7:2

The Baptism of Allah

كِتَابٌ أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ فَلَا يَكُن فِي صَدْرِكَ حَرَجٌ مِّنْهُ لِتُنذِرَ بِهِ وَذِكْرَىٰ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ

“(This is a) Book (the Qur’an) sent down to you (O Muhammad ﷺ), so let not your breast be narrow therefrom, that you warn thereby; and a reminder to the believers.”

(Surah Al-A’raf, 7:2)

Excerpts from Tafsir As-Sa’di about this ayah:

Here Allah عزوجل says to His Prophet سلى الله علىه و سلم, highlighting to him the greatness of the Qur’an: {“This is a Book that has been sent down to you”} that is, a great Book that contains all that people need, all divine injunctions and all aims and goals of Sharia, in a precise and detailed manner.


{“So do not let your heart be troubled by it”} that is, do not let there be any anxiety, doubt or confusion in your heart; rather you should understand that it has been sent down by One Who is Most Wise, Worthy of all praise.


“No falsehood can approach it from before it or from behind it”}; [it is] a revelation from One Who is Most Wise, Praiseworthy, (Fussilat 41: 42) and He is indeed the most truthful in speech. So let your heart be open to it and let your mind be at rest; convey its commands and prohibitions, and do not fear any blame or opposition.

{“So that you may warn”)} the people thereby and admonish and remind them; thus proof will be established against the stubborn, and remind the believers, as Allah عزوجل says elsewhere:
“{But continue to exhort them, for exhortation benefits the believers.”}
(adh-Dhariyat 51: 55) Thus they will remember the straight path and righteous deeds,
both outward and inward, and be alert to that which prevents a person from following that path.

(Tafsir As-Sa’di, Vol. 3, pg. 202-203)

Guidance is a Mercy from Allah عزوجل , and He chooses to give it to whomever He wills. Allah says in The Qur’an;

أَوْ كَظُلُمَاتٍ فِي بَحْرٍ لُّجِّيٍّ يَغْشَاهُ مَوْجٌ مِّن فَوْقِهِ مَوْجٌ مِّن فَوْقِهِ سَحَابٌ ۚ ظُلُمَاتٌ بَعْضُهَا فَوْقَ بَعْضٍ إِذَا أَخْرَجَ يَدَهُ لَمْ يَكَدْ يَرَاهَا ۗ وَمَن لَّمْ يَجْعَلِ اللَّهُ لَهُ نُورًا فَمَا لَهُ مِن نُّورٍ

“Or [the state of a disbeliever] is like the darkness in a vast deep sea, overwhelmed with waves topped by waves, topped by dark clouds, (layers of) darkness upon darkness: if a man stretches out his hand, he can hardly see it! And he for whom Allah has not appointed light, for him there is no light.”

(Surah An-Nur, 24:40)

Those who have been called to Islam have been given a book [A Qur’an] containing light, a light by which they can see in this world. This book has come to clear confusion, wash away the stains of sins and disbelief, and to cure the ailments of the heart. Due to its absolute truth and Allah’s عزوجل complete perfection, it cannot harm those who believe. Receiving such a gift (The Qu’ran) should result in one showing eternal gratitude by following (strictly) what has been given (of guidance).

The admonitions and prohibitions contained in the Qur’an hit the heart of the guilty, among the believers and disbelievers. The believers should rejoice when they are corrected by repenting and mending their conduct so that they can rise in station.

Those who truly seek to please Allah عزوجل must not fall into despair when the guidance reaches them. The Qur’an is a light that will make the evil within the soul manifest. Allah عزوجل does not do this to harm His slaves for He is Al-Barr (The Most Benin and Kind), and Al-Lateef (The Subtle and Kind). How might the slave reach wisdom if he/she isn’t shown the evil of their conduct so that they may abandon that path and seek a path with Allah عزوجل and His Messenger سلى الله علىه و سلم?

Allah says in The Qur’an;

وَلَا تَهِنُوا وَلَا تَحْزَنُوا وَأَنتُمُ الْأَعْلَوْنَ إِن كُنتُم مُّؤْمِنِينَ

“So loose not hope nor fall into despair, for you must gain mastery if you are true in Faith.”

(Surah Al ‘Imran, 3:139)

On the authority of Abu Dharr al-Ghifaree (may Allah be pleased with him) from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) from his Lord, that He said:O My servants! I have forbidden dhulm (oppression) for Myself, and I have made it forbidden amongst you, so do not oppress one another. O My servants, all of you are astray except those whom I have guided, so seek guidance from Me and I shall guide you. O My servants, all of you are hungry except those whom I have fed, so seek food from Me and I shall feed you. O My servants, all of you are naked except those whom I have clothed, so seek clothing from Me and I shall clothe you. O My servants, you commit sins by day and by night, and I forgive all sins, so seek forgiveness from Me and I shall forgive you. O My servants, you will not attain harming Me so as to harm Me, and you will not attain benefiting Me so as to benefit Me. O My servants, if the first of you and the last of you, and the humans of you and the jinn of you, were all as pious as the most pious heart of any individual amongst you, then this would not increase My Kingdom an iota. O My servants, if the first of you and the last of you, and the humans of you and the jinn of you, were all as wicked as the most wicked heart of any individual amongst you, then this would not decrease My Kingdom an iota . O My servants, if the first of you and the last of you, and the humans of you and the jinn of you, were all to stand together in one place and ask of Me, and I were to give everyone what he requested, then that would not decrease what I Possess, except what is decreased of the ocean when a needle is dipped into it. O My servants, it is but your deeds that I account for you, and then recompense you for. So he who finds good, let him praise Allah, [Muslim]

Those on earth during this time are now dealing with Corona Virus (a pandemic). The night clubs, alcohol stores, and means of making profit from interest are coming to a hault. Muslims who were mocked for adhering to their religion are now being imitated. Non-muslims have abandoned shaking hands, are wearing face masks, washing themselves multiple times a day, and many appear to be more spiritually engaged, Allahu Alim.

Allah says in The Qur’an;

وَكَأَيِّن مِّنْ آيَةٍ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ يَمُرُّونَ عَلَيْهَا وَهُمْ عَنْهَا مُعْرِضُونَ

“And how many a sign in the heavens and the earth they pass by, while they are adverse therefrom.”

(Surah Yusuf, 12:105)

Many people reject the words of Allah عزوجل , not because they deny it is the truth, but because they perceive conforming their lives to the truth (Islam) is too heavy a feat. This is why Allah عزوجلhas reminded His Prophet سلى الله علىه و سلم that The Qur’an was not revealed be a cause of grief. In fact it is the opposite! If one submits him/herself to the guidance, Allah عزوجل has made a promise that is binding upon Himself to fulfill;

وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنكُمْ وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَيَسْتَخْلِفَنَّهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ كَمَا اسْتَخْلَفَ الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ وَلَيُمَكِّنَنَّ لَهُمْ دِينَهُمُ الَّذِي ارْتَضَىٰ لَهُمْ وَلَيُبَدِّلَنَّهُم مِّن بَعْدِ خَوْفِهِمْ أَمْنًا ۚ يَعْبُدُونَنِي لَا يُشْرِكُونَ بِي شَيْئًا ۚ وَمَن كَفَرَ بَعْدَ ذَٰلِكَ فَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْفَاسِقُونَ

“Allah has promised those among you who believe and do righteous good deeds, that He will certainly grant them succession (to the present rulers) in the land, as He granted it to those before them, and that He will grant them the authority to practice their religion which He has chosen for them (i.e. Islam). And He will surely give them in exchange a safe security after their fear (provided) they (believers) worship Me and do not associate anything (in worship) with Me. But whoever disbelieves after this, they are the Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah).”

(Surah An-Nur, 24:55)

During this present time and at all times, the Muslim must renew His/her intentions, seek to draw close to Allah through prayer, duaa, fasting, seeking knowledge, and other righteous deeds. They must also repent and seek to mend their conduct according to the best of what has been revealed.

The non-Muslim must ask Allah to guide them and to open their hearts to the truth.

Both parties-the Muslim and non-Muslim must submit wholeheartedly to the guidance of Allah عزوجل without any fear, anxiety, or doubts in their heart. Allah عزوجلhas promised that He will give them strength and establish their ability to practice their religion. Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;

صِبْغَةَ اللَّهِ ۖ وَمَنْ أَحْسَنُ مِنَ اللَّهِ صِبْغَةً ۖ وَنَحْنُ لَهُ عَابِدُونَ

“(Our religion is) the Baptism of Allah: and who can baptize better than Allah? And it is He whom we worship.”

(Surah Al-Baqara, 2:138)

May Allah make us successful. Ameen.

114:5

الَّذِي يُوَسْوِسُ فِي صُدُورِ النَّاسِ

“From the evil of the whisperer (devil who whispers evil in the hearts of men) who withdraws (from his whispering in one’s heart after one remembers Allah).”

(Surah An-Nas, 114:5)

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about this ayah:

In the Book of Medicine of his Sahih, Al-Bukhari recorded that `A’ishah said, “The Messenger of Allah was bewitched until he thought that he had relations with his wives, but he had not had relations with them.” Sufyan said, “This is the worst form of magic when it reaches this stage.” So the Prophet said,
« يَا عَائِشَةُ، أَعَلِمْتِ أَنَّ اللهَ قَدْ أَفْتَانِي فِيمَا اسْتَفْتَيْتُهُ فِيهِ؟ أَتَانِي رَجُلَانِ فَقَعَدَ أَحَدُهُمَا عِنْدَ رَأْسِي وَالْاخَرُ عِنْدَ رِجْلَيَّ، فَقَال الَّذِي عِنْدَ رَأْسِي لِلْاخَرِ: مَا بَالُ الرَّجُلِ؟ قَالَ: مَطْبُوبٌ، قَالَ: وَمَنْ طَبَّهُ، قَالَ: لَبِيدُ بْنُ أَعْصَمَ: رَجُلٌ مِنْ بَنِي زُرَيْقٍ حَلِيفٌ لِيَهُودَ، كَانَ مُنَافِقًا، قَالَ: وَفِيمَ؟ قَالَ: فِي مُشْطٍ وَمُشَاطَةٍ، قَالَ: وَأَيْنَ؟ قَالَ: فِي جُفِّ طَلْعَةٍ ذَكَرٍ، تَحْتَ رَاعُوفَةٍ فِي بِئْرِ ذَرْوَانَ »

(O `A’ishah! Do you know that Allah has answered me concerning that which I asked Him Two men came to me and one of them sat by my head while the other sat by my feet. The one who was sitting by my head said to the other one, `What is wrong with this man’ The other replied, `He is bewitched.’ The first one said, `Who bewitched him’ The other replied, `Labid bin A`sam. He is a man from the tribe of Banu Zurayq who is an ally of the Jews, and a hypocrite.’ The first one asked, `With what (did he bewitch him)’ The other replied, `With a comb and hair from the comb.’ The first one asked, `Where (is the comb)’ The other answered, `In the dried bark of a male date palm under a rock in a well called Dharwan.’) `A’ishah said, “So he went to the well to remove it (the comb with the hair). Then he said,
« هَذِهِ الْبِئْرُ الَّتِي أُرِيتُهَا، وَكَأَنَّ مَاءَهَا نُقَاعَةُ الحِنَّاءِ، وَكَأَنَّ نَخْلَهَا رُؤُوسُ الشَّيَاطِين »

(This is the well that I saw. It was as if its water had henna soaked in it and its palm trees were like the heads of devils.) So he removed it (of the well). Then I (`A’ishah) said, `Will you not make this public’ He replied,
« أَمَّا اللهُ فَقَدْ شَفَانِي، وَأَكْرَهُ أَنْ أُثِيرَ عَلَى أَحَدٍ مِنَ النَّاسِ شَرًّا »

(Allah has cured me and I hate to spread (the news of) wickedness to any of the people.)”
﴿ بِسۡمِ ٱللَّهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ ﴾

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
﴿ قُلۡ أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ ٱلنَّاسِ • مَلِكِ ٱلنَّاسِ • إِلَـٰهِ ٱلنَّاسِ • مِن شَرِّ ٱلۡوَسۡوَاسِ ٱلۡخَنَّاسِ • ٱلَّذِى يُوَسۡوِسُ فِى صُدُورِ ٱلنَّاسِ • مِنَ ٱلۡجِنَّةِ وَٱلنَّاسِ ﴾

(1. Say: “I seek refuge with the Lord of An-Nas,”) (2. “The King of An-Nas,”) (3. “The God of An-Nas,”) (4. “From the evil of the whisperer who withdraws.”) (5. “Who whispers in the breasts of An-Nas.”) (6. “Of Jinn and An-Nas.”) These are three attributes from the attributes of the Lord, the Mighty and Majestic. They are lordship, sovereignty and divinity. Thus, He is the Lord of everything, the King of everything and the God of everything. All things are created by Him, owned by Him, and subservient to Him. Therefore, He commands whoever is seeking protection to seek refuge with the One Who has these attributes from the evil of the whisperer who withdraws. This (the whisperer) is the devil that is assigned to man. For verily, there is not any of the Children of Adam except that he has a companion that beautifies wicked deeds for him. This devil will go to any lengths to confuse and confound him. The only person who is safe is He Whom Allah protects.

It is confirmed in the Sahih that he (the Prophet) said,
« مَا مِنْكُمْ مِنْ أَحَدٍ إِلَّا قَدْ وُكِّلَ بِهِ قَرِينُهُ »

(There is not a single one of you except that his companion (a devil) has been assigned to him.) They (the Companions) said, “What about you, O Messenger of Allah” He replied,
« نَعَمْ، إِلَّا أَنَّ اللهَ أَعَانَنِي عَلَيْهِ فَأَسْلَمَ، فَلَا يَأْمُرُنِي إِلَّا بِخَيْرٍ »

(Yes. However, Allah has helped me against him and he has accepted Islam. Thus, he only commands me to do good.) It is also confirmed in the Two Sahihs from Anas, who reported the story of Safiyyah when she came to visit the Prophet while he was performing I`tikaf, that he went out with her during the night to walk her back to her house. So, two men from the Ansar met him (on the way). When they saw the Prophet, they began walking swiftly. So, the Messenger of Allah said,
« عَلَى رِسْلِكُمَا، إِنَّهَا صَفِيَّةُ بِنْتُ حُيَيَ »

(Slow down! This is Safiyyah bint Huyay!) They said, “Glory be to Allah, O Messenger of Allah!” He said,
« إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ يَجْرِي مِنِ ابْنِ آدَمَ مَجْرَى الدَّم، وَإِنِّي خَشِيتُ أَنْ يَقْذِفَ فِي قُلُوبِكُمَا شَيْئًا، أَوْ قَالَ: شَرًّا »

(Verily, Shaytan runs in the Son of Adam like the running of the blood. And verily, I feared that he might cast something into your hearts – or he said evil.) Sa`id bin Jubayr reported that Ibn `Abbas said concerning Allah’s statement,
﴿ ٱلۡوَسۡوَاسِ ٱلۡخَنَّاسِ ﴾

(The whisperer (Al-Waswas) who withdraws.) “The devil who is squatting (perched) upon the heart of the Son of Adam. So when he becomes absentminded and heedless he whispers. Then, when he remembers Allah he withdraws.” Mujahid and Qatadah also said this.

Al-Mu`tamir bin Sulayman reported that his father said, “It has been mentioned to me that Shaytan is Al-Waswas. He blows into the heart of the Son of Adam when he is sad and when he is happy. But when he (man) remembers Allah, Shaytan withdraws.” Al-`Awfi reported from Ibn `Abbas;
﴿ ٱلۡوَسۡوَاسِ ﴾

(The whisperer.) “He is Shaytan. He whispers and then when he is obeyed, he withdraws.” As for Allah’s saying;
﴿ ٱلَّذِى يُوَسۡوِسُ فِى صُدُورِ ٱلنَّاسِ ﴾

(Who whispers in the breasts of An-Nas.) Is this specific for the Children of Adam as is apparent, or is it general, including both mankind and Jinns

There are two views concerning this. This is because they (the Jinns) are also included in the usage of the word An-Nas (the people) in most cases.

Ibn Jarir said, “The phrase Rijalun min Al-Jinn (Men from the Jinns) has been used in reference to them, so it is not strange for the word An-Nas to be applied to them also.” Then Allah says,
﴿ مِنَ ٱلۡجِنَّةِ وَٱلنَّاسِ ﴾

(Of Jinn and An-Nas.) Is this explanatory of Allah’s statement,
﴿ ٱلَّذِى يُوَسۡوِسُ فِى صُدُورِ ٱلنَّاسِ ﴾

(Who whispers in the breasts of An-Nas.) Then, Allah explains this by saying,
﴿ مِنَ ٱلۡجِنَّةِ وَٱلنَّاسِ ﴾

(Of Jinn and An-Nas.) This is supportive of the second view. It has also been said that Allah’s saying,
﴿ مِنَ ٱلۡجِنَّةِ وَٱلنَّاسِ ﴾

(Of Jinn and An-Nas) is an explanation of who is it that whispers into the breasts of mankind from the devils of mankind and Jinns. This is similar to Allah’s saying,
﴿ وَكَذَٲلِكَ جَعَلۡنَا لِكُلِّ نَبِىٍّ عَدُوًّ۬ا شَيَـٰطِينَ ٱلۡإِنسِ وَٱلۡجِنِّ يُوحِى بَعۡضُهُمۡ إِلَىٰ بَعۡضٍ۬ زُخۡرُفَ ٱلۡقَوۡلِ غُرُورً۬ا‌ۚ ﴾

(And so We have appointed for every Prophet enemies — Shayatin among mankind and Jinn, inspiring one another with adorned speech as a delusion.) (6:112) Imam Ahmad recorded that Ibn `Abbas said, “A man came to the Prophet and said, `O Messenger of Allah! Sometimes I say things to myself that I would rather fall from the sky than say (aloud openly). ‘The Prophet said,
« اللهُ أَكْبَرُ، اللهُ أَكْبَرٌ الْحَمْدُ للهِ الَّذِي رَدَّ كَيْدَهُ إِلَى الْوَسْوَسَةِ »

(Allah is Most Great! Allah is Most Great! All praise is due to Allah Who sent his (Shaytan’s) plot back as only a whisper.)” Abu Dawud and An-Nasa’i also recorded this Hadith.

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

On Speaking Good or Remaining Silent:

We have learned here that the Prophet سلى الله علىه و سلم was oppressed by becoming bewitched by an evil doer. Though Allah عزوجل revealed the truth to him (The Prophetسلى الله علىه و سلم), He chose restraint by refusing to make this evil known to the people. His obedience and fear of Allah عزوجل can be seen in this action as there would have been no blame on him (The Prophet سلى الله علىه و سلم) for making this matter known due to Allah’s saying;

لَّا يُحِبُّ اللَّهُ الْجَهْرَ بِالسُّوءِ مِنَ الْقَوْلِ إِلَّا مَن ظُلِمَ ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ سَمِيعًا عَلِيمًا

“Allah does not like that the evil should be uttered in public except by him who has been wronged. And Allah is Ever All-Hearer, All-Knower.”

(Surah An-Nisa, 4:148)

The Prophet سلى الله علىه و سلم was very kind and merciful with the believers, by Allah’s Mercy. He thought of the hearts of the believers before deciding upon actions. His care in this matter made him empathetic, understanding the sensitivity and vulnerability of mankind to their naafs and their enemy- Shaytan. Prophet Muhammad سلى الله علىه و سلم, by Allah’s permission, understood the heart of mankind very well and refused to do anything (even the permissible in some cases) to weaken its resolve.

Prophet Muhammad سلى الله علىه و سلم chose not to speak on a matter in which He had proof. How many of us speak thoughtlessly on matters of which only our suspicions support? May Allah forgive us, Ameen. Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;

وَلَا تَقْفُ مَا لَيْسَ لَكَ بِهِ عِلْمٌ ۚ إِنَّ السَّمْعَ وَالْبَصَرَ وَالْفُؤَادَ كُلُّ أُولَٰئِكَ كَانَ عَنْهُ مَسْئُولًا

“And follow not (O man i.e., say not, or do not or witness not), that of which you have no knowledge. Verily, the hearing, and the sight, and the heart, of each of those one will be questioned by (Allah).”

(Surah Al-Isra, 17:36)

The believer should understand that He/she is never defenseless in their pursuit of justice. They must understand that Allah is;

Al Wailyy (The Guardian Lord), the Ruler who guides, protects, guards, and supports HIs believing Servants by delivering them from the darkness of disbelief, doubt, and hesitation, into the light of plain, clear, explained, easy, and unequivocal truth. The protector and ally of those who believe in Him and His messengers. The Ally. The Protector. The close protecting friend.

Duaa is the weapon of the believer;

Abu Darda reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “No Muslim servant supplicates for his brother behind his back but that the angel says: And for you the same.”

(Source: Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2732)

May Allah عزوجل keep you and all the Muslims safe from evildoers. Ameen.

One must be careful what they say to others. Especially what they say to those who are in they are in authority over as Allah says in The Qur’an;

الَّذِي يُوَسْوِسُ فِي صُدُورِ النَّاسِ

مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ وَالنَّاسِ

“Who whispers into the heart of mankind, from the jinn and mankind.”

(Surah An-Nas, 114:5-6)

Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari رضى الله عنه: That the Prophet (ﷺ) was asked: “Which of the Muslims is most virtuous?” He said: “The one from (the harm of) whose tongue and hand (other) Muslims are safe.”

(Jami` at-Tirmidhi 2628)

Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri رضى الله عنه narrated (that the Prophet ﷺ) said:“When the son of Adam wakes up in the morning, all of his body parts bow to the tongue and say: ‘Fear Allah regarding us, we are only part of you. If you are straight we are straight and if you are crooked we are crooked.”

(Jami` at-Tirmidhi 2407)

‘Uqbah bin’ Amir رضى الله عنه narrated:“I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! What is the means to salvation?’ He said: ‘That you control your tongue, suffice yourself your house, and cry over your sins.’ 

(Jami` at-Tirmidhi 2406)

Whispering evil to others, is a form of witchcraft that causes one to loose connection with themselves through Cognitive Dissonance. Those who tread this path of becoming disconnected with themselves (their inherent goodness, talents, mental abilities from Allah) will ultimately become disconnected from Allahعزوجل and more given to catering and appealing to the desires of others. This is shirk. This also causes anxiety, depression, obsessive and compulsive disorders, personality disorders, among other ailments making one a prime target for jinn possession.

It is especially important to avoid this evil behavior with children. One should not tell children they are selfish, mean, etc. as they are young in development an (mainly) a product of their environment. Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;

وَقُل لِّعِبَادِي يَقُولُوا الَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ ۚ إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ يَنزَغُ بَيْنَهُمْ ۚ إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ كَانَ لِلْإِنسَانِ عَدُوًّا مُّبِينًا

“Say to My servants that they should (only) say those things that are best: for Satan doth sow dissensions among them: for Satan is to man an avowed enemy.”

(Surah Al-Isra, 17:53)

Our beloved Prophet Muhammad ﷺ has given us an excellent example of correct behavior towards those under our care;

Anas (رضى الله عنه) reported:I never felt any piece of velvet or silk softer than the palm of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), nor did I smell any fragrance more pleasant than the smell of Messenger of Allah (ﷺ). I served him for ten years, and he never said ‘Uff’ (an expression of disgust) to me. He never said ‘why did you do that?’ for something I had done, nor did he ever say ‘why did you not do such and such’ for something I had not done.

[Al- Bukhari and Muslim] .

If someone follows the evil that you have inspired in their heart it could be a means of misguidance for them and you will be responsible for hindering others from the path of Allah;

مَّنَّاعٍ لِّلْخَيْرِ مُعْتَدٍ مُّرِيبٍ

“Hinder of good, transgressor, doubter.” (Pickthall)

“Everyone who hindered good, was aggressive, caused others to doubt.” (Abdul Haleem)

(Surah Qaf, 50:25)

It is common for those who have been mistreated by these evil ways during their childhood, to treat their children in a similar manner. This is why it is imperative educate oneself about in matters of The Religion of Al-Islam and to submit oneself to Allah and following His Messenger, completely.

Surely, there will be test and trials that arise from those around us as Allahعزوجل says in The Qur’an;

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنَّ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِكُمْ وَأَوْلَادِكُمْ عَدُوًّا لَّكُمْ فَاحْذَرُوهُمْ ۚ وَإِن تَعْفُوا وَتَصْفَحُوا وَتَغْفِرُوا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

“O you who believe! Verily, among your wives and your children there are enemies for you (who may stop you from the obedience of Allah); therefore beware of them! But if you pardon (them) and overlook, and forgive (their faults), then verily Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”

(Surah At-Taghabun, 64:14)

Allahعزوجل directs the believers to be a benefit and source of safety to those members of our families who are enemies to us. This courageous act is a means of purification for the one who performs it and a means of feeling nearness to Allah’s Mercy to the one who benefits from it (this act). This practice is a means by which both hearts are softened, as Allah says in The Qur’an;

وَلَا تَسْتَوِي الْحَسَنَةُ وَلَا السَّيِّئَةُ ۚ ادْفَعْ بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ فَإِذَا الَّذِي بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَهُ عَدَاوَةٌ كَأَنَّهُ وَلِيٌّ حَمِيمٌ

وَمَا يُلَقَّاهَا إِلَّا الَّذِينَ صَبَرُوا وَمَا يُلَقَّاهَا إِلَّا ذُو حَظٍّ عَظِيمٍ

“The good deed and the evil deed cannot be equal. Repel (the evil) with one which is better (i.e. Allah orders the faithful believers to be patient at the time of anger, and to excuse those who treat them badly) then verily he, between whom and you there was enmity, (will become) as though he was a close friend.

But none is granted it (the above quality) except those who are patient-and none is granted it except the owner of the great portion (of happiness in the Hereafter i.e. Paradise and of high moral character) in this world.”

(Surat Fussilat, 41:34-35)

May Allah عزوجل make us of those who have this beautiful quality of patience and a owners of a great reward. Ameen yaa Allah.

