45:23

Check the Intentions.

Al-hamdu lillahi nahmadhu wa nasta`inuhu wa nastaghfiruhu, wa na`udhu billahi min shururi anfusina wa min sayi’ati a`malina, man yahdihillahu fala mudilla lahu, wa man yudlil fala hadiya lahu. Wa ashadu an la ilaha illallahu wahduhu la sharika lahu, wa anna Muhammadan `abduhu wa rasuluhu. 

(Praise is to Allah, we praise Him and we seek His help and His forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allah from the evil of our own souls and from our bad deeds, Whomsoever Allah guides will never be led astray; and whomsoever is led astray, no one can guide. I bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped but Allah, alone with no partner or associate, and that Muhammad (ﷺ) is His slave and His Messenger). ‘O you who believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared, and die not except in the state of Islam (as Muslims) with complete submission to Allah.’ And: ‘O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person, and from him He created his wife, and from them both He created many men and women, and fear Allah through Whom you demand your mutual (rights), and (do not cut the relations of) the wombs (kinship). Surely, Allah is Ever an All-Watcher over you.’ And: ‘O you who believe! Keep your duty to Allah and fear Him, and speak (always) the truth. He will direct you to do righteous good deeds and will forgive you your sins.’

(Sunan Ibn Majah, 1892)

As Salaamun Alaikum my Dear Brothers and Sisters in Islam,

Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ, says in The Qur’an;

ثُمَّ أَوْرَثْنَا الْكِتَابَ الَّذِينَ اصْطَفَيْنَا مِنْ عِبَادِنَا ۖ فَمِنْهُمْ ظَالِمٌ لِّنَفْسِهِ وَمِنْهُم مُّقْتَصِدٌ وَمِنْهُمْ سَابِقٌ بِالْخَيْرَاتِ بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ هُوَ الْفَضْلُ الْكَبِيرُ

“Then We gave the Book (The Qur’an) as inheritance to such of Our slaves whom We chose (the followers of Muhammadﷺ). Then of them are some who wrong their ownselves, and of them are some who follow a middle course, and of them are some who are, by Allah’s Leave, foremost in good deeds. That (inheritance of the Qur’an) – that is indeed the great grace.”

Surah Al-Fatir, 35:32

Here Allah talks about three groups of his servants who have been blessed with His Guidance through The Qur’an and are destined for Paradise. The first group that He mentions are those who ruin themselves in Dunya by not following the commands and prohibitions of The Qur’an. The second group are those who follow the major commands and leave off the major prohibitions however, they do not excel in the supererogatory deeds and Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى knows best why. Then there are those who are foremost in deeds. They are those whom appreciate The Book the most, using it as a guide in all of their affairs. These are those who seek out nearness to Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى through seeking knowledge and implementing that knowledge in the best ways. These are men and women who learn the knowledge, act upon it, and (further) teach it in its most correct manner (with the understanding of The Righteous Predecessors). Through these acts, these Believers are the leaders of the Muslims.

Those who have been selected for knowledge, the best of conduct, and leadership among the Muslims have tremendous responsibility.

Narrated Muawiya رضي الله عنه:

I heard Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) saying, “If Allah wants to do good to a person, He makes him comprehend the religion. I am just a distributor, but the grant is from Allah. (And remember) that this nation (true Muslims) ) will keep on following Allah’s teachings strictly and they will not be harmed by any one going on a different path till Allah’s order (Day of Judgment) is established. “

Sahih al-Bukhari: 71 Book 3, Hadith 13

Yahya bin Mu’ath ar-Razi said:

“The scholars are more merciful to the nation of Muhammad than their own fathers and mothers.”

It was said to him:

“How is that?”

He said:

“Because their fathers and mothers protect them from the fire of this world whereas the scholars protect them from the Fire of the Hereafter.”

[Mukhtasar Nasihah Ahl al-Hadith (no. 167) via Lam ad-Durar al-Manthoor of Jamal al-Harithi (p. 68)] Translated by Abu Ruqayyah ‘Abd us-Samad

For the Believing Men and Women striving hard in the way of Allah through keeping to the obligatory matters, engaging in the supererogatory matters, studying to attain a light by which they can see the clearest, sharing that light by disseminating knowledge through lectures, books, and other means – must understand that Allah has chosen for their hearts, homes, and the Masjids they serve as places which contain His Nur;

اللَّهُ نُورُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ مَثَلُ نُورِهِ كَمِشْكَاةٍ فِيهَا مِصْبَاحٌ ۖ الْمِصْبَاحُ فِي زُجَاجَةٍ ۖ الزُّجَاجَةُ كَأَنَّهَا كَوْكَبٌ دُرِّيٌّ يُوقَدُ مِن شَجَرَةٍ مُّبَارَكَةٍ زَيْتُونَةٍ لَّا شَرْقِيَّةٍ وَلَا غَرْبِيَّةٍ يَكَادُ زَيْتُهَا يُضِيءُ وَلَوْ لَمْ تَمْسَسْهُ نَارٌ ۚ نُّورٌ عَلَىٰ نُورٍ ۗ يَهْدِي اللَّهُ لِنُورِهِ مَن يَشَاءُ ۚ وَيَضْرِبُ اللَّهُ الْأَمْثَالَ لِلنَّاسِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ

فِي بُيُوتٍ أَذِنَ اللَّهُ أَن تُرْفَعَ وَيُذْكَرَ فِيهَا اسْمُهُ يُسَبِّحُ لَهُ فِيهَا بِالْغُدُوِّ وَالْآصَالِ

“Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The parable of His Light is as (if there were) a niche and within it a lamp: the lamp is in a glass, the glass as it were a brilliant star, lit from a blessed tree, an olive, neither of the east (i.e. neither it gets sun-rays only in the morning) nor of the west (i.e. it gets sun-rays only in the afternoon, but it is exposed to the sun all day long), whose oil would almost glow forth (of itself), though no fire touched it. Light upon Light! Allah guides to His Light whom He wills. And Allah sets forth parables for mankind, and Allah is All-Knower of everything.

In houses which Allah has ordered to be raised (to be cleaned, and to be honored), in them His Name is remembered [i.e. Adhan, Iqamah, Salat (prayers), invocations, recitation of Qur’an, etc.]. Therein glorify Him (Allah) in the mornings and in the afternoons or the evenings.”

Surah An-Nur, 24:35-36

Abu Sa’id al-Khudri رضي الله عنه reported: The Messenger of Allah ﷺ , peace and blessings be upon him, said, “The entire earth has been made a place of prayer (masjid), except for graveyards and washrooms.”

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 317

Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Ibn Taymiyyah

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰه about these ayah:

The Parable of the Light of Allah

`Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said:
﴿ ٱللَّهُ نُورُ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۚ ﴾

(Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth.) means, the Guide of the inhabitants of the heavens and the earth. Ibn Jurayj said: “Mujahid and Ibn `Abbas said concerning the Ayah:
﴿ ٱللَّهُ نُورُ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۚ ﴾

(Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth.) He is controlling their affairs and their stars and sun and moon.” As-Suddi said concerning the Ayah:
﴿ ٱللَّهُ نُورُ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۚ ﴾

(Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth.) by His Light the heavens and earth are illuminated. In the Two Sahihs, it is recorded that Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “When the Messenger of Allah got up to pray at night, he would say:
« اللَّهُمَّ لَكَ الْحَمْدُ، أَنْتَ قَيِّمُ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَنْ فِيهِنَّ، وَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ أَنْتَ نُورُ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَنْ فِيهِنَّ »

(O Allah, to You be praise, You are the Sustainer of heaven and earth and whoever is in them. To You be praise, You are the Light of the heavens and the earth and whoever is in them. ) It was narrated that Ibn Mas`ud said, “There is no night or day with your Lord; the Light of the Throne comes from the Light of His Face.”
﴿ مَثَلُ نُورِهِۦ ﴾

(The parable of His Light) There are two views concerning the meaning of the pronoun (His). The first is that it refers to Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, meaning that the parable of His guidance in the heart of the believer is
﴿ كَمِشۡكَوٰةٍ۬ ﴾

(as a niche) This was the view of Ibn `Abbas. The second view is that the pronoun refers to the believer, which is indicated by the context of the words and implies that the parable of the light in the heart of the believer is as a niche. So the heart of the believer and what he is naturally inclined to of guidance and what he learns of the Qur’an which is in accordance with his natural inclinations are, as Allah says:
﴿ أَفَمَن كَانَ عَلَىٰ بَيِّنَةٍ۬ مِّن رَّبِّهِۦ وَيَتۡلُوهُ شَاهِدٌ۬ مِّنۡهُ ﴾

(Can they who rely on a clear proof from their Lord, and whom a witness from Him recites it (can they be equal with the disbelievers)) (11:17). The heart of the believer in its purity and clarity is likened to a lamp in transparent and jewel-like glass, and the Qur’an and Shari`ah by which it is guided are likened to good, pure, shining oil in which there is no impurity or deviation.
﴿ كَمِشۡكَوٰةٍ۬ ﴾

(as (if there were) a niche) Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, Muhammad bin Ka`b and others said, “This refers to the position of the wick in the lamp.” This is well-known, and hence Allah then says:
﴿ فِيہَا مِصۡبَاحٌ‌ۖ ﴾

(and within it a lamp.) This is the flame that burns brightly. Or it was said that the niche is a niche in the house. This is the parable given by Allah of obedience towards Him. Allah calls obedience to Him as light, then He calls it by other numerous names as well. Ubayy bin Ka`b said, “The lamp is the light, and this refers to the Qur’an and the faith that is in his heart.” As-Suddi said, “It is the lamp.”
﴿ ٱلۡمِصۡبَاحُ فِى زُجَاجَةٍ‌ۖ ﴾

(the lamp is in a glass,) means, this light is shining in a clear glass. Ubayy bin Ka`b and others said, “This is the likeness of the heart of the believer.”
﴿ ٱلزُّجَاجَةُ كَأَنَّہَا كَوۡكَبٌ۬ دُرِّىٌّ۬ ﴾

(the glass as it were a star Durriyyun,) Some authorities recite the word Durriyyun with a Dammah on the Dal and without a Hamzah, which means pearls, i.e., as if it were a star made of pearls (Durr). Others recite it as Dirri’un or Durri’un, with a Kasrah on the Dal, or Dammah on the Dal, and with a Hamzah at the end, which means reflection (Dir’), because if something is shone on the star it becomes brighter than at any other time. The Arabs call the stars they do not know Darari. Ubayy bin Ka`b said: a shining star. Qatadah said: “Huge, bright and clear.”
﴿ يُوقَدُ مِن شَجَرَةٍ۬ مُّبَـٰرَڪَةٍ۬ ﴾

(lit from a blessed tree,) means, it is derived from olive oil, from a blessed tree.
﴿ زَيۡتُونَةٍ۬ ﴾

(an olive,) This refers to the blessed tree mentioned previously.
﴿ لَّا شَرۡقِيَّةٍ۬ وَلَا غَرۡبِيَّةٍ۬ ﴾

(neither of the east nor of the west,) means, it is not in the eastern part of the land so that it does not get any sun in the first part of the day, nor is it in the western part of the land so that it is shaded from the sun before sunset, but it is in a central position where it gets sun from the beginning of the day until the end, so its oil is good and pure and shining. Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Ibn `Abbas commented on:
﴿ زَيۡتُونَةٍ۬ لَّا شَرۡقِيَّةٍ۬ وَلَا غَرۡبِيَّةٍ۬ ﴾

(an olive, neither of the east nor of the west,) “This is a tree in the desert which is not shaded by any other tree or mountain or cave, nothing covers it, and this is best for its oil.” Mujahid commented on:
﴿ لَّا شَرۡقِيَّةٍ۬ وَلَا غَرۡبِيَّةٍ۬ ﴾

(neither of the east nor of the west, ) saying; “It is not in the east where it will get no sun when the sun sets, nor is it in the west where it will get no sun when the sun rises, but it is in a position where it will get sun both at sunrise and sunset.” Sa`id bin Jubayr commented:
﴿ زَيۡتُونَةٍ۬ لَّا شَرۡقِيَّةٍ۬ وَلَا غَرۡبِيَّةٍ۬ يَكَادُ زَيۡتُہَا يُضِىٓءُ ﴾

(an olive, neither of the east nor of the west, whose oil would almost glow forth (of itself)) “This is the best kind of oil. When the sun rises it reaches the tree from the east and when it sets it reaches it from the west, so the sun reaches it morning and evening, so it is not counted as being in the east or in the west.”
﴿ يَكَادُ زَيۡتُہَا يُضِىٓءُ وَلَوۡ لَمۡ تَمۡسَسۡهُ نَارٌ۬‌ۚ ﴾

(whose oil would almost glow forth (of itself), though no fire touched it.) `Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam said (this means) because the oil itself is shining.
﴿ نُّورٌ عَلَىٰ نُورٍ۬‌ۗ ﴾

(Light upon Light!) Al-`Awfi narrated from Ibn `Abbas that this meant the faith and deeds of a person. As-Suddi said:
﴿ نُّورٌ عَلَىٰ نُورٍ۬‌ۗ ﴾

(Light upon Light!) “Light of the fire and the light of the oil: when they are combined they give light, and neither of them can give light without the other. Similarly the light of the Qur’an and the light of faith give light when they are combined, and neither can do so without the other.”
﴿ يَہۡدِى ٱللَّهُ لِنُورِهِۦ مَن يَشَآءُ‌ۚ ﴾

(Allah guides to His Light whom He wills.) means, Allah shows the way to the ones whom He chooses, as it says in the Hadith recorded by Imam Ahmad from `Abdullah bin `Amr, who said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah say:
« إِنَّ اللهَ تَعَالَى خَلَقَ خَلْقَهُ فِي ظُلْمَةٍ ثُمَّ أَلْقَى عَلَيْهِمْ مِنْ نُورِهِ يَوْمَئِذٍ، فَمَنْ أَصَابَ مِنْ نُورِهِ يَوْمَئِذٍ اهْتَدَى وَمَنْ أَخْطَأَ ضَلَّ فَلِذَلِكَ أَقُولُ: جَفَّ الْقَلَمُ عَلَى عِلْمِ اللهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ »

(Allah created His creation in darkness, then on the same day He sent His Light upon them. Whoever was touched by His Light on that day will be guided and whoever was missed will be led astray. Hence I say: the pens have dried in accordance with the knowledge of Allah, may He be glorified.)”
﴿ وَيَضۡرِبُ ٱللَّهُ ٱلۡأَمۡثَـٰلَ لِلنَّاسِ‌ۗ وَٱللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَىۡءٍ عَلِيمٌ۬ ﴾

(And Allah sets forth parables for mankind, and Allah is All-Knower of everything.) Having mentioned this parable of the Light of His guidance in the heart of the believer, Allah ends this Ayah with the words:
﴿ وَيَضۡرِبُ ٱللَّهُ ٱلۡأَمۡثَـٰلَ لِلنَّاسِ‌ۗ وَٱللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَىۡءٍ عَلِيمٌ۬ ﴾

(And Allah sets forth parables for mankind, and Allah is All-Knower of everything.) meaning, He knows best who deserves to be guided and who deserves to be led astray. Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri said, “The Messenger of Allah said:
« الْقُلُوبُ أَرْبَعَةٌ: قَلْبٌ أَجْرَدُ فِيهِ مِثْلُ السِّرَاجِ يُزْهِرُ، وَقَلْبٌ أَغْلَفُ مَرْبُوطٌ عَلَى غِلَافِهِ، وَقَلْبٌ مَنْكُوسٌ، وَقَلْبٌ مُصْفَحٌ. فَأَمَّا الْقَلْبُ الْأَجْرَدُ: فَقَلْبُ الْمُؤْمِنِ سِرَاجُهُ فِيهِ نُورُهُ، وَأَمَّا الْقَلْبُ الْأَغْلَفُ فَقَلْبُ الْكَافِرِ، وَأَمَّا الْقَلْبُ الْمَنْكُوسُ فَقَلْبُ الْمُنَافِقِ، عَرَفَ ثُمَّ أَنْكَرَ، وَأَمَّا الْقَلْبُ الْمُصْفَحُ فَقَلْبٌ فِيهِ إِيمَانٌ وَنِفَاقٌ، وَمَثَلُ الْإِيمَانِ فِيهِ كَمَثَلِ الْبَقْلَةِ يُمِدُّهَا الْمَاءُ الطَّيِّبُ، وَمَثَلُ النِّفَاقِ فِيهِ كَمَثَلِ الْقَرْحَةِ يُمِدُّهَا الدَّمُ وَالْقَيْحُ، فَأَيُّ الْمدَّتَيْنِ غَلَبَتْ عَلَى الْأُخْرَى غَلَبَتْ عَلَيْهِ »

(Hearts are of four kinds: the heart that is clear like a shining lamp; the heart that is covered and tied up; the heart that is upside-down; and the heart that is clad in armor. As for the clear heart, it is the heart of the believer in which is a lamp filled with light; as for the covered heart, this is the heart of the disbeliever; as for the upside-down heart, this is the heart of the hypocrite, who recognizes then denies; as for the armor-clad heart, this is the heart in which there is both faith and hypocrisy. The parable of the faith in it is that of legume, a sprout that is irrigated with good water, and the likeness of the hypocrisy in it is that of sores that are fed by blood and pus. Whichever of the two prevails is the characteristic that will dominate.) Its chain of narrators is good (Jayyid) although they (Al-Bukhari and Muslim) did not record it.
﴿ فِى بُيُوتٍ أَذِنَ ٱللَّهُ أَن تُرۡفَعَ وَيُذۡڪَرَ فِيہَا ٱسۡمُهُ ۥ يُسَبِّحُ لَهُ ۥ فِيہَا بِٱلۡغُدُوِّ وَٱلۡأَصَالِ • رِجَالٌ۬ لَّا تُلۡهِيہِمۡ تِجَـٰرَةٌ۬ وَلَا بَيۡعٌ عَن ذِكۡرِ ٱللَّهِ وَإِقَامِ ٱلصَّلَوٰةِ وَإِيتَآءِ ٱلزَّكَوٰةِ‌ۙ يَخَافُونَ يَوۡمً۬ا تَتَقَلَّبُ فِيهِ ٱلۡقُلُوبُ وَٱلۡأَبۡصَـٰرُ • لِيَجۡزِيَہُمُ ٱللَّهُ أَحۡسَنَ مَا عَمِلُواْ وَيَزِيدَهُم مِّن فَضۡلِهِۦ‌ۗ وَٱللَّهُ يَرۡزُقُ مَن يَشَآءُ بِغَيۡرِ حِسَابٍ۬ ﴾

