40:18, 40:19

Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an:

وَأَنذِرْهُمْ يَوْمَ ٱلْـَٔازِفَةِ إِذِ ٱلْقُلُوبُ لَدَى ٱلْحَنَاجِرِ كَـٰظِمِينَ ۚ مَا لِلظَّـٰلِمِينَ مِنْ حَمِيمٍۢ وَلَا شَفِيعٍۢ يُطَاعُ

يَعْلَمُ خَآئِنَةَ ٱلْأَعْيُنِ وَمَا تُخْفِى ٱلصُّدُورُ

“And warn them (O Muhammad ﷺ) of the Day that is drawing near (i.e. the Day of Resurrection), when the hearts will be choking the throats, and they can neither return the hearts to their chests nor can they throw them out. There will be no friend, nor an intercessor for the Zalimun (polytheist and wrong-doers, etc.), Who could be given heed to.

Allah knows the fraud of the eyes, and all the breasts conceal.”

Surah Al-Ghafir, 40:18-19

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about these ayahs:


`The Day that is drawing near’ is one of the names of the Day of Judgement. It is so called because it is close, as Allah says:

﴿أَزِفَتِ الاٌّزِفَةُ – لَيْسَ لَهَا مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ كَاشِفَةٌ ﴾

(The Day of Resurrection draws near. None besides Allah can avert it) (53:57-58)

﴿اقْتَرَبَتِ السَّاعَةُ وَانشَقَّ الْقَمَرُ ﴾

(The Hour has drawn near, and the moon has been cleft asunder) (54:1)

﴿اقْتَرَبَ لِلنَّاسِ حِسَـبُهُمْ﴾

(Draws near for mankind their reckoning) (21:1),

﴿أَتَى أَمْرُ اللَّهِ فَلاَ تَسْتَعْجِلُوهُ﴾

(The Event (the Hour) ordained by Allah will come to pass, so seek not to hasten it) (16:1),

﴿فَلَمَّا رَأَوْهُ زُلْفَةً سِيئَتْ وُجُوهُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ﴾

(But when they will see it approaching, the faces of those who disbelieve will change and turn black with sadness and in grief) (67:27), and

﴿إِذِ الْقُلُوبُ لَدَى الْحَنَاجِرِ كَـظِمِينَ﴾

(when the hearts will be at the throats Kazimin. ) Qatadah said, “When the hearts reach the throats because of fear, and they will neither come out nor go back to their places.” This was also the view of `Ikrimah, As-Suddi and others.

﴿كَـظِمِينَ﴾

(Kazimin) means silent, for no one will speak without His permission:

﴿يَوْمَ يَقُومُ الرُّوحُ وَالْمَلَـئِكَةُ صَفّاً لاَّ يَتَكَلَّمُونَ إِلاَّ مَنْ أَذِنَ لَهُ الرَّحْمَـنُ وَقَالَ صَوَاباً ﴾

(The Day that Ar-Ruh (Jibril) and the angels will stand forth in rows, they will not speak except him whom the Most Gracious allows, and he will speak what is right.) (78:38). Ibn Jurayj said:

﴿كَـظِمِينَ﴾

(Kazimin) “It means weeping.”

﴿مَا لِلظَّـلِمِينَ مِنْ حَمِيمٍ وَلاَ شَفِيعٍ يُطَاعُ﴾

(There will be no friend, nor an intercessor for the wrongdoers, who could be given heed to.) means, those who wronged themselves by associating others in worship with Allah, will have no relative to help them and no intercessor who can plead on their behalf; all means of good will be cut off from them.

﴿يَعْلَمُ خَآئِنَةَ الاٌّعْيُنِ وَمَا تُخْفِى الصُّدُورُ ﴾

(Allah knows the fraud of the eyes, and all that the breasts conceal.) Allah tells us about His complete knowledge which encompasses all things, great and small, major and minor, so that people will take note that He knows about them and they will have the proper sense of shyness before Allah. They will pay attention to the fact that He can see them, for He knows the fraud of the eyes, even if the eyes look innocent, and He knows what the hearts conceal. Ad-Dahhak said:

﴿خَآئِنَةَ الاٌّعْيُنِ﴾

(the fraud of the eyes,) “A wink and a man saying that he has seen something when he has not seen it, or saying that he has not seen it when he did see it.” Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said, "Allah knows when the eye looks at something, whether it wants to commit an act of betrayal or not.'' This was also the view of Mujahid and Qatadah. IbnAbbas, may Allah be pleased with him, commented on the Ayah:

﴿وَمَا تُخْفِى الصُّدُورُ﴾

(and all that the breasts conceal.)”He knows, if you were able to, whether you would commit Zina with a woman or not.” As-Suddi said:

﴿وَمَا تُخْفِى الصُّدُورُ﴾

(and all that the breasts conceal.) meaning, of insinuating whispers.

﴿وَاللَّهُ يَقْضِى بِالْحَقِّ﴾

(And Allah judges with truth, ) means, He judges with justice. Al-Amash narrated from Said bin Jubayr from Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, that this Ayah means: “He is able to reward those who do good with good and those who do evil with evil.”

﴿إِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْبَصِيرُ﴾

(Certainly, Allah! He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer.) This is how it was interpreted by Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him. This is like the Ayah:

﴿لِيَجْزِىَ الَّذِينَ أَسَاءُواْ بِمَا عَمِلُواْ وَيِجْزِى الَّذِينَ أَحْسَنُواْ بِالْحُسْنَى﴾

(that He may requite those who do evil with that which they have done, and reward those who do good, with what is best) (53:31).

﴿وَالَّذِينَ يَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِهِ﴾

(while those to whom they invoke besides Him,) means, the idols and false gods,

﴿لاَ يَقْضُونَ بِشَىْءٍ﴾

(cannot judge anything.) means, they do not possess anything and they cannot judge anything.

﴿إِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْبَصِيرُ﴾

(Certainly, Allah! He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer.) means, He hears all that His creatures say and He knows all about them, so He guides whomsoever He wills and sends astray whomsoever He wills. And He judges with perfect justice in all of that.

﴿أَوَلَمْ يَسِيروُاْ فِى الاٌّرْضِ فَيَنظُرُواْ كَيْفَ كَانَ عَـقِبَةُ الَّذِينَ كَانُواْ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ كَانُواْ هُمْ أَشَدَّ مِنْهُمْ قُوَّةً وَءَاثَاراً فِى الاٌّرْضِ فَأَخَذَهُمُ اللَّهُ بِذُنُوبِهِمْ وَمَا كَانَ لَهُم مِّنَ اللَّهِ مِن وَاقٍ – ذَلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ كَانَت تَّأْتِيهِمْ رُسُلُهُم بِالْبَيِّنَـتِ فَكَفَرُواْ فَأَخَذَهُمُ اللَّهُ إِنَّهُ قَوِىٌّ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ ﴾

(21. Have they not traveled in the land and seen what was the end of those who were before them They were superior to them in strength, and in the traces in the land. But Allah seized them with punishment for their sins. And none had they to protect them from Allah.) (22. That was because there came to them their Messengers with clear evidences but they disbelieved (in them). So Allah seized them. Verily, He is All-Strong, Severe in punishment.)

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

These beautiful ayah teach us many lessons but the lesson that I’d like to draw forth that of intention.  In Islam the Arabic word for intention is “niyyah”.  Hearts are of two types and therefore niyyah is of two types. There is the heart whose niyyah is set towards good so it is the most happy when doing good for Allah sake.  This heart though it enjoys the good it may also fall into evil through incorrect judgment, hastiness, following the nafs, and other displeasurable deeds.  Evil cannot reside with his soul long it must give up the burden of sin through repentance. Then it finds again it’s rest in the remembrance of Allah.