May we always remember;

Tariq رضى الله عنه reported: Abdullah ibn Mas’ud رضى الله عنه, said, “Verily, the best speech is the book of Allah, and the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him.”

(Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 5747)

We must deliver The Speech of Allah عزوجل in the most beautiful way through our manners and actions;

It was narrated from Abu Hurairah رضى الله عنهthat the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:“Allah is Gentle and loves gentleness, and He grants reward for it that He does not grant for harshness.”

(Sunan Ibn Majah 3688)

Showing patience, forgiveness, sabr, gentleness among other good qualities in your homes dear brothers and sisters will bring about tranquility. When coupled with seeking knowledge of the Deen, the members of that household (by Allah’s will) become strong rooted, confident, bright, members of society and examples for the Ummah.

We must strive to raise our families upon goodness and ask Allah to forgive us and set right our affairs when we fall short. We must also take account of ourselves and our behaviors and pray for those whom we have harmed;

Narrated Abu Huraira رضى الله عنه:

That he heard the Prophet (ﷺ) saying, “O Allah! If I should ever abuse a believer, please let that be a means of bringing him near to You on the Day of Resurrection.”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 6361)

We should also be constant in duaa for a righteous spouse and offspring;

وَالَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا هَبْ لَنَا مِنْ أَزْوَاجِنَا وَذُرِّيَّاتِنَا قُرَّةَ أَعْيُنٍ وَاجْعَلْنَا لِلْمُتَّقِينَ إِمَامًا

“And those who say; “Our Lord! Bestow on us from our wives and our offspring the comfort of our eyes, and make us leaders of the Muttaqun (the pious).”

(Surah Al-Furqan, 25:74)

And for those who wish evil upon us we should resolve to get them out no further than they have gotten you out;

Narrated Ibn Abi Mulaika رضى الله عنه:

`Aisha رضى الله عنه said,” The Jews came to the Prophet (ﷺ) and said to him, “As-Samu ‘Alaika (ie, Death be upon you).” He replied,’ The same on you. ‘ Aisha said to them, “Death be upon you, and may Allah curse you and shower His wrath upon you!” Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) I said, “Be gentle and calm, O` Aisha! Be gentle and beware of being harsh and of saying evil things. ” She said, “Didn’t you hear what they said?” He said, “Didn’t you hear what I replied (to them)? Have returned their statement to them, and my invocation against them will be accepted but theirs against me will not be accepted.”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 6401)

One should question His/herself often about how the beneficial knowledge that has reached them (Islam) is benefiting himself/herself and those around them? Are they wronging themselves and others with the knowledge?

Beneficial knowledge and abilities are all amanah from Allahعزوجل, The Most Merciful. One should not resolve to withholding giving from this amanah due to their own shortcomings or due to a fear of failing. It is Allah’s aid that we beseech for help.

We should also not be too harsh with others by seeking out their faults. Muslims are mirrors as well as friends and protectors of one another. Allahعزوجل uses us as guideposts for one another and if we see the error in our brother and sister a similar error can be seen within ourselves. Allah عزوجل says in the Qur’an;

فَاعْلَمْ أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لِذَنبِكَ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ مُتَقَلَّبَكُمْ وَمَثْوَاكُمْ

“So know (O Muhammad) that, La ilaha illallah (none has the right to be worshiped but Allah), and ask forgiveness for your sin, and also for (the sin of) believing men and believing women. And Allah knows well your moving about, and your place of rest (in your homes).”

(Surah Muhammad, 47:19)

This is like Prophet Yusef’s عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ saying;

وَمَا أُبَرِّئُ نَفْسِي ۚ إِنَّ النَّفْسَ لَأَمَّارَةٌ بِالسُّوءِ إِلَّا مَا رَحِمَ رَبِّي ۚ إِنَّ رَبِّي غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

“And I free not myself (from the blame). Verily, the (human) self is inclined to evil, except when my Lord bestows His Mercy (upon whom He wills). Verily, my Lord is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”

(Surah Yusuf, 12:53)

Many people speak from a place of their own insecurities, doubts, and fears. It is from this internal waswas that many people connect with the world around them. We constantly seek refuge in Allah from the evil within ourselves. We must also be constant in protecting others from our evil we won’t become a helper of our enemy- Shaytan.

Silence is a powerful weapon against this evil;

Narrated Abu Huraira رضى الله عنه:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, should not hurt his neighbor and whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, should serve his guest generously and whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, should speak what is good or keep silent. “

(Sahih al-Bukhari 6136)

We must also fortify ourselves and seek the cure for the sicknesses of our hearts with the words of Allah عزوجل as our Beloved Prophet ﷺ did;

Narrated `Aisha رضى الله عنه:

The Prophet ﷺ, during his fatal ailment used to blow (on his hands and pass them) over his body while reciting the Mu’auwidhat (Surat-an-Nas and Surat-al-Falaq). When his disease got aggravated, I used to recite them for him and blow (on his hands) and let him pass his hands over his body because of its blessing. (Ma`mar asked Ibn Shihab: How did he use to do Nafth? He said: He used to blow on his hands and then pass them over his face.)

(Sahih al-Bukhari 5751)

May Allah grant us success in this affair. Ameen.

Finding The One.

“Unworthiness keeps many of us from finding “The One”.

-Umm Nadia

Many of us search our whole lives for “The One”. The wise ones among mankind take their time in looking for potential mates who can meet their spiritual, physical, mental, and emotional needs. Others walk haphazardly into these affairs, hoping that the fairy tale in their minds might come to pass despite all odds.

Though the approach (if done in a halal manner) by the former group is better than that of the latter, the premise of both is wrong.

The search for “The One” in another human being is a futile effort. In all actuality, this search for “The One” keeps one back from finding “The One”.

The desire to find a spouse who is “The One” stems from a place of lack that often resides in an un-actualized human being. This desire stems from the need of the heart to feel whole and alive through a human being.

One must understand that it is only Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى who gives life to the dead, including dead hearts, and that it is He, only He who can identify and treat the feelings of inadequacies within a human being;

ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ الْحَقُّ وَأَنَّهُ يُحْيِي الْمَوْتَىٰ وَأَنَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

“That is because Allah: He is the Truth, and it is He Who gives life to the dead, and it is He Who is Able to do all things.”

(Surah Al-Hajj, 22:6)

Marriage in Islam is half of the religion, not half of the person;

Anas ibn Malik رضى الله عنهreported: The Messenger of Allah ﷺ , said,

“Whoever Allah provides with a righteous wife, Allah has assisted him in half of his religion. Let him fear Allah regarding the second half.”

(Source: al-Mu’jam al-Awsaṭ 992)

The purpose of marriage is to act as a shield from evil, a source of comfort, a means for filling desires, and a foundation upon which one can build a family unit.

Many people mistake marriage as a source for healing childhood wounds, previous disappointments in relationships, and so on. While marriage can provide some source of comfort in this area that can be acheived only after one has identified these deep rooted issues and has decided upon a change in behavior within his or her own heart. Marriage does not automatically do this.

Though, if Allahسُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى‎ wills, marriage can make one realize their deep rooted issues and often this is accompanied by trials which has the potential to bring about growth. However, for those who are single and who have a desire for marriage they will benefit from understanding that being single has its benefits.

It is in these moments of solitude that one can truly find “The One” and that is Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى‎.

Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى‎ is;

Al Ahad. That means He is The One, The Perfect, The Unique.

How often do we search for these qualities in another human being hoping that it will bring out all of the love within us? Why don’t we realize now that all we truly desire is Allah عزوجل however, we are directing that desire towards his creation?

Allah عزوجل is the only ONE who can make us feel complete and whole, who can make our hearts filled with joy and an over-pouring of love. When we draw close to our Lord it is then that He can aid us by showing us the sicknesses within our hearts that make us feel unworthy–that make us seek his creation and the material things of this world for happiness instead of Him. It is only through this healing that we can truly be ready to fulfill half of our religion though marriage and have the spiritual skills and fortitude, by Allah’sعزوجل Mercy, to be mindful of the other half of our religion.

Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مَا لَكُمْ إِذَا قِيلَ لَكُمُ انفِرُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ اثَّاقَلْتُمْ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ ۚ أَرَضِيتُم بِالْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا مِنَ الْآخِرَةِ ۚ فَمَا مَتَاعُ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا فِي الْآخِرَةِ إِلَّا قَلِيلٌ

“O you who believe! What is the matter with you, that when you are asked to march forth in the Cause of Allah (i.e. Jihad) you cling heavily to the earth? Are you pleased with the life of this world rather than the Hereafter? But little is the enjoyment of the life of this world as compared with the Hereafter.”

(Surah At-Taubah, 9:38)

How many of us busy ourselves with the things of this world (our spouse, family, wealthy, property) and leave off finding Al-Ahad? Jihad al-nafs is the fight against ones own soul which can only be successful with the aid of Allah.

Fadalah ibn Ubaid رضي الله عنه reported: The Messenger of Allah ﷺ, said during the final pilgrimage, “Have I not informed you? The believer is the one who is trusted with the lives and wealth of people. The Muslim is the one from whose tongue and hand people are safe. The one striving in jihad in the way of Allah is the one who wages jihad against himself in obedience to Allah. The emigrant is one who emigrates away from sins and evil deeds.

(Source: Musnad Aḥmad 23438)

Abu Huraira رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰه reported: The Messenger of Allahﷺ , peace and blessings be upon him, said,

“The strong are not those who defeat people. Rather, the strong are those who defeat their ego.”

(Source: Mushkil al-Āthār 1426)

The companions understood the importance of Jihad al-nafs;

Hannan ibn Kharija reported: I said to Abdullah ibn ‘Amr, may Allah be pleased with him, “What do you say about jihad and military campaigns?” Abdullah said, “Begin with your soul and wage jihad against it. Begin with your soul and wage a military campaign against it.”

(Source: Muḥāsabat al-Nafs 62)

Abu Nu’aym reported: Ibrahim ibn Adham, may Allah have mercy on him, said, “The most difficult jihad is the jihad against desire. Whoever can restrain his soul from its desires will be relieved from the world and its trials, and he will be protected and safe from its harms.”

(Source: Ḥilyat al-Awliyā’ 8/18)

Allah says in The Qur’an;

قَدْ أَفْلَحَ مَن تَزَكَّىٰ

“Indeed whosoever purifies himself shall achieve success.”

(Surah Al-A’la, 87:14)

We can never look to other human beings to be our source of complete comfort as this tantamount to shirk and due to mankinds inability to attain perfection.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنَّ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِكُمْ وَأَوْلَادِكُمْ عَدُوًّا لَّكُمْ فَاحْذَرُوهُمْ ۚ وَإِن تَعْفُوا وَتَصْفَحُوا وَتَغْفِرُوا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

“O you who believe! Verily, among your wives and your children there are enemies for you (who may stop you from the obedience of Allah); therefore beware of them! But if you pardon (them) and overlook and forgive (their faults), then verily Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”

(Surah At-Taghabun, 64:14)

Finding “The One” is finding Allah عزوجل. For He is the healing for our hearts, success in this life and the next. I leave you my dear brothers and sisters Allah’s beautiful ayah in hopes that you will reflect and remember;

لَهُ دَعْوَةُ الْحَقِّ ۖ وَالَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِهِ لَا يَسْتَجِيبُونَ لَهُم بِشَيْءٍ إِلَّا كَبَاسِطِ كَفَّيْهِ إِلَى الْمَاءِ لِيَبْلُغَ فَاهُ وَمَا هُوَ بِبَالِغِهِ ۚ وَمَا دُعَاءُ الْكَافِرِينَ إِلَّا فِي ضَلَالٍ

وَلِلَّهِ يَسْجُدُ مَن فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ طَوْعًا وَكَرْهًا وَظِلَالُهُم بِالْغُدُوِّ وَالْآصَالِ

قُلْ مَن رَّبُّ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ قُلِ اللَّهُ ۚ قُلْ أَفَاتَّخَذْتُم مِّن دُونِهِ أَوْلِيَاءَ لَا يَمْلِكُونَ لِأَنفُسِهِمْ نَفْعًا وَلَا ضَرًّا ۚ قُلْ هَلْ يَسْتَوِي الْأَعْمَىٰ وَالْبَصِيرُ أَمْ هَلْ تَسْتَوِي الظُّلُمَاتُ وَالنُّورُ ۗ أَمْ جَعَلُوا لِلَّهِ شُرَكَاءَ خَلَقُوا كَخَلْقِهِ فَتَشَابَهَ الْخَلْقُ عَلَيْهِمْ ۚ قُلِ اللَّهُ خَالِقُ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَهُوَ الْوَاحِدُ الْقَهَّارُ

“For Him (Allah, Alone) is the Word of Truth (i.e., none has the right to be worshiped but Allah). And those whom they (polytheists and disbelievers) invoke besides Him, answer them no more than one who stretches forth his hand (at the edge of a deep well) for water to reach his mouth, but it reaches him not; and the invocation of the disbelievers is nothing but an error (i.e., of no use).

And to Allah (Alone) falls in prostration whoever is in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly, and so do their shadows in the morning and in the afternoons.

Say (O Muhammad ﷺ): “Who is the Lord of the heavens and the earth?” Say: “(It is) Allah.” Say: “Have you then taken (for worship) Auliya’ (protectors) other than Him, such as have no power either for benefit or for harm to themselves?” Say: “Is the blind equal to the one who sees? Or darkness equal to the light? Or do they assign to Allah partners who created the like of His creation, so that the creation (which they made and His creation) seemed alike to them?” Say: “Allah is the Creator of all things; and He is the One, the Irresistible.”

(Surah Ar-Ra’d, 14-16)

28:69

The Evidence Must Be Established

وَرَبُّكَ يَعْلَمُ مَا تُكِنُّ صُدُورُهُمْ وَمَا يُعْلِنُونَ

“And your Lord knows what their breasts conceal, and what they reveal.”

(Surah Al-Qasas, 28:69)

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about this ayah:

Allah Alone is the One Who has the Power of Creation, Knowledge and Choice

Allah tells us that He is the only One Who has the power to create and make decisions, and there is no one who can dispute with Him in that or reverse His judgment. His saying:
﴿ وَرَبُّكَ يَخۡلُقُ مَا يَشَآءُ وَيَخۡتَارُ‌ۗ ﴾

(And your Lord creates whatsoever He wills and chooses,) means, whatever He wills, for what He wills, happens; and what He does not will, does not happen. All things, good and bad alike, are in His Hands and will return to Him.
﴿ مَا ڪَانَ لَهُمُ ٱلۡخِيَرَةُ‌ۚ ﴾

(no choice have they.) is a negation, according to the correct view. This is like the Ayah,
﴿ وَمَا كَانَ لِمُؤۡمِنٍ۬ وَلَا مُؤۡمِنَةٍ إِذَا قَضَى ٱللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ ۥۤ أَمۡرًا أَن يَكُونَ لَهُمُ ٱلۡخِيَرَةُ مِنۡ أَمۡرِهِمۡۗ ﴾

(It is not for a believer, man or woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decreed a matter that they should have any option in their decision) (33:36). Then Allah says:
﴿ وَرَبُّكَ يَعۡلَمُ مَا تُكِنُّ صُدُورُهُمۡ وَمَا يُعۡلِنُونَ ﴾

(And your Lord knows what their breasts conceal, and what they reveal.) He knows what is hidden in their hearts, just as He knows what they do openly.
﴿ سَوَآءٌ۬ مِّنكُم مَّنۡ أَسَرَّ ٱلۡقَوۡلَ وَمَن جَهَرَ بِهِۦ وَمَنۡ هُوَ مُسۡتَخۡفِۭ بِٱلَّيۡلِ وَسَارِبُۢ بِٱلنَّہَارِ ﴾

(It is the same whether any of you conceals his speech or declares it openly, whether he be hid by night or goes forth freely by day.) (13:10).
﴿ وَهُوَ ٱللَّهُ لَآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ‌ۖ ﴾

(And He is Allah; La ilaha illa Huwa,) meaning, He is unique in His divinity, for none is to be worshipped besides Him, and there is no lord who can create what he wills and chooses besides Him.
﴿ لَهُ ٱلۡحَمۡدُ فِى ٱلۡأُولَىٰ وَٱلۡأَخِرَةِ‌ۖ ﴾

(His is the praise, in the first and in the last,) in all that He does, He is to be praised for His justice and wisdom.
﴿ وَلَهُ ٱلۡحُكۡمُ ﴾

(His is the decision,) that none can put back, because of His might, power, wisdom and mercy.
﴿ وَإِلَيۡهِ تُرۡجَعُونَ ﴾

(and to Him shall you be returned.) means, all of you on the Day of Resurrection, and everyone will be rewarded or punished according to his deeds, good and evil alike, and absolutely none of their deeds will be concealed from Him.

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

In order to gain a deeper understanding, let’s look at the ayahs which come before and after the above-mentioned ayah;

وَرَبُّكَ يَخْلُقُ مَا يَشَاءُ وَيَخْتَارُ ۗ مَا كَانَ لَهُمُ الْخِيَرَةُ ۚ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَتَعَالَىٰ عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ

وَرَبُّكَ يَعْلَمُ مَا تُكِنُّ صُدُورُهُمْ وَمَا يُعْلِنُونَ

وَهُوَ اللَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ۖ لَهُ الْحَمْدُ فِي الْأُولَىٰ وَالْآخِرَةِ ۖ وَلَهُ الْحُكْمُ وَإِلَيْهِ تُرْجَعُونَ

“And you Lord creates whatsoever He wills and chooses: no choice have they (in any matter). Glorified is Allah, an exalted above all that they associate (as partners with Him). And your Lord knows what their breast conceal, and what they reveal. And He is Allah: La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshiped but He), His are all praise and thanks (both) in the first (i.e. in this world) and in the last (i.e, in the Hereafter). And for Him is the Decision, and to Him shall you (all) be returned.”

(Surah Al-Qasas, 28:68-70)

Excerpt from Tafsir As Sa’di about these ayah:

In these verses it is stated that Allah is the Creator o f all creation, all creatures are subject to His will, and He alone chooses whomever and whatever He will of people, commands, times and places; no one has any control or choice in the matter; He is far above all that they ascribe to Him o f partners, helpers, supporters, children, spouses and so on, that the polytheists ascribe to Him; and He knows what their hearts conceal and what they disclose.

He alone is deserving of worship and praise in this world and the hereafter, for what He possesses of the attributes of majesty and beauty, and for what He bestows upon His creation o f kindness and grace. He is the One Who issues decrees in both realms, in this world by means of His universal decree, that impacts all that He creates, and
by means o f His religious decree which impacts all laws, commands
and prohibitions.

In the hereafter. He will issue decrees o f requital. Hence He says: ((and to Him you will be brought back]) and He will requite each one of you for his deeds, good or bad.

(Tafsir As Sa’di)

How many of us rebel against the decree of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ due to our egos and own vain desires? One must realize that it is Allah who knows the secrets of the heavens and the Earth and He is The Wali (Protector) over those who believe. Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ says in the Qur’an;

أَحَسِبَ النَّاسُ أَن يُتْرَكُوا أَن يَقُولُوا آمَنَّا وَهُمْ لَا يُفْتَنُونَ

وَلَقَدْ فَتَنَّا الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ ۖ فَلَيَعْلَمَنَّ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ صَدَقُوا وَلَيَعْلَمَنَّ الْكَاذِبِينَ

أَمْ حَسِبَ الَّذِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ السَّيِّئَاتِ أَن يَسْبِقُونَا ۚ سَاءَ مَا يَحْكُمُونَ

مَن كَانَ يَرْجُو لِقَاءَ اللَّهِ فَإِنَّ أَجَلَ اللَّهِ لَآتٍ ۚ وَهُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ

وَمَن جَاهَدَ فَإِنَّمَا يُجَاهِدُ لِنَفْسِهِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَغَنِيٌّ عَنِ الْعَالَمِينَ

وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَنُكَفِّرَنَّ عَنْهُمْ سَيِّئَاتِهِمْ وَلَنَجْزِيَنَّهُمْ أَحْسَنَ الَّذِي كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

وَوَصَّيْنَا الْإِنسَانَ بِوَالِدَيْهِ حُسْنًا ۖ وَإِن جَاهَدَاكَ لِتُشْرِكَ بِي مَا لَيْسَ لَكَ بِهِ عِلْمٌ فَلَا تُطِعْهُمَا ۚ إِلَيَّ مَرْجِعُكُمْ فَأُنَبِّئُكُم بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ

وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَنُدْخِلَنَّهُمْ فِي الصَّالِحِينَ

وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يَقُولُ آمَنَّا بِاللَّهِ فَإِذَا أُوذِيَ فِي اللَّهِ جَعَلَ فِتْنَةَ النَّاسِ كَعَذَابِ اللَّهِ وَلَئِن جَاءَ نَصْرٌ مِّن رَّبِّكَ لَيَقُولُنَّ إِنَّا كُنَّا مَعَكُمْ ۚ أَوَلَيْسَ اللَّهُ بِأَعْلَمَ بِمَا فِي صُدُورِ الْعَالَمِينَ

وَلَيَعْلَمَنَّ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَلَيَعْلَمَنَّ الْمُنَافِقِينَ

“Do people think that they will be left alone because they say: “We believe”, and will not be tested? And We indeed tested those who were before them. And Allah will certainly make (it) known (the truth of) those who are true, and will certainly make (it) known (the falsehood of) those who are liars, (although Allah knows all that before putting them to test). Or think those who do evil deeds that they can outstrip Us (i.e. escape Our punishment)? Evil is that which they judge! Whoever hopes for the Meeting with Allah, then Allah’s Term is surely coming and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower. And whosoever strives, he strives only for himself. Verily, Allah stands not in need of any of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinn, and all that exists). Those who believe [in the Oneness of Allah (Monotheism) and in Messenger Muhammad ﷺ, and do not give up their faith because of the harm they receive from the polytheists], and do righteous good deeds, surely, We shall expiate from them their evil deeds and shall reward them according to the best of that which they used to do. And We have enjoined on man to be good and dutiful to his parents; but if they strive to make you join with Me (in worship) anything (as a partner) of which you have no knowledge, then obey them not. To Me is your return and I shall tell you what you used to do. And as for those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah and the other articles of Faith) and do righteous good deeds, surely, We shall make them enter with (in the entrance of) the righteous (in Paradise). Of mankind are some who say: “We believe in Allah.” But if they are made to suffer for the sake of Allah, they consider the trial of mankind as Allah’s punishment; and if victory comes from your Lord, (the hypocrites) will say: “Verily we were with you (helping you).” Is not Allah Best Aware of what is in the breast of the Alamin (mankind and jinn). Verily, Allah knows those who believe, and verily, He knows the hypocrites [i.e. Allah will test the people with good and hard days to discriminate the good from the wicked although Allah knows all that before putting them to test].”

(Surah Al- ‘Ankabut, 29:2-11)

Being impatient in trials can lead one to loose hope in Allah which is surely a loss of faith. As it has been said by Prophet Ibrahim عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ;

يَا بَنِيَّ اذْهَبُوا فَتَحَسَّسُوا مِن يُوسُفَ وَأَخِيهِ وَلَا تَيْأَسُوا مِن رَّوْحِ اللَّهِ ۖ إِنَّهُ لَا يَيْأَسُ مِن رَّوْحِ اللَّهِ إِلَّا الْقَوْمُ الْكَافِرُونَ

“…and never give up hope of Allah’s Mercy. Certainly, no one despairs of Allah’s Mercy, except people who disbelieve.”

(Surah Yusuf, 12:87)

Allah says in The Qur’an:

كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الْقِتَالُ وَهُوَ كُرْهٌ لَّكُمْ ۖ وَعَسَىٰ أَن تَكْرَهُوا شَيْئًا وَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ ۖ وَعَسَىٰ أَن تُحِبُّوا شَيْئًا وَهُوَ شَرٌّ لَّكُمْ ۗ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ وَأَنتُمْ لَا تَعْلَمُونَ

“Jihad (holy fighting in Allah’s cause) is ordained for you (Muslims) though you dislike it, an it may be that you dislike a thing which is good for you and that you like a thing which is bad for you. Allah knows and you do not know.”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:216)

Narrated Abu Huraira رضي الله عنه:

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “The (Hell) Fire is surrounded by all kinds of desires and passions, while Paradise is surrounded by all kinds of disliked undesirable things.”

Sahih Al-Bukhari

Oh you who believe! Be patient with whatever Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ has decreed for you and know that after every difficulty comes ease. Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ reminds us in The Qur’an;

وَاسْتَعِينُوا بِالصَّبْرِ وَالصَّلَاةِ ۚ وَإِنَّهَا لَكَبِيرَةٌ إِلَّا عَلَى الْخَاشِعِينَ

“And seek help in patience and As-Salat (the prayers) and truly it is extremely heavy and hard except for Al-Kashi’un [i.e., the true believers in Allah – those who obey Allah with full submission, fear much from His Punishment, and believe in His Promise (Paradise) and in His Warnings (Hell)].

(Surah Al-Baraqah, 2:45)

One must tread the path of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ with humility- not thinking to highly of his or herself yet living in a most honorable way (according to Islam). That is what is most fitting and just to ones soul.

A true believer must constantly check their heart and be ready discard the foolish personal preferences, tastes, and desires developed in dunya in order to fulfill the rights of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ as He says in The Qur’an;

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا ادْخُلُوا فِي السِّلْمِ كَافَّةً وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا خُطُوَاتِ الشَّيْطَانِ ۚ إِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُّبِينٌ

“O you who believe! Enter perfectly in Islam (by obeying all the rules and regulations of the Islamic religion) and follow not the footsteps of Shaitan (Satan). Verily, he is to you a plain enemy.”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:208)

and;

وَمَا كَانَ لِمُؤْمِنٍ وَلَا مُؤْمِنَةٍ إِذَا قَضَى اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَمْرًا أَن يَكُونَ لَهُمُ الْخِيَرَةُ مِنْ أَمْرِهِمْ ۗ وَمَن يَعْصِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ ضَلَالًا مُّبِينًا

“It is not for a believer, man or woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decreed a matter that they should have any option in their decision. And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger, he has indeed strayed into a plain error.”

