allah, and begging His Pardon).”

(30:41)

When evil touches us as an individual or a society, it is a sacred pause given to us from our Creator, to stop and reflect on our behavior and ask Him for his divine guidance. Allah loves when His slaves call upon Him as He is always near and ready to respond and appreciate the good service of His slaves. Allah is At-Tawwaab, The One Who guides His servants to repent and accepts their repentance.

Abu Huraira (R.A.) reported Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) having said: By Him in Whose Hand is my life, if you were not to commit sin, Allah would sweep you out of existence and He would replace (you by) those people who would commit sin and seek forgiveness from Allah, and He would have pardoned them.

(Sahih Muslim, 2749)

It may be hard to self-reflect for the person who has suffered what they deem as a grievous offence such as a oppression, murder of a loved one, rape, a victim of violent assault, theft, or the harm of their child. Many people undergoing these types of trials may wonder what they in particular could have done to deserve a test so mighty.

Again, it is a matter of perception. We must understand that we will undergo trials and that this dunya is not our final home. One The Day of Judgement our time spent here will feel so brief as if it had been a day or part of a day. All the things we are being tested with belong to Allah, The Exalted. It is from Allah whom we call came, and to Allah we shall all return.

Covetousness is a blameworthy characteristic that can be found in the nature of mankind. When we release the need to control, manipulate, hold on to, and possess things of this dunya, we will have achieved an honorable status in this life and the next.

Narrated Abu Huraira (R.A): Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “If Allah wants to do good to somebody, He afflicts him with trials.”

(Sahih Al-Bukhari 5645)

Allah is Al-Barr, The Most Benign and Kind. Trials are not meant to destroy us completely as anyone undergoing a trial, weather Muslim or Non-Muslim usually experiences Allah’s encompassing Mercy. Trials are their to illuminate the dark parts within our selves and society so that we may repent before we earn the wrath of our Lord.

A trial can be different from a punishment though, there may be some level of punishment within a trial. This is all part of Allah’s Mercy–as any affliction is a means by which evil deeds are removed.

It was narrated from Mus’ab bin Sa’d that his father, Sa’d bin Abu Waqqas (R.A.), said:“I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, which people are most severely tested?’ He said: ‘The Prophets, then the next best and the next best. A person is tested according to his religious commitment. If he is steadfast in his religious commitment, he will be tested more severely, and if he is frail in his religious commitment, his test will be according to his commitment. Trials will continue to afflict a person until they leave him walking on the earth with no sin on him.’”

( Sunan Ibn Majah 4023)

Trials should push us to repentance, then to do goodly deeds in an effort to become pious.

Allah, The Exalted says;

لَتُبْلَوُنَّ فِي أَمْوَالِكُمْ وَأَنفُسِكُمْ وَلَتَسْمَعُنَّ مِنَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ وَمِنَ الَّذِينَ أَشْرَكُوا أَذًى كَثِيرًا ۚ وَإِن تَصْبِرُوا وَتَتَّقُوا فَإِنَّ ذَٰلِكَ مِنْ عَزْمِ الْأُمُورِ

“You shall certainly be tried and tested in your wealth and properties ad in your personal selves, and you shall certainly hear much that will grieve you from those who received the Scripture before you (Jews and Christians) and from those who ascribe partners to Allah; but if you persevere patiently, and become Al-Muttaqun (the pious) then verily, that will be a determining factor in all affairs (and that is from the great matters which you must hold on with all your efforts.”

(3:186)

A trial can be a means of guidance or deviation…

It is during the time of affliction that Shaytan works the hardest at deviating people from the path of Allah with His waswas. His goal is to make us think evil thoughts about Allah and then surely, we will be lost.

Allah, The Exalted says;

وَيُعَذِّبَ الْمُنَافِقِينَ وَالْمُنَافِقَاتِ وَالْمُشْرِكِينَ وَالْمُشْرِكَاتِ الظَّانِّينَ بِاللَّهِ ظَنَّ السَّوْءِ ۚ عَلَيْهِمْ دَائِرَةُ السَّوْءِ ۖ وَغَضِبَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَعَنَهُمْ وَأَعَدَّ لَهُمْ جَهَنَّمَ ۖ وَسَاءَتْ مَصِيرًا

“And that He may punish the Munafiqun (hypocrites), men and women, and also the Mushrikun men and women, who think evil thoughts about Allah: for them is a disgraceful torment. And the Anger of Allah is upon them, and He has cursed them and prepared Hell for them- and worse indeed is that destination.”