The second type of heart is the unfortunate heart.  This is the heart that is set upon evil-  therefore falls into evil and indulges in the good that came through fraud and deception. This heart is unlike the first heart, the good heart, and that it does not recognize is evil it only recognizes it’s good. Therefore, it never experiences the joys of repentance, true guidance from Allah, the sweetness of Faith, the purity of truth, or any other goodness it may seem to enjoy. This heart finds rest and what it can acquire from the dunya. It is happy when it gets from the dunya, it becomes agitated and sad when it does not get from the dunya.

Many people judge others based upon their appearances, their clothing, their wealth, their fame, their power, their positions, and so on. The ignorant ascribe to person’s who have these bounties status in society even rank with Allah! Beautiful forms, clothing and adornments, and worldly positions are tangible and observable by the eye. But what matters the most is the heart which is a matter of the unseen. This is the most precious affair to Allah, the heart.

Hazrat Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه has related that the Holy Prophet ﷺ said: ‘Allah does not go after your bodies and appearances but He scans your hearts.

Muslim

These two intentions of the heart are only known in truth by Allah but can be evidenced by certain marks;

Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Mas’ud رضي الله عنه relates that the Holy Prophet ﷺ said: ‘A true action leads to the path of virtue and good deeds, and virtue paves the way of a person to Paradise, and the said person continues to speak the truth till in the sight of Allah he is named Siddiq or Truthful.  Lying leads to vice, and vice leads to indecent acts and if a person goes on lying till in the sight of Allah he is named a liar. 

Bukhari and Muslim

By this beautiful we are given a glimpse about the fate of the two hearts. The heart which intends upon good delights in goodness and  truth is (consequently) led to more truth, virtuous deeds, and ultimately Paradise.  Whilst the heart that intends evil, is lead to more falsehood in his religion and speech, until Allah misguides them from His Path.

This is indicated in Allah’s statement;

يُثَبِّتُ ٱللَّهُ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ بِٱلْقَوْلِ ٱلثَّابِتِ فِى ٱلْحَيَوٰةِ ٱلدُّنْيَا وَفِى ٱلْـَٔاخِرَةِ ۖ وَيُضِلُّ ٱللَّهُ ٱلظَّـٰلِمِينَ ۚ وَيَفْعَلُ ٱللَّهُ مَا يَشَآءُ

“Allah will keep firm those who believe, with the word that stands firm in this world (i.e. they will keep on worshipping Allah Alone and none else), and in the Hereafter. And Allah will cause to go astray those who are Zalimun (polytheist and wrong-doers), and Allah does what He wills.

Surah Ibrahim, 14:27

  We ask Allah to keep us firm upon Tawheed In this life and in the hereafter. Ameen

18:57

Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;

وَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّن ذُكِّرَ بِـَٔايَـٰتِ رَبِّهِۦ فَأَعْرَضَ عَنْهَا وَنَسِىَ مَا قَدَّمَتْ يَدَاهُ ۚ إِنَّا جَعَلْنَا عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِمْ أَكِنَّةً أَن يَفْقَهُوهُ وَفِىٓ ءَاذَانِهِمْ وَقْرًۭا ۖ وَإِن تَدْعُهُمْ إِلَى ٱلْهُدَىٰ فَلَن يَهْتَدُوٓا۟ إِذًا أَبَدًۭا

“And who does more wrong than he who is reminded of the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) Of his Lord, but turns away from them forgetting what (deeds) his hands have sent forth. Truly, We have set veils over their hearts lest they should understand this (the Qur’an), and in their ears, deafness. And if you (O Muhammad ﷺ) call them to guidance, even then they will never be guided.”

Surah Al-Kahf, 18:57

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir رَحِمَهُ ٱللَّٰهُ about this ayah:

Allah says, `Who among My creatures does more wrong than one who is reminded of the signs of Allah then turns away from them,’ i.e., ignores them and does not listen or pay attention to them.

﴿وَنَسِىَ مَا قَدَّمَتْ يَدَاهُ﴾

(forgetting what his hands have sent forth.) means, bad deeds and evil actions.

﴿إِنَّا جَعَلْنَا عَلَى قُلُوبِهِمْ﴾

(Truly, We have set over their hearts) means, the hearts of these people,

﴿أَكِنَّةً﴾

(Akinnah) means, coverings.

﴿أَن يَفْقَهُوهُ﴾

(lest they should understand this,) means, so that they will not understand this Qur’an and its clear Message

﴿وَفِى ءَاذَانِهِمْ وَقْرًا﴾

(and in their ears, deafness.) means that they will be deaf in an abstract way, to guidance.

﴿وَإِن تَدْعُهُمْ إِلَى الْهُدَى فَلَنْ يَهْتَدُواْ إِذاً أَبَداً﴾

(And if you call them to guidance, even then they will never be guided.)

﴿وَرَبُّكَ الْغَفُورُ ذُو الرَّحْمَةِ﴾

(And your Lord is Most Forgiving, Owner of mercy.) means, `your Lord, O Muhammad, is forgiving and has great mercy.’

﴿لَوْ يُؤَاخِذُهُم بِمَا كَسَبُواْ لَعَجَّلَ لَهُمُ الْعَذَابَ﴾

(Were He to call them to account for what they have earned, then surely, He would have hastened their punishment.) This is like the Ayah:

﴿وَلَوْ يُؤَاخِذُ اللَّهُ النَّاسَ بِمَا كَسَبُواْ مَا تَرَكَ عَلَى ظَهْرِهَا مِن دَآبَّةٍ﴾

(And if Allah were to punish men for that which they earned, He would not leave a moving creature on the surface of the earth.) ﴿35:45﴾

﴿وَإِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَذُو مَغْفِرَةٍ لِّلنَّاسِ عَلَى ظُلْمِهِمْ وَإِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَشَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ﴾

(But verily, your Lord is full of forgiveness for mankind in spite of their wrongdoing. And verily, your Lord is (also) severe in punishment) ﴿13:6﴾. And there are many Ayat which say the same thing. Then Allah tells us that He is patient, He conceals faults and forgives sins. He may guide some of them from wrongdoing to true guidance, and whoever continues in his evil ways, then there will come to him a Day when infants will turn grey and every pregnant female will shed her load. He says:

﴿بَل لَّهُم مَّوْعِدٌ لَّن يَجِدُواْ مِن دُونِهِ مَوْئِلاً﴾

(But they have their appointed time, beyond which they will find no escape.) meaning, they will find no way out.

﴿وَتِلْكَ الْقُرَى أَهْلَكْنَـهُمْ لَمَّا ظَلَمُواْ﴾

(And these towns, We destroyed them when they did wrong.) This refers to earlier nations in times past; `We destroyed them because of their stubborn disbelief.’

﴿وَجَعَلْنَا لِمَهْلِكِهِم مَّوْعِدًا﴾

(And We appointed a fixed time for their destruction.) `We appointed for them a set time limit, not to be increased or decreased. The same applies to you, O ido- lators, so beware or what happened to them will happen to you too, for you have rejected the noblest Messenger and greatest Prophet, and you are not dearer to Us than them, so fear My punishment and wrath.’

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

This is like the ayah;

وَجَعَلْنَا عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِمْ أَكِنَّةً أَن يَفْقَهُوهُ وَفِىٓ ءَاذَانِهِمْ وَقْرًۭا ۚ وَإِذَا ذَكَرْتَ رَبَّكَ فِى ٱلْقُرْءَانِ وَحْدَهُۥ وَلَّوْا۟ عَلَىٰٓ أَدْبَـٰرِهِمْ نُفُورًۭا

“And We have put coverings over their hearts lest, they should understand it (the Qur’an), and in their ears deafness. And when you make mention of your Lord Alone [La ilaha ill-Allah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah) Islamic Monotheism] in the Qur’an, they turn on their backs, fleeing in extreme dislike.”