(Surah Al-Ahzab, 33:36)

The believer must understand that there is good in everything that Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ has decreed for them. For the true believer, everything that should be desirable to him/her is on the Path of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ. What lies beyond that is evil, harmful, shameful, and calls to the Hell-fire.

Suhaib رضي الله عنه reported: The Messenger of Allah ﷺ, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

عَجَبًا لِأَمْرِ الْمُؤْمِنِ إِنَّ أَمْرَهُ كُلَّهُ خَيْرٌ وَلَيْسَ ذَاكَ لِأَحَدٍ إِلَّا لِلْمُؤْمِنِ إِنْ أَصَابَتْهُ سَرَّاءُ شَكَرَ فَكَانَ خَيْرًا لَهُ وَإِنْ أَصَابَتْهُ ضَرَّاءُ صَبَرَ فَكَانَ خَيْرًا لَهُ

Wondrous is the affair of the believer for there is good for him in every matter and this is not the case with anyone except the believer. If he is happy, then he thanks Allah and thus there is good for him, and if he is harmed, then he shows patience and thus there is good for him.

Source: Sahih Muslim 2999, Grade: Sahih

One must constantly ask Allah to raise his or her consciousness so that they may understand that everything that happens to them has been preordained. Those who are striving to please Allah may encounter situations that they fear due to past experiences. Fear that drives one to Allah is good for the soul, while fear that drives one away from fulfilling the commands of Allah sends one into the dominion of the Shaytan;

وَآمِنُوا بِمَا أَنزَلْتُ مُصَدِّقًا لِّمَا مَعَكُمْ وَلَا تَكُونُوا أَوَّلَ كَافِرٍ بِهِ ۖ وَلَا تَشْتَرُوا بِآيَاتِي ثَمَنًا قَلِيلًا وَإِيَّايَ فَاتَّقُونِ

“And believe in what I have sent down (this Qur’an), confirming that which is with you, [the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)], and be not the first to disbelieve therein, and buy [get] not with My Verses [the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] a small price (i.e., getting a small gain by selling My Verses), and fear Me and Me Alone. [Tafsir At-Tabari]

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:41)

On the authority of Nawwas ibn Sam’an that the messenger of Allah (sallallahu alyhi wa sallam) said:

“Allah has set forth the following as a parable:

There is a road that leads straight to the destination. On either side of the road there is a wall in which there are open doors with curtains hanging on them. From the remote end of the road, a voice calls, ‘proceed straight and do not turn aside’. Whenever someone intends to lift a curtain from the door another voice calls from above. ‘Beware! Do not lift the curtain; otherwise you will be lured inside’.

The prophet (sallallahu alyhi wa sallaam) explained the parable by saying that the straight path is Islam. the walls are the limits imposed by Allah, the open doors are the things that He has prohibited, the voice which calls from the end of the road is the Quran and the voice which calls from above is Allah’s monitor in the heart of every believer”.

It was declared Hasan Gharib by Tirmidhee and sahih by Hakim #245 with Dhahabi agreeing and Al-Albani , Sahih al-Jami’ #3887

Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ says in The Qur’an;

الشَّيْطَانُ يَعِدُكُمُ الْفَقْرَ وَيَأْمُرُكُم بِالْفَحْشَاءِ ۖ وَاللَّهُ يَعِدُكُم مَّغْفِرَةً مِّنْهُ وَفَضْلًا ۗ وَاللَّهُ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ

“Shaitan (Satan) threatens you with poverty and orders you to commit Fahsha; (evil deeds, illegal sexual intercourse, sins); whereas Allah promises you Forgiveness from Himself and Bounty, and Allah is All-Sufficient for His creatures’ needs, All-Knower.”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:268)

The Muslim man and woman must understand that this world has been made for trials. Dunya is not our real home. We will never feel complete fulfillment unless we are in obedience to Allah by enduring whatever befalls us patiently for His sake;

It was narrated that Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه said: “The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:

‘The strong believer is better and more beloved to Allah than the weak believer, although both are good. Strive for that which will benefit you, seek the help of Allah, and do not feel helpless If anything befalls you, do not say, “if only I had done such and such” rather say “Qaddara Allahu wa ma sha’a fa’ala (Allah has decreed and whatever he wills, he does).” For (saying ) ‘If’ opens (the door) to the deeds of Satan. ”

Sunan Ibn Majah

The trials that we endure here in dunya serve the purpose of establishing the evidence–and that evidence is established first and foremost for or against oneself. Each trial that befalls us is an opportunity to raise in rank or risk loosing any spiritual benefit disobedience and discontent with Allah’s عزوجل decree;

As The Prophet ﷺ said:

إِنَّ عِظَمَ الْجَزَاءِ مَعَ عِظَمِ الْبَلَاءِ وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ إِذَا أَحَبَّ قَوْمًا ابْتَلَاهُمْ فَمَنْ رَضِيَ فَلَهُ الرِّضَا وَمَنْ سَخِطَ فَلَهُ السَّخَطُ

Verily, with greater rewards come greater trials. Verily, when Allah loves a people he will test them. Whoever is pleased will be satisfied, and whoever is displeased will have indignation.

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 2396, Grade: Hasan

The Believer must ask Allah to be successful in the trials that befall them. Also, that trials that come later in a man or woman’s life have tremendous weight on their records. Trials during maturity, once one has gained strength and spiritual insight by Allah’s permission, are an opportunity to show gratitude to Allah عزوجلfor guidance by implementing the lessons one has learned in their younger years.

These trials and the awareness of their weight are both tremendous Mercies from Allahعزوجل. They are both signs that He wants good for His servant by making that person aware of what to avoid and warning Him/her of the dangers of disobedience;

Abdullah (b. Mas’ud) reported that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) who is the most truthful (of the human beings) and his being truthful (is a fact) said:

Verily your creation is on this wise. The constituents of one of you are collected for forty days in his mother’s womb in the form of blood, after which it becomes a clot of blood in another period of forty days. Then it becomes a lump of flesh and forty days later Allah sends His angel to it with instructions concerning four things, so the angel writes down his livelihood, his death, his deeds, his fortune and misfortune. By Him, besides Whom there is no god, that one amongst you acts like the people deserving Paradise until between him and Paradise there remains but the distance of a cubit, when suddenly the writing of destiny overcomes him and he begins to act like the denizens of Hell and thus enters Hell, and another one acts in the way of the denizens of Hell, until there remains between him and Hell a distance of a cubit that the writing of destiny overcomes him and then he begins to act like the people of Paradise and enters Paradise.

Sahih Muslim

And the youth should know that it benefits them greatly to ask Allah عزوجل for wisdom in the youth so that they may learn from the lives of those around them. They must also remember the great reward of Allah’s عزوجل shade on The Day when there will be no shade but His;

Abu Huraira رضي الله عنه reported: The Prophet ﷺ, peace and blessings be upon him, said,

“There are seven whom Allah will shade on a day when there is no shade but his. They are a just ruler, a youth who grew up in the worship of Allah, one whose heart is attached to the mosques, two who love each other, meet each other, and depart from each other for the sake of Allah, a man who is tempted by a beautiful woman of high status but he rejects her, saying , ‘I fear Allah,’ one spends in charity and conceals it such that his right hand does not know what his left hand has given, and one who remembered Allah in private and he wept.”

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 629, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 1031

Grade: Muttafaqun Alayhi (authenticity agreed upon) according to Al-Bukhari and Muslim

My advice to you my dear brothers and sisters is to seek the help of Allah عزوجلthrough patience and prayer, verily He is near. Be more patient than your enemy and declare Allah’s عزوجل praises always. If you keep your duty to Him He has promised to deliver you and those who believe from each and ever difficulty.

Keep the commands of Allah عزوجل and turn to Him in repentance often. This was the way of the righteous slaves before us and from them we have excellent examples.

And know that it is Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ who comes between a man and his heart and know that duaa is your strongest weapon against evil.

Only those who have some fear of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ will heed his corrections so keep yourself amongst the believers and know that duaa is your strongest defense against injustice.

May Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ guide you to his path and grant you firmness upon it until death overtakes you. Ameen yaa Rabb.

100:10

It Will Come Out.

Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an:

وَحُصِّلَ مَا فِي الصُّدُورِ

“And that which is in the breasts (of men) shall be made known.”

(Surah Al-Adiyat, 100:10)

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about this ayah:

The Threat about the Hereafter

Then Allah encourages abstinence from worldly things and striving for the Hereafter, and He informs of what the situation will be after this present condition, and what man will face of horrors. He says,
﴿ أَفَلَا يَعۡلَمُ إِذَا بُعۡثِرَ مَا فِى ٱلۡقُبُورِ ﴾

(Knows he not that when the contents of the graves are poured forth) meaning, the dead that are in it will be brought out.
﴿ وَحُصِّلَ مَا فِى ٱلصُّدُورِ ﴾

(And that which is in the breasts shall be made known) Ibn `Abbas and others have said, “This means what was in their souls would be exposed and made apparent.”
﴿ إِنَّ رَبَّہُم بِہِمۡ يَوۡمَٮِٕذٍ۬ لَّخَبِيرُۢ ﴾

(Verily, that Day their Lord will be Well-Acquainted with them.) meaning, He knows all of that they used to do, and He will compensate them for it with the most deserving reward. He does not do even the slightest amount of injustice.

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

A Discussion on the Breast

In the above ayah, Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى‎ uses the word الصُّدُورِ to describe the breast. This word implies that an action “proceeds from” or “comes out from a place”. This is like the ayah;

يَوْمَئِذٍ يَصْدُرُ النَّاسُ أَشْتَاتًا لِّيُرَوْا أَعْمَالَهُمْ

“That Day mankind will proceed in scattered groups that they may be shown their deeds.”

(Surah Az-Zalzalah, 99:6)

We ask for Allah’s aid to be successful on The Day when the souls are brought forth, Ameen. On The Day when the trumpet shall be blown (and it is near), souls will be brought back to life and brought forth, their hearts leading the way. Those whose breast was filled with shirk and hypocrisy will be taken to their place. Terrified they will come forth unprepared for the horrors ahead. Whilst those whose hearts were attached to Allah, loving Him more than anything else, will come forth in peace and assurance of safety from harm.

Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى‎ says in The Qur’an;

يَوْمَئِذٍ يَصْدُرُ النَّاسُ أَشْتَاتًا لِّيُرَوْا أَعْمَالَهُمْ

فَمَن يَعْمَلْ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ خَيْرًا يَرَهُ

وَمَن يَعْمَلْ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ شَرًّا يَرَهُ

“That Day mankind will proceed in scattered groups that they may be shown their deeds. So whosoever does good equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant) shall see it. And whosoever does evil equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant) shall see it.”

(Surah Az-Zalzalah, 99:6-8)

Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri (رضي الله عنه) reported:

Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “How can I feel at ease when the Angel of the Trumpet, (Israfil) has put his lips to the Trumpet and is waiting for the order to blow it”. He (ﷺ) perceived as if this had shocked his Companions, so he (ﷺ) told them to seek comfort through reciting: ‘Hasbunallah wa ni’mal-Wakil [Allah (Alone) is Sufficient for us, and He is the Best Disposer of affairs (for us)] . “

[At-Tirmidhi]

O, those who believe in Allahسُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى ! I warn you and myself first of this Day! A day when all that is in our breast will be laid out for us to see. In a clear record lacking no default. Giving complete justice as we will be a witness to our own selves.

We must all examine the contents of our breasts (i.e., the attachment to dunya and its worldly things like wealth, children, men or women, jinn, lust and desires.) as nothing is hidden from Allahسُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى !;

وَمَا تَكُونُ فِي شَأْنٍ وَمَا تَتْلُو مِنْهُ مِن قُرْآنٍ وَلَا تَعْمَلُونَ مِنْ عَمَلٍ إِلَّا كُنَّا عَلَيْكُمْ شُهُودًا إِذْ تُفِيضُونَ فِيهِ ۚ وَمَا يَعْزُبُ عَن رَّبِّكَ مِن مِّثْقَالِ ذَرَّةٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا فِي السَّمَاءِ وَلَا أَصْغَرَ مِن ذَٰلِكَ وَلَا أَكْبَرَ إِلَّا فِي كِتَابٍ مُّبِينٍ

“Neither you (O Muhammad ﷺ) do any deed nor recite any portion of the Qur’an- nor you (mankind) do any deed (good or evil) but We are Witness thereof, when you are doing it. And nothing is hidden from your Lord (so much as) the weight of an atom (or small ant) on the earth or in the heaven. Not what is less than that or what is greater than that but is (written) in a Clear Record. (Tafsir At-Tabari).”

(Surah Yunus, 10:61)

Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ says in The Qur’an:

زُيِّنَ لِلنَّاسِ حُبُّ الشَّهَوَاتِ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ وَالْبَنِينَ وَالْقَنَاطِيرِ الْمُقَنطَرَةِ مِنَ الذَّهَبِ وَالْفِضَّةِ وَالْخَيْلِ الْمُسَوَّمَةِ وَالْأَنْعَامِ وَالْحَرْثِ ۗ ذَٰلِكَ مَتَاعُ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا ۖ وَاللَّهُ عِندَهُ حُسْنُ الْمَآبِ

“Beautified for men is the love of things they covet; women, children, much of gold and silver (wealth), branded beautiful horses, cattle and well-tilled land. This is the pleasure of the present world’s life; but Allah has the excellent return (Paradise with flowing rivers) with Him.”

(Surah Al-Imran, 3:14)

Being enamored with the things of this dunya is a characteristic of those who disbelieve;

زُيِّنَ لِلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا وَيَسْخَرُونَ مِنَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا ۘ وَالَّذِينَ اتَّقَوْا فَوْقَهُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ يَرْزُقُ مَن يَشَاءُ بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ

“Beautified is the life of this world for those who disbelieve, and they mock at those who believe. But those who obey Allah’s Orders and keep away from what He has forbidden, will be above them on the Day of Resurrection. And Allah gives (of His Bounty, Blessings, Favors, Honors on the Day of Resurrection) to whom He wills without limit.”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:212)

Those who believe in Allah must remain a traveller in this dunya, not attaching him or herself to anything in it while giving everyone and everything its proper right.

Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Mas’ud (R.A.A.) says that (once) the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) slept on a mat made of date palm leaves and when he awoke the impressions of the mat were visible on his body. We said: ‘O Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) may we prepare a soft bedding for you?’ He said: I have got nothing to do with the world, I am in this world like a rider who halts in the shade of a tree for a short time and after taking some rest resumes his journey leaving the tree behind.

(Imam Tirmizi has reported this tradition calling it as authentic.)

The believer must prevent the breast from swelling with desire and racing for the dunya like horses racing towards battle. The heart of the believer must remain moderate and attached to Allah above all else;

وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يَتَّخِذُ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ أَندَادًا يُحِبُّونَهُمْ كَحُبِّ اللَّهِ ۖ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَشَدُّ حُبًّا لِّلَّهِ ۗ وَلَوْ يَرَى الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا إِذْ يَرَوْنَ الْعَذَابَ أَنَّ الْقُوَّةَ لِلَّهِ جَمِيعًا وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ شَدِيدُ الْعَذَابِ

“And of mankind are some who take (for worship) others besides Allah as rivals (to Allah). They love them as they love Allah. But those who believe, love Allah more (than anything else). If only, those who do wrong could see, when they will see the torment, that all power belongs to Allah and that Allah is Severe in punishment.”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:165)

Al-Haakim رضي الله عنه narrated;

That the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Jibreel came to me and said: ‘O Muhammad, live as long as you want, for you will die. Love whomever you want, for you will leave him. Do whatever you want for you will be requited for it. Remember that the believer’s honour is his praying at night, and his pride is his being independent of people.”

(Classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’, 73.)

Abu Sa’id Khudri رضي الله عنه reported that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said:The world is sweet and green (i.e. it is full of riches and captivation) and verily Allah is going to install you as vicegerent in it in order to see how you behave. The beware of this world and the women (i.e. shun much indulgence in the world and sexual misbehavior and licentiousness).

(Sahih Muslim)

Allah says in The Qur’an;

اعْلَمُوا أَنَّمَا الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا لَعِبٌ وَلَهْوٌ وَزِينَةٌ وَتَفَاخُرٌ بَيْنَكُمْ وَتَكَاثُرٌ فِي الْأَمْوَالِ وَالْأَوْلَادِ ۖ كَمَثَلِ غَيْثٍ أَعْجَبَ الْكُفَّارَ نَبَاتُهُ ثُمَّ يَهِيجُ فَتَرَاهُ مُصْفَرًّا ثُمَّ يَكُونُ حُطَامًا ۖ وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ عَذَابٌ شَدِيدٌ وَمَغْفِرَةٌ مِّنَ اللَّهِ وَرِضْوَانٌ ۚ وَمَا الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا إِلَّا مَتَاعُ الْغُرُورِ

“Know that the life of this world is only play and amusement, pomp and mutual boasting among you, and rivalry in respect of wealth and children. (It is) as the likeness of vegetation after rain, thereof the growth is pleasing to the tillers; afterwards it dries up and you see it turning yellow; then it becomes straw. But in the Hereafter (there is) a severe torment (for the disbelievers– evil-doers), and (there is) Forgiveness from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure (for the believers – good-doers). And the life of this world is only a deceiving enjoyment.”

(Surah Al-Hadid, 57:20)

Advice from the prophet–the narration about the world lovers, real estate

My dear respected brothers and sisters, there are worldly torments ahead of us and I fear we are unprepared. As the Dijjal and Yujuj and Majuj await their arrival, we (The Muslims) sit idly, engaging in lust and desires, loving disproportionately whilst screening our misdeeds with Islam. What will happen when these days come to us all of a sudden? Are we ready physically, spiritually, emotionally, mentally?

It was the way of the Prophets and those endued with knowledge to be moderate in their affairs. They did all things with knowledge- they spoke (with knowledge), they kept silent (with knowledge), they earned (with knowledge), married (with knowledge), they ate (with knowledge), they fasted (with knowledge), and so on.

In our present generation we see the unfortunate affair of the Muslims chasing equal to or sometimes more violently for wealth than the non-Muslims! The dunya pleasures we take for granted such as eating we over indulge making our Ramadan Iftars luxurious feasts! May Allah save us from ourselves, Ameen.

Allah in His infinite wisdom has made His signs apparent to us even within ourselves. As our physical and spiritual realities can be reflections of one another. For it is said; if one wishes to know what is in the heart of another, he/she should look to their speech. As what is in the heart will ultimately pour forth, if Allah withholds his Mercy.

The physical manifestations of a diseased heart is mentioned in this hadith;

‘Imran bin Husain رضي الله عنه narrated;

That the Messenger of Allah (saw) said: “The best of people are my generation, then those who follow them. Then, after them a people will come who increase in fatness, loving fatness, giving testimony before they are asked for it.”

(Jami` at-Tirmidhi 2221)

We live in a time that over half of the population in the West is obese. Overindulgence is a blameworthy characteristic that denotes a sick heart. What then comes forth from the heart is poor impulse control, following lusts, extravagance, and so on. Those who come out to strive in the way of Allah (Jihad) do so with their persons and their wealth following a balanced way and being pleased with it;

‘Aishah (رضي الله عنه) reported:

The family of Muhammad (ﷺ) never ate to the fill the bread of barley for two successive days until he died.

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim] .

Another narration is: ‘Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) said: Never did the family of Muhammad (ﷺ) eat to the fill, since their arrival to Al-Madinah, the bread of wheat for three successive nights until his death.

(Riyadh-us-Saleheen, 491)

Abu Sa’id Maqburi رضي الله عنه reported:


Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) said that he happened to pass by some people who had a roast lamb before them. They invited him, but he declined, saying: “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ left the world without having eaten his fill with barley bread.”

(Riyadh-us-Saleheen, 493).

Ibnul Qayyim رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰهُ‎ on excesses in food intake and illness:

“Material illnesses arise from an increase of matter which comes to a point of excess in the body whereby it harms its natural functions – and these are the most common illnesses. They are caused by consuming more food before the previous meal has been properly digested; by eating in excess of the amount needed by the body; by consuming food which is of little nutritional value and is slow to digest; and by eating different foods which are complex in their composition. So when a person fills his belly with these foods and it becomes a habit, they cause him various diseases…”

(At-Tibb An-Nabawī p.20; Medicine of the Prophet, ITS, p13.)

The Prophet (ﷺ) said:

“The human being can fill no container worse than his belly. Sufficient for the son of Adam are so many morsels of food as will keep his spine upright. But if he must eat more, then a third for his food, a third for his drink and a third for his breath.”

At-Tibb An-Nabawī p.20. Hadīth reported by Imām Ahmad in Al-Musnad (4/132), At-Tirmidhī (2499), Ibn Mājah (3349), and it was authenticated by Al-Albānī in Sahīh Sunan At-Tirmidhī (1939).

Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ says in The Qur’an;

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ كُلُوا مِمَّا فِي الْأَرْضِ حَلَالًا طَيِّبًا وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا خُطُوَاتِ الشَّيْطَانِ ۚ إِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُّبِينٌ

إِنَّمَا يَأْمُرُكُم بِالسُّوءِ وَالْفَحْشَاءِ وَأَن تَقُولُوا عَلَى اللَّهِ مَا لَا تَعْلَمُونَ

“O mankind! Eat of that which is lawful and good on the earth, and follow not the footsteps of Shaitan (Satan). Verily, he is to you an open enemy. He [Shaitan (Satan)] commands you only what is evil and Fahsha (sinful), and that you should say against Allah what you know not.”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:168-169)

A heart given to any excess (ex. food, drink, desires) will struggle for the path, as it will always be in conflict with pursuing that which is good for it and pursuing that which will bring it harm. The believer must be constant in asking Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى for aid;

وعن أبي موسى، رضي الله عنه، عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم، أنه كان يدعو بهذا الدعاء‏:‏ ‏ “‏اللهم اغفر لي خطيئتي وجهلي، وإسرافي في أمري، وما أنت أعلم به مني، اللهم اغفر لي جدي وهزلي، وخطئي وعمدي، وكل ذلك عندي، اللهم اغفر لي ما قدمت وما أخرت، وما أسررت وما أعلنت، وما أنت أعلم به مني، أنت المقدم، وأنت المؤخر، وأنت على كل شيء قدير‏”‏

“O Allah! Forgive my errors, ignorance, and immoderation in my affairs. You are better aware of my faults than myself. O Allah! Forgive my faults, which I committed in seriousness or in fun deliberately or inadvertently. O Allah! Grant me pardon for those sins, which I committed in the past and I may commit in the future, which I committed in privacy or in public and all those sins of which You are better aware than me. You alone can send whomever you will to Jannah, and you alone can send whomever You will to Hell-fire, and You are Omnipotent.”

(Riyad-asSaliheen [Bukhari and Muslim)

This process of self-rectification is often stunted by pride in the chest. One may look at themselves in amazement due to a few good qualities and refuse to look at their faults for areas of improvement. This persons heart will never improve and will remain in the dark domain of the Shaytan and the bellows of his/her naafs as pride is his/her blameworthy quality.

Cleansing the Heart in Preparation of Meeting Its Lord

The chest of the believer must be relieved of past paradigms of dunya so that she/he can worship Allah properly. So that they can distinguish good from evil, enemies from comrades, believers from hypocrites, and all other spiritual contrasts. Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى says in The Qur’an;

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا ادْخُلُوا فِي السِّلْمِ كَافَّةً وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا خُطُوَاتِ الشَّيْطَانِ ۚ إِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُّبِينٌ

“O you who believe! Enter perfectly in Islam (by obeying all the rules and regulations of the Islamic religion) and follow not the footsteps of Shaitan (Satan). Verily, he is to you a plain enemy.”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:208)

How might one obey all the rules and regulations of the religion if he or she is ignorant of them? One cannot and thus it is incumbent upon the one who believes to seek knowledge and then show gratitude by acting upon that knowledge. Failure to do this (act upon the knowledge) leads to conflict in the breast, regrets, sorrow, despair, the consuming non-beneficial things, revisiting past hurts, bad companions, and sinful acts and sitting in bad environments.

Then there is one who’s heart is attached to evil yet they refrain from acting upon it out of fear of Allah. Allah has promised that such a person will not be held to account unless they act;

Ibn ‘Abbaas رضي الله عنه that the Prophet ﷺ said, relating from his Lord, may He be glorified and exalted:

“Allah decreed good deeds and bad deeds, then He explained that. Whoever thinks of doing a good deed then does not do it, Allah will write it down as one complete good deed. If he thinks of doing a good deed and then does it, Allah [may He be glorified and exalted] will write it down between ten and seven hundred fold, or many more. If he thinks of doing a bad deed then he does not do it, Allah will write it down as one complete good deed, and if he thinks of it then does it, Allah will write it down as one bad deed.”

Al-Bukhaari (6491) and Muslim (131)

Also narrated from Abu Hurayrah رضي الله عنه, that the Prophet ﷺ said: “Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, will forgive my Ummah for whatever crosses their minds so long as they do not act upon it or speak of it.”