(48:6)

It is imperative that the true believer be constant in warding off the evil attacks of Shaytan, especially during trying times as Allah, The Exalted instructs the believers;

وَلَا تَسْتَوِي الْحَسَنَةُ وَلَا السَّيِّئَةُ ۚ ادْفَعْ بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ فَإِذَا الَّذِي بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَهُ عَدَاوَةٌ كَأَنَّهُ وَلِيٌّ حَمِيمٌ

وَمَا يُلَقَّاهَا إِلَّا الَّذِينَ صَبَرُوا وَمَا يُلَقَّاهَا إِلَّا ذُو حَظٍّ عَظِيمٍ

وَإِمَّا يَنزَغَنَّكَ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ نَزْغٌ فَاسْتَعِذْ بِاللَّهِ ۖ إِنَّهُ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ

“The good deed and the evil deed cannot be equal. Repel (the evil) with one which is better (i.e. Allah orders the faithful believers to be patient at the time of anger, and to excuse those who treat them badly) then verily he, between whom and you there was enmity, (will become) as though he was a close friend. But none is granted it (the above quality) except those who are patient-and none is granted it except the owner of the great portion (of happiness in the Hereafter i.e. Paradise and of a high moral character) in this world. And if an evil whisper from Shaitan (Satan) tries to turn you away (from doing good) then seek refuge in Allah. Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the Allah-Knower.

(41:34-36)

Trials are a time for understand and submitting to Al-Qadr…

On the authority of Abu Abbas Abdullah bin Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: One day I was behind the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) [riding on the same mount] and he said, “O young man, I shall teach you some words [of advice]: Be mindful of Allah and Allah will protect you. Be mindful of Allah and you will find Him in front of you. If you ask, then ask Allah [alone]; and if you seek help, then seek help from Allah [alone]. And know that if the nation were to gather together to benefit you with anything, they would not benefit you except with what Allah had already prescribed for you. And if they were to gather together to harm you with anything, they would not harm you except with what Allah had already prescribed against you. The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried.” It was related by at-Tirmidhi, who said it was a good and sound hadeeth. Another narration, other than that of Tirmidhi, reads: Be mindful of Allah, and you will find Him in front of you. Recognize and acknowledge Allah in times of ease and prosperity, and He will remember you in times of adversity. And know that what has passed you by [and you have failed to attain] was not going to befall you, and what has befallen you was not going to pass you by. And know that victory comes with patience, relief with affliction, and hardship with ease.

(40 Hadith Nawawi, 19)

May Allah, The Exhaled, make us those who trust him completely. May He increase our knowledge of His Divine attributes. May He make us those who bear trials, all trials, with Sabr Jameel. May Allah make us those who submit ourselves to His will. May Allah guide us to His straight path, plant our feet firmly upon it, and allow us to worship Him, until death overtakes us. Allahummah Ameen.

26:89 pt. 2

A Discussion on Polytheism

What is Polytheism?  

To answer this question, we will pull directly from the Noble Qur’an, Appendix II (pp. 902-903) as this section provides a very comprehensive definitions and manifestations of polytheism.

Ash-Shirk

POLYTHEISM AND ITS VARIOUS MANIFESTATIONS

Definition:  Shirk basically is polytheism, i.e., the worship of others along with Allah.  It also implies attributing divine attributes to any other besides Allah.  It particularly implies associating partners in worship with Allah or believing that the source of power, harm or blessings is from others besides Allah.  

Types:  There are three types of Shirk, namely:

  1. Ash-Shirk al Akbar, i.e. major Shirk
  2. Ash-Shirk al-Asghar, i.e. minor Shirk
  3. Ash-Shirk al-Khafi, i.e. inconspicuous Shirk

Manifestations: (1) Ash-Shirk al-Akbar (The major Shirk): The major and serious polythesitic form, has four aspects:

  1. Shirk ad-Du’a’, i.e. invocation.  This aspect implies invoking, supplicating or praying to other deities besides Allah.