Surah Al-Isra’, 17:46

In both verses Allah uses the word; قُلُوبِهِمْ (qalubihim) to describe the heart which comes from it’s root word; “qalb”. In arabic, the “qalb” represents the ever changing state of the heart.

‘Anas رضي الله عنه narrated:
“The Messenger of Allah ﷺ would often say: Ya Muqallibal-qulub, thabbit qalbi ‘ala dinik(‘O Changer of the Hearts! Strengthen my heart upon Your Religion.)’ So I said: ‘O Prophet of Allah! We believe in you and what you have come with, but do you fear for us?’ He said: ‘Yes. Indeed the hearts are between two Fingers of Allah’s Fingers, He changes them as He wills.'”

Jami at-Tirmidhi

Through proper examination of these ayahs we can see that there will be some people who are under the veils of disbelief yet, by Allah’s Mercy, they may on day become guided. Allah عزوجل says;

نَّحْنُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا يَسْتَمِعُونَ بِهِۦٓ إِذْ يَسْتَمِعُونَ إِلَيْكَ

“We know best of what they listen to when they listen to you…”

Surah Al-Isra’, 17:47

Ibn Taymiyyah رحمه الله said;
« Whoever has a disease in his heart, he takes from every speech whatever suits his disease. »
[ جامع المسائل (١٩١/٧) ]

Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;

أَمْ تَحْسَبُ أَنَّ أَكْثَرَهُمْ يَسْمَعُونَ أَوْ يَعْقِلُونَ ۚ إِنْ هُمْ إِلَّا كَٱلْأَنْعَـٰمِ ۖ بَلْ هُمْ أَضَلُّ سَبِيلًا

“Or do you think that most of them hear or understand? They are only like cattle- nay, they are even farther astray from the Path (i.e. even worse than cattle).”

Surah al-Furqan, 25:44

With proper comprehension of these verses, the one who calls to Islam should come to realize that;

1. They should call to Allah without fear of rejection. Those who will believe will do so because Allah has turned their hearts so that they are inclined to guidance. Those who disbelieve, Allah has decreed that too.

2. Flattery and joking with non-believers whilst giving dawah is unnecessary and inappropriate. A person accepts Islam based upon a guided heart and clear proofs, not laughs and compliments.

3. There is no need to busy one’s self with preparing arguments for debates with unbelievers for these things fall on deaf ears. Fancy speech is not enough to open ears that all has made deaf or to uncover a heart Allah has veiled. Speech regarding Tawheed is the most complete and the most beneficial when calling to Islam.

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said;

“The best talk is Allah’s Book (The Qur’an), and the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad ﷺ.

Sahih Al-Bukhari, 6098

The one who is reminded about Allah and turns away has been unjust only to themselves as they have denied what can bring them benefit. It is true that many people are like this so the caller to Islam should not be amazed.

Maalik bin Deenar رَحِمَهُ ٱللَّٰهُ said;

“O people! Indeed, when gold and silver are presented to a dog, it does not know what they are, but if a bone is presented, it moves towards it. Likewise, the foolish people amongst you do not know the truth.”

Hilyatul Awliyaa 1/419

May Allah forgive the believing men and women. Ameen.

64:4

Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;

يَعْلَمُ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٰتِ وَٱلْأَرْضِ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا تُسِرُّونَ وَمَا تُعْلِنُونَ ۚ وَٱللَّهُ عَلِيمٌۢ بِذَاتِ ٱلصُّدُورِ

“He (Allah) knows what is in the heavens and on earth, and He knows what you conceal and reveal.  And Allah is the All-Knower of what is in the breasts of men.”

Surah At-Taghabun, 64:4

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir  رَحِمَهُ ٱللَّٰهُ‎ about this ayah and the three ayahs proceeding it:

Mutual Disillusion(At-Taghaabun)
التغابن
Chapter no.64

This is the last Surah among Al-Musabbihat. We mentioned before that all creatures praise the glory of Allah, their Creator and Owner. Allah the Exalted said,

﴿لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ﴾

(His is the dominion, and to Him belongs the praise,) meaning, He is the One Who has control over all creation, the One praised for all He created and decreed. Allah’s statement,

﴿وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَىْءٍ قَدِيرٌ﴾

(and He is Able to do all things.) means that whatever He wills occurs without resistance, and whatever He does not will, never occurs. Allah said,

﴿هُوَ الَّذِى خَلَقَكُمْ فَمِنكُمْ كَافِرٌ وَمِنكُمْ مُّؤْمِنٌ﴾

(He it is Who created you, then some of you are disbelievers and some of you are believers.) meaning, Allah created you with these characteristics and He willed that for you. Therefore, there will be believers and disbelievers. Surely, Allah is the One Who sees those who deserve guidance and those who deserve misguidance. He is the Witness over His servant’s deeds and He will completely recompense them. This is why Allah the Exalted said,

﴿وَاللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرٌ﴾

(And Allah is All-Seer of what you do. ) Allah said,

﴿خَلَقَ السَّمَـوَتِ وَالأَرْضَ بِالْحقِّ﴾

(He has created the heavens and the earth with truth,) with equity and wisdom,

﴿وَصَوَّرَكُمْ فَأَحْسَنَ صُوَرَكُمْ﴾

(and He shaped you and made good your shapes.) He made you in the best shapes and forms. Allah the Exalted said,

﴿يأَيُّهَا الإِنسَـنُ مَا غَرَّكَ بِرَبِّكَ الْكَرِيمِ – الَّذِى خَلَقَكَ فَسَوَّاكَ فَعَدَلَكَ – فِى أَىِّ صُورَةٍ مَّا شَآءَ رَكَّبَكَ ﴾

(O man! What has made you careless about your Lord, the most Generous Who created you, fashioned you perfectly and gave you due proportion; in whatever form He willed, He put you together.) (82:6-8) And His saying,

﴿اللَّهُ الَّذِى جَعَـلَ لَكُـمُ الاٌّرْضَ قَـرَاراً وَالسَّمَآءَ بِنَـآءً وَصَوَّرَكُـمْ فَأَحْسَنَ صُوَرَكُـمْ وَرَزَقَكُـمْ مِّنَ الطَّيِّبَـتِ﴾

(Allah, it is He Who has made for you the earth as a dwelling place and the sky as a canopy, and has given you shape and made your shapes good (looking) and has provided you with good things.) (40:64) and His saying;

﴿وَإِلَيْهِ الْمَصِيرُ﴾

(And to Him is the return.) means the return and final destination. Allah then informs of His knowledge of all that there is in the heavens, in the earth and in the souls, He said:

﴿يَعْلَمُ مَا فِى السَّمَـوَتِ وَالاٌّرْضِ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا تُسِرُّونَ وَمَا تُعْلِنُونَ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمُ بِذَاتِ الصُّدُورِ ﴾

(He knows what is in the heavens and on earth, and He knows what you conceal and what you reveal. And Allah is the All-Knower of what is in the breasts.)

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

The Two Distinct Affairs: Belief and Disbelief

Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an:

فَلَعَلَّكَ بَـٰخِعٌۭ نَّفْسَكَ عَلَىٰٓ ءَاثَـٰرِهِمْ إِن لَّمْ يُؤْمِنُوا۟ بِهَـٰذَا ٱلْحَدِيثِ أَسَفًا

“Perhaps, you, would kill yourself (O Muhammad ﷺ) in grief, over their footsteps (for their turning away from you), because they believe not in this narration (the Qur’an).”