Al-Bukhaari (5269) and Muslim (127)

Though Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَال is infinite in His Mercy, we must be careful of what emits from our breast as these things can be a cause for loosing the reward for acts of worship as the sadr is closely tied to the thoughts, and the soul. It is said that what/who is on the mind the most is what controls it. For one may think that they are worshiping Allah but in reality their hearts and minds are distracted and far away from Allah which is how one looses Khushoo (a heart focused on the worship of Allah only);

Narrated Jubair bin Nufair: from Abu Ad-Darda who said: “We were with the Prophet (ﷺ) when he raised his sight to the sky, then he said: ‘This is the time when knowledge is to be taken from the people, until what remains of it shall not amount to anything. ” So Ziyad bin Labid Al-Ansari said: ‘How will it be taken from us while we recite the Qur’an. By Allah we recite it, and our women and children recite it? ‘ He (ﷺ) said: ‘May you be bereaved of your mother O Ziyad! I used to consider you among the Fuqaha of the people of Al-Madinah. The Tawrah and Injil are with the Jews and Christians, but what do they avail of them? ” Jubair said: ‘So I met’ Ubadah bin As-Samit and said to him: ‘Have you not heard what your brother Abu Ad- Darda said? ‘ Then I informed him of what Abu Ad-Darda said. He said: ‘ Abu Ad-Darda spoke the truth. If you wish, we shall narrated to you about the first knowledge to be removed from the people: It is Khushu ‘, soon you will enter the congregational Masjid, but not see any man in it with Khushu’. ”

(At-Tirmidhi, 2653)

One must protect Khushoo from all distractions, even food;

Narrated Anas bin Malik رضي الله عنه that The Prophet ﷺ said;


“If dinner is in front of you, start eating before the evening prayer. Do not haste leaving your meal.”

(Bukhari, Azan, 42; Muslim Mesajid, 64 (557)).

Khushoo is something that emits from the heart and has great spiritual rewards;

Uqbah. B Amir al-Juhani رضي الله عنه reported the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) as saying:

Any one performs ablution and performs the ablution perfectly and then offers two rak’ahs of prayers concentrating on them with his heart and face but paradise will necessarily fall to his lot.

(Sunan Abi Dawud, 906)

The help of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى can be gained through patience and salat containing Khushoo;

وَاسْتَعِينُوا بِالصَّبْرِ وَالصَّلَاةِ ۚ وَإِنَّهَا لَكَبِيرَةٌ إِلَّا عَلَى الْخَاشِعِينَ

“And seek help in patience and As-Salat (the prayers) and truly it is extremely heavy and hard except for Al-Khashi’un [i.e., the true believers in Allah- those who obey Allah with full submission, fear much from His Punishment, and believe in His Promise (Paradise) and in His Warnings (Hell)].

(Surah Al-Baraqah, 2:45)

There is hope for the believer who has fallen into loosing Khushoo by being distracted the things of this world. This hope can only be gained through returning to Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى in repentance and going forth with good deeds;

وَوَهَبْنَا لِدَاوُودَ سُلَيْمَانَ ۚ نِعْمَ الْعَبْدُ ۖ إِنَّهُ أَوَّابٌ

إِذْ عُرِضَ عَلَيْهِ بِالْعَشِيِّ الصَّافِنَاتُ الْجِيَادُ

فَقَالَ إِنِّي أَحْبَبْتُ حُبَّ الْخَيْرِ عَن ذِكْرِ رَبِّي حَتَّىٰ تَوَارَتْ بِالْحِجَابِ

رُدُّوهَا عَلَيَّ ۖ فَطَفِقَ مَسْحًا بِالسُّوقِ وَالْأَعْنَاقِ

وَلَقَدْ فَتَنَّا سُلَيْمَانَ وَأَلْقَيْنَا عَلَىٰ كُرْسِيِّهِ جَسَدًا ثُمَّ أَنَابَ

“And to Dawud (David) We gave Sulaiman (Solomon). How excellent a slave! Verily, he was ever oft-returning in repentance (to Us)! When there were displayed before him, in the afternoon, well trained horses of the highest breed [for Jihad (holy fighting in Allah’s Cause)]. He said: “I did love the good (these horses) instead of remembering my Lord (in my ‘Asr prayer)” till the time was over, and (the sun) had hidden in the curtain (of night). Then he said “Bring them (horses) back to me.” Then he began to pass his hand over their legs and their necks (till the end of the display). And indeed, We did try Sulaiman (Solomon) and We placed on his throne a Jasad, a body (a devil, so he lost his kingdom for a while) and he did return (to Allah with obedience and in repentance, and to his throne and kingdom by the Grace of Allah.”

(Surah Sad 38:30-34)

True repentance entails one recognizing and regretting their errors, asking Allah عزّ وجلّ for forgiveness, working righteousness through obedience and good works. A person who follows this course after wrongdoing is then counted among the Muslims and may ask (with hope) for the bounties of their Lord which will benefit him/her in this life and the next. May Allah عزّ وجلّ allow us and our offspring to be upon this goodness, Ameen.

قَالَ رَبِّ اغْفِرْ لِي وَهَبْ لِي مُلْكًا لَّا يَنبَغِي لِأَحَدٍ مِّن بَعْدِي ۖ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْوَهَّابُ

فَسَخَّرْنَا لَهُ الرِّيحَ تَجْرِي بِأَمْرِهِ رُخَاءً حَيْثُ أَصَابَ

وَالشَّيَاطِينَ كُلَّ بَنَّاءٍ وَغَوَّاصٍ

وَآخَرِينَ مُقَرَّنِينَ فِي الْأَصْفَادِ

هَٰذَا عَطَاؤُنَا فَامْنُنْ أَوْ أَمْسِكْ بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ

وَإِنَّ لَهُ عِندَنَا لَزُلْفَىٰ وَحُسْنَ مَآبٍ

“He said: “My Lord! Forgive me, and bestow upon me a kingdom such as shall not belong to any other after me: Verily You are the Bestower.” So, We subjected to him the wind; it blew gently by his order whithersoever he willed, And also the Shayatin (devils) from the jinn (including) every kid of builder and diver, And also others bound in fetters. [Allah said to Sulaiman (Solomon)]: “This is Our gift: so spend you or withhold, no account will be asked (of you).” And verily, for him is a near access to Us, and a good (final) return (Paradise).”

(Surah Sad, 38:35-40)

Allah عزوجل reminds the believers in the Qur’an to turn away from falsehoods and to focus on worshiping Him alone;

وَقُلْ جَاءَ الْحَقُّ وَزَهَقَ الْبَاطِلُ ۚ إِنَّ الْبَاطِلَ كَانَ زَهُوقًا

“And say: “Truth (i.e. Islamic Monotheism or this Qur’an or Jihad against polytheists) has come and Batil (falehood, i.e. Satan or polytheism) has vanished. Surely Batil is ever bound to vanish.”

(Surah Al-Isra, 17:81)

Turning away from falsehoods can only be implemented by detaching the breast from attachments to dunya and its allurements, evil acts like intoxicants, fornication, harming others especially the parents, and other major sins, and evil companions. One must remember that this life, though it feels real, is only a test, Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ is the true reality;

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying:

The truest word spoken by an Arab (pre-Islamic) in poetry is this verse of Labid: “Behold! Apart from Allah everything is false.”

(Sahih Muslim 2256 a)

May Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ cause us to always remember that when we leave something for His sake that He will always replace it with better. As that is a promise from Allah. Ameen.

When we leave the leave worshiping false gods and enter into Islam, Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ has granted us refuge with Him;

When we leave off old dunya programming (poor eating habits, etc.), bad behaviors, bad companions, and sins, Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ has granted us safety from Him;

When we leave lower levels of worship and progress to higher levels of sincere worship, Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ has granted us Mercy from Him;

When we detach the heart from all that we left behind and focus on Allah alone with all of our hearts and in all of our worship, Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ has granted us a contract with Him;

Ubadat bin Sammitt رضى الله عنه who said: that the Messenger of Allaah سلى الله علىه و سلم said:

«خَمْسُ صَلَوَاتٍ افْتَرَضَهُنَّ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى مَنْ أَحْسَنَ وُضُوءَهُنَّ وَصَلَّاهُنَّ لوقتهن وَأتم ركوعهن خشوعهن كَانَ لَهُ عَلَى اللَّهِ عَهْدٌ أَنْ يَغْفِرَ لَهُ وَمَنْ لَمْ يَفْعَلْ فَلَيْسَ لَهُ عَلَى اللَّهِ عَهْدٌ إِنْ شَاءَ غَفَرَ لَهُ وَإِنْ شَاءَ عَذَّبَهُ»

‘Allaah Ta’ala has indeed obligated five prayers, whoever performs the Wudu for the prayers well, prays them at their times, completes their Ruku, has Khushoo in them, then he has a contract upon Allaah that He will forgive him and whoever does not do so then he does not have a contract from Allaah, if He wills, He will forgive him and if He wills He will punish him.’

[Collected by Ahmad, Abu Dawood, Malik, an-Nisa’ee and graded Saheeh by Al-Albaani in Saheeh Targheeb no. 366 & Saheeh Abu Dawood no. 451]

There are times when those those who had been granted the gift of Islam were tried with leaving off that which they loved/preferred for that which was better. Some of those persons were overtaken by their souls (due to ingratitude and other great sins they were committing) and others were granted firmness, victory, and nearness to Allah عزوجل . We ask Allah to grant us also firmness, victory, and nearness to Allah عزوجل . Ameen.

The Children of Isreal being tried with simple foods is an example of how Allah will sometimes test His servants with restrictions. Despite the perceived hardship of these restrictions, the spiritual and physical reward is great;

وَإِذْ قُلْتُمْ يَا مُوسَىٰ لَن نَّصْبِرَ عَلَىٰ طَعَامٍ وَاحِدٍ فَادْعُ لَنَا رَبَّكَ يُخْرِجْ لَنَا مِمَّا تُنبِتُ الْأَرْضُ مِن بَقْلِهَا وَقِثَّائِهَا وَفُومِهَا وَعَدَسِهَا وَبَصَلِهَا ۖ قَالَ أَتَسْتَبْدِلُونَ الَّذِي هُوَ أَدْنَىٰ بِالَّذِي هُوَ خَيْرٌ ۚ اهْبِطُوا مِصْرًا فَإِنَّ لَكُم مَّا سَأَلْتُمْ ۗ وَضُرِبَتْ عَلَيْهِمُ الذِّلَّةُ وَالْمَسْكَنَةُ وَبَاءُوا بِغَضَبٍ مِّنَ اللَّهِ ۗ ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ كَانُوا يَكْفُرُونَ بِآيَاتِ اللَّهِ وَيَقْتُلُونَ النَّبِيِّينَ بِغَيْرِ الْحَقِّ ۗ ذَٰلِكَ بِمَا عَصَوا وَّكَانُوا يَعْتَدُونَ

“And (remember) when you said, “O Musa (Moses)! We cannot endure one kind of food. So invoke your Lord for us to bring forth for us of what the earth grows, its herbs, its cucumbers, its Fum (wheat or garlic), its lentils, and its onions.” He said, “Would you exchange that which is better for that which is lower? Go you down to any town and you shall find what you want!” And they were covered with humiliation and misery, and they drew on themselves the Wrath of Allah. That was because they used to disbelieve the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah and killed the Prophets wrongfully. That was because they disobeyed and used to transgress the bounds (in their disobedience to Allah, i.e., commit crimes and sins).”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:61)

When Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَى loves a person He puts them through test;

It was narrated from Anas bin Malik رضى الله عنه that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “The greatest reward comes with the greatest trial. When Allah loves a people He tests them. Whoever accepts that wins His pleasure but whoever is discontent with that earns His wrath. ”

(Sunan Ibn Majah 4031)

It is well known that the hardest test were given to the Prophetsعَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ who were tried with death, sickness, wealth, poverty, rejection, and separation from their kinfolk. The Prophet’sعَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ endured these great trials with the Help of Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَى and their patience is what we (the later generations) can draw upon for strength, in shaa Allah.

These test hold many wisdom’s for the mind curious enough to think. Trials serve to show us the weakness of mankind and the greatness of Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَى . It is in the darkest moments of depressing trials that one feels spiritual, physical, mental, and emotional hardship which will cause him/her to seek ease;

أَوَلَا يَرَوْنَ أَنَّهُمْ يُفْتَنُونَ فِي كُلِّ عَامٍ مَّرَّةً أَوْ مَرَّتَيْنِ ثُمَّ لَا يَتُوبُونَ وَلَا هُمْ يَذَّكَّرُونَ

“See they not that they are put in trial once or twice every year (with different kids of calamities, disease, famine)? Yet, they turn not in repentance, nor do they learn a lesson from it?”

(Surah At-Taubah, 9:126)

Successful is the one who seeks to ease their ailing heart in the remembrance of Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَى! For Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىis a trustworthy handhold that, unlike the handhold of mankind, will never, ever break;

لَا إِكْرَاهَ فِي الدِّينِ ۖ قَد تَّبَيَّنَ الرُّشْدُ مِنَ الْغَيِّ ۚ فَمَن يَكْفُرْ بِالطَّاغُوتِ وَيُؤْمِن بِاللَّهِ فَقَدِ اسْتَمْسَكَ بِالْعُرْوَةِ الْوُثْقَىٰ لَا انفِصَامَ لَهَا ۗ وَاللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ

“There is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in Taghut and believes in Allah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break. And Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:256)

Of the greatly tested was Prophet Ibrahim عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ. He was given the light of guidance in a community with guidance amongst misguidance with a dis-believing Father. Imagine someone you love dear rejecting the warnings and resorting to harm you severely though your heart is filled with love and goodwill for them?

وَمَا كَانَ اسْتِغْفَارُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ لِأَبِيهِ إِلَّا عَن مَّوْعِدَةٍ وَعَدَهَا إِيَّاهُ فَلَمَّا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُ أَنَّهُ عَدُوٌّ لِّلَّهِ تَبَرَّأَ مِنْهُ ۚ إِنَّ إِبْرَاهِيمَ لَأَوَّاهٌ حَلِيمٌ

“And Ibrahim’s invoking (of Allah) for this father’s forgiveness was only because of a promise he [Ibrahim] made to him (his father). But when it became clear to him [Ibrahim] that he (his father) is an enemy of Allah, he dissociated himself from him. Verily, Ibrahim was Awwah (one who invokes Allah with humility, glorifies Him and remembers Him much) and was forbearing.”

(Surah At-Taubah, 9:114)

From His test was also the leaving of Hagar and Ishmael عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ. He عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ was also tested in the commandment to slaughter his son Ishmael عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ. Alhamdullilah, Allah relieved him of this burden and so he was not forced to carry it out. In both of these instances, Prophet Ibrahim was unable to even look at what he was leaving for the sake of Allah;

فَلَمَّا أَسْلَمَا وَتَلَّهُ لِلْجَبِينِ

“Then, when they had both submitted themselves (to the Will of Allah), and he had laid him prostrate on his forehead (or on the side of his forehead for slaughtering)”

(Surah As-Saffat, 37:102)

Narrated Ibn `Abbas رضى الله عنه;

The first lady to use a girdle was the mother of Ishmael. She used a girdle so that she might hide her tracks from Sarah. Abraham brought her and her son Ishmael while she was suckling him, to a place near the Ka`ba under a tree on the spot of Zamzam, at the highest place in the mosque. During those days there was nobody in Mecca, nor was there any water So he made them sit over there and placed near them a leather bag containing some dates, and a small water-skin containing some water, and set out homeward. Ishmael’s mother followed him saying, “O Abraham! Where are you going, leaving us in this valley where there is no person whose company we may enjoy, nor is there anything (to enjoy)?” She repeated that to him many times, but he did not look back at her Then she asked him, “Has Allah ordered you to do so?” He said, “Yes.” She said, “Then He will not neglect us,” and returned while Abraham proceeded onwards, and on reaching the Thaniya where they could not see him, he faced the Ka`ba, and raising both hands, invoked Allah saying the following prayers: ‘O our Lord! I have made some of my offspring dwell in a valley without cultivation, by Your Sacred House (Ka`ba at Mecca) in order, O our Lord, that they may offer prayer perfectly. So fill some hearts among men with love towards them, and (O Allah) provide them with fruits, so that they may give thanks.’ (14.37)

(Sahih al-Bukhari 3364)

Each one of these are examples of the heart going through extreme detachment from things which it loves in order to seek the pleasure of Allah.

In each one of these circumstances Prophet Ibrahim’s عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ heart was tested for piety whilst 1. The evidence of disbelief was produced for the rejecters of faith, 2. His heart was detached from the allurements of this world in order to be dutiful to Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَى.

Sometimes the decree of Allah سلى الله علىه و سلم calls for a person to come near to that which is seemingly harmful in order to gain wisdom through the doors of repentance and perseverance. This can be witnessed in the story of Prophet Musa عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَام when he was sent to Kidr and also when He was sent to Fir’aun;

وَلَقَدْ آتَيْنَا مُوسَى الْكِتَابَ وَجَعَلْنَا مَعَهُ أَخَاهُ هَارُونَ وَزِيرًا

فَقُلْنَا اذْهَبَا إِلَى الْقَوْمِ الَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِنَا فَدَمَّرْنَاهُمْ تَدْمِيرًا

“(Before this,) We sent Moses the Book and appointed his brother Aaron with him as Minister; And We commanded: “Go ye both, to the people who have rejected our Signs: “And those (people) We destroyed with utter destruction.”

(Surah Furqan, 25:35-36)

Keeping ones heart pleased with the decree of Allah is a means of security in this life and the next. For the displeasure with Allah’s decree is a means by which to earn his wrath. We must understand that to Allah belongs the finest mysteries of the heavens and the earth. He knows what we reveal and what we conceal. We must take an account of what is in our heart and to what our heart is truly attached to in order to prepare for a goodly return back to Allah, in shaa Allah.

يَا بُنَيَّ إِنَّهَا إِن تَكُ مِثْقَالَ حَبَّةٍ مِّنْ خَرْدَلٍ فَتَكُن فِي صَخْرَةٍ أَوْ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ أَوْ فِي الْأَرْضِ يَأْتِ بِهَا اللَّهُ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَطِيفٌ خَبِيرٌ

“O my son! If it be (anything) equal to the weight of a grain of mustard seed, and though it be in a rock, or in the heavens or in the earth, Allah will bring it forth. Verily, Allah is Subtle (in bringing out that grain), Well-Acquainted (with its place).”

(Surah Luqman, 31:16)

al-Hafidh Ibn Rajab رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰهُ [d. 795H) said:

“Some of the Salaf said; when death approaches the Believer it will be said to the Angel,

“Smell his head.”

So he (the Angel) will say, “I find in his head (the scent of) the Qur’an.”

So it will be said, “Smell his heart.”

So he will say, “I find in his heart (the scent of) Siyam (fasting)”.

So it will be said, “Smell his feet.”

So he will say, “I find in his feet (the scent of) Qiyam (standing in prayer).”

So it will be said, “He safeguarded himself (so) may Allah safeguard him.”

(Lata’if al-Ma’arif, p 402.)

Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;

إِنَّ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَالْمُسْلِمَاتِ وَالْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ وَالْقَانِتِينَ وَالْقَانِتَاتِ وَالصَّادِقِينَ وَالصَّادِقَاتِ وَالصَّابِرِينَ وَالصَّابِرَاتِ وَالْخَاشِعِينَ وَالْخَاشِعَاتِ وَالْمُتَصَدِّقِينَ وَالْمُتَصَدِّقَاتِ وَالصَّائِمِينَ وَالصَّائِمَاتِ وَالْحَافِظِينَ فُرُوجَهُمْ وَالْحَافِظَاتِ وَالذَّاكِرِينَ اللَّهَ كَثِيرًا وَالذَّاكِرَاتِ أَعَدَّ اللَّهُ لَهُم مَّغْفِرَةً وَأَجْرًا عَظِيمًا

“Verily, the Muslims (those who submit to Allah in Islam) men and women, the believers men and women (who believe in Islamic Monotheism), the men and the women who are obedient (to Allah), the men and women who are truthful (in their speech and deeds), the men and the women who are patient (in performing all the duties which Allah has ordered and in abstaining from all that Allah has forbidden), the men and the women who are humble (before their Lord- Allah), the men and the women who give Sadaqat (i.e. Zakat, and alms), the men and the women who observe Saum (fast) (the obligatory fasting during the month of Ramadan, and the optional Nawafil fasting), the men and the women who guard their chastity (from illegal sexual acts) and the men and the women who remember Allah much with their hearts and tongues- Allah has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward (i.e., Paradise).

(Surah Al-Ahzab, 33:35)

Hazrat Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه relates that the Holy Prophet ﷺ said” ‘Plenty of provision or abundance do not make a person rich and wealthy, real richness is the benevolence of heart.’

(Bukhari and Muslim)

May Allahعزوجل have mercy on the Muslims. Ameen.

17:51

The Great Denial

Allah, The Exalted says in The Qur’an:

أَوْ خَلْقًا مِّمَّا يَكْبُرُ فِي صُدُورِكُمْ ۚ فَسَيَقُولُونَ مَن يُعِيدُنَا ۖ قُلِ الَّذِي فَطَرَكُمْ أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ ۚ فَسَيُنْغِضُونَ إِلَيْكَ رُءُوسَهُمْ وَيَقُولُونَ مَتَىٰ هُوَ ۖ قُلْ عَسَىٰ أَن يَكُونَ قَرِيبًا

“Or some created thing that is yet greater (or harder) in your breasts (thoughts to be resurrected, even then you shall be resurrected).” Then they will say: “Who shall bring us back (to life)?” Say: “He Who created you first!” Then, they will shake their heads at you and say: “When will that be?” Say: “Perhaps it is near!”

(Surah Al-Isra’, 17:51)

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about this Ayah

Refutation of Those Who do not believe in Life after Death

Allah tells us about the disbelievers who think it very unlikely that the Resurrection will happen and who say, in a tone of denial,
﴿ أَءِذَا كُنَّا عِظَـٰمً۬ا وَرُفَـٰتًا ﴾

(When we are bones and fragments.) meaning earth. This was the view of Mujahid. `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn `Abbas that it means dust.
﴿ أَءِنَّا لَمَبۡعُوثُونَ خَلۡقً۬ا جَدِيدً۬ا ﴾

(should we really be resurrected (to be) a new creation) meaning, on the Day of Resurrection after we have disintegrated and become nothing, and have been forgotten. Allah tells us about them elsewhere:
﴿ يَقُولُونَ أَءِنَّا لَمَرۡدُودُونَ فِى ٱلۡحَافِرَةِ • أَءِذَا كُنَّا عِظَـٰمً۬ا نَّخِرَةً۬ • قَالُواْ تِلۡكَ إِذً۬ا كَرَّةٌ خَاسِرَةٌ۬ ﴾

(They say: “Shall we indeed be returned to (our) former state of life Even after we are crumbled bones” They say: “It would in that case, be a return with loss!”) (79:10-12). And,
﴿ وَضَرَبَ لَنَا مَثَلاً۬ وَنَسِىَ خَلۡقَهُ ۥ‌ۖ ﴾

(And he puts forth for Us a parable, and forgets his own creation.) until the end of two Ayat. (36:78-79) Allah commands His Messenger to respond to them, so He says:
﴿ قُلۡ كُونُواْ حِجَارَةً أَوۡ حَدِيدًا ﴾

(Say (O Muhammad): “Be you stones or iron,”) – which are more difficult to restore than bones and fragments,
﴿ أَوۡ خَلۡقً۬ا مِّمَّا يَڪۡبُرُ فِى صُدُورِكُمۡ‌ۚ ﴾

(Or some created thing that is yet greater (or harder) in your breasts.) Ibn Ishaq narrated from Ibn Abi Najih from Mujahid: “I asked Ibn `Abbas about that, and he said: `This is death.”’ `Atiyah reported that Ibn `Umar explained of this Ayah: “If you were dead I would still resurrect you.” This was also the view of Sa`id bin Jubayr, Abu Salih, Al-Hasan, Qatadah, Ad-Dahhak and others. This means that if you were to assume that you would become dead, which is the opposite of living, Allah will resurrect you when He wills, for nothing can stop Him when He wills a thing.
﴿ أَوۡ خَلۡقً۬ا مِّمَّا يَڪۡبُرُ فِى صُدُورِكُمۡ‌ۚ ﴾

(Or some created thing that is yet greater (or harder) in your breasts.) Mujahid said: “This means the heavens, earth and mountains.” According to another report, “Whatever you want to be, go ahead, Allah will still resurrect you after you die.”
﴿ فَسَيَقُولُونَ مَن يُعِيدُنَا‌ۖ ﴾

(Then, they will say: “Who shall bring us back (to life)”) meaning, who will resurrect us if we are stones or iron or some other strong created thing
﴿ قُلِ ٱلَّذِى فَطَرَكُمۡ أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ۬‌ۚ ﴾

(Say: “He Who created you first!”) meaning, He Who created you when you were nothing, then you became human beings, walking about. He is able to create you anew, no matter what you have become.
﴿ وَهُوَ ٱلَّذِى يَبۡدَؤُاْ ٱلۡخَلۡقَ ثُمَّ يُعِيدُهُ ۥ وَهُوَ أَهۡوَنُ عَلَيۡهِ‌ۚ ﴾

(And He it is Who originates the creation, then He will repeat it; and this is easier for Him.) (30:27)
﴿ فَسَيُنۡغِضُونَ إِلَيۡكَ رُءُوسَہُمۡ ﴾

(Then, they will shake their heads at you) Ibn `Abbas and Qatadah said, “They will move their heads in a gesture of mockery.” This view expressed by Ibn `Abbas and Qatadah is what the Arabs understand from the language, because the word used Fasayunghidun indicates an up-and-down movement Nughad. A word derived from the same root, Naghd, is used to refer to the young of the ostrich, because when it walks, it walks quickly and moves its head. The same word is used to describe a tooth when it becomes loose and is detached from its place.
﴿ وَيَقُولُونَ مَتَىٰ هُوَ‌ۖ ﴾

(and say: “When will that be”) This shows that they thought it very unlikely that it would happen, as Allah says:
﴿ وَيَقُولُونَ مَتَىٰ هَـٰذَا ٱلۡوَعۡدُ إِن كُنتُمۡ صَـٰدِقِينَ ﴾

(And they say: “When will this promise (i.e. Resurrection) be fulfilled, if you are truthful”) (36:48)
﴿ يَسۡتَعۡجِلُ بِہَا ٱلَّذِينَ لَا يُؤۡمِنُونَ بِہَا‌ۖ ﴾