(36. In houses which Allah has ordered to be raised, in them His Name is remembered. Therein glorify Him in the mornings and in the evenings,)

The Virtues of the Masjids, the Correct Etiquette, and the Virtues of Those who take care of them

Having likened the heart of the believer and what it contains of guidance and knowledge to a lamp lit with good oil shining in a clear glass, Allah then states where it belongs, which is in the Masjids, the places on earth that are most beloved to Allah. The Masjids are His houses where He Alone is worshipped. So Allah says:
﴿ فِى بُيُوتٍ أَذِنَ ٱللَّهُ أَن تُرۡفَعَ ﴾

(In houses which Allah has ordered to be raised,) meaning, Allah has commanded that they be established and that they be kept clean of any filth, idle talk or words or deeds that are inappropriate. `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn `Abbas concerning this Ayah:
﴿ فِى بُيُوتٍ أَذِنَ ٱللَّهُ أَن تُرۡفَعَ ﴾

(In houses which Allah has ordered to be raised,) he said; “Allah forbade idle talk in them.” This was also the view of `Ikrimah, Abu Salih, Ad-Dahhak, Nafi` bin Jubayr, Abu Bakr bin Sulayman bin Abi Hathamah, Sufyan bin Husayn and others among the scholars of Tafsir. Many Hadiths have been narrated concerning the construction of Masjids, honoring them, respecting them, and perfuming them with incense etc. This has been discussed in more detail elsewhere, and I have written a book dealing with this topic on its own, praise and blessings be to Allah. With Allah’s help we will mention here a few of these Hadiths, if Allah wills. In Allah we put our trust and reliance. `Uthman bin `Affan, the Commander of the faithful (may Allah be pleased with him) said; “I heard the Messenger of Allah say:
« مَنْ بَنَى مَسْجِدًا يَبْتَغِي بِهِ وَجْهَ اللهِ بَنَى اللهُ لَهُ مِثْلَهُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ »

(Whoever builds a Masjid seeking the Face of Allah, Allah will build for him something similar to it in Paradise.) It was narrated in the Two Sahihs. Ibn Majah narrated that `Umar bin Al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) said; “The Messenger of Allah said:
« مَنْ بَنَى مَسْجِدًا يُذْكَرُ فِيهِ اسْمُ اللهِ بَنَى اللهُ لَهُ بَيْتًا فِي الْجَنَّةِ »

(Whoever builds a Masjid in which the Name of Allah is remembered, Allah will build for him a house in Paradise.) An-Nasa’i mentioned something similar. There are very many Hadiths which say this. `A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said: “The Messenger of Allah commanded us to build Masjids among the houses, and to clean them and perfume them.” This was recorded by Ahmad and the Sunan compilers with the exception of An-Nasa’i. Ahmad and Abu Dawud recorded a similar report from Samurah bin Jundub. Al-Bukhari said: “`Umar said: `Build for the people a place to worship Allah, and beware of using red or yellow for adornment and decoration and distracting the people thereby.”’ Abu Dawud narrated that Ibn `Abbas said, “The Messenger of Allah said:
« مَا أُمِرْتُ بِتَشْيِيدِ الْمَسَاجِدِ »

(I was not commanded to Tashyid the Masjids.) Ibn `Abbas said, “Decorating them as the Jews and Christians did.” Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “The Messenger of Allah said:
« لَا تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ حَتَّى يَتَبَاهَى النَّاسُ فِي الْمَسَاجِدِ »

(The Hour will not come until people show off in building Masjids.) It was recorded by Ahmad and the compilers of the Sunan, with the exception of At-Tirmidhi. Buraydah narrated that a man called out in the Masjid and said, “Has any body said anything about a red camel” The Prophet said:
« لَا، وَجَدْتَ، إِنَّمَا بُنِيَتِ الْمَسَاجِدُ لِمَا بُنِيَتْ لَهُ »

(May you never find it! The Masjids were built only for what they were built for.) This was narrated by Muslim. Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah said:
« إِذَا رَأَيْتُمْ مَنْ يَبِيعُ أَوْ يَبْتَاعُ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ، فَقُولُوا: لَا أَرْبَحَ اللهُ تِجَارَتَكَ، وَإِذَا رَأَيْتُمْ مَنْ يَنْشُدُ ضَالَّةً فِي الْمَسْجِدِ فَقُولُوا: لَا رَدَّهَا اللهُ عَلَيْكَ »

(If you see someone buying or selling in the Masjid, say to him, “May Allah never make your business profitable!” And if you see someone calling out about lost property, say, “May Allah never return it to you!”) This was recorded by At-Tirmidhi, who said: “Hasan Gharib.” Al-Bukhari recorded that As-Sa’ib bin Yazid Al-Kindi said, “I was standing in the Masjid and a man threw pebbles at me, so I looked and saw `Umar bin Al-Khattab who said, `Go and bring me these two men.’ I went and brought them to him, and he said, `Who are you’ Or, `Where do you come from’ They said, `We are from At-Ta’if.’ `Umar said, `If you had been from this town I would have hit you, for you are raising your voices in the Masjid of the Messenger of Allah.”’ An-Nasa’i recorded that Ibrahim bin `Abdur-Rahman bin `Awf said: “`Umar heard the voice of a man in the Masjid and said: `Do you know where you are”’ This is also Sahih. Al-Hafiz Abu Ya`la Al-Musili recorded from Ibn `Umar that `Umar used to burn incense in the Masjid of the Messenger of Allah every Friday. Its chain of narration is Hasan and there is nothing wrong with it, Allah knows best. It is confirmed in the Two Sahihs that the Messenger of Allah said:
« صَلَاةُ الرَّجُلِ فِي الْجَمَاعَةِ تُضَعَّفُ عَلَى صَلَاتِهِ فِي بَيْتِهِ وَفِي سُوقِهِ خَمْسًا وَعِشْرِينَ ضِعْفًا وَذَلِكَ أَنَّهُ إَذَا تَوَضَّأَ فَأَحْسَنَ وُضُوءَهُ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ لَا يُخْرِجُهُ إِلَّا الصَّلَاةُ لَمْ يَخْطُ خَطْوَةً إِلَّا رُفِعَ لَهُ بِهَا دَرَجَةٌ وَحُطَّ عَنْهُ بِهَا خَطِيئَةٌ. فَإِذَا صَلَّى لَمْ تَزَلِ الْمَلَائِكَةُ تُصَلِّي عَلَيْهِ مَا دَامَ فِي مُصَلَّاهُ: اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَيْهِ، اللَّهُمَّ ارْحَمْهُ. وَلَا يَزَالُ فِي صَلَاةٍ مَا انْتَظَرَ الصَّلَاةَ »

(A man’s prayer in congregation is twenty-five times better than his prayer in his house or the marketplace. That is because if he performs Wudu’ and does it well, then he goes out to go to the Masjid, and for no other purpose than to pray, he does not take one step but he increases in one level in status and one sin is removed. When he prays, the angels continue sending blessings on him as long as he is in the place where he prays, ﴿they say﴾, “O Allah, send blessings on him, O Allah, have mercy on him.” And he will remain in a state of prayer as long as he is waiting for the prayer.) The following is recorded in the Sunan:
« بَشِّرِ الْمَشَّائِينَ إِلَى الْمَسَاجِدِ فِي الظُّلَمِ بِالنُّورِ التَّامِّ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ »

(Those who walk to the Masjids when it is dark, give them the glad tidings of complete Light on the Day of Resurrection.) When entering the Masjid, it is recommended to enter with one’s right foot, and to say the supplication recorded in Sahih Al-Bukhari, where it is narrated from `Abdullah bin `Amr that the Messenger of Allah used to say, when he entered the Masjid:
« أَعُوذُ بِاللهِ الْعَظِيمِ وَبِوَجْهِهِ الْكَرِيمِ، وَسُلْطَانِهِ الْقَدِيمِ، مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ »

(I seek refuge with Allah Almighty and with His Noble Face, and with His Eternal Domain, from the accursed Shaytan.) (He (one of the narrators) asked, `Is that all’ He answered, `Yes’). If he says this, the Shaytan says: “He will be protected from me all day long.” Muslim recorded that Abu Humayd or Abu Usayd said: The Messenger of Allah said:
« إِذَا دَخَلَ أَحَدُكُمُ الْمَسْجِدَ فَلْيَقُلْ: اللَّهُمَّ افْتَحْ لِي أَبْوَابَ رَحْمَتِكَ ‏.‏ وَإِذَا خَرَجَ فَلْيَقُلْ: اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ فَضْلِكَ »

(When anyone of you enters the Masjid, let him say: “O Allah, open the gates of Your mercy for me. And when he comes out, let him say: “O Allah, I ask You of Your bounty.”) An-Nasa’i also recorded this from them from the Prophet. Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah said:
« إِذَا دَخَلَ أَحَدُكُمُ الْمَسْجِدَ فَلْيُسَلِّمْ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ. وَلْيَقُلِ: اللَّهُمَّ افْتَحْ لِي أَبْوَابَ رَحْمَتِكَ، وَإِذَا خَرَجَ فَلْيُسَلِّمْ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ وَلْيَقُلِ: اللَّهُمَّ اعْصِمْنِي مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ »

(When anyone of you enters the Masjid, let him invoke blessings on the Prophet then let him say: “O Allah, open the gates of Your mercy for me.” When he comes out, let him invoke blessings on the Prophet and say, “O Allah, protect me from the accursed Shaytan.”) This was also recorded by Ibn Majah, as well as Ibn Khuzaymah and Ibn Hibban in their Sahihs.
﴿ وَيُذۡڪَرَ فِيہَا ٱسۡمُهُ ۥ ﴾

(in them His Name is remembered.) meaning, the Name of Allah. This is like the Ayat:
﴿ يَـٰبَنِىٓ ءَادَمَ خُذُواْ زِينَتَكُمۡ عِندَ كُلِّ مَسۡجِدٍ۬ ﴾

(O Children of Adam! Take your adornment to every Masjid…) (7:31)
﴿ وَأَقِيمُواْ وُجُوهَكُمۡ عِندَ ڪُلِّ مَسۡجِدٍ۬ وَٱدۡعُوهُ مُخۡلِصِينَ لَهُ ٱلدِّينَ‌ۚ ﴾

(and you should face (Him only) in each and every Masjid, and invoke Him only making your religion sincere to Him) (7:29).
﴿ وَأَنَّ ٱلۡمَسَـٰجِدَ لِلَّهِ ﴾

(And the Masjids are for Allah) (72:18).
﴿ وَيُذۡڪَرَ فِيہَا ٱسۡمُهُ ۥ ﴾

(in them His Name is remembered.) Ibn `Abbas said, “This means that His Book is recited therein.”
﴿ يُسَبِّحُ لَهُ ۥ فِيہَا بِٱلۡغُدُوِّ وَٱلۡأَصَالِ ﴾

(Therein glorify Him in the mornings and in the evenings.)
﴿ رِجَالٌ۬ لَّا تُلۡهِيہِمۡ تِجَـٰرَةٌ۬ وَلَا بَيۡعٌ عَن ذِكۡرِ ٱللَّهِ ﴾

(Men whom neither trade nor business diverts from the remembrance of Allah) This is like the Ayat:
﴿ يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَا تُلۡهِكُمۡ أَمۡوَٲلُكُمۡ وَلَآ أَوۡلَـٰدُڪُمۡ عَن ذِڪۡرِ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ ﴾

(O you who believe! Let not your properties or your children divert you from the remembrance of Allah.) (63:9)
﴿ يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ إِذَا نُودِىَ لِلصَّلَوٰةِ مِن يَوۡمِ ٱلۡجُمُعَةِ فَٱسۡعَوۡاْ إِلَىٰ ذِكۡرِ ٱللَّهِ وَذَرُواْ ٱلۡبَيۡعَ‌ۚ ﴾

(O you who believe! When the call is proclaimed for the Salah on Friday, hasten earnestly to the remembrance of Allah and leave off business.) (62:9) Allah says that this world and its adornments, attractions and marketplaces should not distract them from remembering their Lord Who created them and sustains them, those who know that what is with Him is better for them than what they themselves possess, because what they have is transient but that which is with Allah is eternal. Allah says:
﴿ لَّا تُلۡهِيہِمۡ تِجَـٰرَةٌ۬ وَلَا بَيۡعٌ عَن ذِكۡرِ ٱللَّهِ وَإِقَامِ ٱلصَّلَوٰةِ وَإِيتَآءِ ٱلزَّكَوٰةِ‌ۙ ﴾

(Men whom neither trade nor business diverts from the remembrance of Allah nor from performing the Salah nor from giving the Zakah). meaning, they give priority to obeying Allah and doing what He wants and what pleases Him over doing what they want and what pleases them. It was reported from Salim from `Abdullah bin `Umar that he was in the marketplace when the Iqamah for prayer was called, so they closed their stores and entered the Masjid. Ibn `Umar said: “Concerning them the Ayah was revealed:
﴿ رِجَالٌ۬ لَّا تُلۡهِيہِمۡ تِجَـٰرَةٌ۬ وَلَا بَيۡعٌ عَن ذِكۡرِ ٱللَّهِ ﴾

(Men whom neither trade nor business diverts from the remembrance of Allah).” This was recorded by Ibn Abi Hatim and Ibn Jarir.
﴿ لَّا تُلۡهِيہِمۡ تِجَـٰرَةٌ۬ وَلَا بَيۡعٌ عَن ذِكۡرِ ٱللَّهِ ﴾

(Men whom neither trade nor business diverts from the remembrance of Allah). `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said, “This meant from the prescribed prayers.” This was also the view of Muqatil bin Hayyan and Ar-Rabi` bin Anas. As-Suddi said: “From prayer in congregation.” Muqatil bin Hayyan said, “That does not distract them from attending the prayer and establishing it as Allah commanded them, and from doing the prayers at the prescribed times and doing all that Allah has enjoined upon them in the prayer.”
﴿ يَخَافُونَ يَوۡمً۬ا تَتَقَلَّبُ فِيهِ ٱلۡقُلُوبُ وَٱلۡأَبۡصَـٰرُ ﴾

(They fear a Day when hearts and eyes will be overturned.) means, the Day of Resurrection when people’s hearts and eyes will be overturned, because of the intensity of the fear and terror of that Day. This is like the Ayah:
﴿ وَأَنذِرۡهُمۡ يَوۡمَ ٱلۡأَزِفَةِ ﴾

(And warn them of the Day that is drawing near…) (40:18),
﴿ إِنَّمَا يُؤَخِّرُهُمۡ لِيَوۡمٍ۬ تَشۡخَصُ فِيهِ ٱلۡأَبۡصَـٰرُ ﴾

(but He gives them respite up to a Day when the eyes will stare in horror) (14:42).
﴿ وَيُطۡعِمُونَ ٱلطَّعَامَ عَلَىٰ حُبِّهِۦ مِسۡكِينً۬ا وَيَتِيمً۬ا وَأَسِيرًا • إِنَّمَا نُطۡعِمُكُمۡ لِوَجۡهِ ٱللَّهِ لَا نُرِيدُ مِنكُمۡ جَزَآءً۬ وَلَا شُكُورًا • إِنَّا نَخَافُ مِن رَّبِّنَا يَوۡمًا عَبُوسً۬ا قَمۡطَرِيرً۬ا • فَوَقَٮٰهُمُ ٱللَّهُ شَرَّ ذَٲلِكَ ٱلۡيَوۡمِ وَلَقَّٮٰهُمۡ نَضۡرَةً۬ وَسُرُورً۬ا • وَجَزَٮٰهُم بِمَا صَبَرُواْ جَنَّةً۬ وَحَرِيرً۬ا ﴾

(And they give food, in spite of their love for it, to the poor, the orphan, and the captive, (saying:) “We feed you seeking Allah’s Face only. We wish for no reward, nor thanks from you. Verily, We fear from our Lord a Day, hard and distressful, that will make the faces look horrible.” So Allah saved them from the evil of that Day, and gave them a light of beauty and joy. And their recompense shall be Paradise, and silken garments, because they were patient) (76:8-12). And Allah says here:
﴿ لِيَجۡزِيَہُمُ ٱللَّهُ أَحۡسَنَ مَا عَمِلُواْ ﴾

(That Allah may reward them according to the best of their deeds,) meaning, “They are those from whom We shall accept the best of their deeds and overlook their evil deeds.”
﴿ وَيَزِيدَهُم مِّن فَضۡلِهِۦ‌ۗ ﴾

(and add even more for them out of His grace.) means, He will accept their good deeds and multiply them for them, as Allah says:
﴿ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يَظۡلِمُ مِثۡقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ۬‌ۖ ﴾

(Surely, Allah wrongs not even of the weight of a speck of dust.) (4:40)
﴿ مَن جَآءَ بِٱلۡحَسَنَةِ فَلَهُ ۥ عَشۡرُ أَمۡثَالِهَا‌ۖ ﴾

(Whoever brings a good deed shall have ten times the like thereof to his credit.) (6:160)
﴿ مَّن ذَا ٱلَّذِى يُقۡرِضُ ٱللَّهَ قَرۡضًا حَسَنً۬ا ﴾

(Who is he that will lend to Allah a goodly loan.) (2:245)
﴿ وَٱللَّهُ يُضَـٰعِفُ لِمَن يَشَآءُ‌ۗ ﴾

(Allah gives manifold increase to whom He wills.) (2:261) And Allah says here:
﴿ وَٱللَّهُ يَرۡزُقُ مَن يَشَآءُ بِغَيۡرِ حِسَابٍ۬ ﴾

(And Allah provides without measure to whom He wills.)
﴿ وَٱلَّذِينَ ڪَفَرُوٓاْ أَعۡمَـٰلُهُمۡ كَسَرَابِۭ بِقِيعَةٍ۬ يَحۡسَبُهُ ٱلظَّمۡـَٔانُ مَآءً حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَا جَآءَهُ ۥ لَمۡ يَجِدۡهُ شَيۡـًٔ۬ا وَوَجَدَ ٱللَّهَ عِندَهُ ۥ فَوَفَّٮٰهُ حِسَابَهُ ۥ‌ۗ وَٱللَّهُ سَرِيعُ ٱلۡحِسَابِ • أَوۡ كَظُلُمَـٰتٍ۬ فِى بَحۡرٍ۬ لُّجِّىٍّ۬ يَغۡشَٮٰهُ مَوۡجٌ۬ مِّن فَوۡقِهِۦ مَوۡجٌ۬ مِّن فَوۡقِهِۦ سَحَابٌ۬‌ۚ ظُلُمَـٰتُۢ بَعۡضُہَا فَوۡقَ بَعۡضٍ إِذَآ أَخۡرَجَ يَدَهُ ۥ لَمۡ يَكَدۡ يَرَٮٰهَا‌ۗ وَمَن لَّمۡ يَجۡعَلِ ٱللَّهُ لَهُ ۥ نُورً۬ا فَمَا لَهُ ۥ مِن نُّورٍ ﴾

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Those striving to be foremost in good deeds should know that just as there is etiquette for proper behavior within the communal Masjid, one must apply that same etiquette of behavior within the home. This matter is especially important as it relates to behavior towards those members (of the home) who are under one’s authority.