Surah Al-Kahf, 18:6

The Muslim who desires a successful end through avoiding the plots of the unbelievers should take heed to Allah’s عزوجل warning;

وَمَا يَسْتَوِى ٱلْأَعْمَىٰ وَٱلْبَصِيرُ وَٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ وَعَمِلُوا۟ ٱلصَّـٰلِحَـٰتِ وَلَا ٱلْمُسِىٓءُ ۚ قَلِيلًۭا مَّا تَتَذَكَّرُونَ

“And not equal are the blind and those who see; nor are (equal) those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah- Islamic Monotheism), and do righteous good deeds, and those who do evil.  Little do you remember!”

Surah Al Ghafir, 40:58

and;

وَدَّ كَثِيرٌۭ مِّنْ أَهْلِ ٱلْكِتَـٰبِ لَوْ يَرُدُّونَكُم مِّنۢ بَعْدِ إِيمَـٰنِكُمْ كُفَّارًا حَسَدًۭا مِّنْ عِندِ أَنفُسِهِم مِّنۢ بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُمُ ٱلْحَقُّ ۖ فَٱعْفُوا۟ وَٱصْفَحُوا۟ حَتَّىٰ يَأْتِىَ ٱللَّهُ بِأَمْرِهِۦٓ ۗ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَىْءٍۢ قَدِيرٌۭ

“Many of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) wish that if they could turn you away as disbelievers after you have believed, out of envy from their own selves, even after the truth (that Muhammad ﷺ is Allah’s Messenger) has become manifest to them.  But forgive and overlook, till Allah brings His Command.*. Verily, Allah is Able to do all things.

*The provision to forgive and overlook has been abrogated by verse 9:29 according to Tafsir At-Tabari. 

Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:109

Truly!  Allah عزوجل knows what is in the hearts of His creation- both the believing and disbelieving hearts belong to Allah;

يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ لَا تَتَّخِذُوا۟ بِطَانَةًۭ مِّن دُونِكُمْ لَا يَأْلُونَكُمْ خَبَالًۭا وَدُّوا۟ مَا عَنِتُّمْ قَدْ بَدَتِ ٱلْبَغْضَآءُ مِنْ أَفْوَٰهِهِمْ وَمَا تُخْفِى صُدُورُهُمْ أَكْبَرُ ۚ قَدْ بَيَّنَّا لَكُمُ ٱلْـَٔايَـٰتِ ۖ إِن كُنتُمْ تَعْقِلُونَ

هَـٰٓأَنتُمْ أُو۟لَآءِ تُحِبُّونَهُمْ وَلَا يُحِبُّونَكُمْ وَتُؤْمِنُونَ بِٱلْكِتَـٰبِ كُلِّهِۦ وَإِذَا لَقُوكُمْ قَالُوٓا۟ ءَامَنَّا وَإِذَا خَلَوْا۟ عَضُّوا۟ عَلَيْكُمُ ٱلْأَنَامِلَ مِنَ ٱلْغَيْظِ ۚ قُلْ مُوتُوا۟ بِغَيْظِكُمْ ۗ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ عَلِيمٌۢ بِذَاتِ ٱلصُّدُورِ

إِن تَمْسَسْكُمْ حَسَنَةٌۭ تَسُؤْهُمْ وَإِن تُصِبْكُمْ سَيِّئَةٌۭ يَفْرَحُوا۟ بِهَا ۖ وَإِن تَصْبِرُوا۟ وَتَتَّقُوا۟ لَا يَضُرُّكُمْ كَيْدُهُمْ شَيْـًٔا ۗ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ بِمَا يَعْمَلُونَ مُحِيطٌۭ

“O you who believe!  Take not as (your) Bitanah (advisors, consultants, protectors, helpers, friends) those outside your religion (pagans, Jews, Christians, and hypocrites) since they will not fail to do their best to corrupt you.  They desire to harm you severely.  Hatred has already appeared from their mouths, but what their breasts conceal is far worse.  Indeed, we have made plain to you the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses) if you understand.

Lo! You are the ones who love them but they love you not, and you believe in all the Scripture [i.e. you believe in the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel), while they disbelieve in your Book, The Qur’an].  And when they meet you, they say, “We believe.” But when they are alone, they bite the tips of their fingers at you in rage.  Say: “Perish in your rage.  Certainly, Allah knows what is in the breast (all the secrets).

If good befalls you, it grieves them, but if some evil overtakes you, they rejoice at it.  But if you remain patient and become Al-Muttaqun [the pious], not the least harm will their cunning do to you.  Surely, Allah surrounds all that they do.”

Surah Al-Imran, 3:118-120

An who’s words can be truer than Allah عزوجل! May Allah bless you! Ameen.  My dear Brothers and Sisters, we must not be swayed by the soft speech of the associanists of Islam.  These are those whom Ibn Taymiyyah  رَحِمَهُ ٱللَّٰهُ in his work; “al-Furqan bayna Auliya’ al-Rahman wa Auliya’ al-Shaytan” , described as pretending to be the Auliya’ (friends) of Allah through their false piety but are merely Auliya’ of Shaytan.  They pretend to believe in parts of your religion (Islam) by saying they believe that there is only one God, yet they say He has a son. We seek Allah’s refuge from misguidance. Ameen.

These associanists fast and behave as the pious. Some of them even  devote themselves to prayer at night yet their worship is unacceptable due to their babbling utterances and clapping of the hands.  Allah says in The Qur’an;

فَذَرْهُمْ يَخُوضُوا۟ وَيَلْعَبُوا۟ حَتَّىٰ يُلَـٰقُوا۟ يَوْمَهُمُ ٱلَّذِى يُوعَدُونَ

“So leave them (alone) to speak nonsense and play until they meet the Day of theirs which they have been promised.”

Surah Az-Zukhruf, 43:83

Know my dear brother and sisters that the companionship of unbelievers is no more suitable for you than they companionship of Shaytan’s offspring.  The wise will comprehend that they are one and the same.

وَٱلْمُؤْمِنُونَ وَٱلْمُؤْمِنَـٰتُ بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلِيَآءُ بَعْضٍۢ ۚ يَأْمُرُونَ بِٱلْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ ٱلْمُنكَرِ وَيُقِيمُونَ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَيُؤْتُونَ ٱلزَّكَوٰةَ وَيُطِيعُونَ ٱللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُۥٓ ۚ أُو۟لَـٰٓئِكَ سَيَرْحَمُهُمُ ٱللَّهُ ۗ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌۭ

“The believers, men and women, are Auliya’ (helpers, supporters, friends, protectors) of one another; they enjoin (on the people) Al-Ma’ruf (i.e., Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. polytheism and disbelief of all kinds, and all that Islam has forbidden); they perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and give the Zakat, and obey Allah and His Messenger ﷺ.  Allah will have His Mercy on them.  Surely Allah is All-Mighty, All Wise.

Surah At-Taubah, 9:71

As for the hypocrites and innovators they are friends to your enemies and your enemies friends all while pretending they are your friend too. Allahعزوجل says in the Qur’an;

۞ يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ لَا تَتَّخِذُوا۟ ٱلْيَهُودَ وَٱلنَّصَـٰرَىٰٓ أَوْلِيَآءَ ۘ بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلِيَآءُ بَعْضٍۢ ۚ وَمَن يَتَوَلَّهُم مِّنكُمْ فَإِنَّهُۥ مِنْهُمْ ۗ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يَهْدِى ٱلْقَوْمَ ٱلظَّـٰلِمِينَ

فَتَرَى ٱلَّذِينَ فِى قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٌۭ يُسَـٰرِعُونَ فِيهِمْ يَقُولُونَ نَخْشَىٰٓ أَن تُصِيبَنَا دَآئِرَةٌۭ ۚ فَعَسَى ٱللَّهُ أَن يَأْتِىَ بِٱلْفَتْحِ أَوْ أَمْرٍۢ مِّنْ عِندِهِۦ فَيُصْبِحُوا۟ عَلَىٰ مَآ أَسَرُّوا۟ فِىٓ أَنفُسِهِمْ نَـٰدِمِينَ

“O you who believe! Take not the Jews and Christians as Auliya’ (friends, protectors, helpers), they are but Auliya’ of each other. And if any amongst you takes them as Auliya’, then surely he is one of them. Verily, Allah guided not those people who are the Zalimun (polytheist and wrong-doers and unjust).