(Those who believe not therein seek to hasten it (the Hour)) (42:18)
﴿ قُلۡ عَسَىٰٓ أَن يَكُونَ قَرِيبً۬ا ﴾

(Say: “Perhaps it is near!”) meaning, beware of it, for it is at hand and will no doubt come to you, and what will be will be.
﴿ يَوۡمَ يَدۡعُوكُمۡ ﴾

(On the Day when He will call you,) meaning the Lord, may He be blessed and exalted:
﴿ إِذَا دَعَاكُمۡ دَعۡوَةً۬ مِّنَ ٱلۡأَرۡضِ إِذَآ أَنتُمۡ تَخۡرُجُونَ ﴾

(When He will call you by a single call, behold, you will come out from the earth) (30:25) meaning, when He commands you to come out from the earth, for nothing can oppose Him or prevent His command from being fulfilled. Rather, it is as He says:
﴿ وَمَآ أَمۡرُنَآ إِلَّا وَٲحِدَةٌ۬ كَلَمۡحِۭ بِٱلۡبَصَرِ ﴾

(And Our commandment is but one as the twinkling of an eye) (54:50)
﴿ إِنَّمَا قَوۡلُنَا لِشَىۡءٍ إِذَآ أَرَدۡنَـٰهُ أَن نَّقُولَ لَهُ ۥ كُن فَيَكُونُ ﴾

(Verily, Our Word unto a thing when We intend it, is only that We say unto it: “Be!” – and it is) (16:40)
﴿ فَإِنَّمَا هِىَ زَجۡرَةٌ۬ وَٲحِدَةٌ۬ • فَإِذَا هُم بِٱلسَّاهِرَةِ ﴾

(But it will be only a single Zajrah. When behold, they find themselves (on the surface of the earth) alive (after their death).) (79:13-14), meaning, it will be just one definitive command, then the people will have come out from the inside of the earth to its surface, as Allah says:
﴿ يَوۡمَ يَدۡعُوكُمۡ فَتَسۡتَجِيبُونَ بِحَمۡدِهِۦ ﴾

(On the Day when He will call you, and you will answer with (words of) His praise) meaning, you will all rise up in response to His command and in obedience to His will.
﴿ وَتَظُنُّونَ ﴾

(and you will think) means, on the Day when you rise up from your graves,
﴿ إِن لَّبِثۡتُمۡ ﴾

(that you have stayed) in this earthly abode,
﴿ إِلَّا قَلِيلاً۬ ﴾

(but a little while.) This is like the Ayah:
﴿ كَأَنَّہُمۡ يَوۡمَ يَرَوۡنَہَا لَمۡ يَلۡبَثُوٓاْ إِلَّا عَشِيَّةً أَوۡ ضُحَٮٰهَا ﴾

(The Day they see it, (it will be) as if they had not tarried (in this world) except an afternoon or a morning.) (79:46). Allah says:
﴿ يَوۡمَ يُنفَخُ فِى ٱلصُّورِ‌ۚ وَنَحۡشُرُ ٱلۡمُجۡرِمِينَ يَوۡمَٮِٕذٍ۬ زُرۡقً۬ا • يَتَخَـٰفَتُونَ بَيۡنَہُمۡ إِن لَّبِثۡتُمۡ إِلَّا عَشۡرً۬ا • نَّحۡنُ أَعۡلَمُ بِمَا يَقُولُونَ إِذۡ يَقُولُ أَمۡثَلُهُمۡ طَرِيقَةً إِن لَّبِثۡتُمۡ إِلَّا يَوۡمً۬ا ﴾

(The Day when the Trumpet will be blown: that Day, We shall gather the blue or blind-eyed with thirst. They will speak in a very low voice to each other (saying): “You stayed not longer than ten (days).” We know very well what they will say, when the best among them in knowledge and wisdom will say: “You stayed no longer than a day!”) (20:102-104).
﴿ وَيَوۡمَ تَقُومُ ٱلسَّاعَةُ يُقۡسِمُ ٱلۡمُجۡرِمُونَ مَا لَبِثُواْ غَيۡرَ سَاعَةٍ۬‌ۚ كَذَٲلِكَ كَانُواْ يُؤۡفَكُونَ ﴾

(And on the Day that the Hour will be established, they will swear that they stayed not but an hour – thus were they ever deluded.) (30:55)
﴿ قَـٰلَ كَمۡ لَبِثۡتُمۡ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ عَدَدَ سِنِينَ • قَالُواْ لَبِثۡنَا يَوۡمًا أَوۡ بَعۡضَ يَوۡمٍ۬ فَسۡـَٔلِ ٱلۡعَآدِّينَ • قَـٰلَ إِن لَّبِثۡتُمۡ إِلَّا قَلِيلاً۬‌ۖ لَّوۡ أَنَّكُمۡ كُنتُمۡ تَعۡلَمُونَ ﴾

(He will say: “What number of years did you stay on earth” They will say: “We stayed a day or part of a day. Ask of those who keep account.” He will say: “You stayed not but a little, if you had only known!”) (23:112-114).

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

Unbelievers and their Denial of The Day of Judgement

A characteristic of the disbelievers is that they are unable to think higher than the dunyah. Since their hearts have experienced the light of Faith entering it, the concept of Tawheed, knowledge about their Lord and His ways are beyond their comprehension. For these matters have been made clear and seem very elementary to understand to The Muslim. This understanding is a Mercy only granted to Whom Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ has chosen.

Though these concepts seem small to the Muslim, they are not. They are very heavy. For to understand (even a glimpse) of the vastness of The Dominion of Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ should evoke fear of Him and personal accountability for ones behavior. To the disbeliever, this world is his/her playground where they are free from true account. Their concept of God, when some of them give thought, is highly distorted. They often think their hearts are in a good condition and that fact, despite their sins, is what God will accept from them.

To accept the Message of Islam is something that is heavy on their hearts;

فَمَن يُرِدِ اللَّهُ أَن يَهْدِيَهُ يَشْرَحْ صَدْرَهُ لِلْإِسْلَامِ ۖ وَمَن يُرِدْ أَن يُضِلَّهُ يَجْعَلْ صَدْرَهُ ضَيِّقًا حَرَجًا كَأَنَّمَا يَصَّعَّدُ فِي السَّمَاءِ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ يَجْعَلُ اللَّهُ الرِّجْسَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ

“And whomsoever Allah wills to guide, He opens his breast to Islam; and whomsoever He wills to send astray, He makes His breast closed and constricted, as if he is climbing up to the sky. Thus Allah puts the wrath on those who believe not.”

(Surah Al-An’am, 6:125)

Their Hearts (sadr) are Filled with Mockery, False Ideas, and Doubts

In the examined ayah;

أَوْ خَلْقًا مِّمَّا يَكْبُرُ فِي صُدُورِكُمْ ۚ فَسَيَقُولُونَ مَن يُعِيدُنَا ۖ قُلِ الَّذِي فَطَرَكُمْ أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ ۚ فَسَيُنْغِضُونَ إِلَيْكَ رُءُوسَهُمْ وَيَقُولُونَ مَتَىٰ هُوَ ۖ قُلْ عَسَىٰ أَن يَكُونَ قَرِيبًا

(Surah Al-Isra, 17:51)

Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ, uses the word صُدُورِكُمْ to describe the heart or breast. This word صُدُورِكُمْ comes from the root word صَدَرَ which (when referencing the heart) can be thought of as the foremost part of the heart or exterior. One can think of the صَدَرَ as a courtyard or fence guarding the innermost parts of the heart.

The light of Faith cannot shine on even the courtyard of the disbelievers heart. This is due to the darkness that it contains. This darkness is a cloud of false ideas about God, His ways, and His Signs which has blinded his/her spiritual eyes and deprived the innermost parts of the heart of spiritual oxygen. This is why Allah says they (the disbelievers) are dead;

Ibnul Qayyim رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰهُ, said;

Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ revealed to Musa عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ : “O Musa, the first who died among My Creation was Iblis (Satan), because he disobeyed Me; for I consider the one who disobeys me among the dead.”

(Spiritual Disease and Its Cure, p. 69)

When Allah سلى الله علىه و سلم instructed The Prophet ﷺ to warn the disbelievers about Ressurection, some of them played about, questioning how this could occur. They fabricated evil in their chest about Allah سلى الله علىه و سلم ability filling their hearts with questions of how? Imagining the ways (of Resurrection) then denying all the false possibilities they create. Allah سلى الله علىه و سلم instructed The Prophet ﷺ to put an end to their hearts tossing about by telling them whatever they can imagine in their hearts (for themselves to be), Allah will surely resurrect them. The premise of the disbelievers argument is always rooted in falsehood;

إِنَّمَا يَفْتَرِي الْكَذِبَ الَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِآيَاتِ اللَّهِ ۖ وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْكَاذِبُونَ

“It is only those who believe not in the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, who fabricate falsehood, and it is they who are liars.”

(Surah An-Nahl, 16:105)

صَدَرَ also entails both being both open and constricted. The heart of the disbeliever is always in a state of contradiction. When they opened their hearts to disbelief, Allah constricted it, and so, understanding Allah is a hard affair. Allah سلى الله علىه و سلم, says in The Qur’an;

مَن كَفَرَ بِاللَّهِ مِن بَعْدِ إِيمَانِهِ إِلَّا مَنْ أُكْرِهَ وَقَلْبُهُ مُطْمَئِنٌّ بِالْإِيمَانِ وَلَٰكِن مَّن شَرَحَ بِالْكُفْرِ صَدْرًا فَعَلَيْهِمْ غَضَبٌ مِّنَ اللَّهِ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ

“Whoever disbelieved in Allah after his belief, except him who is forced thereto and whose heart is at rest with Faith; but such as open their breasts to disbelief, on them is wrath from Allah, and theirs will be a great torment.”

(Surah An-Nahl, 16:106)

فَمَن يُرِدِ اللَّهُ أَن يَهْدِيَهُ يَشْرَحْ صَدْرَهُ لِلْإِسْلَامِ ۖ وَمَن يُرِدْ أَن يُضِلَّهُ يَجْعَلْ صَدْرَهُ ضَيِّقًا حَرَجًا كَأَنَّمَا يَصَّعَّدُ فِي السَّمَاءِ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ يَجْعَلُ اللَّهُ الرِّجْسَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ

“And whomsoever Allah wills to guide, He opens his breast to Islam; and whomsoever He wills to send astray, He makes His breast closed and constricted, as if he is climbing up to the sky. Thus Allah puts the wrath on those who believe not.”

(Surah Al-An’am, 6:125)

They earned this condition due to their rebellion towards the truth, love for the dunya, and sins;

ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمُ اسْتَحَبُّوا الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا عَلَى الْآخِرَةِ وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْكَافِرِينَ

أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ طَبَعَ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِمْ وَسَمْعِهِمْ وَأَبْصَارِهِمْ ۖ وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْغَافِلُونَ

لَا جَرَمَ أَنَّهُمْ فِي الْآخِرَةِ هُمُ الْخَاسِرُونَ

“That is because they loved and preferred the life of this world to that of the Hereafter. And Allah guides not the people who disbelieve. They are those upon whose hearts, hearing (ears) and sight (eyes) Allah has set a seal. And they are the heedless! No doubt, in the Hereafter, they will be the losers.”

(Surah An-Nahl, 16:107-109)

Advice for Those Who Give Dawah

When Prophet Muhammad ﷺ discussed Resurrection with the disbelievers, they turned their heads in mockery. All of the Prophet’s experiences were a means by which they received revelation, gained a closer understanding of The Ways of their Lord, and obtained steadfastness. Their experiences were also a Mercy and a guidance for those who believe.

About the disbelievers mockery, Allah عزوجل then instructed the Prophet ﷺ about this;

وَقُل لِّعِبَادِي يَقُولُوا الَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ ۚ إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ يَنزَغُ بَيْنَهُمْ ۚ إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ كَانَ لِلْإِنسَانِ عَدُوًّا مُّبِينًا

“And say to My slaves (i.e. the true believers of Islamic Monotheism) that they should (only) say those words that are the best. (Because) Shaitan (Satan) verily, sows a state of conflict and disagreements among them. Surely, Shaitan (Satan) is to man a plain enemy.”

(Surah Al-Isra, 17:53)

Allah عزوجل is instructing the believers to be patient with all of mankind, including the disbelievers. When giving dawah (to Muslims and Non-Muslims alike) we must be patient and speak effective, kind words. So as to not stray from the task, one must remember to stay with the Speech of Allah عزوجل, as verily that is the best of speech!

We must understand that Allah عزوجل knows best about everyone. He knows the true condition of the heart. When placed in trial of giving dawah, one must remember that they are there to remind not to be the judge and jury. A person may be steeped in sin or the worst of sins (disbelief) however, a good end (i.e., Islam) could be written for them. It could be that they are presently a part of Shaytan’s Army, treading through the muddy sludge of evil, blinded through darkness and (by Allah’s permission) encounter you.

Is your job to tell them they stink? Or should you inform them of the sweetness of Iman? The latter is better. Good words are what is needed for they are also a Slave of Allah عزوجل. Perhaps, if the light of Faith has been decreed to reach their heart one day they will become the best of slaves due to their appreciation for Allah’s عزوجل Guidance.

Remind all of their Lord in the best way and ignore any bad behaviors. Evil and wickedness proceeds from a heart that is dead. However, it is Allah عزوجلwho brings things to life after death.

Allah عزوجل says in the Qur’an:

رَّبُّكُمْ أَعْلَمُ بِكُمْ ۖ إِن يَشَأْ يَرْحَمْكُمْ أَوْ إِن يَشَأْ يُعَذِّبْكُمْ ۚ وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ عَلَيْهِمْ وَكِيلًا

“Your Lord knows you best; if He wills, He will have mercy on you, or if He wills, He will punish you. And We have not sent you (O Muhammad) as a guardian over them.”

(Surah Al-Isra, 17:54)

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about these ayat:

People should speak Good Words with Politeness

Allah commands His servant Muhammad to tell the believing servants of Allah that they should address one another in their conversations and discussions with the best and politest of words, for if they do not do that, Shaytan will sow discord among them, and words will lead to actions, so that evil and conflicts and fights will arise among them. For Shaytan is the enemy of Adam and his descendants, and has been since he refused to prostrate to Adam. His enmity is obvious and manifest. For this reason it is forbidden for a man to point at his Muslim brother with an iron instrument, for Shaytan may cause him to strike him with it. (Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah said: “The Messenger of Allah said:
« لَا يُشِيرَنَّ أَحَدُكُمْ إِلَى أَخِيهِ بِالسِّلَاحِ، فَإِنَّهُ لَا يَدْرِي أَحَدُكُمْ لَعَلَّ الشَّيْطَانَ أَنْ يَنْزِعَ فِي يَدِهِ فَيَقَعَ فِي حُفْرَةٍ مِنَ النَّار »

(No one of you should point at his brother with a weapon, for he does not know whether Shaytan will cause him to strike him with it and thus be thrown into a pit of Fire.) Al-Bukhari and Muslim recorded this Hadith with the chain of narration from `Abdur-Razzaq.
﴿ رَّبُّكُمۡ أَعۡلَمُ بِكُمۡ‌ۖ إِن يَشَأۡ يَرۡحَمۡكُمۡ أَوۡ إِن يَشَأۡ يُعَذِّبۡكُمۡ‌ۚ وَمَآ أَرۡسَلۡنَـٰكَ عَلَيۡہِمۡ وَڪِيلاً۬ • وَرَبُّكَ أَعۡلَمُ بِمَن فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۗ وَلَقَدۡ فَضَّلۡنَا بَعۡضَ ٱلنَّبِيِّـۧنَ عَلَىٰ بَعۡضٍ۬‌ۖ وَءَاتَيۡنَا دَاوُ ۥدَ زَبُورً۬ا ﴾

(54. Lord knows you best; if He wills, He will have mercy on you, or if He wills, He will punish you. And We have not sent you as a guardian over them.) (55. And your Lord knows best all who are in the heavens and the earth. And indeed, We have preferred some of the Prophets above others, and to Dawud We gave the Zabur.) Allah says:
﴿ رَّبُّكُمۡ أَعۡلَمُ بِكُمۡ‌ۖ ﴾

(Your Lord knows you best;) O mankind, meaning, He knows best who among you deserves to be guided and who does not deserve to be guided.
﴿ إِن يَشَأۡ يَرۡحَمۡكُمۡ ﴾

(if He wills, He will have mercy on you,) by helping you to obey Him and turn to Him.
﴿ أَوۡ إِن يَشَأۡ يُعَذِّبۡكُمۡ‌ۚ وَمَآ أَرۡسَلۡنَـٰكَ ﴾

(or if He wills, He will punish you. And We have not sent you) – O Muhammad –
﴿ عَلَيۡہِمۡ وَڪِيلاً۬ ﴾

(as a guardian over them.) meaning, `We have sent you as a warner, so whoever obeys you, will enter Paradise and whoever disobeys you, will enter Hell.’
﴿ وَرَبُّكَ أَعۡلَمُ بِمَن فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۗ ﴾

(And your Lord knows best all who are in the heavens and the earth.) meaning, their status or level of obedience or disobedience.

May Allah عزوجل, increase us all in knowledge and understanding of His beautiful religion. Ameen.

17:46

Allah, The Exalted, says in The Qur’an:

وَجَعَلْنَا عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِمْ أَكِنَّةً أَن يَفْقَهُوهُ وَفِي آذَانِهِمْ وَقْرًا ۚ وَإِذَا ذَكَرْتَ رَبَّكَ فِي الْقُرْآنِ وَحْدَهُ وَلَّوْا عَلَىٰ أَدْبَارِهِمْ نُفُورًا

“And We have put coverings over their hearts lest they should understand it (the Qur’an), and in their ears deafness. And when you make mention of your Lord Alone [La ilaha illallah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah) Islamic Monotheism in the Qur’an, they turn on their backs, fleeing in extreme dislike.”

(Surah Al-Isra, 17:46)

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about this ayah:

The Veil over the Hearts of the Idolators

Allah says to His Messenger Muhammad: `When you recite Qur’an to these idolaters, We put an invisible veil between you and them.’ Qatadah and Ibn Zayd said, “It is coverings over their hearts,” as Allah says:
﴿ وَقَالُواْ قُلُوبُنَا فِىٓ أَڪِنَّةٍ۬ مِّمَّا تَدۡعُونَآ إِلَيۡهِ وَفِىٓ ءَاذَانِنَا وَقۡرٌ۬ وَمِنۢ بَيۡنِنَا وَبَيۡنِكَ حِجَابٌ۬ ﴾

(And they say: “Our hearts are under coverings (screened) from that to which you invite us; and in our ears is deafness, and between us and you is a screen) meaning, there is something that is stopping and preventing your words from reaching us.
﴿ حِجَابً۬ا مَّسۡتُورً۬ا ﴾

(an invisible veil.) meaning something which covers, or that cannot be seen, so there is a barrier between them and guidance. This is the interpretation that Ibn Jarir (may Allah have mercy on him) thought was correct. Al-Hafiz Abu Ya`la Al-Mawusili recorded that Asma’ bint Abi Bakr (may Allah be pleased with her) said, “When the Ayah,
﴿ تَبَّتۡ يَدَآ أَبِى لَهَبٍ۬ وَتَبَّ ﴾

(Perish the two hands of Abu Lahab and perish he!) (111:1) was revealed, the one-eyed woman Umm Jamil (the wife of Abu Lahab) came with a stone pestle in her hand, screaming, `What was sent to us is somebody blameworthy, or, we reject somebody blameworthy (Abu Musa – one of the narrators – said, it is I who am not sure what was said); we shun his religion and disobey whatever he commands!’ The Messenger of Allah was sitting with Abu Bakr by his side. Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, said, `This woman has come and I am afraid she will see you.’ The Prophet said,
« إِنَّهَا لَنْ تَرَانِي »

(Certainly she will not see me.) and he recited Qur’an through which he was protected from her:
﴿ وَإِذَا قَرَأۡتَ ٱلۡقُرۡءَانَ جَعَلۡنَا بَيۡنَكَ وَبَيۡنَ ٱلَّذِينَ لَا يُؤۡمِنُونَ بِٱلۡأَخِرَةِ حِجَابً۬ا مَّسۡتُورً۬ا ﴾

(And when you recite the Qur’an, We put between you and those who believe not in the Hereafter, an invisible veil). She came and found Abu Bakr, but she did not see the Prophet. She said, `O Abu Bakr, I have heard that your companion is lampooning me.’ Abu Bakr said, `No, by the Lord of this House (the Ka`bah), he is not lampooning you.’ Then she went away, saying, `The Quraysh know that I am the daughter of their master.”’
﴿ وَجَعَلۡنَا عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِہِمۡ أَكِنَّةً ﴾

(And We have put coverings over their hearts,) Akinnah (coverings) is the plural of Kinan, which covers the heart.
﴿ أَن يَفۡقَهُوهُ ﴾

(lest they should understand it,) means, lest they should understand the Qur’an.
﴿ وَفِىٓ ءَاذَانِہِمۡ وَقۡرً۬ا‌ۚ ﴾

(and in their ears deafness) something that will stop them from hearing the Qur’an in such a way that they will understand it and be guided by it.
﴿ وَإِذَا ذَكَرۡتَ رَبَّكَ فِى ٱلۡقُرۡءَانِ وَحۡدَهُ ۥ ﴾

(And when you make mention of your Lord Alone in the Qur’an,) means, when you declare Allah to be One in your recitation, and say La Ilaha Illallah,
﴿ وَلَّوۡاْ ﴾

(they turn) means they turn away
﴿ عَلَىٰٓ أَدۡبَـٰرِهِمۡ نُفُورً۬ا ﴾

(on their backs, fleeing in extreme dislike.) As Allah says:
﴿ وَإِذَا ذُكِرَ ٱللَّهُ وَحۡدَهُ ٱشۡمَأَزَّتۡ قُلُوبُ ٱلَّذِينَ لَا يُؤۡمِنُونَ بِٱلۡأَخِرَةِ‌ۖ ﴾

(And when Allah Alone is mentioned, the hearts of those who believe not in the Hereafter are filled with disgust (from the Oneness of Allah).) (39:45)
﴿ وَإِذَا ذَكَرۡتَ رَبَّكَ فِى ٱلۡقُرۡءَانِ ﴾

(And when you make mention of your Lord Alone in the Qur’an,) Commenting on this Ayah, Qatadah said that when the Muslims said La Ilaha Illallah, the idolaters disliked this and found it intolerable. Iblis and his troops hated it, but Allah insisted on supporting it so that it would prevail over those who opposed it. Whoever uses it against his opponent will prevail, and whoever fights for it will be victorious. Only the Muslims of the Arabian Peninsula, which can be traversed by a rider in a few nights, knew it and accepted it, out of all mankind.

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

Examining The Heart ( قُلُوبِهِمْ)

In the ayah we are examining;

وَجَعَلْنَا عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِمْ أَكِنَّةً أَن يَفْقَهُوهُ وَفِي آذَانِهِمْ وَقْرًا ۚ وَإِذَا ذَكَرْتَ رَبَّكَ فِي الْقُرْآنِ وَحْدَهُ وَلَّوْا عَلَىٰ أَدْبَارِهِمْ نُفُورًا

“And We have put coverings over their hearts lest they should understand it (the Qur’an), and in their ears deafness. And when you make mention of your Lord Alone [La ilaha illallah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah) Islamic Monotheism in the Qur’an, they turn on their backs, fleeing in extreme dislike.”

(Surah Al-Isra, 17:46)

Here, when Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ talks about the heart, he uses the word; قُلُوبِهِمْ. This reference to the heart makes apparent several qualities which I will list and describe here;

  1. ١َوْيَاْخُذَهُمْ فِيْ تَقَلُّبِهِمْ: To be seized. This is similar to the seizing Allah describes in Surah An-Nahl when He says; أَوْ يَأْخُذَهُمْ عَلَىٰ تَخَوُّفٍ فَإِنَّ رَبَّكُمْ لَرَءُوفٌ رَّحِيمٌ [“Or that He may catch them with gradual wasting (of their wealth and health)? Truly! Your Lord is indeed full of Kindness, Most Merciful.”] (16:47)
  2. To change or become altered. ١ِنْقَلَبَ : “It or he was or became altered or changed from its or his mode or manner of being; it turned back to its former state or it became inverted or turned upside down.”
  3. To be redirected or turned away. اَعْقَا بِكُمْ اِنْقَلَبْتُمْ عَى : “You will be turned back on your heels”. This is like the ayah: يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِن تُطِيعُوا الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا يَرُدُّوكُمْ عَلَىٰ أَعْقَابِكُمْ فَتَنقَلِبُوا خَاسِرِينَ [O you who believe! If you obey those who disbelieve, they will send you back on your heels, and you will turn back (from Faith) as losers.] (3:149)

Now we can understand with better insight what occurred in the heart of Abu Lahab’s wife. It was enough that her heart contained opposition to the Prophet ﷺ, with the due to her ignorance and disbelief. What was worse (for her) is her action of approaching The Prophet ﷺ, which invoked Abu Bakr’s the alarm and fear that she may cause harm to the Prophet ﷺ . Thus making her guilty of annoying Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَى and His Messenger ﷺ as Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَى says in The Qur’an:

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يُؤْذُونَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ لَعَنَهُمُ اللَّهُ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ وَأَعَدَّ لَهُمْ عَذَابًا مُّهِينًا

“Verily, those who annoy Allah and His Messenger, Allah has cursed them in this world, and in the Hereafter, and has prepared for them a humiliating torment.”

(Surah Al-Ahzab, 33:57)

What Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَى says about His curse;

Imam Ahmad رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰهُ reported, in his book, “Zuhd’, a Hadith Qudsi in which Allahسُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَى said: “I am Allah. There is no god but Me. If I am pleased, I bestow My Grace upon My Servant, and there is no limit to My Blessings. If I am Angry, I Curse, and My Curse reaches the seventh offspring of a person.”