    Almighty Allah says:

    “And when they embark on a ship they invoke Allah, making their Faith pure    for Him only, but when He brings them safely to land, behold, they give a share of their worship to others,”  (V.29:65)

  1. Shirk an-Niyyah wa-Iradah wa-Qasd.  This aspect implies intentions purpose, and determination in acts of worship or religious deeds, not for the sake of Allah but directed towards other deities.  

              Almighty Allah says:

             “Whosoever desires the life of the world and its glitter, to them We shall pay in    full (the wages of) their deeds therein, and they will have no diminution therein. They are those for whom there is nothing in the Hereafter but Fire; and vain are the deeds they did therein.  And of no effect is that which they used to do.” (V.11:15,16)

  1. Shirk al-Ta’ah.  This aspect implies rendering obedience to any authority against the Order of Allah.  Almighty Allah says:

         “They (Jews and Christians took their Rabbis and their monks to be their lords besides Allah (by obeying them in things which they made lawful or unlawful according to their own desires without being ordered by Allah),  and (they also took as their lord), Messiah, son of Maryam (Mary), while they (Jews and Christians) were commanded (in the Torah and the Gospel) to worship none but one Illah (God i.e., Allah), La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), Gorified is He (far above is He) from having the partners they associate (with Him).”  (V.9:31).

Once while Allah’s Messenger (S.A.W.) was reciting the above Verse, ‘Adi ibn Hatim said, “O Allah’s Prophet!  They do not worship them (rabbis and monks).” Allah’s Messenger (S.A.W.) said, “They certainly do. They (i.e. Rabbis and monks) made legal things illegal, and illegal things legal, and they (i.e., Jews and Christians) followed them; and by doing so they really worshipped them.”  (Narrated by Ahmad, At-Tirmidhi, and Ibn Jarir). (Tafsir At Tabari, Vol. 10, Page No. 114.)

  1. Shirk al-Mahabbah.  This implies showing the love which is due to Allah Alone to others than Him.  

           Almighty Allah says:

           “And of mankind are some who take (for worship) others besides Allah as rivals (to Allah).  They love them as they love Allah. But those who believe, love Allah more (than anything else).  If only those who do wrong could see, when they will see the torment, that all power belongs to Allah and that Allah is Severe in punishment.” (V.2:165)

(2) Ash-Shirk al Asghar Ar-Riya’ (The minor Shirk, i.e. acts performed to show off).  Any act of worship or any religious deed done in order to gain praise, fame or for worldly benefit, falls under this category.  

          Almighty Allah says:

          “Say (O Muhammad (S.A.W.): ‘I am only a man like you, it has been revealed to me that your Illah (God) is one Illah (God–i.e. Allah).  So whoever hopes for the meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord.’” (V.18:110)

(3) Ash-Shirk al Khafi (The inconspicuous Shirk).  This type implies being inwardly dissatisfied with the inevitable condition that has been ordained for one by Allah; conscientiously lamenting that had you done or not done such and such or had you approached such and such you would have had a better status, etc. 

      The Noble Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) said:

      “Ash-Shirk al Khafi in the Muslim nation is more inconspicuous than the creeping of a black ant on a black rock in the pitch-darkness of the night.”  And this inconspicuous Shirk is expiated by saying thrice the following sentences every day: “O Allah! I take Your refuge from that I should ascribe anything as partner in Your worship, being conscious of that, and I beg Your pardon for that sin which I am not aware of.”

(The Noble Qur’an, Appendix II (pp. 902-903))

It is important to note that many things can be taken as objects of worship including spouses, children, friends, righteous folk, and even ourselves. If we are not careful, our desires pertaining to the people may divert us from worshiping Allah (S.W.T.) properly.  This point is made manifest when one finds him or herself seeking to please the people for their own agendas, as opposed to fulfilling the rights of people for Allah’s sake, and His sake Alone.  