And you see those in whose hearts there is a disease (of hypocrisy), they hurry to their friendship, saying: “We fear lest some misfortune of a disaster may befall us.”. Perhaps Allah may bring a victory or a decision according to His Will. Then they will become regretful for what they have been keeping as a secret in themselves.”

Surah Al-Ma’idah, 5:51-52

Al-Fudayl b. ‘Iyaad رَحِمَهُ ٱللَّٰهُ said;

” A person of innovation, do not trust him regarding your religion, and do not consult him in your affairs, and do not sit with him. For whoever sits with a person of innovation (Bid’ah), Allah will cause him to inherit blindness.”

Sharh Usool I’tiqaad Ahlus-Sunnah of al-Laalikaa’ee (no. 264)

Know my dear Brothers and Sisters that our hearts can never be hidden from Allah. We must ask Allah to purify our hearts and detach it from that which He hates;

يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ لَا تَتَّخِذُوا۟ عَدُوِّى وَعَدُوَّكُمْ أَوْلِيَآءَ تُلْقُونَ إِلَيْهِم بِٱلْمَوَدَّةِ وَقَدْ كَفَرُوا۟ بِمَا جَآءَكُم مِّنَ ٱلْحَقِّ يُخْرِجُونَ ٱلرَّسُولَ وَإِيَّاكُمْ ۙ أَن تُؤْمِنُوا۟ بِٱللَّهِ رَبِّكُمْ إِن كُنتُمْ خَرَجْتُمْ جِهَـٰدًۭا فِى سَبِيلِى وَٱبْتِغَآءَ مَرْضَاتِى ۚ تُسِرُّونَ إِلَيْهِم بِٱلْمَوَدَّةِ وَأَنَا۠ أَعْلَمُ بِمَآ أَخْفَيْتُمْ وَمَآ أَعْلَنتُمْ ۚ وَمَن يَفْعَلْهُ مِنكُمْ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ سَوَآءَ ٱلسَّبِيلِ

“O you who believe! Take not My enemies and your enemies (i.e. disbelievers and polytheist) as friends, showing affection towards them, while they have disbelieved in what has come to you of the truth (i.e. Islamic Monotheism, this Qur’an, and Muhammad ﷺ), and have driven out the Messenger ﷺ and yourselves (from your homeland) because you believe in Allah your Lord! If you have come forth to strive in my Cause and seek My Good Pleasure, then take not these polytheist and disbelievers as your friends). You show friendship to them in secret, while I am All-Aware of what you conceal and what you reveal. And whosoever of you (Muslims)does that, then indeed he has gone (far) astray from the Straight Path.

Surah Al-Mumtahanah, 60:1

One must know that these ayahs does absolve the Muslim from giving dawah to non-muslims or dealing kindly and justly with them;

لَّا يَنْهَىٰكُمُ ٱللَّهُ عَنِ ٱلَّذِينَ لَمْ يُقَـٰتِلُوكُمْ فِى ٱلدِّينِ وَلَمْ يُخْرِجُوكُم مِّن دِيَـٰرِكُمْ أَن تَبَرُّوهُمْ وَتُقْسِطُوٓا۟ إِلَيْهِمْ ۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يُحِبُّ ٱلْمُقْسِطِينَ

“Allah does not forbid you to deal justly and kindly with those who fought not against you in account of your religion or drove you out of your homes. Verily, Allah loves those who deal with equity.”

Surah Al-Mumtahanah, 60:8

Calling to Islam with wisdom and beautiful preaching is a means by which people may come to embrace Islam;

۞ عَسَى ٱللَّهُ أَن يَجْعَلَ بَيْنَكُمْ وَبَيْنَ ٱلَّذِينَ عَادَيْتُم مِّنْهُم مَّوَدَّةًۭ ۚ وَٱللَّهُ قَدِيرٌۭ ۚ وَٱللَّهُ غَفُورٌۭ رَّحِيمٌۭ

“Perhaps Allah will make friendship between you and those whom you hold as enemies. And Allah has power (over all things), And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”

Surah Al-Mumtahanah, 60:7

In his work; “The Dunya and It’s Reality”, Ibn Al Qayyim رَحِمَهُ ٱللَّٰهُ relates the following example;

“A group of people trekked across the desert until they were stricken with thirst, this they went to the sea. Sea water is most bitter and salty, but due to their severe thirst, they did not taste it’s bitterness or salt, so they drank it. The salt water didn’t quench their thirst; and the more they drank the more their thirst increased, until the damaged their bowels and died of dehydration.

The intelligent people knew that this water was bitter and salty, and the more he drinks the more he will become thirsty. This, they abandoned it and travelled until they found a land with sweet vegetation. They dug into the core of the land and fresh sweet water sprung out for them. They drank the water and used it for soaking and cooking. They called their brothers who were at the edge of the sea, saying, “Come now to fresh water!” Some of the people at the salt water mocked them, while others ignored them because they were pleased with what they had. A few people here and there responded to their call.

Ibn Al Qayyim رَحِمَهُ ٱللَّٰهُ ends the passage by saying;

This is the exact example given by Jesus the Messiah عليه والسلام. He said;

The one who seeks after the worldy life is like the one who drinks salt water. The more he drinks, the more his thirst increased until it kills him.*

*Az Zuhud by ibn Abi Dunya, Hadith 326

We can also take from this beautiful similitude the many states of the believer and disbelievers. The believers use their intelligence and seek out the path that will benefit them in both this life and the next. The disbeliever is hasty and endulges on that which is harmful for faster gratification. The believer is willing to go through the pains of patience fully expecting a good end. The disbelievers are shortsighted and focus on what they can readily attain regardless as to quality. The believers are sympathetic and soft-hearted, inclined to share the good the have received. Some of the disbelievers are arrogant and dismissive while others are inattentive and content with the harm they are causing themselves. However, there are a few who stop in the midst of their ignorance to take heed to the call. It is for these, the callers to Allah should call;

يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ ٱسْتَجِيبُوا۟ لِلَّهِ وَلِلرَّسُولِ إِذَا دَعَاكُمْ لِمَا يُحْيِيكُمْ ۖ وَٱعْلَمُوٓا۟ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ يَحُولُ بَيْنَ ٱلْمَرْءِ وَقَلْبِهِۦ وَأَنَّهُۥٓ إِلَيْهِ تُحْشَرُونَ

“O you who believe! Answer Allah (by obeying Him) and His Messenger ﷺ when He calls you to that which will give you life. And know that it is Allah who comes between a person and his heart (i.e. He prevents an evil person to decide anything). And verily, to Him you shall (all) be gathered.”

Surah Al-Anfal, 8:24

As for those who traversed upon the path of Allah عزوجل and have been rewarded with sweet water, would it be rational to go and seek friendships with the people who are content with that which causes them harm. No indeed! That is not suitable for the one who believes!

Ibn Baz رَحِمَهُ ٱللَّٰهُ stated;

“A Muslim should not befriend a person who abandons salah, or commits any act of shirk (disbelief, polytheism), and should not accept his invitation or invite him to his home. Rather one should forsake such a person along with advising and calling him to repent to Allah (Glorified be He). Unless Shari’ah interest necessitates not to forsake him, in order to continuously call him to repent, hoping he may respond to Al-Haqq (Truth) and quit falsehood without befriending him.”