One must ask themselves;

Am I advising those in the Ummah with the proper Islamic etiquette of Dawah? (i.e., calling to Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ with patience, beautified speech, understanding, and wisdom.?)

If so, am I using that same good etiquette with the members of my household?

Those who are calling to the Dawah of the righteous predecessors are often blessed to have houses bubbling with children of all ages by Allah’s Mercy. One must always remember that the best work is done at home. Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ says in The Qur’an;

وَالَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا هَبْ لَنَا مِنْ أَزْوَاجِنَا وَذُرِّيَّاتِنَا قُرَّةَ أَعْيُنٍ وَاجْعَلْنَا لِلْمُتَّقِينَ إِمَامًا

” And those who say: “Our Lord! Bestow on us from our wives and offspring the comfort of our eyes, and make us leaders of the Muttaqun (the pious).”

Surah Al-Furqan, 25:74

How many of us, destroy what we have been given (of children) due to our ignorance of using the proper etiquette of dawah in our homes. How many of us neglect the offspring that we asked Allah for by ignoring our offspring and placing our main focus on dawah to the Ummah?

Imam Hazm رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰه said:

“Glad-tidings to he who knows his own faults more than other people know it.”

[Al-Akhlaaq Was-Siyar, pg. 54]

My dear Brothers and Sisters, we must take ourselves to account before we return to Allah. That time is near for all of us. How many of us devote our hearts to studying, writing books, giving lectures, preparing for and giving dawah to hypocrites and unbelievers whilst we shun, talk harshly to, and take lightly the rights of our spouses and children? This is something that must be asked. What is the point of asking Allah for these favors if we will only destroy them with our bad conduct.

The Prophet ﷺ said;

“Allah is gentle and loves gentleness, and He grants reward for it that he does not grant for harshness.”

Sunan Ibn Majah, 3688

Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ says in The Qur’an:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُونُوا أَنصَارَ اللَّهِ كَمَا قَالَ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ لِلْحَوَارِيِّينَ مَنْ أَنصَارِي إِلَى اللَّهِ ۖ قَالَ الْحَوَارِيُّونَ نَحْنُ أَنصَارُ اللَّهِ ۖ فَآمَنَت طَّائِفَةٌ مِّن بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَكَفَرَت طَّائِفَةٌ ۖ فَأَيَّدْنَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا عَلَىٰ عَدُوِّهِمْ فَأَصْبَحُوا ظَاهِرِينَ

“O you who believe! Be you helpers (in the Cause) of Allah as said Isa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), to the Hawariyyun (the disciples): “Who are my helpers (in the Cause) of Allah? The Hawariyyun (the disciples) said: “We are Allah’s helpers” (i.e. we will strive in His Cause!). Then a group of the Children of Israel believed and a group disbelieved. So We gave power to those who believed against their enemies, and they became the victorious (the uppermost).”

Surah As-Saff, 61:14

The duty of those who desire to be helpers in Allah’s cause is to lead mankind by example to the light of Allahسُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ. So that those who in levels of obscurity might one day see by Allah’s سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَleave. We should never forget that the people in our homes are most deserving of this aid from us with means and ways that are pleasing to Allah.

Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ says in The Qur’an;

Surat ‘Abasa, 80:1-16

It is a reality that many Believing Men and Women who are striving with their utmost striving have had difficult upbringings and life experiences. How else might one taste the true sweetness of faith unless they have tasted the bitterness of dunya?

It is also true that the pallet can become accustomed to even the most acrid of tastes leaving one open to consuming and regurgitating what is harmful. This is the ugly reality of sinful habits.

One of the great companions, Thabit bin Qays bin Shammas رضي الله عنه, who was promised Jannah said before he was martyred; “The worst habit is the one you acquire from your enemy and do not set a bad example for your companions.” (Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

Many hard to abandon habits are those that were learned by those who reared the individual. Those who have been chosen to be Allah’s سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ helpers can often see the error in how the were raised, however, changing their behavior with their own children is a struggle. In these matters Allah’s aid must be sought, and Allah’s help is always near to those who do good.

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said;

“A true believer is not involved in taunting or frequently cursing (others), or in indecency or abusing.”

Riyadh Saliheen, Book 18, Hadith 45.

It is unfortunate that there are many souls are there who have been invited to the Dawah revert to varying levels of ignorance (i.e., teachers of misguidance, befriending the party of Shaytan amongst men and jinn?) This often happens due to harshness by those giving the Dawah limiting the (the one reviving the Dawah) to see the practicality of Islam. The dunya often looks and feels more welcoming than those who claim to be upon the truth, AstagfirAllah!

Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ says in The Qur’an;

فَبِمَا رَحْمَةٍ مِّنَ اللَّهِ لِنتَ لَهُمْ ۖ وَلَوْ كُنتَ فَظًّا غَلِيظَ الْقَلْبِ لَانفَضُّوا مِنْ حَوْلِكَ ۖ فَاعْفُ عَنْهُمْ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ وَشَاوِرْهُمْ فِي الْأَمْرِ ۖ فَإِذَا عَزَمْتَ فَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُتَوَكِّلِينَ

“And by the Mercy of Allah, you dealt with them gently. And had you (Muhammad ﷺ) been severe and harsh-hearted, they would have broken away from about you; so pass over (their faults), and ask (Allah’s) Forgiveness for them; and consult them in the affairs. Then when you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allah, certainly, Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him).

Surah Al ‘Imran, 3:159

Those guilty of poor etiquette when giving Dawah bear the sin of misleading others from The Path of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَand that is a sin that must be repented from. This evil act can destroy generations of potential helpers of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ unless He (Allah) bestows His Mercy upon those slaves and guides them through other means to His Paths. How evil an act to commit to those of your progeny! Such evil warrants the wrath of Allah to descend upon an unrepentant soul guilty of such act. And Allah will always accomplish whatsoever He Wills.

Imam Ibn Al-Jawazi رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰه said:

“Wise people used to say: “Your son is like your flower for the first seven years, and your servant for the second seven years. By the time he reaches fourteen, if you have been good to him then he will be your partner, and if you were bad to him then he will b your enemy.”

Disciplining the Soul, p. 101, Translated y Ayman ibn Khalid I Dar as-Sunnah Publishers

Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ says in The Qur’an:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَأْمُرُ بِالْعَدْلِ وَالْإِحْسَانِ وَإِيتَاءِ ذِي الْقُرْبَىٰ وَيَنْهَىٰ عَنِ الْفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنكَرِ وَالْبَغْيِ ۚ يَعِظُكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ

وَأَوْفُوا بِعَهْدِ اللَّهِ إِذَا عَاهَدتُّمْ وَلَا تَنقُضُوا الْأَيْمَانَ بَعْدَ تَوْكِيدِهَا وَقَدْ جَعَلْتُمُ اللَّهَ عَلَيْكُمْ كَفِيلًا ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَعْلَمُ مَا تَفْعَلُونَ

وَلَا تَكُونُوا كَالَّتِي نَقَضَتْ غَزْلَهَا مِن بَعْدِ قُوَّةٍ أَنكَاثًا تَتَّخِذُونَ أَيْمَانَكُمْ دَخَلًا بَيْنَكُمْ أَن تَكُونَ أُمَّةٌ هِيَ أَرْبَىٰ مِنْ أُمَّةٍ ۚ إِنَّمَا يَبْلُوكُمُ اللَّهُ بِهِ ۚ وَلَيُبَيِّنَنَّ لَكُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ مَا كُنتُمْ فِيهِ تَخْتَلِفُون

وَلَوْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ لَجَعَلَكُمْ أُمَّةً وَاحِدَةً وَلَٰكِن يُضِلُّ مَن يَشَاءُ وَيَهْدِي مَن يَشَاءُ ۚ وَلَتُسْأَلُنَّ عَمَّا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ

وَلَا تَتَّخِذُوا أَيْمَانَكُمْ دَخَلًا بَيْنَكُمْ فَتَزِلَّ قَدَمٌ بَعْدَ ثُبُوتِهَا وَتَذُوقُوا السُّوءَ بِمَا صَدَدتُّمْ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ ۖ وَلَكُمْ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ

“Verily, Allah enjoins Al-‘Adl (i.e. justice and worshiping none but Allah Alone – Islamic Monotheism) and Al-Ihsan [i.e. to be patient in performing your duties to Allah, totally for Allah’s sake and in accordance with the Sunnah (legal ways) of the Prophet ﷺ in a perfect manner], and giving (help) to kith and kin (i.e. all that Allah has ordered you to give them e.g., wealth, visiting, looking after them, or any other kind of help), and forbids Al-Fahsha (i.e. all evil deeds, e.g. illegal sexual acts, disobedience of parents, polytheism, to tell lies, to give false witness, to kill a life without right), and Al-Munkar (i.e. all that is prohibited by Islamic law: polytheism of every kind, disbelief and every kind of evil deed), and Al-Baghy (i.e. all kinds of oppression). He admonishes you, that you may take heed.

And fulfill the Covenant of Allah (Bai’ah: pledge for Islam) when you have covenanted, and break not the oaths after you have confirmed them- and indeed you have appointed Allah your surety. Verily, Allah knows what you do.

And be not like her who undoes the thread which she has spun, after it has become strong, by taking your oaths as a means of deception among yourselves, lest a nation should be more numerous than another nation. Allah only tests you by this [i.e. who obeys Allah and and fulfills Allah’s Covenant and who disobeys Allah and breaks Allah’s Covenant]. And on the Day of Resurrection, He will certianly make clear to you that wherein you used to differ [i.e. a believer confesses and believes in the Oneness of Allah and in the Prophethood of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ which the disbeliever denies and that is their difference amongst them in the life of this world].

And had Allah willed, He could have made you (all) one nation, but He sends astray whom He wills and guides whom He wills. But you shall certainly be called to account for what you used to do.

And make not your oaths a means of deception among yourselves, lest a foot should slip after being firmly planted, and you may have to taste the evil (punishment in this world) of having hindered (men) from the Path of Allah (i.e. Belief in the Oneness of Allah and His Messenger, Muhammad ﷺ, and yours will be a great torment (i.e. the Fire of Hell in the Hereafter).

Surah An-Nahl, 16:90-94

Moreover, it is important for this person to concern themselves with rectifying their own affair with Allah before attempting to rectify the affairs of others.

Imaam Ahmad رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰه stated:

(There) is nothing equal to knowledge, for the one who makes his intention correct (i.e. sincere). So they (i.e. the people) said: And how do (we) make the intention correct (i.e. sincere) O father of Abdullaah?! He said: You make an intention to remove ignorance from yourself and others.

[Aadaab Ash-Sharee’ah’ 2/45, by Ibn Muflih رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰه]

Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ says in The Qur’an:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا قُوا أَنفُسَكُمْ وَأَهْلِيكُمْ نَارًا وَقُودُهَا النَّاسُ وَالْحِجَارَةُ عَلَيْهَا مَلَائِكَةٌ غِلَاظٌ شِدَادٌ لَّا يَعْصُونَ اللَّهَ مَا أَمَرَهُمْ وَيَفْعَلُونَ مَا يُؤْمَرُونَ

“O you who believe! Ward off yourselves and your families against a Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, over which are (appointed) angels stern (and) severe, who disobey not, (from executing) the Commands they receive from Allah, but do that which they are commanded.”

Surah At-Tahrim, 66:6

If one shows one face publicly whilst his or her home is in spiritual, physical, emotional, and mental distress then the question must be asked…what is the true intention? Its it honor? Is it fame? Or any other worldly gain desired by the ego? For truly, a soul that desires to worship and please Allah cannot be satisfied in such conditions.

This leads us my dear respected Brothers and Sisters to the ayat to be examined in this chapter. Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ says in The Qur’an;

أَفَرَأَيْتَ مَنِ اتَّخَذَ إِلَٰهَهُ هَوَاهُ وَأَضَلَّهُ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ عِلْمٍ وَخَتَمَ عَلَىٰ سَمْعِهِ وَقَلْبِهِ وَجَعَلَ عَلَىٰ بَصَرِهِ غِشَاوَةً فَمَن يَهْدِيهِ مِن بَعْدِ اللَّهِ ۚ أَفَلَا تَذَكَّرُونَ

“Have you seen him who takes his own lust as his god And Allah, left him astray with knowledge, and sealed his hearing and his heart, and put a cover on his sight. Who then will guide him after Allah. Will you not then remember?”

Surah Al-Jathiyah, 45:23

Excerpt from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about this ayah:


Allah the Exalted states here that the believers and the disbelievers are never equal. Allah said in another Ayah,

﴿لاَ يَسْتَوِى أَصْحَـبُ النَّارِ وَأَصْحَـبُ الْجَنَّةِ أَصْحَـبُ الْجَنَّةِ هُمُ الْفَآئِزُونَ ﴾

(Not equal are the dwellers of the Fire and the dwellers of the Paradise. It is the dwellers of Paradise that will be successful.) (59:20) Allah said here,

﴿أَمْ حَسِبَ الَّذِينَ اجْتَرَحُواْ السَّيِّئَـتِ﴾

(Or do those who earn evil deeds think) those who commit and practice evil,

﴿أَن نَّجْعَلَهُمْ كَالَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ الصَّـلِحَـتِ سَوَآءً مَّحْيَـهُمْ وَمَمَـتُهُمْ﴾

(that We shall hold them equal with those who believe and do righteous good deeds, in their life and their death) treat them equally in the present life of the world and in the Hereafter

﴿سَآءَ مَا يَحْكُمُونَ﴾

(Worst is the judgement that they make.) worst is the thought that they have about Us and about Our justice, thinking that We will ever make the pious and the wicked equal in the Hereafter or this life.' At--Tabarani recorded that Shubah said that `Amr bin Murrah narrated that Abu Ad-Duha said that Masruq said that Tamim Ad-Dari once stood in voluntary prayer through the night until the morning only reciting this Ayah,

﴿أَمْ حَسِبَ الَّذِينَ اجْتَرَحُواْ السَّيِّئَـتِ أَن نَّجْعَلَهُمْ كَالَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ الصَّـلِحَـتِ﴾

(Or do those who earn evil deeds think that We shall hold them equal with those who believe and do righteous good deeds) Allah said in reply:

﴿سَآءَ مَا يَحْكُمُونَ﴾

(Worst is the judgement that they make.) Allah said,

﴿وَخَلَقَ اللَّهُ السَّمَـوَتِ وَالاٌّرْضَ بِالْحَقِّ﴾

(And Allah has created the heavens and the earth with truth,) meaning, in justice,

﴿وَلِتُجْزَى كُلُّ نَفْسٍ بِمَا كَسَبَتْ وَهُمْ لاَ يُظْلَمُونَ﴾

(in order that each person may be recompensed what he has earned, and they will not be wronged.) Allah the Exalted said,

﴿أَفَرَأَيْتَ مَنِ اتَّخَذَ إِلَـهَهُ هَوَاهُ﴾

(Have you seen him who takes his own lust as his god), who abides by his lust, and whatever his lust portrays as good he implements it, and whatever his lust portrays as evil, he abandons it! Allah’s statement,

﴿وَأَضَلَّهُ اللَّهُ عَلَى عِلْمٍ﴾

(And Allah left him astray with knowledge, ) has two meanings. One of them is that Allah knew that this person deserves to be misguided, so He left him astray. The second meaning is that Allah led this person astray after knowledge reached him and the proof was established before him. The second meaning includes the first meaning, but not the opposite. Allah said,

﴿وَخَتَمَ عَلَى سَمْعِهِ وَقَلْبِهِ وَجَعَلَ عَلَى بَصَرِهِ غِشَـوَةً﴾

(and sealed his hearing and his heart, and put a cover on his sight.) so he does not hear what benefits him, understands not what would lead him to the guidance and sees not the evidence with which he can be enlightened. This is why Allah said,

﴿فَمَن يَهْدِيهِ مِن بَعْدِ اللَّهِ أَفَلاَ تَذَكَّرُونَ﴾

(Who then will guide him after Allah Will you not then remember) Allah said in a similar Ayah,

﴿مَن يُضْلِلِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ وَيَذَرُهُمْ فِى طُغْيَـنِهِمْ يَعْمَهُونَ ﴾

(Whomsoever Allah sends astray, none can guide him; and He lets them wander blindly in their transgressions.) (7:186).

