45:23

Check the Intentions.

Al-hamdu lillahi nahmadhu wa nasta`inuhu wa nastaghfiruhu, wa na`udhu billahi min shururi anfusina wa min sayi’ati a`malina, man yahdihillahu fala mudilla lahu, wa man yudlil fala hadiya lahu. Wa ashadu an la ilaha illallahu wahduhu la sharika lahu, wa anna Muhammadan `abduhu wa rasuluhu. 

(Praise is to Allah, we praise Him and we seek His help and His forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allah from the evil of our own souls and from our bad deeds, Whomsoever Allah guides will never be led astray; and whomsoever is led astray, no one can guide. I bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped but Allah, alone with no partner or associate, and that Muhammad (ﷺ) is His slave and His Messenger). ‘O you who believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared, and die not except in the state of Islam (as Muslims) with complete submission to Allah.’ And: ‘O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person, and from him He created his wife, and from them both He created many men and women, and fear Allah through Whom you demand your mutual (rights), and (do not cut the relations of) the wombs (kinship). Surely, Allah is Ever an All-Watcher over you.’ And: ‘O you who believe! Keep your duty to Allah and fear Him, and speak (always) the truth. He will direct you to do righteous good deeds and will forgive you your sins.’

(Sunan Ibn Majah, 1892)

As Salaamun Alaikum my Dear Brothers and Sisters in Islam,

Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ, says in The Qur’an;

ثُمَّ أَوْرَثْنَا الْكِتَابَ الَّذِينَ اصْطَفَيْنَا مِنْ عِبَادِنَا ۖ فَمِنْهُمْ ظَالِمٌ لِّنَفْسِهِ وَمِنْهُم مُّقْتَصِدٌ وَمِنْهُمْ سَابِقٌ بِالْخَيْرَاتِ بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ هُوَ الْفَضْلُ الْكَبِيرُ

“Then We gave the Book (The Qur’an) as inheritance to such of Our slaves whom We chose (the followers of Muhammadﷺ). Then of them are some who wrong their ownselves, and of them are some who follow a middle course, and of them are some who are, by Allah’s Leave, foremost in good deeds. That (inheritance of the Qur’an) – that is indeed the great grace.”

Surah Al-Fatir, 35:32

Here Allah talks about three groups of his servants who have been blessed with His Guidance through The Qur’an and are destined for Paradise. The first group that He mentions are those who ruin themselves in Dunya by not following the commands and prohibitions of The Qur’an. The second group are those who follow the major commands and leave off the major prohibitions however, they do not excel in the supererogatory deeds and Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى knows best why. Then there are those who are foremost in deeds. They are those whom appreciate The Book the most, using it as a guide in all of their affairs. These are those who seek out nearness to Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى through seeking knowledge and implementing that knowledge in the best ways. These are men and women who learn the knowledge, act upon it, and (further) teach it in its most correct manner (with the understanding of The Righteous Predecessors). Through these acts, these Believers are the leaders of the Muslims.

Those who have been selected for knowledge, the best of conduct, and leadership among the Muslims have tremendous responsibility.

Narrated Muawiya رضي الله عنه:

I heard Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) saying, “If Allah wants to do good to a person, He makes him comprehend the religion. I am just a distributor, but the grant is from Allah. (And remember) that this nation (true Muslims) ) will keep on following Allah’s teachings strictly and they will not be harmed by any one going on a different path till Allah’s order (Day of Judgment) is established. “

Sahih al-Bukhari: 71 Book 3, Hadith 13

Yahya bin Mu’ath ar-Razi said:

“The scholars are more merciful to the nation of Muhammad than their own fathers and mothers.”

It was said to him:

“How is that?”

He said:

“Because their fathers and mothers protect them from the fire of this world whereas the scholars protect them from the Fire of the Hereafter.”