Fatwas of Ibn Baz 7/415 Alifta.net

But as for those who respond to the call then Allahعزوجل says;

قُل لِّلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوٓا۟ إِن يَنتَهُوا۟ يُغْفَرْ لَهُم مَّا قَدْ سَلَفَ وَإِن يَعُودُوا۟ فَقَدْ مَضَتْ سُنَّتُ ٱلْأَوَّلِينَ

“Say to those who have disbelieved, if they cease (from disbelief), their past sins will be forgiven. But if they return (thereto), then the examples of those (punished) before them have already proceeded (as a warning).”

Surah Al-Anfal, 8:38

We ask Allah عزوجل;

“O Allah! Grant me your love; and the love of a person whom my loving him will be a benefit to me near you. O Allah! Whatever you have granted me from what I love, make it a means of strength for me to use in the way you love. O Allah! Whatever love of things you have removed from me then grant in it’s place the love of things that you love.” Ameen Yaa Rabbi.

Tirmizi

Yaa Allah, do not let our hearts deviate…

Allah عزوجل says in the Qur’an;

هُوَ ٱلَّذِىٓ أَنزَلَ عَلَيْكَ ٱلْكِتَـٰبَ مِنْهُ ءَايَـٰتٌۭ مُّحْكَمَـٰتٌ هُنَّ أُمُّ ٱلْكِتَـٰبِ وَأُخَرُ مُتَشَـٰبِهَـٰتٌۭ ۖ فَأَمَّا ٱلَّذِينَ فِى قُلُوبِهِمْ زَيْغٌۭ فَيَتَّبِعُونَ مَا تَشَـٰبَهَ مِنْهُ ٱبْتِغَآءَ ٱلْفِتْنَةِ وَٱبْتِغَآءَ تَأْوِيلِهِۦ ۗ وَمَا يَعْلَمُ تَأْوِيلَهُۥٓ إِلَّا ٱللَّهُ ۗ وَٱلرَّٰسِخُونَ فِى ٱلْعِلْمِ يَقُولُونَ ءَامَنَّا بِهِۦ كُلٌّۭ مِّنْ عِندِ رَبِّنَا ۗ وَمَا يَذَّكَّرُ إِلَّآ أُو۟لُوا۟ ٱلْأَلْبَـٰبِ

He is the One Who has revealed to you ˹O Prophet˺ the Book, of which some verses are precise—they are the foundation of the Book—while others are elusive.1 Those with deviant hearts follow the elusive verses seeking ˹to spread˺ doubt through their ˹false˺ interpretations—but none grasps their ˹full˺ meaning except Allah. As for those well-grounded in knowledge, they say, “We believe in this ˹Quran˺—it is all from our Lord.” But none will be mindful ˹of this˺ except people of reason.

رَبَّنَا لَا تُزِغْ قُلُوبَنَا بَعْدَ إِذْ هَدَيْتَنَا وَهَبْ لَنَا مِن لَّدُنكَ رَحْمَةً ۚ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ ٱلْوَهَّابُ

˹They say,˺ “Our Lord! Do not let our hearts deviate after you have guided us. Grant us Your mercy. You are indeed the Giver ˹of all bounties˺.

Surah Ali Imran 3:7-8

We must always be thankful for the blessing of Islam. Gratitude may be displayed through duaa for firmness upon the deen of Allah عزوجل which includes increasing in knowledge and acting upon the beneficial knowledge that one receives. This intention in itself is a blessing as Allah says in the Qur’an;

وَمَا هُوَ بِقَوْلِ شَيْطَـٰنٍۢ رَّجِيمٍۢ

فَأَيْنَ تَذْهَبُونَ

إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا ذِكْرٌۭ لِّلْعَـٰلَمِينَ

لِمَن شَآءَ مِنكُمْ أَن يَسْتَقِيمَ

وَمَا تَشَآءُونَ إِلَّآ أَن يَشَآءَ ٱللَّهُ رَبُّ ٱلْعَـٰلَمِينَ

And this ˹Quran˺ is not the word of an outcast devil. So what ˹other˺ path would you take? Surely this ˹Quran˺ is only a reminder to the whole world—to whoever of you wills to take the Straight Way. But you cannot will ˹to do so˺, except by the Will of Allah, the Lord of all worlds.

Surah At-Takwir 81:22-29

Glad tidings to those who have submitted themselves to Allah عزوجل and resolved upon His path! Prophet Dawud عليه والسلام understood the blessing of submission and praise to Allah when he said;

”O Lord! How can I ever duly thank You, when my thanking You is also a favor from You to me” Allah the Exalted answered him, “Now, you have thanked Me sufficiently, O Dawud,” meaning, `when you admitted that you will never be able to duly thank Me.’

Tafseer Ibn Katheer

The Muslim should remember the favors of Allah عزوجل often by remembering the darkness and confusion which be brought us our from as He عزوجل says in the Qur’an;

وَوَجَدَكَ ضَآلًّۭا فَهَدَىٰ

“And He found you lost and guided you.”

Surah Ad-Duha 93:7

And when He عزوجل says;

فَٱذْكُرُونِىٓ أَذْكُرْكُمْ وَٱشْكُرُوا۟ لِى وَلَا تَكْفُرُونِ

“Therefore remember Me (by praying, glorifying, etc.). I will remember you, and be grateful to Me (for my countless Favours on you) and never be ungrateful to Me.”

Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:152

Beautiful duaas to remember;

“Our Lord! Forgive me and my parents, and all the believers on the Day the reckoning will be established.” Surah Ibrahim, 14:41

“And We have enjoined upon man to be dutiful and kind to his parents. His mother bears him with hardship and she brings him forth with hardship, and the bearing of him, and the weaning of him is thirty (30) months, till when he attains full strength and reaches forty years, he says: “My Lord! Grant me the power and ability that I may be grateful for Your Favor which You have bestowed upon me and upon my parents, and that I may do righteous good-deeds, such as please You, and make my offspring good. Truly, I have turned to You in repentance, and truly, I am one of the Muslims.” Surah Al-Ahqaf, 46:15

Ameen.

Gardens Promised for The Pious

Allah says in The Qur’an:

زُيِّنَ لِلنَّاسِ حُبُّ ٱلشَّهَوَٰتِ مِنَ ٱلنِّسَآءِ وَٱلْبَنِينَ وَٱلْقَنَـٰطِيرِ ٱلْمُقَنطَرَةِ مِنَ ٱلذَّهَبِ وَٱلْفِضَّةِ وَٱلْخَيْلِ ٱلْمُسَوَّمَةِ وَٱلْأَنْعَـٰمِ وَٱلْحَرْثِ ۗ ذَٰلِكَ مَتَـٰعُ ٱلْحَيَوٰةِ ٱلدُّنْيَا ۖ وَٱللَّهُ عِندَهُۥ حُسْنُ ٱلْمَـَٔابِ

۞ قُلْ أَؤُنَبِّئُكُم بِخَيْرٍۢ مِّن ذَٰلِكُمْ ۚ لِلَّذِينَ ٱتَّقَوْا۟ عِندَ رَبِّهِمْ جَنَّـٰتٌۭ تَجْرِى مِن تَحْتِهَا ٱلْأَنْهَـٰرُ خَـٰلِدِينَ فِيهَا وَأَزْوَٰجٌۭ مُّطَهَّرَةٌۭ وَرِضْوَٰنٌۭ مِّنَ ٱللَّهِ ۗ وَٱللَّهُ بَصِيرٌۢ بِٱلْعِبَادِ

ٱلَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَآ إِنَّنَآ ءَامَنَّا فَٱغْفِرْ لَنَا ذُنُوبَنَا وَقِنَا عَذَابَ ٱلنَّارِ

ٱلصَّـٰبِرِينَ وَٱلصَّـٰدِقِينَ وَٱلْقَـٰنِتِينَ وَٱلْمُنفِقِينَ وَٱلْمُسْتَغْفِرِينَ بِٱلْأَسْحَارِ

“The enjoyment of ˹worldly˺ desires—women, children, treasures of gold and silver, fine horses, cattle, and fertile land—has been made appealing to people. These are the pleasures of this worldly life, but with Allah is the finest destination.