One’s own aims are sometimes obscure, even from oneself, and so we it is imperative to be consistent in asking Allah (S.W.T.) to guide us and purify our intentions before undertaking any task, great or small. 

When our lusts are involved, it can be very easy to hide our intent with religious actions.  For example, a person may consider marriage, and since that is a religious command- they may not question their true intent.  However, after sincere reflection upon the state of their heart, we they may find that their true intent may be for some other cause that is far away from Islam (ex. To fill painful feelings of unworthiness, to satiate the need to control, and/or to continue other mal-adaptive behavior patterns in which the heart and mind have fabricated), and Allah (S.W.T.) knows best.  

When we follow our lusts it takes us far from the path of Allah (S.W.T.);

يَا دَاوُودُ إِنَّا جَعَلْنَاكَ خَلِيفَةً فِي الْأَرْضِ فَاحْكُم بَيْنَ النَّاسِ بِالْحَقِّ وَلَا تَتَّبِعِ الْهَوَىٰ فَيُضِلَّكَ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ ۚ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَضِلُّونَ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ شَدِيدٌ بِمَا نَسُوا يَوْمَ الْحِسَابِ 

“O Dawud (David)!  Verily, We have placed you as a successor on the earth; so judge you between men in truth (and justice) and follow not your desire–for it will mislead you from the Path of Allah.  Verily, those who wander astray from the Path of Allah (shall) have a severe torment, because they forgot the Day of Reckoning.  

(38:26)

We can see in this ayah how Allah (S.W.T.) calls one of the honored servants from our Ummah (Dawud, (A.S.) to mind his actions when dealing with the people.  Allah, The Exalted also, warns him of the dangers of His desire. One may question–how can one who believes in Allah and The Last Day forget the Day of Reckoning if he/she remains a Muslim.  To answer this-we must truly ponder and try to imagine the realities of that Day. A day when the mountains will be as clouds and float away. A day where everyone will be on a level plain, relationship ties severed, all of mankind from every generation will be there–of various heights, watching and waiting.  When a Muslim commits a sin he or she has made themselves ignorant of the reality of horrors of this Day. They have chosen to put behind them the fact that they will have to answer for each and every action and that asking for forgiveness may or may not draw a pardon from their Lord. In the fever of sin a person is completely heedless and totally forgetful of the Day and, unless Allah guides them, they may continue to walk away from the Path of Allah until they earn a severe torment from Allah (S.W.T.).  May Allah protect us from this great calamity and sorrow. Ameen yaa Rabbi.  

Allah, The Exalted says in The Qur’an:

 أَفَرَأَيْتَ مَنِ اتَّخَذَ إِلَٰهَهُ هَوَاهُ وَأَضَلَّهُ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ عِلْمٍ وَخَتَمَ عَلَىٰ سَمْعِهِ وَقَلْبِهِ وَجَعَلَ عَلَىٰ بَصَرِهِ غِشَاوَةً فَمَن يَهْدِيهِ مِن بَعْدِ اللَّهِ ۚ 

أَفَلَا تَذَكَّرُونَ 

“Have you seen him who takes his own lust (vain desires) as his ilah (god)?  And Allah, knowing (him as such), left him astray with knowledge, and sealed his hearing and his heart, and put a cover on his sight.  Who then will guide him after Allah? Will you not then remember?

(45:23)

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about this ayah:

Allah the Exalted said,

﴿أَفَرَأَيْتَ مَنِ اتَّخَذَ إِلَـهَهُ هَوَاهُ﴾

(Have you seen him who takes his own lust as his god), who abides by his lust, and whatever his lust portrays as good he implements it, and whatever his lust portrays as evil, he abandons it! Allah’s statement,

﴿وَأَضَلَّهُ اللَّهُ عَلَى عِلْمٍ﴾

(And Allah left him astray with knowledge, ) has two meanings. One of them is that Allah knew that this person deserves to be misguided, so He left him astray. The second meaning is that Allah led this person astray after knowledge reached him and the proof was established before him. The second meaning includes the first meaning, but not the opposite. Allah said,