[Mukhtasar Nasihah Ahl al-Hadith (no. 167) via Lam ad-Durar al-Manthoor of Jamal al-Harithi (p. 68)] Translated by Abu Ruqayyah ‘Abd us-Samad

For the Believing Men and Women striving hard in the way of Allah through keeping to the obligatory matters, engaging in the supererogatory matters, studying to attain a light by which they can see the clearest, sharing that light by disseminating knowledge through lectures, books, and other means – must understand that Allah has chosen for their hearts, homes, and the Masjids they serve as places which contain His Nur;

اللَّهُ نُورُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ مَثَلُ نُورِهِ كَمِشْكَاةٍ فِيهَا مِصْبَاحٌ ۖ الْمِصْبَاحُ فِي زُجَاجَةٍ ۖ الزُّجَاجَةُ كَأَنَّهَا كَوْكَبٌ دُرِّيٌّ يُوقَدُ مِن شَجَرَةٍ مُّبَارَكَةٍ زَيْتُونَةٍ لَّا شَرْقِيَّةٍ وَلَا غَرْبِيَّةٍ يَكَادُ زَيْتُهَا يُضِيءُ وَلَوْ لَمْ تَمْسَسْهُ نَارٌ ۚ نُّورٌ عَلَىٰ نُورٍ ۗ يَهْدِي اللَّهُ لِنُورِهِ مَن يَشَاءُ ۚ وَيَضْرِبُ اللَّهُ الْأَمْثَالَ لِلنَّاسِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ

فِي بُيُوتٍ أَذِنَ اللَّهُ أَن تُرْفَعَ وَيُذْكَرَ فِيهَا اسْمُهُ يُسَبِّحُ لَهُ فِيهَا بِالْغُدُوِّ وَالْآصَالِ

“Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The parable of His Light is as (if there were) a niche and within it a lamp: the lamp is in a glass, the glass as it were a brilliant star, lit from a blessed tree, an olive, neither of the east (i.e. neither it gets sun-rays only in the morning) nor of the west (i.e. it gets sun-rays only in the afternoon, but it is exposed to the sun all day long), whose oil would almost glow forth (of itself), though no fire touched it. Light upon Light! Allah guides to His Light whom He wills. And Allah sets forth parables for mankind, and Allah is All-Knower of everything.

In houses which Allah has ordered to be raised (to be cleaned, and to be honored), in them His Name is remembered [i.e. Adhan, Iqamah, Salat (prayers), invocations, recitation of Qur’an, etc.]. Therein glorify Him (Allah) in the mornings and in the afternoons or the evenings.”

Surah An-Nur, 24:35-36

Abu Sa’id al-Khudri رضي الله عنه reported: The Messenger of Allah ﷺ , peace and blessings be upon him, said, “The entire earth has been made a place of prayer (masjid), except for graveyards and washrooms.”

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 317

Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Ibn Taymiyyah

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰه about these ayah:

The Parable of the Light of Allah

`Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said:
﴿ ٱللَّهُ نُورُ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۚ ﴾

(Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth.) means, the Guide of the inhabitants of the heavens and the earth. Ibn Jurayj said: “Mujahid and Ibn `Abbas said concerning the Ayah:
﴿ ٱللَّهُ نُورُ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۚ ﴾

(Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth.) He is controlling their affairs and their stars and sun and moon.” As-Suddi said concerning the Ayah:
﴿ ٱللَّهُ نُورُ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۚ ﴾

(Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth.) by His Light the heavens and earth are illuminated. In the Two Sahihs, it is recorded that Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “When the Messenger of Allah got up to pray at night, he would say:
« اللَّهُمَّ لَكَ الْحَمْدُ، أَنْتَ قَيِّمُ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَنْ فِيهِنَّ، وَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ أَنْتَ نُورُ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَمَنْ فِيهِنَّ »

(O Allah, to You be praise, You are the Sustainer of heaven and earth and whoever is in them. To You be praise, You are the Light of the heavens and the earth and whoever is in them. ) It was narrated that Ibn Mas`ud said, “There is no night or day with your Lord; the Light of the Throne comes from the Light of His Face.”
﴿ مَثَلُ نُورِهِۦ ﴾

(The parable of His Light) There are two views concerning the meaning of the pronoun (His). The first is that it refers to Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, meaning that the parable of His guidance in the heart of the believer is
﴿ كَمِشۡكَوٰةٍ۬ ﴾