Say, ˹O Prophet,˺ “Shall I inform you of what is better than ˹all of˺ this? Those mindful ˹of Allah˺ will have Gardens with their Lord under which rivers flow, to stay there forever, and pure spouses, along with Allah’s pleasure.” And Allah is All-Seeing of ˹His˺ servants,

who pray, “Our Lord! We have believed, so forgive our sins and protect us from the torment of the Fire.”

˹It is they˺ who are patient, sincere, obedient, and charitable, and who pray for forgiveness before dawn.”

Surah Ali Imran, 3:14-16

True Believers Believe in All of The Qur’an

رَبَّنَا لَا تُزِغْ قُلُوبَنَا بَعْدَ إِذْ هَدَيْتَنَا وَهَبْ لَنَا مِن لَّدُنكَ رَحْمَةً ۚ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ ٱلْوَهَّابُ

˹They say,˺ “Our Lord! Do not let our hearts deviate after you have guided us. Grant us Your mercy. You are indeed the Giver ˹of all bounties˺.

And;

رَبَّنَآ إِنَّكَ جَامِعُ ٱلنَّاسِ لِيَوْمٍۢ لَّا رَيْبَ فِيهِ ۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يُخْلِفُ ٱلْمِيعَادَ

Our Lord! You will certainly gather all humanity for the ˹promised˺ Day—about which there is no doubt. Surely Allah does not break His promise.”

Surah Ali Imran, 3:8-9

53:11

Allah عزوجل says in the Qur’an;

مَا كَذَبَ ٱلْفُؤَادُ مَا رَأَىٰٓ

“The ˹Prophet’s˺ heart did not lie about what he saw. “

Surah An-Najm, 53:11

Excerpt from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about this Ayah:
Allah said next,

﴿مَا كَذَبَ الْفُؤَادُ مَا رَأَى – أَفَتُمَـرُونَهُ عَلَى مَا يَرَى ﴾

(The heart lied not in what he saw. Will you then dispute with him about what he saw) Muslim recorded from Ibn `Abbas about:

﴿مَا كَذَبَ الْفُؤَادُ مَا رَأَى ﴾

(The heart lied not in what he saw), and,

﴿وَلَقَدْ رَءَاهُ نَزْلَةً أُخْرَى ﴾

(And indeed he saw him at a second descent.) “He saw Allah twice in his heart.” Simak reported a similar from Ikrimah from IbnAbbas. Abu Salih, As-Suddi and several others said similarly that the Prophet saw Allah twice in his heart.Masruq said, “I went to A'ishah and asked her,Did Muhammad see his Lord’ She said, You said something that caused my hair to rise!' I said,Behold!’ and recited this Ayah,

﴿لَقَدْ رَأَى مِنْ ءَايَـتِ رَبِّهِ الْكُبْرَى ﴾

(Indeed he saw of the greatest signs of his Lord.) She said, `Where did your mind wander It was Jibril. Whoever says to you that Muhammad saw his Lord, or hid any part of what he was commanded (i.e., Allah’s Message), or knew any of the five things which only Allah knows,

﴿إِنَّ اللَّهَ عِندَهُ عِلْمُ السَّاعَةِ وَيُنَزِّلُ الْغَيْثَ﴾

(Verily, Allah, with Him is the knowledge of the Hour, He sends down the rain…)(31:34), Then he invents a great lie against Allah! The Prophet only saw Jibril twice, in his original shape, once near Sidrat Al-Muntaha and another time in Ajyad (in Makkah) while Jibril had six hundred wings that covered the horizon.”’ Muslim recorded that Abu Dharr said, “I asked the Messenger of Allah , `Have you seen your Lord’ He said,

«نُورٌ أَنَّى أَرَاه»

(How can I see Him since there was a light)” In another narration, the Prophet said,

«رَأَيْتُ نُورًا»

(I only saw a light.) Allah’s statement,

﴿وَلَقَدْ رَءَاهُ نَزْلَةً أُخْرَى – عِندَ سِدْرَةِ الْمُنتَهَى – عِندَهَا جَنَّةُ الْمَأْوَى ﴾

(And indeed he saw him at a second descent. Near Sidrat Al-Muntaha.) “The Messenger of Allah said,

«رَأَيْتُ جِبْرِيلَ وَلَهُ سِتُّمِائَةِ جَنَاحٍ يَنْتَثِرُ مِنْ رِيشِهِ التَّهَاوِيلُ مِنَ الدُّرِّ وَالْيَاقُوت»

(I saw Jibril while he had six hundred wings and a colorful array of pearls and rubies falling from the feathers of his wings.)” This Hadith has a good, strong chain of narration. Ahmad also recorded that Abdullah ﴿Ibn Masud﴾ said, “The Messenger of Allah saw Jibril in his original shape while Jibril had six hundred wings, each wing covering the side of the horizon. From his wings, precious stones were dropping of which only Allah has knowledge.” This Hadith has a good chain of narration. Imam Ahmad recorded that Abdullah bin Masud said, “The Messenger of Allah said,

«رَأَيْتُ جِبْرِيلَ عَلَى سِدْرَةِ الْمُنْتَهَى وَلَهُ سِتُّمِائَةِ جَنَاح»

(I saw Jibril over Sidrat Al-Muntaha while he had six hundred wings.)” One of the subnarrators of the Hadith asked Asim about Jibril's wings andAsim refused to elaborate. So some of his companions were asked and one of them said, “Each wing was covering what is between the east and the west.” This Hadith has a good chain of narration. Imam Ahmad recorded that Ibn Mas`ud said that Allah’s Messenger said:

«أَتَانِي جِبْرِيلُ فِي خُضْرٍ مُعَلَّقٍ بِهِ الدُّر»

(Jibril came to me wearing green with pearls hanging down.) This Hadith has a good chain of narration. Imam Ahmad recorded that Amir said that Masruq askedA’ishah, “O Mother of the faithful, has Muhammad seen his Lord, the Exalted and Most Honored” She said, “Glorious is Allah! My hair is standing on end because of what you said. Three matters, if one tells you about any of them, will have lied. Whoever tells you that Muhammad has seen his Lord, will have lied.” She then recited these two Ayat,

﴿لاَّ تُدْرِكُهُ الاٌّبْصَـرُ وَهُوَ يُدْرِكُ الاٌّبْصَـرَ﴾

(No vision can grasp Him, but He grasps all vision.)(6:103), and,

﴿وَمَا كَانَ لِبَشَرٍ أَن يُكَلِّمَهُ اللَّهُ إِلاَّ وَحْياً أَوْ مِن وَرَآءِ حِجَابٍ﴾

(It is not given to any human being that Allah should speak to him unless (it be) by revelation, or from behind a veil.)(42:51) She went one, “And whoever tells you that Muhammad knew what the morrow will bring, will have uttered a lie.” She then recited,

﴿إِنَّ اللَّهَ عِندَهُ عِلْمُ السَّاعَةِ وَيُنَزِّلُ الْغَيْثَ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا فِى الاٌّرْحَامِ﴾

(Verily, Allah, with Him is the knowledge of the Hour, He sends down the rain, and knows that which is in the wombs.)(31:34) `A’ishah said, “And whoever tells you that Muhammad has hidden any part of the Message will have lied,” and she then recited this Ayah,

﴿يَـأَيُّهَا الرَّسُولُ بَلِّغْ مَآ أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ مِن رَّبِّكَ﴾

(O Messenger proclaim which has been sent down to you from your Lord.)(5:67).She went one, “However, he saw Jibril twice in his original shape.” Imam Ahmad also recorded that Masruq said, “I asked A'ishah,Did not Allah say,

﴿وَلَقَدْ رَءَاهُ بِالاٍّفُقِ الْمُبِينِ ﴾

(And indeed he saw him in the clear horizon.)(81:23), and,

﴿وَلَقَدْ رَءَاهُ نَزْلَةً أُخْرَى ﴾

(And indeed he saw him at a second descent)’ She said, `I was the first among this Ummah to ask Allah’s Messenger about it. He said,

«إِنَّمَا ذَاكَ جِبْرِيل»

(That was Jibril.) He only saw him twice in his actual and real figure. He saw Jibril descend from heaven to earth and was so huge that he covered the whole horizon between the sky and earth.)”’ This Hadith is recorded in the Two Sahihs via Ash-Sha`bi.