﴿وَخَتَمَ عَلَى سَمْعِهِ وَقَلْبِهِ وَجَعَلَ عَلَى بَصَرِهِ غِشَـوَةً﴾

(and sealed his hearing and his heart, and put a cover on his sight.) so he does not hear what benefits him, understands not what would lead him to the guidance and sees not the evidence with which he can be enlightened. This is why Allah said,

﴿فَمَن يَهْدِيهِ مِن بَعْدِ اللَّهِ أَفَلاَ تَذَكَّرُونَ﴾

(Who then will guide him after Allah Will you not then remember) Allah said in a similar Ayah,

﴿مَن يُضْلِلِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ وَيَذَرُهُمْ فِى طُغْيَـنِهِمْ يَعْمَهُونَ ﴾

(Whomsoever Allah sends astray, none can guide him; and He lets them wander blindly in their transgressions.) (7:186).

﴿وَقَالُواْ مَا هِىَ إِلاَّ حَيَاتُنَا الدُّنْيَا نَمُوتُ وَنَحْيَا وَمَا يُهْلِكُنَآ إِلاَّ الدَّهْرُ وَمَا لَهُمْ بِذَلِكَ مِنْ عِلْمٍ إِنْ هُمْ إِلاَّ يَظُنُّونَ – وَإِذَا تُتْلَى عَلَيْهِمْ ءَايَـتُنَا بَيِّنَـتٍ مَّا كَانَ حُجَّتَهُمْ إِلاَّ أَن قَالُواْ ائْتُواْ بِـَابَآئِنَآ إِن كُنتُمْ صَـدِقِينَ – قُلِ اللَّهُ يُحْيِيكُمْ ثُمَّ يُمِيتُكُمْ ثُمَّ يَجْمَعُكُمْ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَـمَةِ لاَ رَيْبَ فِيهِ وَلَـكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لاَ يَعْلَمُونَ ﴾

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir, 45:23)

It becomes very clear here that the Muslim should approach each and every affair of his (or hers) meticulously, carrying their deen as if it were a fragile gift, being very careful not to cause a crack.  Understanding that one crack may lead to another even greater, and in Allah’s hands is the ability to allow it completely shatter and (also) in his hands is the ability to repair as new. The difference between the two outcomes is a (1)  person continuously following their lust, heedlessly, without question and (2) a person seeking Allah’s guidance before each and every decision, asking Allah to purify their intentions, and repenting when they fall short, while understanding that the “falling” was then decreed by Allah, The All Wise.  The latter of the two is the one who finds success.  

Narrated by Anas (R.A.) The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Whoever possesses the following three qualities will have the sweetness (delight) of faith:

1. The one to whom Allah and His Apostle becomes dearer than anything else.

2. Who loves a person and he loves him only for Allah’s sake.

3. Who hates to revert to Atheism (disbelief) as he hates to be thrown into the fire.”

(Sahih Bukhari, 16)

One may disproportionately treasure material possessions-houses, businesses, cars, etc., Shaytan, Angels, and so on.  This might happen when love for anyone or anything in dunya reaches the level by which we love Allah. In truth, many of us fail to measure our love for Allah (S.W.T.), even less compare our love for Allah (S.W.T.) to the love we have for these things of dunya.   

Our love for Allah over His creation must always be monitored.  The one who desires sincerity in faith and nearness to Allah (S.W.T) this life and the next should always closely monitor his or her motivations, passions, and desires in life.  The following questions might be pondered in an effort for heart rumination:

  1. What are my goals for the afterlife?
    1. Are these goals specific or general? 
    2. What are the beautiful descriptions does Allah (S.W.T) give us of the people of Paradise?
    3. Does my time involve fantasizing about how it might be to be a person in Jennah? (i.e. wearing the clothes of the blessed people of Jennah? Sitting on the raised thrones made of gold and precious stones like the people of Jennah?, Being served and catered to like the people of Jennah?)
  2. What passions, fantasies, desires currently occupy my mind?  Is it my spouse? My children? Worries about the future? Provisions? Work? Or whisperings from Shaytan?
    1. Do I ward off bad thoughts?
    2. Do my thoughts give rise to haram actions? 
  3. How is my salat? Does my mind wander during the majority of my prayer?  Do I feel Kashoo (proper focus and humility)
    1. Does my prayer seem “mechanical”? I am I just going through the motions of salat, dhikr without “feeling”?
    2. Is my duaa a time to be totally vulnerable with Allah (S.W.T.) telling Him of my fears, faults, dreams, in a way that suits His Majesty, though He already knows?