Abu جزاكلله خير Huraira reported that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said:When Allah loves a servant, He calls Gabriel and says: Verily, I so and so; you should also love him, and then Gabriel begins to love him. Then he makes an announcement in the heaven saying: Allah loves so and so and you also love him, and then the inhabitants of the Heaven (the Angels) also begin to love him and then there is conferred honor upon him in the earth; and when Allah is angry with any servant He calls Gabriel and says: I am angry with such and such and you also become angry with him, and then Gabriel also becomes angry and then makes an announcement amongst the inhabitants of heaven: Verily Allah is angry With so-and so, so you also become angry with him, and thus they also become angry with him. Then he becomes the object of wrath on the earth also.

(Sahih Muslim)

In invoking The Curse of Allah عزوجل upon herself, she cut herself off from benefitting from Allah عزوجل (hearing and understanding the Qur’an) and His Messenger (even seeing his face!)

Allah عزوجل further distanced her heart from Him, His Messenger ﷺ , and His Religion in allowing her to leave the confrontation with Abu Bakr جزاكلله خير with her heart in a state of justification- Abu Bakr’s جزاكلله خير denying that The Prophet ﷺ was saying poetry about her and her saying “The Quraysh know that I am the daughter of their master.” Furthering her disbelief and opposition.

In this ayah we have many beneficial lessons for The Believers which I will attempt to name some here:

  1. Allahعزوجل will aid His believing servants; مَن كَانَ يَظُنُّ أَن لَّن يَنصُرَهُ اللَّهُ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ فَلْيَمْدُدْ بِسَبَبٍ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ ثُمَّ لْيَقْطَعْ فَلْيَنظُرْ هَلْ يُذْهِبَنَّ كَيْدُهُ مَا يَغِيظُ [Whoever thinks that Allah will not help him (Muhammad ﷺ) in this world and in the Hereafter, let him stretch out a rope to the ceiling and let him strangle himself. Then let him strangle himself. Then let him see whether his plan will remove that whereat he rages!] (Surah Al Hajj, 22:15), بَلِ اللَّهُ مَوْلَاكُمْ ۖ وَهُوَ خَيْرُ النَّاصِرِينَ [Nay, Allah is your Maula (Patron, Lord, Helper, Protector), and He is the Best of helpers.] (Surah Al-Imran, 3:150), إِن يَنصُرْكُمُ اللَّهُ فَلَا غَالِبَ لَكُمْ ۖ وَإِن يَخْذُلْكُمْ فَمَن ذَا الَّذِي يَنصُرُكُم مِّن بَعْدِهِ ۗ وَعَلَى اللَّهِ فَلْيَتَوَكَّلِ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ [If Allah helps you, none can overcome you; and if He forsakes you, who is there after Him that can help you? And in Allah (Alone) let believers put their trust.] (Surah Al-Imran, 3:160)
  2. Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ, intervenes between belief and disbelief protecting the Believers from all harm as long as their total trust is in Him. يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اسْتَجِيبُوا لِلَّهِ وَلِلرَّسُولِ إِذَا دَعَاكُمْ لِمَا يُحْيِيكُمْ ۖ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ يَحُولُ بَيْنَ الْمَرْءِ وَقَلْبِهِ وَأَنَّهُ إِلَيْهِ تُحْشَرُونَ – 8:24 وَلَوْ عَلِمَ اللَّهُ فِيهِمْ خَيْرًا لَّأَسْمَعَهُمْ ۖ وَلَوْ أَسْمَعَهُمْ لَتَوَلَّوا وَّهُم مُّعْرِضُونَ [“Had Allah known of any good in them, He would indeed have made them listen, they would but have turned away with aversion (to the truth). O you who believe! Answer Allah (by obeying Him ) and (His) Messenger when he (ﷺ) calls you to that which will give you life, and know that Allah comes in between a person and his heart (i.e., He prevents an evil person to decide anything). And verily, to Him you shall (all) be gathered.”] (Surah Al-Anfal, 8:23-24) When one understands these ayat, it becomes apparent that arguing with those who disbelieve on any matter is futile. For there is no need in raising a complaint with creation when can do so with The Creator. Creation may not respond, however, for the believer, who is on the side of right, Allah is Sufficient. The believer should always use the weapon of duaa to Allah عزوجل for aid and trust that help will eventually come. This keeps the environment peaceful (despite the presence of an enemy), the heart tranquil through patience (despite oppression and annoyance), and Allah عزوجل pleased through service and obedience. Truly, I bear witness that AllahuAkbar (Allah is greater than everything). Through these acts of obedience to Allah عزوجل, disbelievers are also shown good ways; وَمَا لَنَا أَلَّا نَتَوَكَّلَ عَلَى اللَّهِ وَقَدْ هَدَانَا سُبُلَنَا ۚ وَلَنَصْبِرَنَّ عَلَىٰ مَا آذَيْتُمُونَا ۚ وَعَلَى اللَّهِ فَلْيَتَوَكَّلِ الْمُتَوَكِّلُونَ – 14:12 [And why should we not put our trust in Allah when He indeed has guided us our ways? And we shall certainly bear with patience all the hurt you may cause us, and in Allah alone let those who trust, put their trust.”] (Surah Ibrahim, 14:12)
    1. In order to have access to this protection, one must know (without a shadow of doubt) that Allah is as He says He is; Al Batin (The Innermost), Adh-Dhaahir (The Uppermost), Al-Baseer (The All-Seeing), Al-Jabbaar (The Exalted and Almighty Compeller), Al-Haafidh (The Protector), Al-Haseeb (The Reckoner Who suffices), Al-Hafeedh (The Guardian), Al-Hakeem (The One Fully Wise), Al-Khabeer (The Fully Aware), Al-Khaaliq (The Creator and Maker of Everything), Ar-Raqeeb (The Ever Watchful Guardian), As-Samee’ (The All-Hearing), Ash-Shaheed (The Witness), As-Samad (The Perfect Lord and Master upon Whom the Whole of Creation Depends), Al-Aalim (The All-Knower of the Seen and Unseen), Al-Azeez (The Almighty or the Invincible), Al-Fattah (The Judge and Opener Who distinguishes the truth from falsehood), Al-Qaadir (The Fully Able One), Al-Qaahir (The Invincible Subduer), Al-Qadeer (The All-Powerful), Al-Qareeb (The One Who is Near to the Servants), Al-Qawiyy (The One Perfect in Strength), Al-Qahhaar (The Overwhelming Subduer Who is Never Overcome), Al-Mu’min (The True and Trustworthy, The Granter of Security), Al-Mateen (The Strong), Al-Mujeeb (The Responsive), Al-Muheet (The All-Encompassing), Al-Muqeet (The All -Powerful Maintainer), Al-Mawlaa (The Patron Lord or the Master and Supporter), Al-Muhaymin (The Trustworthy and Ever Watchful Witness, An-Naseer (The Helper), Al-Wakeel (The Trustworthy Disposer of Affairs), Al-Waliyy (The Guardian Lord), Al-Hakam (The Judge), Al-Mu’akhkir (The One Who Puts Back). SubhanAllah! When remembering The Beautiful and Holy Names of Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ, we see clearly that even the greatest of opponents is like a small ant! We thank Allah for His Mercy and Kindness.
  3. Pride, The Harboring of Anger, and Oppression are from the blameworthy characteristics of Shaytan who is cursed in this life and the next. Those who follow his custom (in these acts) towards the believers will incur the wrath of Allah.

Abdullah bin Imam Ahmad reported in the book, Az-Zuhd of his father, on the authority of Malik bin Dinar who said: “Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ revealed to one of the Prophets of the Children of Israel tell his people: ‘Do not follow the path of My Enemies; do not assume the form of My Enemies; do not board the ships of My Enemies; do not eat the food of My Enemies; thus they would become like My Enemies.”

A Warning to Those Who Believe:

There will necessarily come times of hardships as Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ has promised to test His slaves. Oftentimes, these hardships will arise due to disbelievers and hypocrites who are the enemies of Islam. The advice previously mentioned- that is, to stay patient for Allah’s سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ sake is a protection from the greatest harm. What is the greatest harm? That harm is the harm, that will render one’s Tawheed null and void and turn good deeds into dust. It is the oppressive harm of shirk that one does to himself. What I am mentioning to you my respected brothers and sisters is the harm of Ash-Shirk al-Khafi (The inconspicuous Shirk). This shirk entails being inwardly dissatisfied with the condition Allah has written for you. When the believer is tried and tested with hardship patience and thinking good about Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ is the only recourse for success. May Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ bless you to be grateful for your condition (His Favors), patient when tested, and repentant when you sin. May He سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ protect you from all harm and guide you always. Allahumma Ameen.

Note:

Ash-Shirk al-Khafi is expiated by saying three times everyday:

“O Allah! I take your refuge from that I should ascribe anything as partner in Your worship, being conscious of that, and I beg Your pardon for that sin which I am not aware of.”

Narrated AbuAyyash عزوجل narrated:

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: If anyone says in the morning: “There is no god but Allah alone who has no partner; to Him belong the dominions, to Him praise is due, and He is Omnipotent (has full power over everything),” he will have a reward equivalent to that for setting free a slave from among the descendants of Isma’il. He will have ten good deeds recorded for him, ten evil deeds deducted from him, he will be advanced ten degrees, and will be guarded from the Devil till the evening. If he says them in the evening, he will have a similar recompense till the morning.

The version of Hammad says: A man saw the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) in a dream and said: Messenger of Allah! AbuAyyash is relating such and such on your authority.

He said: AbuAyyash has spoken the truth.

Abu Dawud said: Isma’il b. Ja’far, Musa al-Zim’i and ‘Adb Allah b. Ja’far transmitted it from Suhail, from his father on the authority of Ibn ‘A’ish.

(Sunan Abi Dawud)

17:36

The Tongue, They Eye, The Heart

Allah, The Exalted says in The Qur’an;

وَلَا تَقْفُ مَا لَيْسَ لَكَ بِهِ عِلْمٌ ۚ إِنَّ السَّمْعَ وَالْبَصَرَ وَالْفُؤَادَ كُلُّ أُولَٰئِكَ كَانَ عَنْهُ مَسْئُولًا

“And follow not (O man i.e., say not, or do not or witness not) that of which you have no knowledge. Verily, the hearing, and the sight, and the heart, each of those one will be questioned (by Allah).”

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about this ayah:

Do not speak without Knowledge

`Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said: “This means) do not say (anything of which you have no knowledge).” Al-`Awfi said: “Do not accuse anyone of that of which you have no knowledge.” Muhammad bin Al-Hanafiyyah said: “It means bearing false witness.” Qatadah said: “Do not say, `I have seen’, when you did not see anything, or `I have heard’, when you did not hear anything, or `I know’, when you do not know, for Allah will ask you about all of that.” In conclusion, what they said means that Allah forbids speaking without knowledge and only on the basis of suspicion, which is mere imagination and illusions. As Allah says:
﴿ ٱجۡتَنِبُواْ كَثِيرً۬ا مِّنَ ٱلظَّنِّ إِنَّ بَعۡضَ ٱلظَّنِّ إِثۡمٌ۬‌ۖ ﴾

(Avoid much suspicion; indeed some suspicions are sins.) (49:12) According to a Hadith:
« إِيَّاكُمْ وَالظَّنَّ فَإِنَّ الظَّنَّ أَكْذَبُ الْحَدِيث »

(Beware of suspicion, for suspicion is the falsest of speech.) The following Hadith is found in Sunan Abu Dawud:
« بِئْسَ مَطِيَّةُ الرَّجُلِ: زَعَمُوا »

(What an evil habit it is for a man to say, `They claimed…’) According to another Hadith:
« إِنَّ أَفْرَى الْفِرَى أَنْ يُرِيَ الرَّجُلُ عَيْنَيْهِ مَا لَمْ تَرَيَا »

(The worst of lies is for a man to claim to have seen something that he has not seen.) In the Sahih it says:
« مَنْ تَحَلَّمَ حُلْمًا كُلِّفَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ أَنْ يَعْقِدَ بَيْنَ شَعِيرَتَيْنِ وَلَيْسَ بِفَاعِل »

(Whoever claims to have seen a dream (when he has not seen) will be told on the Day of Resurrection to make a knot between two barley grains, and he will not be able to do it.)
﴿ كُلُّ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ ﴾

(each of those ones) means these faculties, hearing, sight and the heart,
﴿ كَانَ عَنۡهُ مَسۡـُٔولاً۬ ﴾

(will be questioned.) means, the person will be asked about them on the Day of Resurrection, and they will be asked about him and what he did with them.

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

In this ayah Allah is advising the Muslims to beware of the pitfalls that their speech, sight, and heart may lead them into. For if the senses are not tempered to perceive and act on true knowledge (i.e., knowledge of Allah, His Speech, and The Sunnah) then they can easily be swerved into the lanes of misguidance, oppression, and sins. Allah عزوجل also warn his servants that all this- the hearing, the sight, the heart, will surely be questioned.

How many men and women spend try to delve into matters of the unseen through false interpretations of dreams?! How many mislead themselves and follow their enemy (Shaytan) away from the path of Allah عزوجل through suspicions and other evil whispers?

The one who is endued with knowledge, knows his/her Lord, recognizes His Subtleness in signs, and is ever weary of the Shaytan and his tricks, and also keenly aware of the evil inclinations of their own souls. This is one of the jihads of the righteous that (if Allah grants Tawfeeq) leads to closeness with one’s Lord in this life, a goodly stay in the grave, and the blessed occurrence of seeing Allah’s عزوجل Face. May Allah عزوجل grant us those extreme pleasures. Ameen.

Speaking excessively is a sign of ignorance. For a person who always has too much to say often listens very little to gain any wisdom. Wisdom is granted to the sincere seeker(who asks from Allahعزوجل) ,who pray, who fast, who studies, who has patience, who observes, and who consults those with knowledge (and all this can only be attained by The Mercy of Allah,عزوجل).

In Surah Luqman we find beautiful instructions on how we should guard our speech from falsehood;

وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يَشْتَرِي لَهْوَ الْحَدِيثِ لِيُضِلَّ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ وَيَتَّخِذَهَا هُزُوًا ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ مُّهِينٌ

“And of mankind is he who purchases idle talks (i.e. music, singing, etc.) to mislead (men) from the Path of Allah without knowledge, and takes it (the Path of Allah, or the Verses of the Qur’an) by way of mockery. For such there will be a humiliating torment (in the Hell-fire).”

(Surah Luqman, 31:6)

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about this ayah:

The Doomed are preoccupied with Idle Talk and They turn away from the Ayat of Allah

When Allah mentions the blessed — who are those who are guided by the Book of Allah and benefit from hearing it, as He says:
﴿ ٱللَّهُ نَزَّلَ أَحۡسَنَ ٱلۡحَدِيثِ كِتَـٰبً۬ا مُّتَشَـٰبِهً۬ا مَّثَانِىَ تَقۡشَعِرُّ مِنۡهُ جُلُودُ ٱلَّذِينَ يَخۡشَوۡنَ رَبَّہُمۡ ثُمَّ تَلِينُ جُلُودُهُمۡ وَقُلُوبُهُمۡ إِلَىٰ ذِكۡرِ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ ﴾

(Allah has sent down the Best Statement, a Book, its parts resembling each other (and) oft-repeated. The skins of those who fear their Lord shiver from it. Then their skin and their heart soften to the remembrance of Allah) (39:23). He connect that with mention of the doomed, those who turn away from the Qur’an and do not benefit from hearing the Words of Allah. Instead, they turn to listening to flutes and singing accompanied by musical instruments. As Ibn Mas`ud commented about the Ayah:
﴿ وَمِنَ ٱلنَّاسِ مَن يَشۡتَرِى لَهۡوَ ٱلۡحَدِيثِ لِيُضِلَّ عَن سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ ﴾

(And of mankind is he who purchases Lahu Al-Hadith to mislead (men) from the path of Allah), he said, “This — by Allah — refers to singing.”
﴿ وَمِنَ ٱلنَّاسِ مَن يَشۡتَرِى لَهۡوَ ٱلۡحَدِيثِ لِيُضِلَّ عَن سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ بِغَيۡرِ عِلۡمٍ۬ ﴾

(And of mankind is he who purchases Lahw Al-Hadith to mislead (men) from the path of Allah without knowledge,) Qatadah said: “By Allah, he may not spend money on it, but his purchasing it means he likes it, and the more misguided he is, the more he likes it and the more he prefers falsehood to the truth and harmful things over beneficial things.” It was said that what is meant by the words
﴿ يَشۡتَرِى لَهۡوَ ٱلۡحَدِيثِ ﴾

(purchases idle talks) is buying singing servant girls. Ibn Jarir said that it means all speech that hinders people from seeing the signs of Allah and following His path. His saying:
﴿ لِيُضِلَّ عَن سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ ﴾

(to mislead (men) from the path of Allah) means, he does this to oppose Islam and its followers.
﴿ وَيَتَّخِذَهَا هُزُوًا‌ۚ ﴾

(and takes it by way of mockery.) Mujahid said, “This means mocking the path of Allah and making fun of it.”
﴿ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ لَهُمۡ عَذَابٌ۬ مُّهِينٌ۬ ﴾

(For such there will be a humiliating torment.) Just as they showed no respect to the signs and path of Allah, so they will be shown no respect on the Day of Resurrection, and they will be subjected to a painful, ongoing torment. Then Allah says:
﴿ وَإِذَا تُتۡلَىٰ عَلَيۡهِ ءَايَـٰتُنَا وَلَّىٰ مُسۡتَڪۡبِرً۬ا كَأَن لَّمۡ يَسۡمَعۡهَا كَأَنَّ فِىٓ أُذُنَيۡهِ وَقۡرً۬ا‌ۖ ﴾

(And when Our Ayat are recited to such a one, he turns away in pride, as if he heard them not — as if there were deafness in his ear.) means, when these Qur’anic verses are recited to one who is fond of idleness and play, he turns away from them and does not want to hear them. He turns a deaf ear to them as if he can hear nothing, because it annoys him to hear them since he gains no benefit from them and has no interest in them.
﴿ فَبَشِّرۡهُ بِعَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ ﴾

(So announce to him a painful torment.) i.e., on the Day of Resurrection, which will hurt him just as much as listening to the Book of Allah and its verses hurt him.

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

وَاقْصِدْ فِي مَشْيِكَ وَاغْضُضْ مِن صَوْتِكَ ۚ إِنَّ أَنكَرَ الْأَصْوَاتِ لَصَوْتُ الْحَمِيرِ

“And be moderate (or show no insolence) in your walking, and lower you voice. Verily, the harshest of all voices is the braying of asses.”

(Surah Luqman, 31:19)

أَلَمْ تَرَوْا أَنَّ اللَّهَ سَخَّرَ لَكُم مَّا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَأَسْبَغَ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعَمَهُ ظَاهِرَةً وَبَاطِنَةً ۗ وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يُجَادِلُ فِي اللَّهِ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ وَلَا هُدًى وَلَا كِتَابٍ مُّنِيرٍ

“See you not (O men) that Allah has subjected for you whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth, and has completed and perfected His Graces upon you, (both) apparent (i.e. Islamic Monotheism, and the lawful pleasures of this world, including health, good looks, etc.) and hidden [i.e. One’s Faith in Allah (of Islamic Monotheism) knowledge, wisdom, guidance for doing righteous deeds, and also the pleasures and delights of the Hereafter in Paradise]? Yet of mankind is who disputes about Allah without knowledge or guidance or a Book giving light!”

(Surah Luqman, 31:19)

In his work; “Akhlaq Hamalah Al Qur’an wa Ahlih (Characteristics of the Bearers of The Qur’an)”, Imam Ajurri رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰهُ, gives us beneficial insight on how a bearer of Qur’an should speak;

“The first matter that it befits him to employ is taqwa of Allah secretly and openly, by exercising caution (wara’) with regards to the sources of his food, drink, dress and earnings. He is perceptive about his time and the corruptions of its people, that he may beware of them regarding his religion. He concentrates on his own situation, having the aspiration to reform whatever is corrupt in his affairs, guarding his tongue and choosing his words. If he speaks, he speaks with knowledge when he sees speech to be correct. If he remains silent, he remains silent with knowledge when he sees silence to be correct. He rarely delves into that which does not concern him. He fears from his tongue things more severe than he fears from his enemy. He imprisons his tongue the way he imprisons his enemy, so that he may be safe from its evil and bad consequences. He rarely laughs at the matters at which people laugh, due to the bad consequences of laughter. If he is pleased by something in accordance with the Truth, he smiles. He dislikes joking, fearing frivolity: if he jokes, he speaks truth. He is accommodating in countenance, pure in speech. He does not allow himself to be praised for qualities he has, how then for qualities he does not have? He is wary of his self, that it should overcome him for what it desires, of the things that will anger his Master. He does not backbite anyone. He does not look down upon anyone. He does not abuse anyone. He is not happy at the affliction of others. He neither transgress upon anyone, nor envies him. He does not think the worst about anyone, except for one who deserves it. He loves with knowledge, and hates with knowledge. He speaks about a person’s faults only with knowledge, and remains silent about a person’s real nature with knowledge.”

(Akhlaq Hamalah Al Qur’an wa Ahlih, pg. 19)

It is reported on the authority of Abu Huraira رضى الله عنه that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) observed: He who believes in Allah and the Last Day should either utter good words or better keep silence; and he who believes in Allah and the Last Day should treat his neighbor with kindness and he who believes in Allah and the Last Day should show hospitality to his guest.

(Sahih Muslim)

Abu Hurairah رضى الله عنه reported: “I heard the Prophet (peace be upon him) saying, “A person utters a word thoughtlessly (i.e. without thinking about its being good or not) and, as a result of this, he will fall down into the fire of Hell deeper than the distance between the east and the west.”

(Bukhari and Muslim)

Ibn ‘Umar رضى الله عنه reported: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “Do not indulge in excessive talk except when remembering Allah. Excessive talking without the Remembrance of Allah hardens the heart; and those who are the farthest from Allah are those whose hearts are hard.”


(Tirmidhi)

In his work; “Spiritual Disease and its Cure”, Ibnul Qayyim رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰهُ states;

“Speech should be preserved and used only for what is
beneficial. One should say only that which is beneficial to
one’s Deen (religion). One should think twice before
uttering a word, and whether it is useful for one’s religion or
not; if there is no gain in saying it, one should abstain from
uttering it; but if there is any benefit in it, one should not
waste the opportunity of saying it. If one wants to give
evidence about what is inside the hearts ( of others), one
should consider their expressions. In fact, the tongue reveals
the condition of the heart, whether its owner likes it or not!”

Yahya bin Mu’adh رضى الله عنه said: “Hearts are like cooking pots with
their boiling contents, and tongues are their ladles. When a
man speaks, his tongue scoops up what is inside his heart;
sweet or sour.”


Anas bin Malik رضى الله عنه reported that the Prophet ﷺ said: “A
man’s Iman (faith) is not straight until his heart is straight;
and his heart is not straight until his tongue is straight.”


Abdullah bin Mas’ud رضى الله عنه reported that the Prophet ﷺ said:
“By Him in Whose Hand my soul is, a man is not a Muslim
till his heart and tongue are submissive.”

(“Spiritual Diseases and Its Cure, Ibnun Qayyim, pg. 186)

O those who believe! I admonish myself as well as you to fear Allah in regards to our senses as Allah عزوجل says in The Holy Qur’an:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَكُونُوا مَعَ الصَّادِقِينَ

“O you who believe! Be afraid of Allah, and be with those who are true (in words and deeds).”

(Surah At-Taubah, 9:119)

83:14

The Ran.

Allah, The Exalted, says in The Qur’an:

كَلَّا ۖ بَلْ ۜ رَانَ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِم مَّا كَانُوا يَكْسِبُونَ

“Nay! But on their hearts is the Ran (covering of sins and evil deeds) which they used to earn.”

(Surah Al-Mutaffifin, 83:14)

Excerpt from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about this ayah:

Then Allah continues saying,
﴿ كَلَّا‌ۖ بَلۡۜ رَانَ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِہِم مَّا كَانُواْ يَكۡسِبُونَ ﴾

(Nay! But on their hearts is the Ran (covering) which they used to earn.) meaning, the matter is not as they claim, nor as they say: “Verily, this Qur’an is tales of the ancients.” Rather, it is the Word of Allah, His inspiration and His revelation to His Messenger . The only thing that blocked their hearts from believing in it is the dark covering cast over it from the many sins and wrong they committed that has covered up their hearts. Thus, Allah says,
﴿ كَلَّا‌ۖ بَلۡۜ رَانَ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِہِم مَّا كَانُواْ يَكۡسِبُونَ ﴾

(Nay! But on their hearts is the Ran (covering) which they used to earn.) This dark covering known as Rayn overcomes the hearts of the disbelievers, the covering of Ghaym is for the righteous, and the covering of Ghayn is for those who are near to Allah. Ibn Jarir, At-Tirmidhi, An-Nisa’i, and Ibn Majah all recorded from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet said,
« إِنَّ الْعَبْدَ إِذَا أَذْنَبَ ذَنْبًا كَانَتْ نُكْتَةٌ سَوْدَاءُ فِي قَلْبِهِ، فَإِنْ تَابَ مِنْهَا صُقِلَ قَلْبُهُ، فوَإِنْ زَادَ زَادَتْ، فَذلِكَ قَوْلُ اللهِ تَعَالَى:﴿ كَلَّا‌ۖ بَلۡۜ رَانَ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِہِم مَّا كَانُواْ يَكۡسِبُونَ ﴾

(Verily, when the servant commits a sin, a black spot appears in his heart. If he repents from it, his heart is polished clean. However, if he increases (in the sin), the spot will continue to increase. That is the statement of Allah: ((Nay! But on their hearts is the Ran (covering) which they used to earn.)) At-Tirmidhi said, “Hasan Sahih.” The wording of An-Nasa’i says,
« إِنَّ الْعَبْدَ إِذَا أَخْطَأَ خَطِيئَةً نُكِتَ فِي قَلْبِهِ نُكْتَةٌ سَوْدَاءُ ، فَإِنْ هُوَ نَزَعَ وَاسْتَغْفَرَ وَتَابَ صُقِلَ قَلْبُهُ ، فَإِنْ عَادَ زِيدَ فِيهَا حَتَّى تَعْلُو قَلْبَهُ فَهُوَ الرَّانُ الَّذِي قَالَ اللهُ تَعَالَى:﴿ كَلَّا‌ۖ بَلۡۜ رَانَ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِہِم مَّا كَانُواْ يَكۡسِبُونَ ﴾

(Whenever the servant commits a wrong, a black spot is put in his heart. So, if he refrains from it, seeks forgiveness and repents, his heart is polished clean. But if he returns to the sin, the spot will increase until it overcomes his (entire) heart, and this is the Ran that Allah mentions when He says: (Nay, but on their hearts is the Ran (covering) which they used to earn.)) 