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Those given the Gift of Islam must remember that it is a precious and sacred thing to be honored and upheld.

Abu Hurayra رضي الله عنه said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was asked, ‘Messenger of Allah! A certain woman prays in the night, fasts in the day, acts and gives sadaqa, but injures her neighbors with her tongue. . ‘ The Messenger of Allah, may Allah him and grant him peace, said, ‘There is no good blessing in her.’ She is one of the people of the Fire. ‘ They said, ‘Another woman prays the prescribed prayers and gives bits of curd as sadaqa and does not injure anyone.’ The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘She is one of the people of the Garden.’

Al-Adab Al-Mufrad

Abu Huraira رضي الله عنه reported: A man came to the Messenger of Allahﷺ , peace and blessings be upon him, and he complained about the hardness of his heart. The Prophet said, “If you want to soften your heart, feed the poor and pat the head of the orphan.”

Source: Musnad Aḥmad 7522

Ibn abu Duniya رضي الله عنه mentioned with his chain of narration by way of Mansur b. Abd al-Rahman رضي الله عنهwho narrated from Safiyah رضي الله عنهwho said:

A woman came to Aishah رضي الله عنه complaining of hardness of the heart. Therefore Aishah رضي الله عنهsaid; “Think about death often and your heart will become soft and you will be able to fulfill your needs. So she did this and as a result of this she sensed guidance in her heart, thus she came to Aishah رضي الله عنهto thank her.”

Book: A Treatise in Condemnation of the Hardness of the Heart Al-Hafidh Ibn Rajab Al-Hanbali I Hikmah Publications, Translated by Hassan Hussein Abdi pg. 47

We must all seek to rectify our affairs with Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ and (in turn) He سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ will rectify your affair with the rest of creation. We must be continuous in asking Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ for His aid in all matters and in particular the matters within our innermost selves of which we may not be fully aware of. The slave must ask At-Tawwab to guide them to those matters that require repentance and do so (repent) sincerely.

The slave of Allahسُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ, must remember that their work will be a testimony for or against them. May Allahسُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ grant you all a good end. Ameen.

Let us pray;

رَبَّنَا أَفْرِغْ عَلَيْنَا صَبْرًا وَتَوَفَّنَا مُسْلِمِينَ

“Our Lord! Pour upon us patience and cause us to die as Muslims!”

Surah Al A’raf, 7:126

Fadalah ibn Ubaid رضي الله عنه reported: The Messenger of Allah ﷺ, peace and blessings be upon him, said during the final pilgrimage, “Have I not informed you? The believer is the one who is trusted with the lives and wealth of people. The Muslim is the one from whose tongue and hand people are safe. The one striving in jihad in the way of Allah is the one who wages jihad against himself in obedience to Allah. The emigrant is one who emigrates away from sins and evil deeds.

Source: Musnad Aḥmad 23438

Recognizing and rectifying ones faults are mercies from Allahسُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ . The slave of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَwho has dedicated him/herself to His work must know that Shaytan will never cease to try to interfere in their affairs and the affairs of their family members. This is all to serve as a distraction and to keep one from truly following Allah’s path. They must be keen in guarding their gates and before one can do that–he/she must understand which gate is weak and which is strong.

One of the strongest protections for the Helpers of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَis The Night Prayer. Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَsays in The Qur’an;

وَمِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَتَهَجَّدْ بِهِ نَافِلَةً لَّكَ عَسَىٰ أَن يَبْعَثَكَ رَبُّكَ مَقَامًا مَّحْمُودًا

“And in some parts of the night (also) offer the Salat (prayer with it (i.e. recite the Qur’an in the prayer), as an additional prayer (Tahajjud optional prayer-Nawafil) for you (O Muhammad). It may be that your Lord will raise you to Maqam Mahmud (a station of praise and glory, i.e. the honour of intercession on the Day of Resurrection).

Surah Al-Isra’, 17:79

May Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَforgive and guide us all. Ameen yaa Rabbi.

Harm Nothing Unjustly Big or Small

Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;

حَتَّىٰ إِذَا أَتَوْا عَلَىٰ وَادِ النَّمْلِ قَالَتْ نَمْلَةٌ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّمْلُ ادْخُلُوا مَسَاكِنَكُمْ لَا يَحْطِمَنَّكُمْ سُلَيْمَانُ وَجُنُودُهُ وَهُمْ لَا يَشْعُرُونَ

فَتَبَسَّمَ ضَاحِكًا مِّن قَوْلِهَا وَقَالَ رَبِّ أَوْزِعْنِي أَنْ أَشْكُرَ نِعْمَتَكَ الَّتِي أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيَّ وَعَلَىٰ وَالِدَيَّ وَأَنْ أَعْمَلَ صَالِحًا تَرْضَاهُ وَأَدْخِلْنِي بِرَحْمَتِكَ فِي عِبَادِكَ الصَّالِحِينَ

Until, when they came upon the valley of the ants, an ant said, “O ants, enter your dwellings that you not be crushed by Solomon and his soldiers while they perceive not. So [Solomon] smiled, amused at her speech, and said, “My Lord, enable me to be grateful for Your favor which You have bestowed upon me and upon my parents and to do righteousness of which You approve. And admit me by Your mercy into [the ranks of] Your righteous servants.”

Surah Al-Naml, Ayahs 18-19

Being grateful to Allah entails treating his creation with goodness and mercy. Not even an ant is excluded from this kindness. Those seeking to serve Allah should know that this is servitude to mankind. Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;

فَلَمَّا أَحَسَّ عِيسَىٰ مِنْهُمُ الْكُفْرَ قَالَ مَنْ أَنصَارِي إِلَى اللَّهِ ۖ قَالَ الْحَوَارِيُّونَ نَحْنُ أَنصَارُ اللَّهِ آمَنَّا بِاللَّهِ وَاشْهَدْ بِأَنَّا مُسْلِمُونَ

Then when ‘Iesa (Jesus) came to know of their disbelief, he said: “Who will be my helpers in Allah’s Cause?” Al-Hawariun (the disciples) said: “We are the helpers of Allah; we believe in Allah, and bear witness that we are Muslims (i.e. we submit to Allah).”

Surah Ali Imran, Ayah 52

One must never flag in their duty to serve Allah’s creation. They must strive to promote Allah’s religion through Dawah, good naseeha, and purifying themselves. These deeds, if done for Allah’s sake Alone, will cause one to be an example and, if Allah Wills, a means of guidance for all person’s.

May Allah always guide us to what is most correct. Ameen.

21:110

Those Who Preserve Their Deeds

Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;

إِنَّهُۥ يَعۡلَمُ ٱلۡجَهۡرَ مِنَ ٱلۡقَوۡلِ وَيَعۡلَمُ مَا تَكۡتُمُونَ


“Indeed, He knows what is declared of speech, and He knows what you conceal.”

Surah Al-Anbiya’, Ayah 110

Excerpt from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about this ayah:


﴿وَإِنْ أَدْرِى أَقَرِيبٌ أَم بَعِيدٌ مَّا تُوعَدُونَ﴾

(And I know not whether that which you are promised (i.e., the Day of Resurrection) is near or far.) meaning: `it will inevitably come to pass, but I have no knowledge of whether it is near or far.’

﴿إِنَّهُ يَعْلَمُ الْجَهْرَ مِنَ الْقَوْلِ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا تَكْتُمُونَ ﴾

(Verily, He (Allah) knows that which is spoken aloud (openly) and He knows that which you conceal.) Allah knows the Unseen in its entirety; He knows what His creatures do openly and what they do secretly. He knows what is visible and what is concealed; He knows what is secret and hidden. He knows what His creatures do openly and in secret, and He will requite them for that, for both minor and major actions.

﴿وَإِنْ أَدْرِى لَعَلَّهُ فِتْنَةٌ لَّكُمْ وَمَتَاعٌ إِلَى حِينٍ ﴾

(And I know not, perhaps it may be a trial for you, and an enjoyment for a while.) meaning, I do not know, perhaps it is a trial for you, and an enjoyment for a while.' Ibn Jarir said:perhaps that is being delayed for you as a test for you, and enjoyment for an allotted time.’ This was narrated by Awn from IbnAbbas. And Allah knows best.

﴿قَالَ رَبِّ احْكُم بِالْحَقِّ﴾

(He said: “My Lord! Judge You in truth!) means, judge between us and our people who disbelieve in the truth. Qatadah said: “The Prophets (peace be upon them) used to say:

﴿رَبَّنَا افْتَحْ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَ قَوْمِنَا بِالْحَقِّ وَأَنتَ خَيْرُ الْفَـتِحِينَ﴾

(“Our Lord! Judge between us and our people in truth, for You are the Best of those who give judgment.”) ﴿7:89﴾, and the Messenger of Allah was commanded to say this too.” It was reported from Malik from Zayd bin Aslam that when the Messenger of Allah witnessed any fighting, he would say:

﴿رَبِّ احْكُم بِالْحَقِّ﴾

(“My Lord! Judge You in truth!”)

﴿وَرَبُّنَا الرَّحْمَـنُ الْمُسْتَعَانُ عَلَى مَا تَصِفُونَ﴾

(Our Lord is the Most Gracious, Whose help is to be sought against that which you attribute!) means, `against the various lies and fabrications that you utter, some of which are worse than others; Allah is the One Whose Help we seek against that.’ This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat Al-Anbiya’. To Allah be praise and blessings.

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

It was narrated that ‘Abdullah bin’ Amr said:

“It was said to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ): ‘Which of the people is best?’ He said: ‘Everyone who is pure of heart and sincere in speech.’ They said: ‘Sincere in speech, we know what this is, but what is pure of heart?’ He said: ‘It is (the heart) that is pious and pure, with no sin, injustice, rancor or envy in it.’ ‘

Sunan Ibn Majah

Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;

يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَا تُبۡطِلُواْ صَدَقَٰتِكُم بِٱلۡمَنِّ وَٱلۡأَذَىٰ كَٱلَّذِي يُنفِقُ مَالَهُۥ رِئَآءَ ٱلنَّاسِ وَلَا يُؤۡمِنُ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلۡيَوۡمِ ٱلۡأٓخِرِۖ فَمَثَلُهُۥ كَمَثَلِ صَفۡوَانٍ عَلَيۡهِ تُرَابٞ فَأَصَابَهُۥ وَابِلٞ فَتَرَكَهُۥ صَلۡدٗاۖ لَّا يَقۡدِرُونَ عَلَىٰ شَيۡءٖ مِّمَّا كَسَبُواْۗ وَٱللَّهُ لَا يَهۡدِي ٱلۡقَوۡمَ ٱلۡكَٰفِرِينَ


“O you who have believed, do not invalidate your charities with reminders or injury as does one who spends his wealth [only] to be seen by the people and does not believe in Allah and the Last Day. His example is like that of a [large] smooth stone upon which is dust and is hit by a downpour that leaves it bare. They are unable [to keep] anything of what they have earned. And Allah does not guide the disbelieving people.”

Surah Al-Baqarah, Ayah 264

Abu Hurayra said,

“The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was asked, ‘Messenger of Allah! A certain woman prays in the night, fasts in the day, acts and gives sadaqa, but injures her neighbors with her tongue. . ‘ The Messenger of Allah, may Allah him and grant him peace, said, ‘There is no good blessing in her. She is one of the people of the Fire.’ They said, ‘Another woman prays the prescribed prayers and gives bits of curd as sadaqa and does not injure anyone.’ The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘She is one of the people of the Garden.’

Al-Adab Al Mufrad

As Salaamun Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu. My dear Brothers and Sister in Islam, it is important for us to remember Allah much and seek His forgiveness for ourselves and the believing men and women. 

We are sometimes thrust into trials with those upon misguidance and disbelief which drive is to become hasty in our duaas. When dealing with the ignorance of disbelief, one can can become forgetful that they were once and saved by Allah from those very sins and disbelief. 

However, constantly and truly remembering our indebtedness to Allah can aid one in refraining from seeing themselves in a lofty status with Allah and looking down upon others.

We should overlook the fault of others graciously and focus on preserving our deeds through understanding and practicing Tawheed. 

This includes granting forgiveness for even the most serious offences, preventing our tongue and heart from backbiting, calling to rememberace Allah’s Gracious forgiveness and guidance to us, letting go of the past by submission and pleasure with the Qadr of Allah.

Following any other path is a means for misguidance that could very well lead one to spend eternity in the fire.

A heart that is pure doesn’t seek revenge or hold grudges.  It takes its pain to Allah, Al-Shafee (The Healer) for healing.  The heart that is pure fights against intrusion of the evil Naafs and wicked Shaytan. 

The heart that is pure connects with places of purity in others and offers sincere naseeha (advice) from that place. This noble behavior can soften even the hardest hearts and be a means of guidance.

Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an:

وَمَآ أَرۡسَلۡنَٰكَ إِلَّا رَحۡمَةٗ لِّلۡعَٰلَمِينَ


“And We have not sent you, [O Muhammad], except as a mercy to the worlds.”

-Surah Al-Anbiya’, Ayah 107

Ibn Kathir says about this Ayah;
﴿وَمَآ أَرْسَلْنَـكَ إِلاَّ رَحْمَةً لِّلْعَـلَمِينَ ﴾

(And We have sent you not but as a mercy for the Alamin.) Here Allah tells us that He has made Muhammad a mercy to theAlamin, i.e., He sent him as a mercy for all of them ﴿peoples﴾, so whoever accepts this mercy and gives thanks for this blessing, will be happy in this world and in the Hereafter. But whoever rejects it and denies it, will lose out in this world and in the Hereafter, as Allah says:

﴿أَلَمْ تَرَ إِلَى الَّذِينَ بَدَّلُواْ نِعْمَتَ اللَّهِ كُفْرًا وَأَحَلُّواْ قَوْمَهُمْ دَارَ الْبَوَارِ – جَهَنَّمَ يَصْلَوْنَهَا وَبِئْسَ الْقَرَارُ ﴾

(Have you not seen those who have changed the blessings of Allah into disbelief, and caused their people to dwell in the house of destruction Hell, in which they will burn, — and what an evil place to settle in!) ﴿14:28-29﴾ And Allah says, describing the Qur’an:

﴿قُلْ هُوَ لِلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ هُدًى وَشِفَآءٌ وَالَّذِينَ لاَ يُؤْمِنُونَ فِى ءَاذَانِهِمْ وَقْرٌ وَهُوَ عَلَيْهِمْ عَمًى أُوْلَـئِكَ يُنَادَوْنَ مِن مَّكَانٍ بَعِيدٍ﴾

(Say: “It is for those who believe, a guide and a healing. And as for those who disbelieve, there is heaviness in their ears, and it is blindness for them. They are those who are called from a place far away.”) ﴿41:44﴾ Muslim reports in his Sahih: Ibn Abi `Umar told us, Marwan Al-Fazari told us, from Yazid bin Kisan, from Ibn Abi Hazim that Abu Hurayrah said that it was said, “O Messenger of Allah, pray against the idolators.” He said:

«إِنِّي لَمْ أُبْعَثْ لَعَّانًا، وَإِنَّمَا بُعِثْتُ رَحْمَة»

(I was not sent as a curse, rather I was sent as a mercy.) This was recorded by Muslim. Imam Ahmad recorded that Amr bin Abi Qurrah Al-Kindi said: "Hudhayfah was in Al-Mada'in and he was mentioning things that the Messenger of Allah had said. Hudhayfah came to Salman and Salman said:O Hudhayfah, the Messenger of Allah ﴿would sometimes be angry and would speak accordingly, and would sometimes be pleased and would speak accordingly. I know that the Messenger of Allah ﴾ addressed us and said:

«أَيُّمَا رَجُلٍ مِنْ أُمَّتِي سَبَبْتُهُ (سَبَّةً) فِي غَضَبِي أَوْ لَعَنْتُهُ لَعْنَةً، فَإِنَّمَا أَنَا رَجُلٌ مِنْ وَلَدِ آدَمَ أَغْضَبُ كَمَا تَغْضَبُونَ، إِنَّمَا بَعَثَنِي اللهُ رَحْمَةً لِلْعَالَمِينَ فَاجْعَلْهَا صَلَاةً عَلَيْهِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَة»

(Any man of my Ummah whom I have insulted or cursed when I was angry — for I am a man from among the sons of Adam, and I get angry just as you do. But Allah has sent me as a Mercy to the Worlds, so I will make that ﴿my anger﴾ into blessings for him on the Day of Resurrection.”) This was also recorded by Abu Dawud from Ahmad bin Yunus from Za’idah. It may be asked: what kind of mercy do those who disbelieve in him get The answer is what Abu Jafar bin Jarir recorded from IbnAbbas concerning the Ayah:

﴿وَمَآ أَرْسَلْنَـكَ إِلاَّ رَحْمَةً لِّلْعَـلَمِينَ ﴾

(And We have sent you not but as a mercy for the `Alamin. ) He said, “Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, mercy will be decreed for him in this world and in the Hereafter; whoever does not believe in Allah and His Messenger, will be protected from that which happened to the nations of earthquakes and stoning.”