Understanding what occupies the mind the most is a good gauge on what truly lies in the heart.  It must be noted that worries, anxieties, fears, trials with spouses, children, friends, business, Shaytan etc. are all trials from Allah.  Hence, it is a human response for these things to occupy our hearts and minds. However, there are healthy and unhealthy ways of processing these trials.  What determines how we process the trial is the state of one’s heart.  

If the heart is that of a believer, the trial will draw that person closer to Allah in action. Despite the circumstance, whether it be an increase in money, an injustice, or a dis-ease of the body or mind, the trial of the believer results in goodness which can be evidenced in a person improving their Deen by Allah’s Mercy.  A true believer facing a trial will be found increasing in acts of worship, acknowledging their faults and constantly repenting. It is through trials that Allah (S.W.T.) teaches His servant something about His Might, Justice, Wisdom, Sight, and Mercy (among His other attributes). The trial should also lead to the servant being cleansed from hypocrisy , polytheism and this can only be attained by one who is constant in seeking knowledge and adopting the correct Aqeedah.  A person who has been blessed with these opportunities has indeed been granted a near victory which can be confirmed by Allah’s increasing them in good deeds and calling others to Islamic Monotheism.  

Allah, The Exalted, says in The Qur’an:

قُلْ هَٰذِهِ سَبِيلِي أَدْعُو إِلَى اللَّهِ ۚ عَلَىٰ بَصِيرَةٍ أَنَا وَمَنِ اتَّبَعَنِي ۖ وَسُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَمَا أَنَا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ

“Say (O Muhammad ((S.A.W.)): This is my way; I invite to Allah (i.e. to the Oneness of Allah–Islamic Monotheism) with sure knowledge, I and whosoever follows me (also must invite others to Allah i.e. to the Oneness of Allah–Islamic Monotheism with sure knowledge).  And Glorified and Exalted is Allah (above all that they associate as partners with Him). And I am not of the Mushrikun (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah; those who worship others along with Allah or set up rivals or partners to Allah).”

(12:108)

If one’s trials has not led them to righteous actions then that is a clear sign of Allah’s displeasure with them.  Trials of this worldly life are beautiful opportunities for heart purification and forgiveness of sins but this is only achievable for the one who is willing to self-reflect, acknowledge faults, and repent sincerely.  Otherwise, the trial may be in fact a punishment for them as the trial may have hardened their heart (even further), driven them far from any semblance of the worship of Allah, and plunged them deeper into the fleeting aims of this world.  In this case, the person has been proven to be a liar in faith and has been left alone to reverence their own lusts after having knowledge of the ways of Allah.  

Even still, Allah is Al-Rauf and comprehends everything in compassion and Mercy.  He hears every sincere invocation made to Him and forgives the one who repents. Only one whose heart is extremely perverted and ungrateful, would prefer to cling to their own fancies as opposed to submitting themselves to the extreme Mercy of their Lord.  May Allah (S.W.T.) keep us far removed from this pitiful condition. Ameen yaa Rabbi.  

Allah, The Exalted says in the Qur’an:

يُثَبِّتُ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِالْقَوْلِ الثَّابِتِ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ ۖ وَيُضِلُّ اللَّهُ الظَّالِمِينَ ۚ وَيَفْعَلُ اللَّهُ مَا يَشَاءُ 

“Allah will keep firm those who believe with the word that stands firm in this world (i.e. they will keep on worshiping Allah Alone and none else), and in the Hereafter.  And Allah will cause to go astray those who are Zalimun (polytheists and wrongdoers), and Allah does what He wills.