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

Here Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ, is describing the state of the disbeliever. Their hearts are covered with a blackness that prevents them from accepting the Light of Faith. The blackness is a stain-earned by many sins. Due to his or her sins and lack of repentance, the disbeliever has prevented themselves from accepting the message of Islam. They have oppressed themselves through this evil action and repentance is the only way free from this terrible prison.

In his work; “Spiritual Disease and it’s Cure”, Ibn al-Qayyim َحِمَهُ ٱللّٰهُ, provides beneficial insights on how sins darken the heart;

“Sins blind the heart ‘s insight, blot out its light, and block all
means towards its right guidance. When Imam Malik, may Allah be pleased with him, saw signs of remarkable knowledge in Imam Shafi’i, he told him: “I see that Allah ~ has cast a light upon you, so do not extinguish it with the darkness of disobedience to Him (by committing a misdeed).” When a person continues to do misdeeds, the original light,
which Allah ~ had cast in his/her heart, continues to decrease, as the darkness of sins takes over, until it overwhelms the whole heart, and casts it in the world of darkness; the world of self-destruction.


This darkness spreads in the limbs until it reaches the face, turning it into a gloomy disillusioned figure. This effect is also carried over to the Life After Death, and
adds to the darkness of the grave. The Prophet ~ said: “These graves are filled with darkness, over its people, but Allah sheds light on them, with my prayer upon them.”

On the Day of Resurrection, all people would be gathered with their faces raised high and clearly seen by everyone. The faces of sinners will be blackened, like charcoal. It is a punishment which is not equal in weight to all the worldly
desires; so one must be patient in this world.”

(Ibn al-Qayyim)

Look at how the scholars of previous times addressed one another! Such care and concern, insight and firmness in admonishing. May Allah increase us in knowledge. Ameen!. As Muslims it is our duty to preserve the Light of Faith within each other by warning one another from committing sins and thus covering our hearts with the Ran.

Narrated by Abu Hurayrah رضى الله عنه :

The Prophet (ﷺ) said: The believer is the believer’s mirror, and the believer is the believer’s brother who guards him against loss and protects him when he is absent.

(Sunan Abi Dawud, 4918)

In the ayat we are examining (كَلَّا ۖ بَلْ ۜ رَانَ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِم مَّا كَانُوا يَكْسِبُونَ – 83:14, “Nay! But on their hearts is the Ran (covering of sins and evil deeds) which they used to earn.”) Allah uses the “قُلُوبِهِم (qulubihim)” to describe the heart. We know (from previous chapters) that the “qalb” is something that is between the two fingers of Allah and is constantly turning as Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَى, wills. In this ayat, the turning of the heart is in reference to the black casts that comes over it. Here we can derive that the turning of the heart mentioned in this ayat is done by the actions of the person (i.e., their committing sins). It must further be noted that a believer is not safe from this type of turning of the heart. When sins are committed by a believer they have willfully decided to take on the heart of the disbeliever. In fact, when they sin, they are a disbeliever!

Narrated by Abu Hurayrah رضى الله عنه:

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “When an adulterer commits illegal sexual intercourse, then he is not a believer at the time he is doing it; and when somebody drinks an alcoholic drink, then he is not believer at the time of drinking, and when a thief steals, he is not a believer at the time when he is stealing; and when a robber robs and the people look at him, then he is not a believer at the time of doing it. ” Abu Huraira in another narration, narrated the same from the Prophet (ﷺ) with the exclusion of robbery.

(Sahih al-Bukhari 6772)

This condition of the heart can only be remedied through repentance and striving hard in The Path of Allah. One must not find excuses to delay repentance and turning him or herself away from repentance. This behavior weakens the heart and may lead to Allah عزوجل, forgetting them completely!

In his same book, Ibn al- Qayyim رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰهُ has informed us about how sins weaken the heart;

“Sins affect one’s heart so it fails to glorify the Lord عزوجل and weakens its sense of tranquility. If one’s heart was filled with sobriety it would not have dared to commit any sin. Some deceived people say: “What induces me sometimes to commit sins is the hope of benefiting from Allah’s Mercy, not the weakness of glorifying Him in my heart.”
This is simply self-deception; because glorifying Allah عزوجل in
one’s heart means glorifying His Sanctity, which would
oppose the committing of any sins.
Those who boldly indulge in disobeying Allah عزوجل do not
consider Him with the correct estimation due to Him عزوجل.
This is a punishment from Allah ~ which removes the sense
of fear from the hearts of His Servants, so that sinners would
despise his/her the way he/she disrespected the Commands
of Allah عزوجل-
People love another person according to his/her level of love
for Allahعزوجل ; they fear his/her according to the level of
his/her fear of Allah; they praise him/her according to the
level of his/her praise for Allah عزوجل. How could a person
violate the sanctity of Allah عزوجلand not expect people to
violate his/her sanctity?
Allah ~ has stated in His Book (the Qur’an) the punishment
due for sins. He ~ cast the big sinners into a state of
disbelief for what they had earned. He ~ sealed their hearts
with their sins, and forgot them the way they had forgotten
their Lord. He ~ wasted them the way they had wasted His
Religion. Allah ~ stated in His Book, after describing the
prostration of all His Creatures to Him: (Whomsoever
Allah disgraces, none can honour him); when they

despised the act of prostrating to Allah ~ and refused to
perform it, He ~ disgraced them; and no one could honour
them after they had been humiliated by Allah ~-
Sins may lead a person to become forgotten by Allah ~
It is a punishment for a sinner, indulging in sins, to
eventually be forgotten by Allah عزوجل’ and left alone with the
devil. This is a stage of destruction for which there is no
hope of safety. For Allah عزوجل has said: (0 you who believe!
Fear Allah and keep your duty to Him. And let every
person look to what he has sent forth for the morrow,
and fear Allah. Verily, Allah is All-Aware of what you
do. And be not like those who forgot Allah, and He
caused them to forget themselves. Those are the Fasiqun
(rebellious and disobedient to Allah)

Allahعزوجل ordered us to fear Him (be mindful of Him in all our
actions) and warned us not to imitate those who have
become disobedient to Him. He عزوجل informed us that He
punished those who had rejected righteousness, by letting
them forget themselves – i.e. to forget the benefits which
could save them from the Punishment in the Hereafter.
Allah ~ made them forget the Right Path, which would lead
them to the Eternal Life in Paradise where they could enjoy
its perfect blessings.
You may see the sinner selfishly wasting benefits for
him/her self, as his heart is made heedless of remembrance
Allah عزوجل; he/she follows his/her own lusts, so his/her deeds
have been lost, because he/she rejects the priceless Reward
of Allah for the meagre affairs of this world

A sinner only has him/her self to blame, for he/she is unjust
to him/her self, not to Allah عزوجل- Allah عزوجلis the Provider of
all Blessings, and is not in need of anything from His
Creatures.”

(Ibn al-Qayyim)

Ibn al-Qayyim on “The Ran”

Abu Salih reported, on the authority of Abu Hurayrah رضى الله عنه.
that the Prophet ﷺ said: “When a believer sins there is a
black spot (placed) on his heart, yet if he repents and asks
pardon his heart is polished; but if he does more, it increases
till it gains ascendancy over his heart. That is the ‘rust’
mentioned by Allah عزوجل . Most High: ( Nay, but on their
hearts is the Raan (covering of sins and evil deeds).


Imam Ahmad reported, on the authority of Wahb, who said:
“The Lord عزوجل said, in some of His Revelations, to the
Children of Israel: ‘When I am obeyed, I am pleased. When
I am pleased, I bestow My Blessing and there is no end to it.
When I am disobeyed, I am Angry. And when I am Angry
(with My Servant), I curse him, and my Curse reaches his
seventh child.”

(Ibn al-Qayyim)

Due to a lack of repentance, the disbeliever who persists in disbelief has gone beyond bounds. Their hearts (through their own actions) are under a cover of darkness. Just as their hearts are veiled from Allah عزوجل in this life, it will be so in the next;

كَلَّا إِنَّهُمْ عَن رَّبِّهِمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ لَّمَحْجُوبُونَ

“Nay! Surely they (evil-doers) will be veiled from seeing their Lord that Day.”

(Surah Al Mutaffifin, 83:15)

May At-Tawwab forgive us, guide us, and always cause us to turn back in repentance to Him. Ameen.

2:10

The True State of the Hypocrite.

Allah, The Exalted says in The Qur’an:

فِي قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٌ فَزَادَهُمُ اللَّهُ مَرَضًا ۖ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ بِمَا كَانُوا يَكْذِبُونَ

“In their hearts is a disease (of doubt and hypocrisy) and Allah has increased their disease. A painful torment is theirs because they used to tell lies.”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:10)

In this ayat, Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ, is informing us about the hearts of the hypocrites. The discussion starts two ayah before when Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ says;

وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يَقُولُ آمَنَّا بِاللَّهِ وَبِالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ وَمَا هُم بِمُؤْمِنِينَ

يُخَادِعُونَ اللَّهَ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَمَا يَخْدَعُونَ إِلَّا أَنفُسَهُمْ وَمَا يَشْعُرُونَ

“And of mankind, there are some (hypocrites) who say: “We believe in Allah and the Last Day” while in fact they believe not. They (think to) deceive Allah and those who believe, while they only deceive themselves, and perceive (it) not!”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:8-9)

Before we start to examine the ayah above, I should mention the virtues of this noble Surah:

Surah Al-Baqarah (The Cow) is listed as the second Surah or Chapter in The Qur’an. It was revealed entirely in Madinah according to the consensus of the Scholars, َحِمَهُ ٱللّٰهُ. The virtues of the recitation and memorization of this Surah are immense as it was narrated by Abu Hurayrah, رضى الله عنه. He said that the Prophet, ﷺ said;

Do not turn your houses into graves. Verily, Shaytan does not enter the house where Surat Al-Baqarah is recited.)

(At-Tirmidhi, Classified as Hasan Sahih)

Also, `Abdullah bin Mas`ud said, “Shaytan flees from the house where Surat Al-Baqarah is heard.” This Hadith was collected by An-Nasa’i in Al-Yawm wal-Laylah, and Al-Hakim recorded it in his Mustadrak, and then said that its chain of narration is authentic, although the Two Sahihs did not collect it. In his Musnad, Ad-Darimi recorded that Ibn Mas`ud said, “Shaytan departs the house where Surat Al-Baqarah is being recited, and as he leaves, he passes gas.” Ad-Darimi also recorded that Ash-Sha`bi said that `Abdullah bin Mas`ud said, “Whoever recites ten Ayat from Surat Al-Baqarah in a night, then Shaytan will not enter his house that night. (These ten Ayat are) four from the beginning, Ayat Al-Kursi (255), the following two Ayat (256-257) and the last three Ayat.” In another narration, Ibn Mas`ud said, “Then Shaytan will not come near him or his family, nor will he be touched by anything that he dislikes. Also, if these Ayat were to be recited over a senile person, they would wake him up.”

Further, Sahl bin Sa`d said that the Messenger of Allah said,
« إِنَّ لِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ سَنَامًا، وَإِنَّ سَنَامَ الْقُرْآنِ الْبَقَرَةُ، وَإِنَّ مَنْ قَرَأَهَا فِي بَيْتِهِ لَيْلَةً لَمْ يَدْخُلْهُ الشَّيْطَانُ ثَلَاثَ لَيَالٍ، وَمَنْ قَرَأَهَا فِي بَيْتِهِ نَهَارًا لَمْ يَدْخُلْهُ الشَّيْطَانُ ثَلَاثَةَ أَيَّام »

(Everything has a hump (or, high peek), and Al-Baqarah is the high peek of the Qur’an. Whoever recites Al-Baqarah at night in his house, then Shaytan will not enter that house for three nights. Whoever recites it during a day in his house, then Shaytan will not enter that house for three days.) This Hadith was collected by Abu Al-Qasim At-Tabarani, Abu Hatim Ibn Hibban in his Sahih and Ibn Marduwyah.

At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasa’i and Ibn Majah recorded that Abu Hurayrah said, “The Messenger of Allah sent an expedition force comprising of many men and asked each about what they memorized of the Qur’an. The Prophet came to one of the youngest men among them and asked him, `What have you memorized (of the Qur’an) young man’ He said, `I memorized such and such Surahs and also Al-Baqarah.’ The Prophet said, `You memorized Surat Al-Baqarah’ He said, `Yes.’ The Prophet said, `Then you are their commander.’ One of the noted men (or chiefs) commented, `By Allah! I did not learn Surat Al-Baqarah, for fear that I would not be able to implement it. The Messenger of Allah said,
« تَعَلَّمُوا القُرْآنَ وَاقْرَءُوهُ، فَإِنَّ مَثَلَ الْقُرْآنِ لِمَنْ تَعَلَّمَهُ فَقَرَأَ وَقَامَ بِهِ كَمَثَلِ جِرَابٍ مَحْشُوَ مِسْكًا يَفُوحُ رِيحُهُ فِي كُلِّ مَكَانٍ، وَمَثَلُ مَنْ تَعَلَّمَهُ فَيَرْقُدُ وَهُوَ فِي جَوْفِهِ كَمَثَلِ جِرَابٍ أُوكِيَ عَلى مِسْك »

(Learn Al-Qur’an and recite it, for the example of whoever learns the Qur’an, recites it and adheres to it, is the example of a bag that is full of musk whose scent fills the air. The example of whoever learns the Qur’an and then sleeps (i.e. lazy) while the Qur’an is in his memory, is the example of a bag that has musk, but is closed tight.)

This is the wording collected by At-Tirmidhi, who said that this Hadith is Hasan. In another narration, At-Tirmidhi recorded this same Hadith in a Mursal manner, so Allah knows best.

Also, Al-Bukhari recorded that Usayd bin Hudayr said that he was once reciting Surat Al-Baqarah while his horse was tied next to him. The horse started to make some noise. When Usayd stopped reciting, the horse stopped moving about. When he resumed reading, the horse started moving about again. When he stopped reciting, the horse stopped moving, and when he resumed reading, the horse started to move again. Meanwhile, his son Yahya was close to the horse, and he feared that the horse might step on him. When he moved his son back, he looked up to the sky and saw a cloud radiating with light that looked like lamps. In the morning, he went to the Prophet and told him what had happened and then said, “O Messenger of Allah! My son Yahya was close to the horse and I feared that she might step on him. When I attended to him and raised my head to the sky, I saw a cloud with lights like lamps. So I went, but I couldn’t see it.” The Prophet said, “Do you know what that was” He said, “No.” The Prophet said,
« تِلْكَ الْمَلَائِكَةُ دَنَتْ لِصَوْتِكَ وَلَو قَرَأْتَ لَأَصْبَحْتَ يَنْظُرُ النَّاسُ إِلَيْهَا، لَا تَتَوارَى مِنْهُم »

(They were the angels, they came close hearing your voice (reciting Surat Al-Baqarah), and if you had kept reading, the people would have been able to see the angels when the morning came, and the angels would not be hidden from their eyes.)

This is the narration reported by Imam Abu Ubayd Al-Qasim bin Salam in his book Fada’il Al-Qur’an.

Imam Ahmad said that Abu Nu`aym narrated to them that Bishr bin Muhajir said that `Abdullah bin Buraydah narrated to him from his father, “I was sitting with the Prophet and I heard him say,
« تَعَلَّمُوا سُورَةَ الْبَقَرَةِ فَإِنَّ أَخْذَهَا بَرَكَةٌ، وَتَرْكَهَا حَسْرَةٌ، وَلَا تَسْتَطِيعُهَا الْبَطَلَة »

(Learn Surat Al-Baqarah, because in learning it there is blessing, in ignoring it there is sorrow, and the sorceresses cannot memorize it.)

He kept silent for a while and then said,
« تَعَلَّمُوا سُورَةَ الْبَقَرَةِ وَآلَ عِمْرَانَ فَإِنَّهُمَا الزَّهْرَاوَانِ، يُظِلَّانِ صَاحِبَهُمَا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ كَأَنَّهُمَا غَمَامَتَانِ أَوْ غَيَايَتَانِ أَوْ فِرْقَانِ مِنْ طَيْرٍ صَوَافَّ، وَإِنَّ الْقُرآنَ يَلْقى صَاحِبَهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ حِينَ يَنْشَقُّ عَنْهُ قَبْرُهُ كَالرَّجُلِ الشَّاحِبِ فَيَقُولُ لَهُ: هَلْ تَعْرِفُنِي؟ فَيَقُولُ: مَا أَعْرِفُكَ. فَيَقُولُ: أَنَا صَاحِبُكَ الْقُرْآنُ الَّذِي أَظْمَأْتُكَ فِي الْهَوَاجِرِ وَأَسْهَرْتُ لَيْلَكَ وَإِنَّ كُلَّ تَاجِرٍ مِنْ وَرَاءِ تِجَارَتِهِ، وَإِنَّكَ الْيَوْمَ مِنْ وَرَاءِ كُلِّ تِجَارَةٍ فَيُعْطَى الْمُلْكَ بِيَمِينِهِ وَالْخُلْدَ بِشِمَالِهِ وَيُوضَعُ عَلَى رَأْسِهِ تَاجُ الْوَقَارِ، وَيُكْسَى وَالِدَاهُ حُلَّتَانِ لَا يَقُومُ لَهُمَا أَهْلُ الدُّنْيَا، فَيَقُولَانِ: بِمَا كُسِينَا هَذَا؟ فَيُقَالُ: بِأَخْذِ وَلَدِكُمَا الْقُرْآنَ ثُمَّ يُقَالُ: اقْرَأْ وَاصْعَدْ فِي دَرَجِ الْجَنَّةِ وَغُرَفِهَا، فَهُوَ فِي صُعُودٍ مَا دَامَ يَقْرأُ هَذًّا كَانَ أَوْ تَرْتِيلًا »

(Learn Surat Al-Baqarah and Al `Imran because they are two lights and they shade their people on the Day of Resurrection, just as two clouds, two spaces of shade or two lines of (flying) birds. The Qur’an will meet its companion in the shape of a pale-faced man on the Day of Resurrection when his grave is opened. The Qur’an will ask him, ‘Do you know me’ The man will say, ‘I do not know you.’ The Qur’an will say, ‘I am your companion, the Qur’an, which has brought you thirst during the heat and made you stay up during the night. Every merchant has his certain trade. But, this Day, you are behind all types of trade.’ Kingship will then be given to him in his right hand, eternal life in his left hand and the crown of grace will be placed on his head. His parents will also be granted two garments that the people of this life could never afford. They will say, ‘Why were we granted these garments’ It will be said, ‘Because your son was carrying the Qur’an.’ It will be said (to the reader of the Qur’an), ‘Read and ascend through the levels of Paradise.’ He will go on ascending as long as he recites, whether reciting slowly or quickly.)”

Ibn Majah also recorded part of this Hadith from Bishr bin Al-Muhajir, and this chain of narrators is Hasan, according to the criteria of Imam Muslim.

A part of this Hadith is also supported by other Hadiths. For instance, Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Umamah Al-Bahili said that he heard the Messenger of Allah say,
« اقْرَأُوا الْقُرْآنَ فَإِنَّهُ شَافِعٌ لِأَهْلِهِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ اقْرَأُوا الزَّهْرَاوَيْنِ، الْبَقَرَةَ وَآلَ عِمْرَانَ، فَإِنَّهُمَا يَأْتِيَانِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ كَأَنَّهُمَا غَمَامَتَانِ، أَوْ كَأَنَّهُمَا غَيَايَتَانِ أَوْ كَأَنَّهُمَا فِرْقَانِ مِنْ طَيْرٍ صَوَافَّ، يُحَاجَّانِ عَنْ أَهْلِهِمَا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَة »

(Read the Qur’an, because it will intercede on behalf of its people on the Day of Resurrection. Read the two lights, Al-Baqarah and Al `Imran, because they will come in the shape of two clouds, two shades or two lines of birds on the Day of Resurrection and will argue on behalf of their people on that Day.)

The Prophet then said,
« اقْرَأُوا الْبَقَرَةَ فَإِنَّ أَخْذَهَا بَرَكَةٌ وَتَرْكَهَا حَسْرَةٌ وَلَا تَسْتَطِيعُهَا الْبَطَلَة »

(Read Al-Baqarah, because in having it there is blessing, and in ignoring there is a sorrow and the sorceresses cannot memorize it.)

Also, Imam Muslim narrated this Hadith in the Book of Prayer

Imam Ahmad narrated that An-Nawwas bin Sam`an said that the Prophet said,
« يُؤْتَى بِالقُرْآنِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَأَهْلِهِ الَّذِينَ كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ بِهِ تَقْدَمُهُم سُورَةُ الْبَقَرَةِ وَآلُ عِمْرَان »

(On the Day of Resurrection the Qur’an and its people who used to implement it will be brought forth, preceded by Surat Al-Baqarah and Al `Imran.)

An-Nawwas said, “The Prophet set three examples for these two Surahs and I did not forget these examples ever since. He said,
« كَأَنَّهُمَا غَمَامَتَانِ، أَوْ ظُلَّتَانِ سَودَاوَانِ بَيْنَهُمَا شَرْقٌ، أَوْ كَأَنَّهُمَا فِرْقَانِ مِنْ طَيْرٍ صَوَافَّ، يُحَاجَّانِ عَنْ صَاحِبِهِمَا »

(They will come like two clouds, two dark shades or two lines of birds arguing on behalf of their people.)

It was also recorded in Sahih Muslim and At-Tirmidhi narrated this Hadith, which he rendered Hasan Gharib.

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about this ayat:

The Meaning of “Disease” in this Ayah

As-Suddi narrated from Abu Malik and (also) from Abu Salih, from Ibn `Abbas, and (also) Murrah Al-Hamdani from Ibn Mas`ud and other Companions that this Ayah,
﴿ فِى قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٌ۬ ﴾

(In their hearts is a disease) means, `doubt’, and,
﴿ فَزَادَهُمُ ٱللَّهُ مَرَضً۬ا‌ۖ ﴾

(And Allah has increased their disease) also means `doubt’. Mujahid, `Ikrimah, Al-Hasan Al-Basri, Abu Al-`Aliyah, Ar-Rabi` bin Anas and Qatadah also said similarly. `Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam commented on,
﴿ فِى قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٌ۬ ﴾

(In their hearts is a disease), “A disease in the religion, not a physical disease. They are the hypocrites and the disease is the doubt that they brought to Islam.
﴿ فَزَادَهُمُ ٱللَّهُ مَرَضً۬ا‌ۖ ﴾

(And Allah has increased their disease) meaning, increased them in shameful behavior.” He also recited,
﴿ فَأَمَّا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ فَزَادَتۡهُمۡ إِيمَـٰنً۬ا وَهُمۡ يَسۡتَبۡشِرُونَ • وَأَمَّا ٱلَّذِينَ فِى قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٌ۬ فَزَادَتۡہُمۡ رِجۡسًا إِلَىٰ رِجۡسِهِمۡ ﴾

(As for those who believe, it has increased their faith, and they rejoice. But as for those in whose hearts is a disease, it will add disgrace to their disgrace.) (9:124-125) and commented, “Evil to their evil and deviation to their deviation.” This statement by `Abdur-Rahman is true, and it constitutes a punishment that is compatible to the sin, just as the earlier scholars stated. Similarly, Allah said,
﴿ وَٱلَّذِينَ ٱهۡتَدَوۡاْ زَادَهُمۡ هُدً۬ى وَءَاتَٮٰهُمۡ تَقۡوَٮٰهُمۡ ﴾

(While as for those who accept guidance, He increases their guidance and grants them their piety) (47:17).

Allah said next,
﴿ بِمَا كَانُواْ يَكۡذِبُونَ ﴾

(Because they used to tell lies). The hypocrites have two characteristics, they lie and they deny the Unseen.

The scholars who stated that the Prophet knew the hypocrites of his time have only the Hadith of Hudhayfah bin Al-Yaman as evidence. In it the Prophet gave him the names of fourteen hypocrites during the battle of Tabuk. These hypocrites plotted to assassinate the Prophet during the night on a hill in that area. They planned to excite the Prophet’s camel, so that she would throw him down the hill. Allah informed the Prophet about their plot, and the Prophet told Hudhayfah their names.

As for the other hypocrites, Allah said about them,
﴿ وَمِمَّنۡ حَوۡلَكُم مِّنَ ٱلۡأَعۡرَابِ مُنَـٰفِقُونَ‌ۖ وَمِنۡ أَهۡلِ ٱلۡمَدِينَةِ‌ۖ مَرَدُواْ عَلَى ٱلنِّفَاقِ لَا تَعۡلَمُهُمۡ‌ۖ نَحۡنُ نَعۡلَمُهُمۡ‌ۚ ﴾

(And among the bedouins around you, some are hypocrites, and so are some among the people of Al-Madinah who persist in hypocrisy; you (O Muhammad) know them not, We know them) (9:101), and,
﴿ لَّٮِٕن لَّمۡ يَنتَهِ ٱلۡمُنَـٰفِقُونَ وَٱلَّذِينَ فِى قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٌ۬ وَٱلۡمُرۡجِفُونَ فِى ٱلۡمَدِينَةِ لَنُغۡرِيَنَّكَ بِهِمۡ ثُمَّ لَا يُجَاوِرُونَكَ فِيہَآ إِلَّا قَلِيلاً۬ • مَّلۡعُونِينَۖ أَيۡنَمَا ثُقِفُوٓاْ أُخِذُواْ وَقُتِّلُواْ تَقۡتِيلاً۬ ﴾

(If the hypocrites, and those in whose hearts is a disease, and those who spread false news among the people in Al-Madinah do not cease, We shall certainly let you overpower them, then they will not be able to stay in it as your neighbors but a little while. Accursed, they shall be seized wherever found, and killed with a (terrible) slaughter) (33:60-61).