﴿قُلْ إِنَّمَآ يُوحَى إِلَىَّ أَنَّمَآ إِلَـهُكُمْ إِلَـهٌ وَحِدٌ فَهَلْ أَنتُمْ مُّسْلِمُونَ – فَإِن تَوَلَّوْاْ فَقُلْ ءَاذَنتُكُمْ عَلَى سَوَآءٍ وَإِنْ أَدْرِى أَقَرِيبٌ أَم بَعِيدٌ مَّا تُوعَدُونَ – إِنَّهُ يَعْلَمُ الْجَهْرَ مِنَ الْقَوْلِ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا تَكْتُمُونَ – وَإِنْ أَدْرِى لَعَلَّهُ فِتْنَةٌ لَّكُمْ وَمَتَاعٌ إِلَى حِينٍ – قَالَ رَبِّ احْكُم بِالْحَقِّ وَرَبُّنَا الرَّحْمَـنُ الْمُسْتَعَانُ عَلَى مَا تَصِفُونَ ﴾

(108. Say: “It is revealed to me that your God is only one God. Will you then be Muslims”) (109. But if they turn away say: “I give you a notice to be known to us all alike. And I know not whether that which you are promised is near or far.”) (110. “Verily, He knows that which is spoken aloud and He knows that which you conceal.”) (111. “And I know not, perhaps it may be a trial for you, and an enjoyment for a while.”) (112. He said:”My Lord! Judge You in truth! Our Lord is the Most Gracious, Whose help is to be sought against that which you attribute!”)

Wathilah ibn al-Asqa’ reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “The Muslim is sacred to another Muslim: his life, his honor, and his wealth. The Muslim is the brother of another Muslim. He does not wrong him or betray him. Righteousness is here,” and he pointed to his heart. The Prophet said, “It is enough evil for a man to look down on his Muslim brother.”

Source: Musnad Aḥmad 15589

Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;

وَمَا خَلَقۡنَا ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضَ وَمَا بَيۡنَهُمَآ إِلَّا بِٱلۡحَقِّۗ وَإِنَّ ٱلسَّاعَةَ لَأٓتِيَةٞۖ فَٱصۡفَحِ ٱلصَّفۡحَ ٱلۡجَمِيلَ

“And We have not created the heavens and earth and that between them except in truth. And indeed, the Hour is coming; so forgive with gracious forgiveness.”

-Surah Al-Hijr, Ayah 85

And;

الَّذِينَ يُنفِقُونَ فِي السَّرَّاءِ وَالضَّرَّاءِ وَالْكَاظِمِينَ الْغَيْظَ وَالْعَافِينَ عَنِ النَّاسِ ۗ, Ayaوَاللَّهُ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ

“Those who spend [in Allah’s Cause – deeds of charity, alms, etc.] in prosperity and in adversity, who repress anger, and who pardon men; verily, Allah loves Al-Muhsinun (the good-doers).”

Surah Ali Imran, Ayah 134

And;

ادْفَعْ بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ السَّيِّئَةَ ۚ نَحْنُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا يَصِفُونَ

“Repel evil with that which is best. We are well aware of what they describe.”

Surah Al Mu’minoon, Ayah 96

وَلَا تَسْتَوِي الْحَسَنَةُ وَلَا السَّيِّئَةُ ۚ ادْفَعْ بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ فَإِذَا الَّذِي بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَهُ عَدَاوَةٌ كَأَنَّهُ وَلِيٌّ حَمِيمٌ

“Good and evil are not equal. Repel (evil) with what is best, and you will see that the one you had mutual enmity with him will turn as if he were a close friend.”

Surah Al Fussilat, Ayah 34

May Allah forgive me and you and make us of those who are pure in heart. Ameen.

59:13-14

Divided Together Upon Disbelief

Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;

لَأَنتُمۡ أَشَدُّ رَهۡبَةٗ فِي صُدُورِهِم مِّنَ ٱللَّهِۚ ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمۡ قَوۡمٞ لَّا يَفۡقَهُونَ

لَا يُقَٰتِلُونَكُمۡ جَمِيعًا إِلَّا فِي قُرٗى مُّحَصَّنَةٍ أَوۡ مِن وَرَآءِ جُدُرِۭۚ بَأۡسُهُم بَيۡنَهُمۡ شَدِيدٞۚ تَحۡسَبُهُمۡ جَمِيعٗا وَقُلُوبُهُمۡ شَتَّىٰۚ ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمۡ قَوۡمٞ لَّا يَعۡقِلُونَ

“Of a truth ye are stronger (than they) because of the terror in their hearts, (sent) by Allah.  This is because they are men devoid of understanding.  They will not fight you (even) together, except in fortified townships, or from behind walls.  Strong is their fighting (spirit) amongst themselves: though wouldst think they are united, but their hearts are divided: that is because they are a people devoid of wisdom.”

Surah Al-Hashr, 59:13-14

Ibn Kathir رحيم الله says about these ayah:


Allah states that the hypocrites, `Abdullah bin Ubayy and his like, sent a messenger to Bani An-Nadir promising them help. Allah the Exalted said,

﴿أَلَمْ تَرَ إِلَى الَّذِينَ نَـفَقُواْ يَقُولُونَ لإِخْوَانِهِمُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَـبِ لَئِنْ أُخْرِجْتُمْ لَنَخْرُجَنَّ مَعَكُمْ وَلاَ نُطِيعُ فيكُمْ أَحَداً أَبَداً وَإِن قُوتِلْتُمْ لَنَنصُرَنَّكُمْ﴾

(Have you not observed the hypocrites who say to their friends among the People of the Scripture who disbelieve: “If you are expelled, we indeed will go out with you, and we shall never obey anyone against you; and if you are attacked, we shall indeed help you.”) Allah then said,

﴿وَاللَّهُ يَشْهَدُ إِنَّهُمْ لَكَـذِبُونَ﴾

(But Allah is Witness that they verily are liars.) meaning, the hypocrites lied when they issued this promise, because it was just words that they did not intend to fulfill. Also, what they said they would do, would never have been fulfilled by them, and this is why Allah said,

﴿وَلَئِن قُوتِلُواْ لاَ يَنصُرُونَهُمْ﴾

(and if they are attacked, they will never help them.) meaning, the hypocrites will not fight along with the Jews,

﴿وَلَئِن نَّصَرُوهُمْ﴾

(And (even) if they do help them, ) and even if the hypocrites did fight along their side,

﴿لَيُوَلُّنَّ الاٌّدْبَـرَ ثُمَّ لاَ يُنصَرُونَ﴾

(they will turn their backs, and they will not be victorious.) This Ayah contains good news, just as the good news that this following Ayah conveys,

﴿لاّنتُمْ أَشَدُّ رَهْبَةً فِى صُدُورِهِمْ مِّنَ اللَّهِ﴾

(Verily, you are more fearful in their breasts than Allah.) meaning, the hypocrites fear you more than they fear Allah, as He says;

﴿إِذَا فَرِيقٌ مِّنْهُمْ يَخْشَوْنَ النَّاسَ كَخَشْيَةِ اللَّهِ أَوْ أَشَدَّ خَشْيَةً﴾

(Behold! a section of them fear men as they fear Allah or even more.)(4:77) This is why Allah said,

﴿ذَلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ قَوْمٌ لاَّ يَفْقَهُونَ﴾

(That is because they are a people who comprehend not.) Allah then said,

﴿لاَ يُقَـتِلُونَكُمْ جَمِيعاً إِلاَّ فِى قُرًى مُّحَصَّنَةٍ أَوْ مِن وَرَآءِ جُدُرٍ﴾

(They fight not against you even together, except in fortified townships, or from behind walls.) meaning, they will not fight Muslims except from behind besieged fortified forts, because of their cowardice and fear of Muslims. They only fight when they have to defend themselves (even though they threaten Muslims of reprisals). Allah the Exalted said,

﴿بَأْسُهُمْ بَيْنَهُمْ شَدِيدٌ﴾

(Their enmity among themselves is very great.) meaning, the enmity they feel against each other is intense,

﴿وَيُذِيقَ بَعْضَكُمْ بَأْسَ بَعْضٍ﴾

(And make you to taste the violence of one another.)(6:65) Allah said in the Ayah,

﴿تَحْسَبُهُمْ جَمِيعاً وَقُلُوبُهُمْ شَتَّى﴾

(You would think they were united, but their hearts are divided.) meaning, even though one might see them combining forces and think that these forces are harmonious, yet in reality, they are divided severely. Ibrahim An-Nakha`i said that this Ayah refers to the hypocrites and the People of the Scriptures,

﴿ذلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ قَوْمٌ لاَّ يَعْقِلُونَ﴾

(That is because they are a people who understand not.) Allah said,

﴿كَمَثَلِ الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ قَرِيباً ذَاقُواْ وَبَالَ أَمْرِهِمْ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ ﴾

(They are like their immediate predecessors; they tasted the evil result of their conduct, and for them a painful torment.) referring to the Jewish tribe of Bani Qaynuqa, according to IbnAbbas, Qatadah and Muhammad bin Ishaq.

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

One should not look at those who are misguided (the hypocrites and unbelievers) and wish for the material things they have (i.e. wealth, children, spouses etc.).  For indeed they are not on the clear Path to Allah and all other paths contain the evil of darkness.

How can two souls coexist in peace whilst they are in opposition to Allah عزوجل?

Those who disbelieve will always be filled with fear, suspicions, contempt, rage, resentment, jealousy and the like. This is due to the darkness of disbelief that has shielded them from seeing their own goodness and so, they cannot possibly see it in another. In fact, these persons will feel more inclined to those who are upon what they are upon of misguidance.

Together the two will destroy each other due to the lack of good manners, understanding the purpose for their creation, a firm criteria between right and wrong, knowledge and fear of The Day of Judgement, personal accountability for deeds, and other such blessings that Islam provides.

This destruction will undoubtedly happen in this life and the next unless Allah عزوجل bestows His Grace and saves one or both from by guiding them to the Straight Path.

We thank Allah عزوجل for His Mercy that encompasses us all and is open for the repentant and humble slaves, Alhamdullilah.

Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;

وَلَا تُعْجِبْكَ أَمْوَالُهُمْ وَأَوْلَادُهُمْ ۚ إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ أَن يُعَذِّبَهُم بِهَا فِي الدُّنْيَا وَتَزْهَقَ أَنفُسُهُمْ وَهُمْ كَافِرُونَ

“And let not their wealth or their children amaze you. Allah’s Plan is to punish them with these things in this world, and that their souls shall depart (die) while they are disbelievers.”

Surah At-Taubah, 9:85

وَلَا تَكُونُواْ كَٱلَّذِينَ نَسُواْ ٱللَّهَ فَأَنسَىٰهُمۡ أَنفُسَهُمۡۚ أُوْلَٰٓئِكَ هُمُ ٱلۡفَٰسِقُونَ

“And be not like those who forgot Allah; and He made them forget their own souls! Such are the rebellious transgressors!”

Surah Al-Hashr, 59:19

وَمَا خَلَقۡنَا ٱلسَّمَآءَ وَٱلۡأَرۡضَ وَمَا بَيۡنَهُمَا بَٰطِلٗاۚ ذَٰلِكَ ظَنُّ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْۚ فَوَيۡلٞ لِّلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ مِنَ ٱلنَّارِ


“And We did not create the heaven and the earth and that between them aimlessly. That is the assumption of those who disbelieve, so woe to those who disbelieve from the Fire.”

Surah Sad, Ayah 27

Ibn Taymiyyah رحيم الله said; when people help each other in sin and transgression they finish by hating each other.

Ibn al Qayyim رحيم الله said: “Uthman ibn Affan may Allah be pleased with him said: No one ever performs and action except that Allah the Exalted adorns him with a garment of his action. If it is good then the garment is good, if it is evil then the garment is evil.”

This is an affair known by the people of knowledge and insight, such that a good fragrance will emit from a good pious person even if he does not put on perfume. A good fragrance will emit from his soul onto his body and his clothes. As for the evil person the opposite is true. But the sick individual whose heart is filled with disease will not smell the scent from either individual; the pious or sinful.”

—-

May Allah عزوجل grant us spouses and offspring who will be the comfort of our eyes and make us leaders of the Muhsinoon. Ameen.

Be Kind.

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “A group of people (both men and women) whose hearts will be like the hearts of birds, will enter Jannah”.

[Muslim. Book 1, Hadith 77].

It has been interpreted that such people are those who put their trust in Allah; another interpretation is that these people are tender- hearted.

“It is enough for him…”

Abu Mas’ud reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Whoever recites the last two verses of Surat al-Baqarah in the night, it is enough for him.

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 4723, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 807

Last two ayahs of Surahtul Baqarah:

آمَنَ الرَّسُولُ بِمَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْهِ مِن رَّبِّهِ وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ ۚ كُلٌّ آمَنَ بِاللَّهِ وَمَلَائِكَتِهِ وَكُتُبِهِ وَرُسُلِهِ لَا نُفَرِّقُ بَيْنَ أَحَدٍ مِّن رُّسُلِهِ ۚ وَقَالُوا سَمِعْنَا وَأَطَعْنَا ۖ غُفْرَانَكَ رَبَّنَا وَإِلَيْكَ الْمَصِيرُ

لَا يُكَلِّفُ اللَّهُ نَفْسًا إِلَّا وُسْعَهَا ۚ لَهَا مَا كَسَبَتْ وَعَلَيْهَا مَا اكْتَسَبَتْ ۗ رَبَّنَا لَا تُؤَاخِذْنَا إِن نَّسِينَا أَوْ أَخْطَأْنَا ۚ رَبَّنَا وَلَا تَحْمِلْ عَلَيْنَا إِصْرًا كَمَا حَمَلْتَهُ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِنَا ۚ رَبَّنَا وَلَا تُحَمِّلْنَا مَا لَا طَاقَةَ لَنَا بِهِ ۖ وَاعْفُ عَنَّا وَاغْفِرْ لَنَا وَارْحَمْنَا ۚ أَنتَ مَوْلَانَا فَانصُرْنَا عَلَى الْقَوْمِ الْكَافِرِينَ

“The Messenger (Muhammad ﷺ) believes in what has been sent down to him from his Lord, and (so do) the believers. Each one believes in Allah, His Angels, His Books, and His Messengers. (They say), “We make no distinction between one and another of His Messengers”– and they say, “We hear and we obey. (We seek) Your Forgiveness, our Lord, and to You is the return (of all).”

Allah burdens no a person beyond his scope. He gets reward for that (good) which he has earned, and he is punished for that (evil) which he has earned. “Our Lord! Punish us not if we forget or fall into error, our Lord! Lay not on us a burden like that which You did lay on those before us (Jews and Christians); our Lord! Put not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Pardon us and grant us Forgiveness. Have mercy on us. You are our Maula (Patron, Supporter, Protector, etc.) and give us victory over the disbelieving people.”

Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:285-286

The Prayer of Prophet Nuh عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَام

After much toil with the defiant, arrogant, disbelieving folk, Prophet Nuh (Noah)عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَام made this dua’a;

وَقَالَ نُوحٌ رَّبِّ لَا تَذَرْ عَلَى الْأَرْضِ مِنَ الْكَافِرِينَ دَيَّارًا

إِنَّكَ إِن تَذَرْهُمْ يُضِلُّوا عِبَادَكَ وَلَا يَلِدُوا إِلَّا فَاجِرًا كَفَّارًا

رَّبِّ اغْفِرْ لِي وَلِوَالِدَيَّ وَلِمَن دَخَلَ بَيْتِيَ مُؤْمِنًا وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ وَلَا تَزِدِ الظَّالِمِينَ إِلَّا تَبَارًا

“O my Lord! Leave not of the Unbelievers, a single one on earth! For, if Thou dost leave (any of) them, they will but mislead Thy devotees, and they will breed none but wicked ungrateful ones. O my Lord! Forgive me, my parents, all who enter my house in Faith, and (all) believing men and believing women: and to the wrong-doers grant Thou no increase but in Perdition!”

Surah Nuh, 71:26-28

Allah عزوجل says about the people of Nuh;

مِّمَّا خَطِيئَاتِهِمْ أُغْرِقُوا فَأُدْخِلُوا نَارًا فَلَمْ يَجِدُوا لَهُم مِّن دُونِ اللَّهِ أَنصَارًا

“Because of their sins they were drowned (in the flood), and were made to enter the Fire (of Punishment): and hey found – in lieu of Allah – none to help them.”

Surah Nuh, 71:25

49:3

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَغُضُّونَ أَصْوَاتَهُمْ عِندَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ امْتَحَنَ اللَّهُ قُلُوبَهُمْ لِلتَّقْوَىٰ ۚ لَهُم مَّغْفِرَةٌ وَأَجْرٌ عَظِيمٌ

“Verily, those who lower their voices in the presence of Allah’s Messenger, they are the ones whose hearts Allah has tested for piety. For them is forgiveness and a great reward.”