(as a niche) This was the view of Ibn `Abbas. The second view is that the pronoun refers to the believer, which is indicated by the context of the words and implies that the parable of the light in the heart of the believer is as a niche. So the heart of the believer and what he is naturally inclined to of guidance and what he learns of the Qur’an which is in accordance with his natural inclinations are, as Allah says:
﴿ أَفَمَن كَانَ عَلَىٰ بَيِّنَةٍ۬ مِّن رَّبِّهِۦ وَيَتۡلُوهُ شَاهِدٌ۬ مِّنۡهُ ﴾

(Can they who rely on a clear proof from their Lord, and whom a witness from Him recites it (can they be equal with the disbelievers)) (11:17). The heart of the believer in its purity and clarity is likened to a lamp in transparent and jewel-like glass, and the Qur’an and Shari`ah by which it is guided are likened to good, pure, shining oil in which there is no impurity or deviation.
﴿ كَمِشۡكَوٰةٍ۬ ﴾

(as (if there were) a niche) Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, Muhammad bin Ka`b and others said, “This refers to the position of the wick in the lamp.” This is well-known, and hence Allah then says:
﴿ فِيہَا مِصۡبَاحٌ‌ۖ ﴾

(and within it a lamp.) This is the flame that burns brightly. Or it was said that the niche is a niche in the house. This is the parable given by Allah of obedience towards Him. Allah calls obedience to Him as light, then He calls it by other numerous names as well. Ubayy bin Ka`b said, “The lamp is the light, and this refers to the Qur’an and the faith that is in his heart.” As-Suddi said, “It is the lamp.”
﴿ ٱلۡمِصۡبَاحُ فِى زُجَاجَةٍ‌ۖ ﴾

(the lamp is in a glass,) means, this light is shining in a clear glass. Ubayy bin Ka`b and others said, “This is the likeness of the heart of the believer.”
﴿ ٱلزُّجَاجَةُ كَأَنَّہَا كَوۡكَبٌ۬ دُرِّىٌّ۬ ﴾

(the glass as it were a star Durriyyun,) Some authorities recite the word Durriyyun with a Dammah on the Dal and without a Hamzah, which means pearls, i.e., as if it were a star made of pearls (Durr). Others recite it as Dirri’un or Durri’un, with a Kasrah on the Dal, or Dammah on the Dal, and with a Hamzah at the end, which means reflection (Dir’), because if something is shone on the star it becomes brighter than at any other time. The Arabs call the stars they do not know Darari. Ubayy bin Ka`b said: a shining star. Qatadah said: “Huge, bright and clear.”
﴿ يُوقَدُ مِن شَجَرَةٍ۬ مُّبَـٰرَڪَةٍ۬ ﴾

(lit from a blessed tree,) means, it is derived from olive oil, from a blessed tree.
﴿ زَيۡتُونَةٍ۬ ﴾

(an olive,) This refers to the blessed tree mentioned previously.
﴿ لَّا شَرۡقِيَّةٍ۬ وَلَا غَرۡبِيَّةٍ۬ ﴾

(neither of the east nor of the west,) means, it is not in the eastern part of the land so that it does not get any sun in the first part of the day, nor is it in the western part of the land so that it is shaded from the sun before sunset, but it is in a central position where it gets sun from the beginning of the day until the end, so its oil is good and pure and shining. Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Ibn `Abbas commented on:
﴿ زَيۡتُونَةٍ۬ لَّا شَرۡقِيَّةٍ۬ وَلَا غَرۡبِيَّةٍ۬ ﴾

(an olive, neither of the east nor of the west,) “This is a tree in the desert which is not shaded by any other tree or mountain or cave, nothing covers it, and this is best for its oil.” Mujahid commented on:
﴿ لَّا شَرۡقِيَّةٍ۬ وَلَا غَرۡبِيَّةٍ۬ ﴾

(neither of the east nor of the west, ) saying; “It is not in the east where it will get no sun when the sun sets, nor is it in the west where it will get no sun when the sun rises, but it is in a position where it will get sun both at sunrise and sunset.” Sa`id bin Jubayr commented:
﴿ زَيۡتُونَةٍ۬ لَّا شَرۡقِيَّةٍ۬ وَلَا غَرۡبِيَّةٍ۬ يَكَادُ زَيۡتُہَا يُضِىٓءُ ﴾