These Ayat prove that the Prophet was not informed about each and everyone among the hypocrites of his time. Rather, the Prophet was only informed about their characteristics, and he used to assume that some people possessed these characteristics. Similarly, Allah said,
﴿ وَلَوۡ نَشَآءُ لَأَرَيۡنَـٰكَهُمۡ فَلَعَرَفۡتَهُم بِسِيمَـٰهُمۡ‌ۚ وَلَتَعۡرِفَنَّهُمۡ فِى لَحۡنِ ٱلۡقَوۡلِ‌ۚ ﴾

(Had We willed, We could have shown them to you, and you should have known them by their marks; but surely, you will know them by the tone of their speech!) (47:30).

The most notorious hypocrite at that time was `Abdullah bin Ubayy bin Salul; Zayd bin Arqam – the Companion – gave truthful testimony to that effect. In addition, `Umar bin Al-Khattab once mentioned the matter of Ibn Salul to the Prophet, who said,
« إِنِّي أَكْرَهُ أَنْ تَتَحَدَّثَ الْعَرَبُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا يَقْتُلُ أَصْحَابَه »

(I would not like the Arabs to say to each other that Muhammad is killing his Companions.)

Yet, when Ibn Salul died, the Prophet performed the funeral prayer for him and attended his funeral just as he used to do with other Muslims. It was recorded in the Sahih that the Prophet said,
« إِنِّي خُيِّرْتُ فَاخْتَرْت »

(I was given the choice (to pray for him or not), so I chose.)

In another narration, the Prophet said,
« لَوْ أَعْلَمُ أَنِّي لَوْ زِدْتُ عَلَى السَّبْعِينَ يُغْفَرُ لَهُ لَزِدْت »

(If I knew that by asking (Allah to forgive Ibn Salul) more than seventy times that He would forgive him, then I would do that.)

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

We ask Allah, سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ, to purify our hearts from all traces of hypocrisy. Ameen. From what has already been mentioned, we can see that the hypocrites brought bad character, deception, and doubts about the religion into Islam. Their pretending to convert to Islam was merely a rouse for some worldly gain (i.e., money, safety through righteous company, etc. ). Because they held doubts about Islam in their hearts, the light of Faith never entered and so they remained sleeping while appearing to be awake. May Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ, protect us from this lowly state. Ameen.

When one enters into Islam, he or she must do so understanding Who their Lord Is, Allahعزوجل , Who the Prophet ﷺ is to Allah and this Ummah, and the concept of Tawheed. When the light of Faith reaches the heart after much darkness, the soul should see Allah’s Guidance as a life saving Grace. The hypocrites don’t experience this sweetness as they question fundamentals of Faith (i.e., Allah is their Lord, Muhammad is indeed Allah’s Messenger, and that Islam is indeed the truth.). The hypocrites never truly entered into Islam as Allah عزوجل, when He said;

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا ادْخُلُوا فِي السِّلْمِ كَافَّةً وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا خُطُوَاتِ الشَّيْطَانِ ۚ إِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُّبِينٌ

“O you who believe! Enter perfectly in Islam (by obeying all the rules and regulations of the Islamic religion) and follow not the footsteps of Shaitan (Satan). Verily, he is to you a plain enemy.”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:208)

In the unfortunate affair of the hypocrite, we can learn that the Light of Faith may shine down on all of mankind. However, Allah chooses Whom He wills of whose heart that Light will penetrate. Because the hypocrite never experienced the initial bliss of allowing themselves to be guided to Islam they don’t feel what believers feel when they are reminded of the message;

اللَّهُ نَزَّلَ أَحْسَنَ الْحَدِيثِ كِتَابًا مُّتَشَابِهًا مَّثَانِيَ تَقْشَعِرُّ مِنْهُ جُلُودُ الَّذِينَ يَخْشَوْنَ رَبَّهُمْ ثُمَّ تَلِينُ جُلُودُهُمْ وَقُلُوبُهُمْ إِلَىٰ ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ هُدَى اللَّهِ يَهْدِي بِهِ مَن يَشَاءُ ۚ وَمَن يُضْلِلِ اللَّهُ فَمَا لَهُ مِنْ هَادٍ

“Allah has sent down the Best Statement, a Book (this Qur’an), its parts resembling each other (in goodness and truth) (and) oft-repeated. The skins of those who fear their Lord shiver from it (when they recite it or hear it). Then their skin and their heart soften to the remembrance of Allah. That is the guidance of Allah. He Guides therewith whom He wills; and whomever Allah sends astray, for him there is no guide.”

(Surah Az-Zumar, 39:23)

The hypocrite is a great fitnah for the Muslim Ummah. That is because they disguise their disbelief and criminality from the Muslims and work against them at every chance they get. Because they are close with the Muslims in proximity, the are privily to the vulnerabilities and they are always standing by waiting to exploit them. These enemies hinder many men and women from the path of Allah عزوجل, with their evil behavior. When they are exposed and corrected they behave ignorantly, lie, and turn away.

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr رضى الله عنه:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Whoever has the following four (characteristics) will be a pure hypocrite and whoever has one of the following four characteristics will have one characteristic of hypocrisy unless and until he gives it up.

1. Whenever he is entrusted, he betrays.

2. Whenever he speaks, he tells a lie.

3. Whenever he makes a covenant, he proves treacherous.

4. Whenever he quarrels, he behaves in a very imprudent, evil and insulting manner.”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 34)

Just as words of admonishments are of no effect to the hypocrite, so are their deeds before Allah عزوجل;

It was narrated by Abu Hurairah رضى الله عنه that The Prophet ﷺ, said, “Whoever does not give up lying speech- false statements (i.e., telling lies) and acting on those (lies), and evil actions etc., then Allah is not in need of his leaving his food and drink (i.e., Allah will not accept his fasting).

(Sahih Al-Bukhari, Hadith No. 127, Vol. 3)

In the next 12 ayat, Allah عزوجل goes on to describe the qualities of the hypocrite;

وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ لَا تُفْسِدُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ قَالُوا إِنَّمَا نَحْنُ مُصْلِحُونَ

“And when it is said to them: “Make no mischief on the earth”, they say: “We are only peace-makers.”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:11)

The hypocrite thinks he or she is on right guidance. They are the epitome of the ayah;

وَإِنَّهُمْ لَيَصُدُّونَهُمْ عَنِ السَّبِيلِ وَيَحْسَبُونَ أَنَّهُم مُّهْتَدُونَ

“And verily, they (Satans/devils) hinder them from the Path (of Allah), but they think that they are guided aright.”

(Surah Az-Zukhruf, 43:37)

and;

وَإِذَا رَأَيْتَهُمْ تُعْجِبُكَ أَجْسَامُهُمْ ۖ وَإِن يَقُولُوا تَسْمَعْ لِقَوْلِهِمْ ۖ كَأَنَّهُمْ خُشُبٌ مُّسَنَّدَةٌ ۖ يَحْسَبُونَ كُلَّ صَيْحَةٍ عَلَيْهِمْ ۚ هُمُ الْعَدُوُّ فَاحْذَرْهُمْ ۚ قَاتَلَهُمُ اللَّهُ ۖ أَنَّىٰ يُؤْفَكُونَ

“And when you look at them, their bodies please you; and when they speak, you listen to their words. They are as blocks of wood propped up. They think that every cry is against them. They are the enemies, so beware of them. May Allah curse them! How are they denying (or deviating) from the Right Path?”

(Surah Munafiqun, 63:4)

In his work, “Characteristics of the Hypocrites”,  Ibn al-Qayyim, رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰهُ states;

“The most enchanting of tongues, the nicest words, yet the most vile hearts. They are like propped up planks of wood devoid of fruit. They have been severed from the source of their growth and as such rest on a wall to keep them upright so that people do not walk over them.”

(Ibn al-Qayyim)

The hypocrite is concerned for his/her dunya affair more than their akhirah. They strive hard for the dunya-not caring how their provision is gained. Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَى, says;

وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يُعْجِبُكَ قَوْلُهُ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَيُشْهِدُ اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ مَا فِي قَلْبِهِ وَهُوَ أَلَدُّ الْخِصَامِ

وَإِذَا تَوَلَّىٰ سَعَىٰ فِي الْأَرْضِ لِيُفْسِدَ فِيهَا وَيُهْلِكَ الْحَرْثَ وَالنَّسْلَ ۗ وَاللَّهُ لَا يُحِبُّ الْفَسَادَ

“And of mankind thee is he whose speech may please you (O Muhammad ﷺ), in this worldly life, and he calls Allah to witness as to that which is in his heart, yet he is the most quarrelsome of the opponents. And when he turns away (from you “O Muhammad ﷺ”), his effort in the land is to make mischief therein and to destroy the crops and the cattle, and Allah likes not mischief.”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:204-205)

Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ, then says;

أَلَا إِنَّهُمْ هُمُ الْمُفْسِدُونَ وَلَٰكِن لَّا يَشْعُرُونَ

“Verily, they are the ones who make mischief, but they perceive not.”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:12)

Due to their hearts being full with desire and doubts they have been blinded to the true reality of their affair. They think too highly of themselves to seek assistance from their Lord as they think their good qualities (perhaps their looks or ability to speak well) has given them rank with Allah. The opposite is true of those who are striving to be true believers. They are those who reproach themselves when falling into evil and call upon their Lord to grant them guidance with humbleness and sincerity. They ask Allah عزوجل to aid them in their religion and repent when falling short in their duties.

Mu’adh (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) took hold of my hand and said, “O Mu’adh! By Allah I love you, so I advise you to never forget to recite after every prayer:” Allahumma a’inni ala dhikrika, wa shukrika , wa husni ‘ibadatika (O Allah, help me remember You, to be grateful to You, and to worship You in an excellent manner). “

[Abu Dawud] .

The hypocrite does not truly desire Allah, and so they experience the worst this ayah;

اللَّهُ وَلِيُّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا يُخْرِجُهُم مِّنَ الظُّلُمَاتِ إِلَى النُّورِ ۖ وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا أَوْلِيَاؤُهُمُ الطَّاغُوتُ يُخْرِجُونَهُم مِّنَ النُّورِ إِلَى الظُّلُمَاتِ ۗ أُولَٰئِكَ أَصْحَابُ النَّارِ ۖ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ

“Allah is the Wali (Protector or Guardian) of those who believe. He brings them out from darkness into light. But as for those who disbelieve, their Auliya (supporters and helpers) are Taghut [false deities and false leaders], they bring them out from light into darkness. Those are the dwellers of the Fire, and they will abide therein forever.”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:257)

The believer and the hypocrite in action may appear to be alike, yet they are extreme opposites. Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ, says in The Qur’an;

يُنَادُونَهُمْ أَلَمْ نَكُن مَّعَكُمْ ۖ قَالُوا بَلَىٰ وَلَٰكِنَّكُمْ فَتَنتُمْ أَنفُسَكُمْ وَتَرَبَّصْتُمْ وَارْتَبْتُمْ وَغَرَّتْكُمُ الْأَمَانِيُّ حَتَّىٰ جَاءَ أَمْرُ اللَّهِ وَغَرَّكُم بِاللَّهِ الْغَرُورُ

“(The hypocrites) will call the believers: “Were we not with you?” The believers will reply: “Yes! But you led yourselves into temptations, you looked forward to our destruction; you doubted (in Faith) and you were deceived by false desires, till the Command of Allah came to pass. And the chief deceiver (Satan) deceived you in respect of Allah.”

(Surah Al-Hadid, 57:14)

Excerpt from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about this ayah:

Allah said,
﴿ يُنَادُونَہُمۡ أَلَمۡ نَكُن مَّعَكُمۡ‌ۖ ﴾

((The hypocrites) will call the believers: “Were we not with you”) meaning, the hypocrites will call out to the believers saying, “Were we not with you in the life of the world, attending Friday prayers and congregational prayers Did we not stand with you on Mount `Arafah (during Hajj), participate in battle by your side and perform all types of acts of worship with you”
﴿ قَالُواْ بَلَىٰ ﴾

(The believers will reply: “Yes!…”) The believers will answer the hypocrites by saying, “Yes, you were with us,
﴿ وَلَـٰكِنَّكُمۡ فَتَنتُمۡ أَنفُسَكُمۡ وَتَرَبَّصۡتُمۡ وَٱرۡتَبۡتُمۡ وَغَرَّتۡكُمُ ٱلۡأَمَانِىُّ ﴾

(But you led yourselves into temptations, you looked forward to our destruction; and you doubted (in faith) and you were deceived by false hopes,) ” Qatadah said,
﴿ وَتَرَبَّصۡتُمۡ ﴾

(you looked forward to destruction), “Of the truth and its people.”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

It was narrated from Abu Dharr, رضى الله عنه, that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:“Allah the Blessed and Exalted says: ‘O My slaves, all of you are sinners except those whom I have saved. So ask Me for forgiveness, I will forgive you. Whoever among you knows that I have the power to forgive and asks Me to forgive by My power, I will forgive him. All of you are astray except those whom I guide. Ask Me for guidance and I will guide you. All of you are poor except those whom I enrich (make independent of means). Ask of Me and I will grant you provision. Even if your living and your dead, your first and your last, your fresh and your dry, were all as pious as the most pious among my slaves, that would not increase my dominion as much as a gnat’s wing, and if they were to be as evil as the most evil among My slaves, that would not detract from My dominion as much as a gnat’s wing. Even if your living and your dead, your first and your last, your fresh and your dry, were to join together and each of them were to ask for all that he wishes for, that would only detract from My dominion as much as if one of you were to pass by the edge of the sea and dip a needle in it and withdraw it. That is because I am the Most Generous, Majestic. I give with a word; when I will something, all I do is say to it “Be!” – and it is. ‘”

(Sunan Ibn Majah)

May Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ, always grant us (and our offspring) the ability to ask His forgiveness and guidance. Ameen.

Al-Nu’man ibn Bashir رضى الله عنه, reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “The parable of the believers in their affection, mercy, and compassion for each other is that of a body. When any limb aches, the whole body reacts with sleeplessness and fever.”

(Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 5665, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2586)

The hypocrite does not hold feelings of compassion for the Muslims as Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ, says;

وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ آمِنُوا كَمَا آمَنَ النَّاسُ قَالُوا أَنُؤْمِنُ كَمَا آمَنَ السُّفَهَاءُ ۗ أَلَا إِنَّهُمْ هُمُ السُّفَهَاءُ وَلَٰكِن لَّا يَعْلَمُونَ

وَإِذَا لَقُوا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا قَالُوا آمَنَّا وَإِذَا خَلَوْا إِلَىٰ شَيَاطِينِهِمْ قَالُوا إِنَّا مَعَكُمْ إِنَّمَا نَحْنُ مُسْتَهْزِئُونَ

“And when it is said to them (hypocrites): “Believe as the people (followers of Muhammad ﷺ, Al-Ansar, and Al-Muhajirun) have believed,” they say: “Shall we believe as the fools have believed?” Verily, they are the fools, but they know not. And when they meet those who believe, they say: “We believe”, but when they are alone with their Shaytan (devils- polytheists, hypocrites), they say: “Truly, we are with you, verily, we but mocking.”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:13-14)

and so Allah feels no compassion for them (the hypocrites);

اللَّهُ يَسْتَهْزِئُ بِهِمْ وَيَمُدُّهُمْ فِي طُغْيَانِهِمْ يَعْمَهُونَ

“Allah mocks at them and gives them increase in their wrong-doing to wander blindly.”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:15)

One should not be deceived by the seemingly happy and fulfilled life of the hypocrite. They have exchanged guidance for misguidance and when the blinds are lifted from their eyes only then will they see what a dreadful life they have lived. How miserable for them to have preferred misguidance to guidance. All that they have amassed in this life ( i.e., wealth, children, knowledge) will be of no effect and they will see no benefit from their actions if they die upon this nifaq.

أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ اشْتَرَوُا الضَّلَالَةَ بِالْهُدَىٰ فَمَا رَبِحَت تِّجَارَتُهُمْ وَمَا كَانُوا مُهْتَدِينَ

“These are they who have purchased error for guidance, so their commerce was profitless. And they were not guided.”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:16)

Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ, in His infinite Mercy gives us simple stories (parables) to further help us understand depths of the hypocrites condition. Perhaps he does this so we can examine our own hearts for this dis-ease? Or to better admonish? And Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ, knows best.

(Short) Stories Illustrating the Condition of The Hypocrite:

مَثَلُهُمْ كَمَثَلِ الَّذِي اسْتَوْقَدَ نَارًا فَلَمَّا أَضَاءَتْ مَا حَوْلَهُ ذَهَبَ اللَّهُ بِنُورِهِمْ وَتَرَكَهُمْ فِي ظُلُمَاتٍ لَّا يُبْصِرُونَ

صُمٌّ بُكْمٌ عُمْيٌ فَهُمْ لَا يَرْجِعُونَ

“Their likeness is as the likeness of one who kindled a fire; then, when it lighted all around him, Allah took away their light and left them in darkness. (So) they could not see. They are deaf, dumb, and blind, so they return not (to the Right Path).”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:17-18)

أَوْ كَصَيِّبٍ مِّنَ السَّمَاءِ فِيهِ ظُلُمَاتٌ وَرَعْدٌ وَبَرْقٌ يَجْعَلُونَ أَصَابِعَهُمْ فِي آذَانِهِم مِّنَ الصَّوَاعِقِ حَذَرَ الْمَوْتِ ۚ وَاللَّهُ مُحِيطٌ بِالْكَافِرِينَ

يَكَادُ الْبَرْقُ يَخْطَفُ أَبْصَارَهُمْ ۖ كُلَّمَا أَضَاءَ لَهُم مَّشَوْا فِيهِ وَإِذَا أَظْلَمَ عَلَيْهِمْ قَامُوا ۚ وَلَوْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ لَذَهَبَ بِسَمْعِهِمْ وَأَبْصَارِهِمْ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

“Or like a rainstorm from the sky, wherein is darkness, thunder, and lightning. They thrust their fingers in their ears to keep out the stunning thunder-clap for fear of death. But Allah even encompasses the disbelievers (i.e., Allah will gather them all together). The lightning almost snatches away their sight, whenever it flashes for them, they walk therein, and when darkness covers them, they stand still. And if Allah willed, He could have taken away their hearing and their sight. Certainly, Allah has power over all things.”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:19-20)

We can see from the above-mentioned ayah that the hypocrite once saw the light of faith and believed. Then when darkness came (i.e., trials, fitnah), they chose disbelief instead of faith and were left in darkness. This is like the ayah:

وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ حَرْفٍ ۖ فَإِنْ أَصَابَهُ خَيْرٌ اطْمَأَنَّ بِهِ ۖ وَإِنْ أَصَابَتْهُ فِتْنَةٌ انقَلَبَ عَلَىٰ وَجْهِهِ خَسِرَ الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةَ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ هُوَ الْخُسْرَانُ الْمُبِينُ

“And among mankind is he who worships Allah as it were, upon the edge (i.e., in doubt): if good befalls him, he is content therewith; but if a trial befalls him he turns back on his face (i.e., reverts to disbelief after embracing Islam). He loses both this world and the Hereafter. That is the evident loss.”

(Surah Al-Hajj, 22:11)

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about this ayah:

The meaning of worshipping Allah as it were upon the edge

Mujahid, Qatadah and others said:
﴿ عَلَىٰ حَرۡفٍ۬‌ۖ ﴾

(upon the edge) means, in doubt. Others said that it meant on the edge, such as on the edge or side of a mountain, i.e., (this person) enters Islam on the edge, and if he finds what he likes he will continue, otherwise he will leave. Al-Bukhari recorded that Ibn `Abbas said:
﴿ وَمِنَ ٱلنَّاسِ مَن يَعۡبُدُ ٱللَّهَ عَلَىٰ حَرۡفٍ۬‌ۖ ﴾

(And among mankind is he who worships Allah as it were upon the edge.) “People would come to Al-Madinah ﴿to declare their Islam﴾ and if their wives gave birth to sons and their mares gave birth to foals, they would say, `This is a good religion,’ but if their wives and their mares did not give birth, they would say, `This is a bad religion.”’ Al-`Awfi reported that Ibn `Abbas said, “One of them would come to Al-Madinah, which was a land that was infected with a contagious disease. If he remained healthy there, and his mare foaled and his wife gave birth to a boy, he would be content, and would say, `I have not experienced anything but good since I started to follow this religion.”
﴿ وَإِنۡ أَصَابَتۡهُ فِتۡنَةٌ ﴾

(but if a Fitnah strikes him), Fitnah here means affliction, i.e., if the disease of Al-Madinah befalls him, and his wife gives birth to a babe girl and charity is delayed in coming to him, the Shaytan comes to him and says: `By Allah, since you started to follow this religion of yours, you have experienced nothing but bad things,’ and this is the Fitnah.” This was also mentioned by Qatadah, Ad-Dahhak, Ibn Jurayj and others among the Salaf when explaining this Ayah. Mujahid said, concerning the Ayah:
﴿ ٱنقَلَبَ عَلَىٰ وَجۡهِهِۦ ﴾

(he turns back on his face.) “(This means), he becomes an apostate and a disbeliever.”
﴿ خَسِرَ ٱلدُّنۡيَا وَٱلۡأَخِرَةَ‌ۚ ﴾

(He loses both this world and the Hereafter.) means, he does not gain anything in this world. As for the Hereafter, he has disbelieved in Allah the Almighty, so he will be utterly doomed and humiliated. So Allah says:
﴿ ذَٲلِكَ هُوَ ٱلۡخُسۡرَانُ ٱلۡمُبِينُ ﴾

(That is the evident loss.), i.e., the greatest loss and the losing deal.

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

It was the shaytan (devils) whom the hypocrites took as friends and guides that mislead them from the path of Allah عزوجل;

فَإِنَّمَا هِيَ زَجْرَةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ فَإِذَا هُمْ يَنظُرُونَ

وَقَالُوا يَا وَيْلَنَا هَٰذَا يَوْمُ الدِّينِ

هَٰذَا يَوْمُ الْفَصْلِ الَّذِي كُنتُم بِهِ تُكَذِّبُونَ

احْشُرُوا الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا وَأَزْوَاجَهُمْ وَمَا كَانُوا يَعْبُدُونَ

مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ فَاهْدُوهُمْ إِلَىٰ صِرَاطِ الْجَحِيمِ

وَقِفُوهُمْ ۖ إِنَّهُم مَّسْئُولُونَ

مَا لَكُمْ لَا تَنَاصَرُونَ

بَلْ هُمُ الْيَوْمَ مُسْتَسْلِمُونَ

وَأَقْبَلَ بَعْضُهُمْ عَلَىٰ بَعْضٍ يَتَسَاءَلُونَ

قَالُوا إِنَّكُمْ كُنتُمْ تَأْتُونَنَا عَنِ الْيَمِينِ

قَالُوا بَل لَّمْ تَكُونُوا مُؤْمِنِينَ

وَمَا كَانَ لَنَا عَلَيْكُم مِّن سُلْطَانٍ ۖ بَلْ كُنتُمْ قَوْمًا طَاغِينَ

فَحَقَّ عَلَيْنَا قَوْلُ رَبِّنَا ۖ إِنَّا لَذَائِقُونَ

فَأَغْوَيْنَاكُمْ إِنَّا كُنَّا غَاوِينَ

فَإِنَّهُمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ فِي الْعَذَابِ مُشْتَرِكُونَ

إِنَّا كَذَٰلِكَ نَفْعَلُ بِالْمُجْرِمِينَ

“It will be a single Zajrah [shout (i.e., the second blowing of the Trumpet)], and behold, they will be staring! They will say: “Woe to us! This is the Day of Recompense!” (It will be said): “This is the Day of Judgement which you used to deny. (It will be said to the angels): “Assemble those who did wrong, together with their companions (from the devils) and what they used to worship instead of Allah, and lead them on to the way of flaming Fire (Hell). But stop them, verily they are to be questioned. “What is the matter with you? Why do you not help one another (as you used to in the world?” Nay but they shall surrender. And they will turn to one another and question one another. They will say: “It was you who used to come to us from the right side [i.e. from the right side of one of use and beautify for us every evil, enjoin on us polytheism, and stop us from the truth i.e., Islamic Monotheism and from every good deed].” They will reply: “Nay, you yourselves were not believers. And we had no authority over you. Nay! But you were Taghun (transgressing) people (polytheists, and disbelievers). So now the Word of our Lord has been justified against us, that we shall certainly (have to) taste (the torment). So we led you astray because we were ourselves astray.” Then verily, that Day, they will (all) share in the torment. Certainly, that is how We deal with Al-Mujrimun (polytheists, sinners, disbelievers, criminals, the disobedient to Allah).”

(Surah As-Saffat, 37:19-34)

After providing us with stories about the hypocrite, Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ, gives mankind (the believers, disbelievers, and hypocrites alike) advice;

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اعْبُدُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ وَالَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ

“O mankind! Worship your Lord (Allah) Who created you and those who were before you so that you may become Al-Muttaqun (the pious).”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:21)

Oh, reader! May Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ aid you in remembering Him, thanking Him, and Worshiping Him properly. Ameen. May He forgive you by His Power to forgive, guide you, and grant you provision, Ameen. May Allah remove even the subtle nifaq that may be hidden in the crevices of your hearts, by showering you with Knowledge, granting you the ability to act upon it, and keep you with the Faith. Allahumma Ameen.

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