(Surah Hujurat, 49:3)

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about this ayah:


The Prohibition of making a Decision in advance of Allah and His Messenger; ordering Respect towards the Prophet

In these Ayat, Allah the Exalted teaches His faithful servants the good manners they should observe with the Messenger, which are respect, honor and esteem. Allah the Exalted and Most Honored said,
﴿ يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَا تُقَدِّمُواْ بَيۡنَ يَدَىِ ٱللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِۦ‌ۖ ﴾

(O you who believe! Make not (a decision) in advance before Allah and His Messenger,) meaning, do not rush in making decisions before him, rather, follow his lead in all matters. `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) commented;
﴿ لَا تُقَدِّمُواْ بَيۡنَ يَدَىِ ٱللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِۦ‌ۖ ﴾

(Make not (a decision) in advance before Allah and His Messenger,) “Do not say anything that contradicts the Qur’an and Sunnah.” Qatadah commented, “We were told that some people used to say, `Revelation should be sent down about such and such matters,’ and, `such and such practices should be rendered allowed.’ Allah the Exalted disliked this attitude.” Allah said,
﴿ وَٱتَّقُواْ ٱللَّهَ‌ۚ ﴾

(and have Taqwa of Allah.) meaning, `in what He has ordered you;’
﴿ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ سَمِيعٌ ﴾

(Verily, Allah is Hearing,) `your statements,’
﴿ عَلِيمٌ۬ ﴾

(Knowing.) `your intentions.’ Allah said,
﴿ يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَا تَرۡفَعُوٓاْ أَصۡوَٲتَكُمۡ فَوۡقَ صَوۡتِ ٱلنَّبِىِّ ﴾

(O you who believe! Raise not your voices above the voice of the Prophet,) This contains another kind of favorable behavior. Allah the Exalted is teaching the believers that they should not raise their voices above the voice of the Prophet. It was stated that this Ayah was revealed about Abu Bakr and `Umar. Al-Bukhari recorded that Ibn Abi Mulaykah said, “The two righteous ones, Abu Bakr and `Umar, almost earned destruction when they raised their voices before the Prophet who was receiving the delegation of Bani Tamim. One of them recommended Al-Aqra` bin Habis the member of the Banu Mujashi` while the other recommended another man. Nafi` (a subnarrator) said: “I don’t remember his name.” Abu Bakr said to `Umar, `You only wanted to contradict me,’ while `Umar said, `I did not intend to contradict you.’ Their voices then became loud, thereupon Allah the Exalted sent down this Ayah,
﴿ يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَا تَرۡفَعُوٓاْ أَصۡوَٲتَكُمۡ فَوۡقَ صَوۡتِ ٱلنَّبِىِّ وَلَا تَجۡهَرُواْ لَهُ ۥ بِٱلۡقَوۡلِ كَجَهۡرِ بَعۡضِڪُمۡ لِبَعۡضٍ أَن تَحۡبَطَ أَعۡمَـٰلُكُمۡ وَأَنتُمۡ لَا تَشۡعُرُونَ ﴾

(O you who believe! Raise not your voices above the voice of the Prophet, nor speak aloud to him in talk as you speak aloud to one another, lest your deeds should be thwarted while you perceive not.)” `Abdullah bin Az-Zubayr said, “After that, `Umar’s voice was so low that the Messenger of Allah had to ask him to repeat what he said so that he could understand what he was saying to him.” `Abdullah bin Az-Zubayr did not mention the same regarding his father, Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him. Muslim did not collect this Hadith. In another narration collected by Al-Bukhari, he said that a delegation from the tribe of Banu Tamim came to the Prophet and that Abu Bakr recommended Al-Qa`qa` bin Ma`bad to be appointed as their leader, while `Umar recommended Al-Aqra` bin Habis. Muslim did not collect this narration. Al-Bukhari recorded that Anas bin Malik said, “The Prophet missed Thabit bin Qays and a man said, `O Allah’s Messenger! I will find out about his news.’ That man went to Thabit and found him sitting at home with his head lowered and asked him, `What is the matter’ Thabit said, `An evil matter!’ And he said that he used to raise his voice above the voice of the Prophet. He feared that his good deeds would be useless and he would be among the people of the Fire. The man went back to the Prophet and conveyed Thabit’s statement and returned to Thabit with a wonderfully good news. The Prophet said,
« اذْهَبْ إِلَيْهِ فَقُلْ لَهُ: إِنَّكَ لَسْتَ مِنْ أَهْلِ النَّارِ، وَلَكِنَّكَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّة »

(Go back to him and tell him this news; you are not among the people of the Fire. Rather, you are among the dwellers of Paradise.)” Al-Bukhari collected this Hadith with this wording. Imam Ahmad recorded that Anas bin Malik said, “When this Ayah was revealed,
﴿ يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَا تَرۡفَعُوٓاْ أَصۡوَٲتَكُمۡ فَوۡقَ صَوۡتِ ٱلنَّبِىِّ ﴾

(O you who believe! Raise not your voices above the voice of the Prophet), until,
﴿ وَأَنتُمۡ لَا تَشۡعُرُونَ ﴾

(while you perceive not), Thabit bin Qays bin Ash-Shammas, whose voice was loud, said, `I was the one who raised his voice above the voice of Allah’s Messenger. I am among the dwellers of the Fire. My good deeds have been done in vain.’ He remained in his house feeling distressed, and the Messenger of Allah noticed his absence. So some men went to Thabit and said to him, `The Prophet noticed your absence. What is the matter with you’ Thabit said, `I used to raise my voice above the voice of the Prophet and speak loudly in front of him. My deeds have been rendered useless and I am among the people of the Fire.’ They went to the Prophet and told him what Thabit said and the Prophet said,
« لَا، بَلْ هُوَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّة »

(Nay, he is among the dwellers of Paradise.)” Anas commented, “We used to see Thabit walk among us knowing that he was (to be) among the dwellers of Paradise. During the battle of Yamamah, our forces suffered retreat. Suddenly, Thabit bin Qays bin Shammas came, having put on his Hanut and shrouds, and said, `The worst habit is the one you acquire from your enemy and do not set a bad example for your companions.’ And he went on fighting until he was martyred, may Allah be pleased with him.” Allah then prohibited speaking to the Prophet in a loud voice, just as one speaks loudly to another in a way that offends him. Instead, they were required to speak to him in terms of respect, honor and calmness. This is why Allah the Exalted and Most Honored said,
﴿ وَلَا تَجۡهَرُواْ لَهُ ۥ بِٱلۡقَوۡلِ كَجَهۡرِ بَعۡضِڪُمۡ لِبَعۡضٍ ﴾

(nor speak aloud to him in talk as you speak aloud to one another,) just as He said in another Ayah,
﴿ لَّا تَجۡعَلُواْ دُعَآءَ ٱلرَّسُولِ بَيۡنَڪُمۡ كَدُعَآءِ بَعۡضِكُم بَعۡضً۬ا‌ۚ ﴾

(Make not the calling of the Messenger among you as your calling one of another.) (24:63) Allah’s statement,
﴿ أَن تَحۡبَطَ أَعۡمَـٰلُكُمۡ وَأَنتُمۡ لَا تَشۡعُرُونَ ﴾

(lest your deeds should be thwarted while you perceive not.) means, `We ordered you to refrain from raising your voices to the Prophet, so that he will not get angry with you, because in doing so, you will also anger Allah.’ The good deeds of he who caused the Prophet’s anger will become useless without him even knowing. In the Sahih, there is a Hadith that states,
« إِنَّ الرَّجُلَ لَيَتَكَلَّمُ بِالْكَلِمَةِ مِنْ رِضْوَانِ اللهِ تَعَالَى لَا يُلْقِي لَهَا بَالًا، يُكْتَبُ لَهُ بِهَا الْجَنَّةُ، وَإِنَّ الرَّجُلَ لَيَتَكَلَّمُ بِالْكَلِمَةِ مِنْ سَخَطِ اللهِ تَعَالَى لَا يُلْقِي لَهَا بَالًا، يَهْوِي بِهَا فِي النَّارِ أَبْعَدَ مَا بَيْنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالْأَرْض »

(Verily, a man might utter a word that pleases Allah the Exalted, even though he does not recognize the significance of his word, and on its account Paradise is written for him. Verily, a man might utter a word carelessly that angers Allah the Exalted, and on its account, he is cast in the Fire farther than the distance between the heavens and earth.) Allah then ordains lowering one’s voice before the Messenger and encourages, directs and recommends this better behavior.
﴿ إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ يَغُضُّونَ أَصۡوَٲتَهُمۡ عِندَ رَسُولِ ٱللَّهِ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ ٱلَّذِينَ ٱمۡتَحَنَ ٱللَّهُ قُلُوبَہُمۡ لِلتَّقۡوَىٰ‌ۚ ﴾

(Verily, those who lower their voices in the presence of Allah’s Messenger, they are the ones whose hearts Allah has tested for Taqwa.) whose hearts have been purified by Allah and made as a residence and dwelling for the Taqwa,
﴿ لَهُم مَّغۡفِرَةٌ۬ وَأَجۡرٌ عَظِيمٌ ﴾

(For them is forgiveness and a great reward.) Imam Ahmad recorded in the Book of Az-Zuhd that Mujahid said, “Someone wrote to `Umar, `O Leader of the faithful! Who is better, a man who does not feel the desire to commit a sin and does not commit it, or a man who feels desire to commit a sin, but does not commit it’ `Umar replied, `He who feels desire to commit a sin, but does not commit it,
﴿ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ ٱلَّذِينَ ٱمۡتَحَنَ ٱللَّهُ قُلُوبَہُمۡ لِلتَّقۡوَىٰ‌ۚ لَهُم مَّغۡفِرَةٌ۬ وَأَجۡرٌ عَظِيمٌ ﴾

(they are the ones whose hearts Allah has tested for Taqwa. For them is forgiveness and a great reward.)”’

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

Excerpts from Tafsir As-Sa’di:

This refers to the proper etiquette to be observed with Allah عزوجل and with the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and the proper veneration, respect and honour to be shown to him.

Allah عزوجل instructs His believing slaves to do what is required of them as believers in Allah عزوجل and His Messenger ﷺ, which is to obey the commands of Allah and heed His prohibitions, and to comply with the commands of Allahعزوجل and follow the Sunnah o f the Messenger of Allah ﷺ in all their affairs, and not to decide any matter before Allah عزوجلand His Messenger have decided concerning it, and not to speak before the Prophet ﷺ speaks or to issue any instructions before he does so.

(Tafsir As-Sa’di)

Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;

أَمْ لَهُمْ شُرَكَاءُ شَرَعُوا لَهُم مِّنَ الدِّينِ مَا لَمْ يَأْذَن بِهِ اللَّهُ ۚ وَلَوْلَا كَلِمَةُ الْفَصْلِ لَقُضِيَ بَيْنَهُمْ ۗ وَإِنَّ الظَّالِمِينَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ

“Or have they partners (with Allah- false gods) who have instituted for them a religion which Allah has not ordained? And had it not been for a decisive Word (gone forth already), the matter would have been judged between them. And verily, for the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers) there is a painful punishment.”

(Surah Ash-Shura)

Ibn Kathir رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰهُ says about this ayah;

Making Legislation for the Creatures is Shirk Allah says:﴿ أَمۡ لَهُمۡ شُرَڪَـٰٓؤُاْ شَرَعُواْ لَهُم مِّنَ ٱلدِّينِ مَا لَمۡ يَأۡذَنۢ بِهِ ٱللَّهُ‌ۚ ﴾

(Or have they partners with Allah who have instituted for them a religion which Allah has not ordained) means, they do not follow what Allah has ordained for you of upright religion; on the contrary, they follow what their devils (Shayatin), of men and Jinn, have prescribed for them. They instituted taboos, such as the Bahirah, Sa’ibah, Wasilah or Ham. They also permitted eating flesh and blood of animals not slaughtered for consumption, gambling and other kinds of misguidance, ignorance and falsehood. These are things that they invented during Jahiliyyah, when they came up with all kinds of false rulings on what was permitted and what was forbidden, and false rites of worship and other corrupt ideas. It was recorded in the Sahih that the Messenger of Allah said:
« رَأَيْتُ عَمْرَو بْنَ لُحَيِّ بْنِ قَمَعَةَ يَجُرُّ قُصْبَهُ فِي النَّار »

(I saw `Amr bin Luhayy bin Qama`ah dragging his intestines in Hell) — because he had been the first one to introduce the idea of the Sa’ibah. This man was one of the kings of the Khuza`ah tribe, and he was the first one to do these things. He was the one who had made the Quraysh worship idols, may the curse of Allah be upon him. Allah said:
﴿ وَلَوۡلَا ڪَلِمَةُ ٱلۡفَصۡلِ لَقُضِىَ بَيۡنَہُمۡ‌ۗ ﴾

(And had it not been for a decisive Word, the matter would have been judged between them.) means, the punishment would have been hastened for them, were it not for the fact that it had already been decreed that it would be delayed until the Day of Resurrection.
﴿ وَإِنَّ ٱلظَّـٰلِمِينَ لَهُمۡ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ۬ ﴾

(And verily, for the wrongdoers there is a painful torment.) i.e., an agonizing torment in Hell, what a terrible destination.

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

My respected Brothers and Sisters in Islam- I remind you as I remind myself first, that exulting oneself above leadership involves great sin. Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;

وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ

“And I (Allah) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone).”

(Surat Adh-Dhariyat, 51:56)

and;

مَّا أَفَاءَ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ رَسُولِهِ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْقُرَىٰ فَلِلَّهِ وَلِلرَّسُولِ وَلِذِي الْقُرْبَىٰ وَالْيَتَامَىٰ وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَابْنِ السَّبِيلِ كَيْ لَا يَكُونَ دُولَةً بَيْنَ الْأَغْنِيَاءِ مِنكُمْ ۚ وَمَا آتَاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَمَا نَهَاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانتَهُوا ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۖ إِنَّ اللَّهَ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ

“What Allah gave as booty (Fai’) to His Messenger (Muhammad ﷺ) from the people of townships – it is for Allah, His Messenger (Muhammad ﷺ), the kindred (of Messenger Muhammad ﷺ), the orphans, Al-Masakin (the needy), and the wayfarer, in order that it may not become a fortune used by the rich among you. And whatsoever the Messenger (Muhammad ﷺ) gives you, take it; and whatsoever he forbids you, abstain (from it). And fear Allah; verily, Allah is severe in punishment.”

(Surat Al-Hashr, 59:7)

It was narrated that ‘Abdulleh رضي الله عنه said:”The Messenger of Allah ﷺ cursed the woman who does tattoos and the one who has them done, and those who pluck their eyebrows and file their teeth for the purpose of beautification, and those who change the creation of Allah.” News of that reached a woman of Banu Asad who was called Umm Ya’qub. She came to him and said: “I have heard that you said such and such.” He said: ‘Why should I not curse those whom the Messenger of Allah ﷺ cursed? And it is in the Book of Allah. ” She said: “I read what is between its two covers’ and I have not found that.” He said: “If you read it properly you would have found it. Have you not read the words: ‘And whatsoever the Messenger (Muhammad) ﷺ gives you, take it; and whatsoever he forbids you, abstain (from it).’? ” She said: “Of course.” He said: ‘The Messenger of Allah ﷺ forbade that. “She said:’ I think that your wife does it. ‘ He said: “Go and look.” So she went and looked and she did not see what she wanted. She said: “I have not seen anything! ‘ ‘Abdullah said: “If she was as you say, I would not have kept her with me.”

Sunan Ibn Majah

We live in a time where the Ummah is in disarray due to our neglect of The Qur’an and Sunnah. It is a tragedy that the words of Allahعزوجل have become a decoration for our homes, not pondered upon, and implemented with the highest aspirations.

During these times we see Muslims striving hard against The Qur’an and the Sunnah–joining with the unrighteous and protesting the government in the streets. These acts are not legislated in Islam and it was never the way of the righteous ones who came before us. Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;

وَمَا كَانَ لِمُؤْمِنٍ وَلَا مُؤْمِنَةٍ إِذَا قَضَى اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَمْرًا أَن يَكُونَ لَهُمُ الْخِيَرَةُ مِنْ أَمْرِهِمْ ۗ وَمَن يَعْصِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ ضَلَالًا مُّبِينًا

“It is not for a believer, man or woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decreed a matter that they should have any option in their decision. And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger, he has indeed strayed into plain error.”

(Surah Al-Ahzab, 33:36)

The Believer must be diligent in seeking knowledge so that he/she can understand the prohibitions of their Lord. How might one know how to avoid evil if they are unaware as to what is evil and what is not? We ask Allah to guide us to what is most correct;

The great and noble Companion ‘Abdullaah Ibn Mas’oud said;

“There will come upon the people a time where the people will see the Sunnah as a bid’ah (innovation in the religion), and the bid’ah as a Sunnah, the good as an evil and the evil as a good.”

[Ibn Wadaah in al-Bida’h 2/160]

Beneficial knowledge of the Deen (that is acted upon) is the key to spiritual success. Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;

وَمِنَ النَّاسِ وَالدَّوَابِّ وَالْأَنْعَامِ مُخْتَلِفٌ أَلْوَانُهُ كَذَٰلِكَ ۗ إِنَّمَا يَخْشَى اللَّهَ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ الْعُلَمَاءُ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزِيزٌ غَفُورٌ

“And likewise of men and Ad-Dawabb [moving (living) creatures, beasts], and cattle, are of various colours. It is only those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allah. Verily, Allah is All-Mighty, Oft-Forgiving.”

(Surat Fatir, 35:28)

The believer must also strive hard against their lower desires by asking Allah عزوجل for beneficial knowledge, His عزوجل aid in overcoming their base inclinations, and His عزوجل vast forgiveness.

We must ever be on guard from making careless decisions, based upon our thoughts and desires.

Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;

وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنسَانَ وَنَعْلَمُ مَا تُوَسْوِسُ بِهِ نَفْسُهُ ۖ وَنَحْنُ أَقْرَبُ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ حَبْلِ الْوَرِيدِ

إِذْ يَتَلَقَّى الْمُتَلَقِّيَانِ عَنِ الْيَمِينِ وَعَنِ الشِّمَالِ قَعِيدٌ

مَّا يَلْفِظُ مِن قَوْلٍ إِلَّا لَدَيْهِ رَقِيبٌ عَتِيدٌ

وَجَاءَتْ سَكْرَةُ الْمَوْتِ بِالْحَقِّ ۖ ذَٰلِكَ مَا كُنتَ مِنْهُ تَحِيدُ

وَنُفِخَ فِي الصُّورِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ يَوْمُ الْوَعِيدِ

وَجَاءَتْ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ مَّعَهَا سَائِقٌ وَشَهِيدٌ

لَّقَدْ كُنتَ فِي غَفْلَةٍ مِّنْ هَٰذَا فَكَشَفْنَا عَنكَ غِطَاءَكَ فَبَصَرُكَ الْيَوْمَ حَدِيدٌ

وَقَالَ قَرِينُهُ هَٰذَا مَا لَدَيَّ عَتِيدٌ

أَلْقِيَا فِي جَهَنَّمَ كُلَّ كَفَّارٍ عَنِيدٍ

مَّنَّاعٍ لِّلْخَيْرِ مُعْتَدٍ مُّرِيبٍ

الَّذِي جَعَلَ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَٰهًا آخَرَ فَأَلْقِيَاهُ فِي الْعَذَابِ الشَّدِيدِ

“And indeed We have created man, and We know what his ownself whispers to him, And We are nearer to him than his jugular vein (by Our Knowledge). (Remember) that the two receivers (recording angels) receive (each human being), one sitting on the right and one on the left (note his or her actions). Not a word does he (or she) utter but there is a watcher by him ready (record it). And the stupor of death will come in truth: “This is what you have been avoiding!” And the Trumpet will be blown- that will be the Day whereof warning (had been given) (i.e. the Day of Resurrection). And every person will come forth along with an (angel) to drive (him) and an (angel) to bear witness. (It will be said to the sinners): “Indeed, you were heedless of this. Now we have removed from you your covering, and sharp is your sight this Day!” And his companion (angel) will say: “Here is (this Record) ready with me!” (Allah will say to the angels): “Both of you throw into Hell every stubborn disbeliever (in the Oneness of Allah, in His Messengers). “Hinderer of good, transgressor, doubter, “Who set up another ilah (god) with Allah. Then both of you cast him in the severe torment.”

(Surat Qaf, 50:16-25)

Narrated Abu Huraira رضي الله عنه:

The Prophet ﷺ ; said, “A slave (of Allah) may utter a word which pleases Allah without giving it much importance, and because of that Allah will raise him to degrees (of reward): a slave (of Allah) may utter a word (carelessly) which displeases Allah without thinking of its gravity and because of that he will be thrown into the Hell-Fire. “

(Sahih Al Bukhari)

Al-Imam Malik رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰه said:

“Know, that a great form of corruption is a person speaking with everything he hears.”

[Siyar A’lam An-Nubala, 8/66]

A heart that is prone to follow its own desires over The Qur’an and Sunnah has a deadly illness which can only be cured through adherence to The Qur’an and Sunnah. This type of heart contains pride, arrogance, and a craving for honor in the Dunya. Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;

إِذْ جَعَلَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا فِي قُلُوبِهِمُ الْحَمِيَّةَ حَمِيَّةَ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ فَأَنزَلَ اللَّهُ سَكِينَتَهُ عَلَىٰ رَسُولِهِ وَعَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَأَلْزَمَهُمْ كَلِمَةَ التَّقْوَىٰ وَكَانُوا أَحَقَّ بِهَا وَأَهْلَهَا ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمًا

“When those who disbelieve had put in their hearts pride and haughtiness-the pride and haughtiness of the time of ignorance, – then Allah set down His Sakinah (calmness and tranquility) upon His Messenger and upon the believers, and made them stick to the word of piety (i.e. none has the right to be worshipped but Allah); and they were well entitled to it and worthy of it. And Allah is ever All-Knower of everything.”

(Sura Al-Fath, 48:26)

Those who are humble towards leadership, authority, and giving rights to those whom Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَ has given rights to in a way that is pleasing to Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَ are those who a truly pious. The Muslim should first seek to obey Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَ, His Messenger ﷺ , and then to give rights to those persons who have rights over them (i.e., government leaders, spouses, parents…), in a way that is pleasing to Allah.

As-Sa’di رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰه said in his Tafsir;

Then Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَ says: “O you who believe, do not raise your voices above the voice of the Prophet ﷺ, and do not speak loudly to him. This is the etiquette to be observed when addressing the Messenger of Allah ﷺ: the one who is addressing him should not raise his voice above his or speak loudly to him: rather he should lower his voice and address him politely and gently, with all veneration and respect.


The Messenger ﷺ is not like one of them, so they should address him in a different manner when they speak to him, for he is different to others with regard to his due rights over the Ummah, and the obligation to believe in him and love him, without which faith cannot be complete. By failing to comply with these instructions, a person may be committing a sin and there is the fear that his good deeds could be nullified without him realising. By the same token, observing proper etiquette with him is one o f the means of attaining reward and of having one’s good deeds accepted.

Then Allah praises those who lower their voices in the presence of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, for Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَ has tested their hearts and purified them for piety; in other words He has tried and tested them, and the outcome of that is that their hearts became fit for piety.

Then Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَ promises them forgiveness for their sins, which implies that they will be protected from evil and harm and will attain the great reward, the description of which no one knows except Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَ. The great reward includes attaining all that is good. This indicates that Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَ tests people’s hearts with commands, prohibitions and trials.

Whoever adheres to the command of Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَ and seeks His pleasure, hastening to do so and giving it precedence over his whims and desires, will be purified and be fit to have piety in his heart, and his heart will be fit to accommodate piety. Whoever is not like that, it is known that he is not fit for piety.

(Tafsir As-Sadi, Vol. 9 pgs. 248-249)

It has been over 1400 years since The Prophet ﷺ passed away. We can still venerate honor him in a manner befitting to him by adhering to what he has left us with;

Narrated Anas رضى الله عنه:

Qais bin Sa`d was to the Prophet (ﷺ) like a chief police officer to an Amir (chief).

Sahih al-Bukhari 7155

Narrated Anas رضى الله عنه:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Listen and obey (your chief) even if an Ethiopian whose head is like a raisin were made your chief.”

Sahih al-Bukhari 693

Yahya related to me from Malik from Muhammad ibn Amr ibn AIqama from Malik ibn Abdullah as-Sadi that Abu Hurayra رضى الله عنه said, “The one who raises his head and lowers it before the imam – his forelock is in the hand of a shaytan.”

Malik said, concerning someone who forgot and raised his head before the imam in ruku or sujud, “The sunna of that is to return to bowing or prostrating and not to wait for the imam to come up. What he has done is a mistake, because the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘The imam is appointed to be followed as a leader, so do not oppose him.’ Abu Hurayra رضى الله عنه said, ‘The one who raises his head and lowers it before the imam – his forelock is in the hand of a shaytan.’ “

Mawatta Malik, Book 3, Hadith 61

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin’ Umar رضى الله عنه: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) as saying: Each of you is a shepherd and each of you is responsible for his flock. The amir (ruler) who is over the people is a shepherd and is responsible for his flock; a man is a shepherd in charge of the inhabitants of his household and he is responsible for his flock; a woman is a shepherdess in charge of her husband’s house and children and she is responsible for them; and a man’s slave is a shepherd in charge of his master’s property and he is responsible for it. So each of you is a shepherd and each of you is responsible for his flock.

Sunan Abi Dawud 2928

Narrated Abu Huraira رضى الله عنه:

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “All my followers will enter Paradise except those who refuse.” They said, “O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)! Who will refuse?” He said, “Whoever obeys me will enter Paradise, and whoever disobeys me is the one who refuses (to enter it).”

Sahih al-Bukhari 7280

We ask Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَ for forgiveness for falling short in giving others their proper rights. Ameen.

Anas رضى الله عنه narrated that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said:“All the sons of Adam are sinners, but the best of sinners are those who repent often.” Related by At · Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah with a strong chain of narrators.

Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَ says in the Qur’an;

وَآخَرُونَ اعْتَرَفُوا بِذُنُوبِهِمْ خَلَطُوا عَمَلًا صَالِحًا وَآخَرَ سَيِّئًا عَسَى اللَّهُ أَن يَتُوبَ عَلَيْهِمْ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

“And (there are) others who have acknowledged their sins, they have mixed a deed that was righteous with another that was evil. Perhaps Allah will turn to them in forgiveness. Surely, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”

(Surah At-Taubah, 9:102)

The Muslim should hasten always to perform good deeds to purify themselves as Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَ says;

خُذْ مِنْ أَمْوَالِهِمْ صَدَقَةً تُطَهِّرُهُمْ وَتُزَكِّيهِم بِهَا وَصَلِّ عَلَيْهِمْ ۖ إِنَّ صَلَاتَكَ سَكَنٌ لَّهُمْ ۗ وَاللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ

“Take Sadaqa (alms) from their wealth in order to purify them and sanctify them with it, and invoke Allah for them. Verily, your invocations are a source of security for them; and Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.”

(Surah At-Taubah, 9:103)

I leave you with these two Hadith my Brothers and Sisters in hopes that we might all be purified from sins by adhering to them as much as we are able;

On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “Every joint of a person must perform a charity each day that the sun rises: to judge justly between two people is a charity. To help a man with his mount, lifting him onto it or hoisting up his belongings onto it, is a charity. And the good word is a charity. And every step that you take towards the prayer is a charity, and removing a harmful object from the road is a charity. ” 

[Al-Bukhari] [Muslim]

Jabir (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying:Never does a Muslim plants a tree except that he has the reward of charity for him, for what is eaten out of that is charity; what is stolen out of that, what the beasts eat out of that, what the birds eat out of that is charity for him. (In short) none incurs a loss to him but it becomes a charity on his part.

Sahih Muslim 1552 a

As Salaamun Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu.

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7:43

وَنَزَعْنَا مَا فِي صُدُورِهِم مِّنْ غِلٍّ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهِمُ الْأَنْهَارُ ۖ وَقَالُوا الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي هَدَانَا لِهَٰذَا وَمَا كُنَّا لِنَهْتَدِيَ لَوْلَا أَنْ هَدَانَا اللَّهُ ۖ لَقَدْ جَاءَتْ رُسُلُ رَبِّنَا بِالْحَقِّ ۖ وَنُودُوا أَن تِلْكُمُ الْجَنَّةُ أُورِثْتُمُوهَا بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ

“And We shall remove from their breast any (mutual) hatred or sense of injury (which they had, if at all, in the life of this world); rivers flowing under them, and they will say: “All praise and thanks are Allah’s, Who has guided us to this, and never could we have found guidance, were it not that Allah had guided us! Indeed, the Messengers of our Lord did come with the truth.” And it will be cried out to them: “This is the Paradise which you have inherited for what you used to do.”

(Surah Al-A’raf, 7:43)

Excerpt from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about this ayah:

Destination of Righteous Believers

After Allah mentioned the condition of the miserable ones, He then mentioned the condition of the happy ones, saying,
﴿ وَٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ ٱلصَّـٰلِحَـٰتِ ﴾

(But those who believed, and worked righteousness) Their hearts have believed and they performed good deeds with their limbs and senses, as compared to those who disbelieved in the Ayat of Allah and were arrogant with them. Allah also said that embracing faith and implementing it are easy, when He said,
﴿ وَٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ ٱلصَّـٰلِحَـٰتِ لَا نُكَلِّفُ نَفۡسًا إِلَّا وُسۡعَهَآ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ أَصۡحَـٰبُ ٱلۡجَنَّةِ‌ۖ هُمۡ فِيہَا خَـٰلِدُونَ • وَنَزَعۡنَا مَا فِى صُدُورِهِم مِّنۡ غِلٍّ۬ ﴾

(But those who believed, and worked righteousness — We burden not any person beyond his scope — such are the dwellers of Paradise. They will abide therein. And We shall remove from their breasts any Ghill;) meaning, envy and hatred. Al-Bukhari recorded that Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri said that the Messenger of Allah said,
« إِذَا خَلَصَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ مِنَ النَّارِ حُبِسُوا عَلَى قَنْطَرَةٍ بَيْنَ الْجَنَّةِ وَالنَّارِ فَاقْتُصَّ لَهُمْ مَظَالِمَ كَانَتْ بَيْنَهُمْ فِي الدُّنْيَا حَتَّى إِذَا هُذِّبُوا وَنُقُّوا أُذِنَ لَهُمْ فِي دُخُولِ الْجَنَّةِ فَوَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ إِنَّ أَحَدَهُمْ بِمَنْزِلِهِ فِي الْجَنَّةِ أَدَلُّ مِنْهُ بِمَسْكَنِهِ كَانَ فِي الدُّنْيَا »

(After the believers are saved from entering the Fire, they will be kept in wait by a bridge between Paradise and Hellfire. Then, transgression that occurred between them in the life of this world will be judged. Until, when they are purified and cleansed, they will be given permission to enter Paradise. By He in Whose Hand is my soul! One of them will be able to find his dwelling in Paradise more so than he did in the life of this world.) As-Suddi said about Allah’s statement,
﴿ وَنَزَعۡنَا مَا فِى صُدُورِهِم مِّنۡ غِلٍّ۬ تَجۡرِى مِن تَحۡتِہِمُ ٱلۡأَنۡہَـٰرُ‌ۖ ﴾

(And We shall remove from their breasts any Ghill; rivers flowing under them,) “When the people of Paradise are taken to it, they will find a tree close to its door, and two springs from under the trunk of that tree. They will drink from one of them, and all hatred will be removed from their hearts, for it is the cleansing drink. They will take a bath in the other, and the brightness of delight will radiate from their faces. Ever after, they will never have messy hair or become dirty.” An-Nasa’i and Ibn Marduwyah (this being his wording) recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said,
« كُلُّ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ يَرَى مَقْعَدَهُ مِنَ النَّارِ، فَيَقُولُ: لَوْلَا أَنَّ اللهَ هَدَانِي، فَيَكُونُ لَهُ شُكْرًا، وَكُلُّ أَهْلِ النَّارِ يَرَى مَقْعَدَهُ مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ فَيَقُولُ: لَوْ أَنَّ اللهَ هَدَانِي، فَيَكُونُ لَهُ حَسْرَة »

(Each of the people of Paradise will see his seat in the Fire and he will say, `Had not Allah guided me! And this will cause him to be grateful. Each of the people of the Fire will see his seat in Paradise, and he will say, `Might that Allah had guided me!’ So it will be a cause of anguish for him.) This is why when the believers are awarded seats in Paradise that belonged to the people of the Fire, they will be told, “This is the Paradise that you inherited because of what you used to do. ” This means, because of your good deeds, you earned Allah’s mercy and thus entered Paradise and took your designated dwellings in it, comparable to your deeds. This is the proper meaning here, for it is recorded in the Two Sahihs that the Prophet said,
« وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ لَنْ يُدْخِلَهُ عَمَلُهُ الْجَنَّة »

(And know that the good deeds of one of you will not admit him into Paradise.) They said, “Not even you, O Allah’s Messenger” He said,
« وَلَا أَنَا إِلّا أَنْ يَتَغَمَّدَنِيَ اللهُ بِرَحْمَةٍ مِنْهُ وَفَضْل »

(Not even I, unless Allah grants it to me out of His mercy and favor.)
﴿ وَنَادَىٰٓ أَصۡحَـٰبُ ٱلۡجَنَّةِ أَصۡحَـٰبَ ٱلنَّارِ أَن قَدۡ وَجَدۡنَا مَا وَعَدَنَا رَبُّنَا حَقًّ۬ا فَهَلۡ وَجَدتُّم مَّا وَعَدَ رَبُّكُمۡ حَقًّ۬ا‌ۖ قَالُواْ نَعَمۡ‌ۚ فَأَذَّنَ مُؤَذِّنُۢ بَيۡنَہُمۡ أَن لَّعۡنَةُ ٱللَّهِ عَلَى ٱلظَّـٰلِمِينَ • ٱلَّذِينَ يَصُدُّونَ عَن سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ وَيَبۡغُونَہَا عِوَجً۬ا وَهُم بِٱلۡأَخِرَةِ كَـٰفِرُونَ ﴾

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

Excerpts from Tafsir As-Sa’di:

7:42. But as for those who believe and do righteous deeds – We do not
place on any soul a burden greater than it can bear – they will
be the inhabitants of paradise; they will abide therein forever.


7:43. We will remove all ill feelings from their hearts and make rivers
flow at their feet. They will say: Praise be to Allah Who has
guided us to this, for we would never have been guided if Allah
had not guided us. The Messengers of our Lord surely brought
the truth to us. It will be proclaimed to them: This is paradise,
which you are made to inherit as a reward for your deeds.

(The Holy Qur’an)

Having mentioned the punishment of the sinners and wrongdoers, Allah then mentions the reward of those who obey Him: ((But as for those who believe in their hearts and do righteous deeds) with their physical faculties, thus combining faith and action, outward deeds and inward deeds, doing what is obligatory and refraining from what is prohibited.

As the phrase (and do righteous deeds) is general in meaning and includes all righteous
deeds, both obligatory and supererogatory, some of which may be
beyond a person’s capability, Allah then says:

“We do not place on any soul a burden greater than it can bear” that is, He places on it only as much as it is able to bear, and does not expect of it that which is beyond its means. As this is the case, the individual must fear Allah as much as he can, and if he is unable to do some duties that others are able to do, they will be waived in his
case, as Allah says elsewhere:


“Allah does not place on any soul a burden greater than it can bear… “
(al-Baqarah 2: 286)

“…and [He] has not imposed any hardship on you in religion…”
(al-Hajj 22: 78)


“So fear Allah as best you can… ” (at-Taghabun 64: 16)


Nothing is obligatory if one is unable to do it, and nothing is prohibited in the case of necessity.


(they)* that is, the ones who have faith and do righteous deeds
«will be the inhabitants o f paradise; they will abide therein forever)
that is, they will never leave it or desire anything else in its stead,
because they will see therein all kinds o f delight, all desirable
things, the ultimate in pleasure, and no one could aspire to anything
greater.

“We will remove all ill feelings from their hearts” – by His kindness and generosity towards the people of paradise, Allah will remove the ill feeling that existed in their hearts, and the attitude of competition that existed among them, so that they will become brothers who love one another and close friends who are reconciled.

Allah says elsewhere:

“We will remove all ill feelings from their hearts; they will be like brethren seated on couches facing one another.” (al-Hijr 15: 47)

Allah will grant them honor because of which each one of them will attain a great deal of joy and happiness, and will think that there is no bliss greater than that which he enjoys. Thus they will be safe from envy and resentment, because the reasons for such feelings are no longer present.