(14:27)

There are some people in our lives who have the ability to hinder us from the path of Allah, (S.W.T.).  These could be our parents, spouses, superiors at work, and so on. Some of these people may be people of desires-following their own lusts at every turn.  We must be careful not to follow them into deviation as this will cause us to slip by inadvertently worship their lust along with them. This is why it is very important to be careful from whom we take our religion, our companions, and whom we (frequently) sit with.  We should constantly be on guard when in the company of disbelievers and innovators as their harm is often covert. May Allah (S.W.T.) grant us tawfeeq in this matter. Ameen.  

Other Manifestations of Shirk:

The following are additional manifestations of Shirk from Muhammad bin Abdul-Wahab’s; “Kitab At-Tawheed”.  This list is in no way exhaustive. For one who seeks to purify themselves from Shirk, greater study is recommended on the matter of Shirk so as to avoid falling into this evil sin.  

  1. To wear a Ring, Twine, or anything similar to them for prevention or lifting of Harm or affliction;
  2. Ruqa (incantation), Talismans, and Amulets;
  3. Seeking blessing through a tree, stone, or the like;
  4. Slaughtering for other than Allah (S.W.T.);
  5. To vow to other than Allah (S.W.T.);
  6. To seek refuge in other than Allah (S.W.T.);
  7. To seek help in other than Allah (S.W.T.) or to invoke other than Him;
  8. Practicing Sorcery;
  9. Attempting to cure through Magic Spells; and
  10. Study and practice of astrology.

The Eternal Consequences of Shirk:

Shirk is the only sin that, if one dies upon it, he/she will not be forgiven.  How can Allah (S.W.T.) forgive one who does not know Him or worship Him?  

Allah, The Exalted tells us in The Qur’an:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَغْفِرُ أَن يُشْرَكَ بِهِ وَيَغْفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ لِمَن يَشَاءُ ۚ وَمَن يُشْرِكْ بِاللَّهِ فَقَدِ افْتَرَىٰ إِثْمًا عَظِيمًا 

“Verily, Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with Him (in worship), but He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He wills; and whoever sets up partners with Allah (in worship), he has indeed invented a tremendous sin.”

(4:48, 116)

Ibn Mas’ud (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated that Prophet Muhammad (May the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) said:  “Whoever dies while ascribing partners to Allah, enters the Hell-fire.” 

(Al-Bukhari)

Muslim reports from Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) that Allah’s Messenger (May the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever meets Allah (on the Day of Judgement) not having associated anyone with Him (in worship), shall enter Paradise; and whoever meets Him having committed Shirk in any way will enter the Hell-fire.”

Many worship false gods hoping that these people/things will bring them closer to Allah (S.W.T.) by way of intercession. On the day of Judgement, Intercession will only be granted to Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) and he will only be able to intercede for those who have not committed shirk in any way. This is a strong reminder for the one who says they are Muslim but still practice shirk in their beliefs and actions.

Allah, The Most High, tells us in the Qur’an;

قُلِ ادْعُوا الَّذِينَ زَعَمْتُم مِّن دُونِ اللَّهِ ۖ لَا يَمْلِكُونَ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَلَا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَمَا لَهُمْ فِيهِمَا مِن شِرْكٍ وَمَا لَهُ مِنْهُم مِّن ظَهِيرٍ

وَلَا تَنفَعُ الشَّفَاعَةُ عِندَهُ إِلَّا لِمَنْ أَذِنَ لَهُ ۚ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا فُزِّعَ عَن قُلُوبِهِمْ قَالُوا مَاذَا قَالَ رَبُّكُمْ ۖ قَالُوا الْحَقَّ ۖ وَهُوَ الْعَلِيُّ الْكَبِيرُ

“Say: (Oh Muhammad (S.A.W.) to polytheist, pagans) “Call upon those besides Allah, they possess not even an atom’s (or a small ant’s) weight either in the heavens or the earth, nor have they any share in either, nor there is for Him any supporter from among them. Intercession with Him profits not except for whom He permits. So much so that when fear is banished from their (angel’s) hearts, they (angels) say: “What is it that your Lord has said?” They say: “The truth And He is the Most High, the Most Great.”