Tafsir Ibn Kathir


If one thinks deeply about this ayah it will become enough proof to show the importance of following the Qur’an and Sunnah strictly, if Allah Wills. While there are many who claim to be Muslim of those are some who deviate from the path of Islam due to their belief that there are other systems that are beneficial and complementary.

This can be evidenced in those Muslims practicing deviant forms of spirituality including Buddhist meditations, the using of stones in healing and worship, worshiping the graves, and praising ancestors who were upon disbelief. There are also Muslims who celebrate paganistic holidays and events like birthdays, Thanksgiving, and Christmas.

Muslims who participate in these acts and events are in essence saying that Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was a liar, May Allah forgive us.

However, this ayah shows the purity of his (Prophet Muhammad’sﷺ) heart and that He not only received revelation from Allah through angel Jabril but that his (Prophet Muhammad ﷺ) heart actually saw him (Jabril). and it (his heart) did not lie.

Allah says in The Qur’an:

وَمَن يَبْتَغِ غَيْرَ ٱلْإِسْلَـٰمِ دِينًۭا فَلَن يُقْبَلَ مِنْهُ وَهُوَ فِى ٱلْـَٔاخِرَةِ مِنَ ٱلْخَـٰسِرِينَ

كَيْفَ يَهْدِى ٱللَّهُ قَوْمًۭا كَفَرُوا۟ بَعْدَ إِيمَـٰنِهِمْ وَشَهِدُوٓا۟ أَنَّ ٱلرَّسُولَ حَقٌّۭ وَجَآءَهُمُ ٱلْبَيِّنَـٰتُ ۚ وَٱللَّهُ لَا يَهْدِى ٱلْقَوْمَ ٱلظَّـٰلِمِينَ

أُو۟لَـٰٓئِكَ جَزَآؤُهُمْ أَنَّ عَلَيْهِمْ لَعْنَةَ ٱللَّهِ وَٱلْمَلَـٰٓئِكَةِ وَٱلنَّاسِ أَجْمَعِينَ

خَـٰلِدِينَ فِيهَا لَا يُخَفَّفُ عَنْهُمُ ٱلْعَذَابُ وَلَا هُمْ يُنظَرُونَ

إِلَّا ٱلَّذِينَ تَابُوا۟ مِنۢ بَعْدِ ذَٰلِكَ وَأَصْلَحُوا۟ فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ غَفُورٌۭ رَّحِيمٌ

“Whoever seeks a way other than Islam, it will never be accepted from them, and in the Hereafter they will be among the losers.

How will Allah guide a people who chose to disbelieve after they had believed, acknowledged the Messenger to be true, and received clear proofs? For Allah does not guide the wrongdoing people.

Their reward is that they will be condemned by Allah, the angels, and all of humanity.

They will be in Hell forever. Their punishment will not be lightened, nor will they be delayed ˹from it˺.

As for those who repent afterwards and mend their ways, then surely Allah is All-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”

Surah Ali Imran, 3:85-89

May Allah guide us. Ameen.

Erecting Allah’s House

Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;

وَإِذْ قَالَ إِبْرَٰهِـۧمُ رَبِّ ٱجْعَلْ هَـٰذَا بَلَدًا ءَامِنًۭا وَٱرْزُقْ أَهْلَهُۥ مِنَ ٱلثَّمَرَٰتِ مَنْ ءَامَنَ مِنْهُم بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلْيَوْمِ ٱلْـَٔاخِرِ ۖ قَالَ وَمَن كَفَرَ فَأُمَتِّعُهُۥ قَلِيلًۭا ثُمَّ أَضْطَرُّهُۥٓ إِلَىٰ عَذَابِ ٱلنَّارِ ۖ وَبِئْسَ ٱلْمَصِيرُ

وَإِذْ يَرْفَعُ إِبْرَٰهِـۧمُ ٱلْقَوَاعِدَ مِنَ ٱلْبَيْتِ وَإِسْمَـٰعِيلُ رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّآ ۖ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ ٱلسَّمِيعُ ٱلْعَلِيمُ

رَبَّنَا وَٱجْعَلْنَا مُسْلِمَيْنِ لَكَ وَمِن ذُرِّيَّتِنَآ أُمَّةًۭ مُّسْلِمَةًۭ لَّكَ وَأَرِنَا مَنَاسِكَنَا وَتُبْ عَلَيْنَآ ۖ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ ٱلتَّوَّابُ ٱلرَّحِيمُ

رَبَّنَا وَٱبْعَثْ فِيهِمْ رَسُولًۭا مِّنْهُمْ يَتْلُوا۟ عَلَيْهِمْ ءَايَـٰتِكَ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ ٱلْكِتَـٰبَ وَٱلْحِكْمَةَ وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ ۚ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ ٱلْعَزِيزُ ٱلْحَكِيمُ

وَمَن يَرْغَبُ عَن مِّلَّةِ إِبْرَٰهِـۧمَ إِلَّا مَن سَفِهَ نَفْسَهُۥ ۚ وَلَقَدِ ٱصْطَفَيْنَـٰهُ فِى ٱلدُّنْيَا ۖ وَإِنَّهُۥ فِى ٱلْـَٔاخِرَةِ لَمِنَ ٱلصَّـٰلِحِينَ

إِذْ قَالَ لَهُۥ رَبُّهُۥٓ أَسْلِمْ ۖ قَالَ أَسْلَمْتُ لِرَبِّ ٱلْعَـٰلَمِينَ

” And [mention] when Abraham said, “My Lord, make this a secure city and provide its people with fruits – whoever of them believes in Allah and the Last Day.” [Allah] said, “And whoever disbelieves – I will grant him enjoyment for a little; then I will force him to the punishment of the Fire, and wretched is the destination.

And [mention] when Abraham was raising the foundations of the House and [with him] Ishmael, [saying], “Our Lord, accept [this] from us. Indeed, You are the Hearing, the Knowing.

Our Lord, and make us Muslims [in submission] to You and from our descendants a Muslim nation [in submission] to You. And show us our rites [of worship] and accept our repentance. Indeed, You are the Accepting of Repentance, the Merciful.

Our Lord, and send among them a messenger from themselves who will recite to them Your verses and teach them the Book and wisdom and purify them. Indeed, You are the Exalted in Might, the Wise.”

And who would be averse to the religion of Abraham except one who makes a fool of himself. And We had chosen him in this world, and indeed he, in the Hereafter, will be among the righteous.

When his Lord said to him, “Submit,” he said, “I have submitted [in Islām] to the Lord of the worlds.”

Surah Al Baqarah, 2:126-131

Create your website with WordPress.com
Get started