(an olive, neither of the east nor of the west, whose oil would almost glow forth (of itself)) “This is the best kind of oil. When the sun rises it reaches the tree from the east and when it sets it reaches it from the west, so the sun reaches it morning and evening, so it is not counted as being in the east or in the west.”
﴿ يَكَادُ زَيۡتُہَا يُضِىٓءُ وَلَوۡ لَمۡ تَمۡسَسۡهُ نَارٌ۬‌ۚ ﴾

(whose oil would almost glow forth (of itself), though no fire touched it.) `Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam said (this means) because the oil itself is shining.
﴿ نُّورٌ عَلَىٰ نُورٍ۬‌ۗ ﴾

(Light upon Light!) Al-`Awfi narrated from Ibn `Abbas that this meant the faith and deeds of a person. As-Suddi said:
﴿ نُّورٌ عَلَىٰ نُورٍ۬‌ۗ ﴾

(Light upon Light!) “Light of the fire and the light of the oil: when they are combined they give light, and neither of them can give light without the other. Similarly the light of the Qur’an and the light of faith give light when they are combined, and neither can do so without the other.”
﴿ يَہۡدِى ٱللَّهُ لِنُورِهِۦ مَن يَشَآءُ‌ۚ ﴾

(Allah guides to His Light whom He wills.) means, Allah shows the way to the ones whom He chooses, as it says in the Hadith recorded by Imam Ahmad from `Abdullah bin `Amr, who said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah say:
« إِنَّ اللهَ تَعَالَى خَلَقَ خَلْقَهُ فِي ظُلْمَةٍ ثُمَّ أَلْقَى عَلَيْهِمْ مِنْ نُورِهِ يَوْمَئِذٍ، فَمَنْ أَصَابَ مِنْ نُورِهِ يَوْمَئِذٍ اهْتَدَى وَمَنْ أَخْطَأَ ضَلَّ فَلِذَلِكَ أَقُولُ: جَفَّ الْقَلَمُ عَلَى عِلْمِ اللهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ »

(Allah created His creation in darkness, then on the same day He sent His Light upon them. Whoever was touched by His Light on that day will be guided and whoever was missed will be led astray. Hence I say: the pens have dried in accordance with the knowledge of Allah, may He be glorified.)”
﴿ وَيَضۡرِبُ ٱللَّهُ ٱلۡأَمۡثَـٰلَ لِلنَّاسِ‌ۗ وَٱللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَىۡءٍ عَلِيمٌ۬ ﴾

(And Allah sets forth parables for mankind, and Allah is All-Knower of everything.) Having mentioned this parable of the Light of His guidance in the heart of the believer, Allah ends this Ayah with the words:
﴿ وَيَضۡرِبُ ٱللَّهُ ٱلۡأَمۡثَـٰلَ لِلنَّاسِ‌ۗ وَٱللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَىۡءٍ عَلِيمٌ۬ ﴾

(And Allah sets forth parables for mankind, and Allah is All-Knower of everything.) meaning, He knows best who deserves to be guided and who deserves to be led astray. Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri said, “The Messenger of Allah said:
« الْقُلُوبُ أَرْبَعَةٌ: قَلْبٌ أَجْرَدُ فِيهِ مِثْلُ السِّرَاجِ يُزْهِرُ، وَقَلْبٌ أَغْلَفُ مَرْبُوطٌ عَلَى غِلَافِهِ، وَقَلْبٌ مَنْكُوسٌ، وَقَلْبٌ مُصْفَحٌ. فَأَمَّا الْقَلْبُ الْأَجْرَدُ: فَقَلْبُ الْمُؤْمِنِ سِرَاجُهُ فِيهِ نُورُهُ، وَأَمَّا الْقَلْبُ الْأَغْلَفُ فَقَلْبُ الْكَافِرِ، وَأَمَّا الْقَلْبُ الْمَنْكُوسُ فَقَلْبُ الْمُنَافِقِ، عَرَفَ ثُمَّ أَنْكَرَ، وَأَمَّا الْقَلْبُ الْمُصْفَحُ فَقَلْبٌ فِيهِ إِيمَانٌ وَنِفَاقٌ، وَمَثَلُ الْإِيمَانِ فِيهِ كَمَثَلِ الْبَقْلَةِ يُمِدُّهَا الْمَاءُ الطَّيِّبُ، وَمَثَلُ النِّفَاقِ فِيهِ كَمَثَلِ الْقَرْحَةِ يُمِدُّهَا الدَّمُ وَالْقَيْحُ، فَأَيُّ الْمدَّتَيْنِ غَلَبَتْ عَلَى الْأُخْرَى غَلَبَتْ عَلَيْهِ »