(34:22-23)

Narrated Abu Huraira (R.A.):

I said: “O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)! Who will be the luckiest person, who will gain your intercession on the Day of Resurrection?” Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said: O Abu Huraira! “I have thought that none will ask me about it before you as I know your longing for the (learning of) Hadiths. The luckiest person who will have my intercession on the Day of Resurrection will be the one who said sincerely from the bottom of his heart “None has the right to be worshiped but Allah.”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 99)

Repentance from Shirk:

Repentance from the evil act of shirk should not be delayed once a person becomes aware of their guilt.  No soul knows when it shall depart this worldly life and death indeed ends the opportunity for righteous deeds.  

Allah, The Exalted says in The Qur’an:

وَالَّذِينَ لَا يَدْعُونَ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَٰهًا آخَرَ وَلَا يَقْتُلُونَ النَّفْسَ الَّتِي حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ وَلَا يَزْنُونَ ۚ وَمَن يَفْعَلْ ذَٰلِكَ يَلْقَ أَثَامًا 

يُضَاعَفْ لَهُ الْعَذَابُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَيَخْلُدْ فِيهِ مُهَانًا 

إِلَّا مَن تَابَ وَآمَنَ وَعَمِلَ عَمَلًا صَالِحًا فَأُولَٰئِكَ يُبَدِّلُ اللَّهُ سَيِّئَاتِهِمْ حَسَنَاتٍ ۗ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَّحِيمًا 

وَمَن تَابَ وَعَمِلَ صَالِحًا فَإِنَّهُ يَتُوبُ إِلَى اللَّهِ مَتَابًا 

“And those who invoke not any other ilah (god) along with Allah, nor kill such person as Allah has forbidden, except for just cause, nor commit illegal sexual intercourse–and whoever does this shall receive the punishment.  The torment will be doubled to him on the Day of Resurrection, and he will abide therein in disgrace. Except those who repent and believe (in Islamic Monotheism), and do righteous deeds; for those, Allah will change their sins into good deeds, and Allah is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.  And whosoever repents and does righteous good deeds; then verily, he repents towards Allah with true repentance.  

(25:68-71)

Understanding that our human experience is not the totality of our being, we must take time to purify our selves daily–mentally, physically, emotionally, and most importantly, spiritually. This purification (in shaa Allah) is achieved through the five daily prayers. However, to achieve maximum states of awareness of the state of one’s heart and nearness to Allah, devoting more time in turning to Allah is the only path to heart rectification. Sin that leads to one taking this sacred pause is a pure blessing from our creator who has complete Knowledge of what the breasts contain. During these pauses, one should remember Allah (S.W.T.) much and ask Him for healing.

Even the some of the most honored beings, the angels, worship Allah:

Allah, The Most High, says in The Quran:

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ عِندَ رَبِّكَ لَا يَسْتَكْبِرُونَ عَنْ عِبَادَتِهِ وَيُسَبِّحُونَهُ وَلَهُ يَسْجُدُونَ

“Surely, those who are with your Lord (angels) are never too proud to perform acts of worship to Him, but they glorify His praise and prostrate themselves before Him.”

(7:206)

Tawheed (laa ilaaha illAllaah) removes shirk and istighfaar wipes away the rest of the stumbling blocks. All sins branch from shirk. Tawheed removes the origin of shirk and istighfaar wipes away its derivatives. (Ibn Taymiyyah in Majmoo Fataawaa 11/696-7).

Click here to download the full “Rewards for Dhikr Chart” compiled by Umm ‘Abdir Rahman Tara bint Hashim.

A PRAYER FOR THE PROTECTION FROM SHIRK

 Reference: Ahmad 4/403. See also Al-Albani, Sahihul-Jami’ As-Saghir 3/233 and Sahihut-Targhib wat- Tarhib 1/19.

I pray that this beautiful narration will inspire your heart to turn to Allah (S.W.T.) with a true repentance. Ameen yaa Rabbi.

Narrated on the authority of Abu Malik (R.A.): I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say: He who professed that there is no god but Allah and made a denial of everything which the people worship beside Allah, his property and blood became inviolable, an their affairs rest with Allah.

(Sahih Muslim, 23)

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