“and make rivers flow at their feet” that is, they will cause the rivers to spring out whenever and wherever they want. If they want them to flow through their palaces or those lofty chambers, or through the gardens of paradise, through the orchards and flowers, they will flow without any ditch or channel, and they will enjoy good things
without limits.


When they see what Allah has blessed and honored them with, “They will say: Praise be to Allah Who has guided us to this” because He blessed us and inspired us to believe in Him and to adhere to the deeds that led to this abode, and Allah preserved our faith and our deeds until we reached this abode thereby, so blessed be the Most Generous Lord Who has bestowed all these blessings upon us and has granted us favors both visible and invisible, that cannot be listed or counted.


“For we would never have been guided if Allah had not guided us” that is, we could not have found guidance if He had not blessed us with His guidance and enabled us to follow His Messengers;


“The Messengers of our Lord surely brought the truth to us” that is, when they enjoy all the blessings of which the Messengers had foretold and they become certain of their reality by seeing them, after it had been certain knowledge, they will say: It has come to pass and we have seen all that the Messenger promised us, and all that they brought to us has been shown to be true, with no doubt or confusion.


“It will be proclaimed” by way of congratulation, honor, greeting and respect: “This is paradise, which you are made to inherit” that is, you are its heirs and it has become your lot, as the lot o f the disbelievers is hell. You are made to inherit it “as a reward for your
deeds”.


Some of the earlier generations said that the people of paradise will be saved from hell by the forgiveness of Allah, and will be admitted to paradise by the mercy of Allah, and they will be allocated abodes and will inherit them by virtue of their righteous deeds, which are part of His Mercy and indeed are one of the highest degrees of His Mercy.

(Tafsir As-Sa’di)

All praise is due to Allah عزوجل who has guided our hearts to Islam. Glory to The One who has given us an opportunity to worship Him, understand what He requires from us, perform deeds of righteousness, and work for a home in the hereafter. Who can be more merciful than this? No one.

My dear Brothers and Sisters,

I remind you as first remind myself-this dunya is temporary and created for trials designed to separate the true from the false. Allah says in the Qur’an;

لَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنسَانَ فِي كَبَدٍ

“Verily, we have created man into toil and struggle.”

(Surah Al-Balad, 90:4)

Al-Imam Al-Ajurri (may Allah have Mercy on Him) said;

“Surely, during the times of trials and tribulations many people become exposed (for who they truly are).”

[Ash-Shari’ah 1/393]

Those who believe should expect to be tried and tested and to feel reoccurring bouts of weariness, disappointment, unfulfillment (spiritually, physically, mentally, emotionally) and the like. However, the believer should think well of Allah and do all within their ability to pass each test successfully.

Through Allah’s Mercy we have been promised times of ease in our difficult affair as Allah says in The Qur’an;

فَإِنَّ مَعَ الْعُسْرِ يُسْرًا

إِنَّ مَعَ الْعُسْرِ يُسْرًا

“Verily, along with every hardship is relief. Verily, along with every hardship is relief (i.e., there is one hardship with two reliefs, so one hardship cannot overcome two reliefs).”

(Surah Ash-Sharh, 94:5-6)

What is this struggle that mankind was created into? Opportunities for this toil and struggle are endless in dunya and include; the fight to overcome the evil within our own souls, the evil within souls closest to us, the evil from our enemy – the accursed Shaytan, and other such trials our Lord has decreed for us.

One should be constant in guarding against evil. The wise one will look to whom He or she spends the most time with as a first step in this affair. Sometimes it is the members of our families who present the greatest trials for us and the best opportunities for spiritual success.

The trials presented by our family members vary however, one I believe to be overlooked is the trial of personality conflicts.

There will undoubtedly be members of a family who don’t fully connect. This may leave one party feeling disliked, isolated, even hated by other family members. Those feelings, even if they are unsubstantiated in reality, can cause severe injury to the heart. In some families where “emotional talk” is not well tolerated, these feelings can linger and be a cause for resentment by all parties.

Our beloved Prophet Muhammad ﷺ has informed us about conflicting personalities in the following hadith;

Abu Huraira رضي الله عنه reported Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) Saying: Souls are troops collected together and those who familiarized with each other (in the heaven from where these come) would have affinity, with one another (in the world) and those amongst them who opposed each other (in the heaven) would also be divergent (in the world).

(Sahih Muslim 2638 a)

Many of us look to our homes and families to be a place of peace for us. Though we should be constant in asking Allah عزوجل for a spouse and offspring who will be the comfort of our eyes we must realize that those things may not have been written for us in this life. Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;

وَالَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا هَبْ لَنَا مِنْ أَزْوَاجِنَا وَذُرِّيَّاتِنَا قُرَّةَ أَعْيُنٍ وَاجْعَلْنَا لِلْمُتَّقِينَ إِمَامًا

“And those who say; “Our Lord! Bestow on us from our wives and our offspring the comfort of our eyes, and make us leaders of the Muttaqun (the pious).”

(Surah Al-Furqan, 25:74)

and;

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنَّ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِكُمْ وَأَوْلَادِكُمْ عَدُوًّا لَّكُمْ فَاحْذَرُوهُمْ ۚ وَإِن تَعْفُوا وَتَصْفَحُوا وَتَغْفِرُوا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

إِنَّمَا أَمْوَالُكُمْ وَأَوْلَادُكُمْ فِتْنَةٌ ۚ وَاللَّهُ عِندَهُ أَجْرٌ عَظِيمٌ

“O you who believe! Verily, among your wives and your children there are enemies for you (who may stop you from the obedience of Allah); therefore beware of them! But if you pardon (them) and overlook, and forgive (their faults), then verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. Your wealth and your children are only a trial, whereas Allah! With Him is a great reward (Paradise).”

(Surah At-Taghabun, 65:14-15)

When we experience struggle in the relationships closest to us it is a beautiful opportunity to love for the sake of Allah (only). This is the purest form of Love which is blessed and free from deficiencies. The merits of Loving for the Sake of Allah are many some of which are addressed in the following hadith;

Mu`adh (bin Jabal) (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Allah, the Exalted, has said: `For those who love one another for the sake of My Glory, there will be seats of light (on the Day of Resurrection), and they will be envied by the Prophets and martyrs”.


[At-Tirmidhi].

Anas bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “There are three qualities whoever has them, will taste the sweetness of Iman: To love Allah and His Messenger (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) more than anyone else; to love a slave (of Allah) only for (the sake of) Allah; and to abhor returning to infidelity after Allah has saved him from it as he would abhor to be thrown into the fire (of Hell)”.


[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said, “On the Day of Resurrection, Allah, the Exalted, will say: `Where are those who have mutual love for the sake of My Glory? Today I shall shelter them in My Shade when there will be no shade except Mine”.


[Muslim].

Abu Idris Al-Khaulani (May Allah had mercy upon him) reported: I once entered the mosque in Damascus. I happened to catch sight of a young man who had bright teeth (i.e., he was always seen smiling). A number of people had gathered around him. When they differed over anything they would refer it to him and act upon his advice. I asked who he was and I was told that he was Mu`adh bin Jabal (May Allah be pleased with him) The next day I hastened to the mosque, but found that he had arrived before me and was busy in performing Salat. I waited until he finished, and then went to him from the front, greeted him with Salam and said to him, “By Allah I love you.” He asked, “For the sake of Allah?” I replied, “Yes, for the sake of Allah”. He again asked me, “Is it for Allah’s sake?” I replied, “Yes, it is for Allah’s sake.” Then he took hold of my cloak, drew me to himself and said, “Rejoice,! I heard Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying, `Allah, the Exalted, says: My love is due to those who love one another for My sake, meet one another for My sake, visit one another for My sake and spend in charity for My sake”.


[Malik].

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said, “Seven are (the persons) whom Allah will give Shade of His Thrown on the Day when there would be no shade other than His Throne’s Shade: A just ruler; a youth who grew up worshipping Allah; a man whose heart is attached to mosques; two persons who love and meet each other and depart from each other for the sake of Allah; a man whom an extremely beautiful woman seduces (for illicit relation), but he (rejects this offer by saying): `I fear Allah’; a man who gives in charity and conceals it (to such an extent) that the left hand does not know what the right has given; and a person who remembers Allah in solitude and his eyes well up”.


[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

To love for the Sake of Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ is specifically for the Muslims. It is a love that ascends all worldly paradigms of love to the higher realms of spiritual devotion. It includes honoring your Muslim brother / sister due to Allah’s selecting them and honoring them with Islam. Loving for the Sake of Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ with wisdom requires one to practice forbearance, understanding that every soul battles with evil and that this evil may not always be repressed.

Love for the Sake of Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ is to forgive this evil, tame it through good manners, patience, and beneficial advise. Love for Allah’s sake should have the ultimate goal of all parties striving for Jennah together, with the hopes of one day sitting on thrones of dignity, facing each other, all hearts feeling and beating as one, with no hard feelings or contempt in them. In order to truly love for the Sake of Allahسُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ , one must remember this end goal and become dedicated in striving towards it.

Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ says in The Qur’an;

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا يَحِلُّ لَكُمْ أَن تَرِثُوا النِّسَاءَ كَرْهًا ۖ وَلَا تَعْضُلُوهُنَّ لِتَذْهَبُوا بِبَعْضِ مَا آتَيْتُمُوهُنَّ إِلَّا أَن يَأْتِينَ بِفَاحِشَةٍ مُّبَيِّنَةٍ ۚ وَعَاشِرُوهُنَّ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ ۚ فَإِن كَرِهْتُمُوهُنَّ فَعَسَىٰ أَن تَكْرَهُوا شَيْئًا وَيَجْعَلَ اللَّهُ فِيهِ خَيْرًا كَثِيرًا

“O you who believe! You are forbidden to inherit women against their will; and you should not treat them with harshness, that you may take away part of the Mahr you have given them, unless they commit open Fahishah (illegal sexual intercourse or disobey their husbands); and live with them honorably. If you dislike a them, it may be that you dislike a thing and Allah brings through it a great deal of good.”

(Surah An-Nisa, 4:19)

Our greatest joy and comfort should be found in worshiping our Lord alone;

It was narrated that Anas رضى الله عنه said:”The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: ‘Women and perfume have been made dear to me, but my comfort has been provided in prayer.’ ‘

(Sunan an-Nasa’i 3940)

The Muslim men and women, should prepare for a time when all debts will be settled amongst us, and Allah عزوجل will wrong no soul. Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;

وَإِن مِّنكُمْ إِلَّا وَارِدُهَا ۚ كَانَ عَلَىٰ رَبِّكَ حَتْمًا مَّقْضِيًّا

“There is not one of you but will pass over it (Hell): this is with your Lord; a Decree which must be accomplished.”

(Surah Maryam, 19:71)

Narrated Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri رضى الله عنه:

We said, “O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)! Shall we see our Lord on the Day of Resurrection?” He said, “Do you have any difficulty in seeing the sun and the moon when the sky is clear?” We said, “No.” He said, “So you will have no difficulty in seeing your Lord on that Day as you have no difficulty in seeing the sun and the moon (in a clear sky).” The Prophet then said, “Somebody will then announce, ‘Let every nation follow what they used to worship.’ So the companions of the cross will go with their cross, and the idolators (will go) with their idols, and the companions of every god (false deities) (will go) with their god, till there remain those who used to worship Allah, both the obedient ones and the mischievous ones, and some of the people of the Scripture. Then Hell will be presented to them as if it were a mirage. Then it will be said to the Jews, “What did you use to worship?’ They will reply, ‘We used to worship Ezra, the son of Allah.’ It will be said to them, ‘You are liars, for Allah has neither a wife nor a son. What do you want (now)?’ They will reply, ‘We want You to provide us with water.’ Then it will be said to them ‘Drink,’ and they will fall down in Hell (instead). Then it will be said to the Christians, ‘What did you use to worship?’

They will reply, ‘We used to worship Messiah, the son of Allah.’ It will be said, ‘You are liars, for Allah has neither a wife nor a son. What: do you want (now)?’ They will say, ‘We want You to provide us with water.’ It will be said to them, ‘Drink,’ and they will fall down in Hell (instead). When there remain only those who used to worship Allah (Alone), both the obedient ones and the mischievous ones, it will be said to them, ‘What keeps you here when all the people have gone?’ They will say, ‘We parted with them (in the world) when we were in greater need of them than we are today, we heard the call of one proclaiming, ‘Let every nation follow what they used to worship,’ and now we are waiting for our Lord.’ Then the Almighty will come to them in a shape other than the one which they saw the first time, and He will say, ‘I am your Lord,’ and they will say, ‘You are not our Lord.’ And none will speak: to Him then but the Prophets, and then it will be said to them, ‘Do you know any sign by which you can recognize Him?’ They will say. ‘The Shin,’ and so Allah will then uncover His Shin whereupon every believer will prostrate before Him and there will remain those who used to prostrate before Him just for showing off and for gaining good reputation. These people will try to prostrate but their backs will be rigid like one piece of a wood (and they will not be able to prostrate). Then the bridge will be laid across Hell.” We, the companions of the Prophet (ﷺ) said, “O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)! What is the bridge?’

He said, “It is a slippery (bridge) on which there are clamps and (Hooks like) a thorny seed that is wide at one side and narrow at the other and has thorns with bent ends. Such a thorny seed is found in Najd and is called As-Sa’dan. Some of the believers will cross the bridge as quickly as the wink of an eye, some others as quick as lightning, a strong wind, fast horses or she-camels. So some will be safe without any harm; some will be safe after receiving some scratches, and some will fall down into Hell (Fire). The last person will cross by being dragged (over the bridge).” The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “You (Muslims) cannot be more pressing in claiming from me a right that has been clearly proved to be yours than the believers in interceding with Almighty for their (Muslim) brothers on that Day, when they see themselves safe.

They will say, ‘O Allah! (Save) our brothers (for they) used to pray with us, fast with us and also do good deeds with us.’ Allah will say, ‘Go and take out (of Hell) anyone in whose heart you find faith equal to the weight of one (gold) Dinar.’ Allah will forbid the Fire to burn the faces of those sinners. They will go to them and find some of them in Hell (Fire) up to their feet, and some up to the middle of their legs. So they will take out those whom they will recognize and then they will return, and Allah will say (to them), ‘Go and take out (of Hell) anyone in whose heart you find faith equal to the weight of one half Dinar.’ They will take out whomever they will recognize and return, and then Allah will say, ‘Go and take out (of Hell) anyone in whose heart you find faith equal to the weight of an atom (or a smallest ant), and so they will take out all those whom they will recognize.” Abu Sa’id said: If you do not believe me then read the Holy Verse:–

‘Surely! Allah wrongs not even of the weight of an atom (or a smallest ant) but if there is any good (done) He doubles it.’ (4.40) The Prophet added, “Then the prophets and Angels and the believers will intercede, and (last of all) the Almighty (Allah) will say, ‘Now remains My Intercession. He will then hold a handful of the Fire from which He will take out some people whose bodies have been burnt, and they will be thrown into a river at the entrance of Paradise, called the water of life.

They will grow on its banks, as a seed carried by the torrent grows. You have noticed how it grows beside a rock or beside a tree, and how the side facing the sun is usually green while the side facing the shade is white. Those people will come out (of the River of Life) like pearls, and they will have (golden) necklaces, and then they will enter Paradise whereupon the people of Paradise will say, ‘These are the people emancipated by the Beneficent. He has admitted them into Paradise without them having done any good deeds and without sending forth any good (for themselves).’ Then it will be said to them, ‘For you is what you have seen and its equivalent as well.'”

(Sahih Bukhari)

Narrated Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri رضى الله عنه:

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “When the believers pass safely over (the bridge across) Hell, they will be stopped at a bridge in between Hell and Paradise where they will retaliate upon each other for the injustices done among them in the world, and when they get purified of all their sins, they will be admitted into Paradise. By Him in Whose Hands the life of Muhammad is everybody will recognize his dwelling in Paradise better than he recognizes his dwelling in this world. “

(Sahih al-Bukhari 2440)

Allah in His infinite Mercy may allow us to re-cross bridges in this life as a means of rectification. Those who seek to prepare well for The Day of Ressurrection, should seek to make amends for their wrong-doing and forgive others as much as they can. Allah says in The Qur’an;

وَسَارِعُوا إِلَىٰ مَغْفِرَةٍ مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ وَجَنَّةٍ عَرْضُهَا السَّمَاوَاتُ وَالْأَرْضُ أُعِدَّتْ لِلْمُتَّقِينَ

“And march forth in the way (which leads to) forgiveness from your Lord, and for Paradise as wide as the heavens and the earth, prepared for Al-Muttaqun (the pious).

(Surah Al ‘Imran, 3:133)

In seeking Allah’s forgiveness through dealing fairly with His creation, the believers should be always ready to apologize (even when they don’t receive the same when due), forgive, understand and acknowledge the hearts (feelings) of others, mend disputes, cover faults, and the like, whistle hoping to be rewarded by their Lord. Allah says in The Qur’an;

هَلْ جَزَاءُ الْإِحْسَانِ إِلَّا الْإِحْسَانُ

“Is there any reward for good other than good?”

(Surah Ar-Rahman, 55:60)

Engaging in these righteous deeds in this life may save us from humiliation and retribution from others on The Day of Judgement;

Narrated `Abdullah bin` Umar:

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “A Muslim is a brother of another Muslim, so he should not oppress him, nor should he hand him over to an oppressor. Whoever fulfilled the needs of his brother, Allah will fulfill his needs; whoever brought his (Muslim) brother out of a discomfort, Allah will bring him out of the discomforts of the Day of Resurrection, and whoever screened a Muslim, Allah will screen him on the Day of Resurrection. “

(Sahih al-Bukhari 2442)

May Allah grant us Tawfeeq in this affair. Ameen.

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