(Hearts are of four kinds: the heart that is clear like a shining lamp; the heart that is covered and tied up; the heart that is upside-down; and the heart that is clad in armor. As for the clear heart, it is the heart of the believer in which is a lamp filled with light; as for the covered heart, this is the heart of the disbeliever; as for the upside-down heart, this is the heart of the hypocrite, who recognizes then denies; as for the armor-clad heart, this is the heart in which there is both faith and hypocrisy. The parable of the faith in it is that of legume, a sprout that is irrigated with good water, and the likeness of the hypocrisy in it is that of sores that are fed by blood and pus. Whichever of the two prevails is the characteristic that will dominate.) Its chain of narrators is good (Jayyid) although they (Al-Bukhari and Muslim) did not record it.
﴿ فِى بُيُوتٍ أَذِنَ ٱللَّهُ أَن تُرۡفَعَ وَيُذۡڪَرَ فِيہَا ٱسۡمُهُ ۥ يُسَبِّحُ لَهُ ۥ فِيہَا بِٱلۡغُدُوِّ وَٱلۡأَصَالِ • رِجَالٌ۬ لَّا تُلۡهِيہِمۡ تِجَـٰرَةٌ۬ وَلَا بَيۡعٌ عَن ذِكۡرِ ٱللَّهِ وَإِقَامِ ٱلصَّلَوٰةِ وَإِيتَآءِ ٱلزَّكَوٰةِ‌ۙ يَخَافُونَ يَوۡمً۬ا تَتَقَلَّبُ فِيهِ ٱلۡقُلُوبُ وَٱلۡأَبۡصَـٰرُ • لِيَجۡزِيَہُمُ ٱللَّهُ أَحۡسَنَ مَا عَمِلُواْ وَيَزِيدَهُم مِّن فَضۡلِهِۦ‌ۗ وَٱللَّهُ يَرۡزُقُ مَن يَشَآءُ بِغَيۡرِ حِسَابٍ۬ ﴾

(36. In houses which Allah has ordered to be raised, in them His Name is remembered. Therein glorify Him in the mornings and in the evenings,)

The Virtues of the Masjids, the Correct Etiquette, and the Virtues of Those who take care of them

Having likened the heart of the believer and what it contains of guidance and knowledge to a lamp lit with good oil shining in a clear glass, Allah then states where it belongs, which is in the Masjids, the places on earth that are most beloved to Allah. The Masjids are His houses where He Alone is worshipped. So Allah says:
﴿ فِى بُيُوتٍ أَذِنَ ٱللَّهُ أَن تُرۡفَعَ ﴾

(In houses which Allah has ordered to be raised,) meaning, Allah has commanded that they be established and that they be kept clean of any filth, idle talk or words or deeds that are inappropriate. `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn `Abbas concerning this Ayah:
﴿ فِى بُيُوتٍ أَذِنَ ٱللَّهُ أَن تُرۡفَعَ ﴾

(In houses which Allah has ordered to be raised,) he said; “Allah forbade idle talk in them.” This was also the view of `Ikrimah, Abu Salih, Ad-Dahhak, Nafi` bin Jubayr, Abu Bakr bin Sulayman bin Abi Hathamah, Sufyan bin Husayn and others among the scholars of Tafsir. Many Hadiths have been narrated concerning the construction of Masjids, honoring them, respecting them, and perfuming them with incense etc. This has been discussed in more detail elsewhere, and I have written a book dealing with this topic on its own, praise and blessings be to Allah. With Allah’s help we will mention here a few of these Hadiths, if Allah wills. In Allah we put our trust and reliance. `Uthman bin `Affan, the Commander of the faithful (may Allah be pleased with him) said; “I heard the Messenger of Allah say:
« مَنْ بَنَى مَسْجِدًا يَبْتَغِي بِهِ وَجْهَ اللهِ بَنَى اللهُ لَهُ مِثْلَهُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ »

(Whoever builds a Masjid seeking the Face of Allah, Allah will build for him something similar to it in Paradise.) It was narrated in the Two Sahihs. Ibn Majah narrated that `Umar bin Al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) said; “The Messenger of Allah said:
« مَنْ بَنَى مَسْجِدًا يُذْكَرُ فِيهِ اسْمُ اللهِ بَنَى اللهُ لَهُ بَيْتًا فِي الْجَنَّةِ »

(Whoever builds a Masjid in which the Name of Allah is remembered, Allah will build for him a house in Paradise.) An-Nasa’i mentioned something similar. There are very many Hadiths which say this. `A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said: “The Messenger of Allah commanded us to build Masjids among the houses, and to clean them and perfume them.” This was recorded by Ahmad and the Sunan compilers with the exception of An-Nasa’i. Ahmad and Abu Dawud recorded a similar report from Samurah bin Jundub. Al-Bukhari said: “`Umar said: `Build for the people a place to worship Allah, and beware of using red or yellow for adornment and decoration and distracting the people thereby.”’ Abu Dawud narrated that Ibn `Abbas said, “The Messenger of Allah said:
« مَا أُمِرْتُ بِتَشْيِيدِ الْمَسَاجِدِ »

(I was not commanded to Tashyid the Masjids.) Ibn `Abbas said, “Decorating them as the Jews and Christians did.” Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “The Messenger of Allah said:
« لَا تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ حَتَّى يَتَبَاهَى النَّاسُ فِي الْمَسَاجِدِ »

(The Hour will not come until people show off in building Masjids.) It was recorded by Ahmad and the compilers of the Sunan, with the exception of At-Tirmidhi. Buraydah narrated that a man called out in the Masjid and said, “Has any body said anything about a red camel” The Prophet said:
« لَا، وَجَدْتَ، إِنَّمَا بُنِيَتِ الْمَسَاجِدُ لِمَا بُنِيَتْ لَهُ »

(May you never find it! The Masjids were built only for what they were built for.) This was narrated by Muslim. Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah said:
« إِذَا رَأَيْتُمْ مَنْ يَبِيعُ أَوْ يَبْتَاعُ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ، فَقُولُوا: لَا أَرْبَحَ اللهُ تِجَارَتَكَ، وَإِذَا رَأَيْتُمْ مَنْ يَنْشُدُ ضَالَّةً فِي الْمَسْجِدِ فَقُولُوا: لَا رَدَّهَا اللهُ عَلَيْكَ »

(If you see someone buying or selling in the Masjid, say to him, “May Allah never make your business profitable!” And if you see someone calling out about lost property, say, “May Allah never return it to you!”) This was recorded by At-Tirmidhi, who said: “Hasan Gharib.” Al-Bukhari recorded that As-Sa’ib bin Yazid Al-Kindi said, “I was standing in the Masjid and a man threw pebbles at me, so I looked and saw `Umar bin Al-Khattab who said, `Go and bring me these two men.’ I went and brought them to him, and he said, `Who are you’ Or, `Where do you come from’ They said, `We are from At-Ta’if.’ `Umar said, `If you had been from this town I would have hit you, for you are raising your voices in the Masjid of the Messenger of Allah.”’ An-Nasa’i recorded that Ibrahim bin `Abdur-Rahman bin `Awf said: “`Umar heard the voice of a man in the Masjid and said: `Do you know where you are”’ This is also Sahih. Al-Hafiz Abu Ya`la Al-Musili recorded from Ibn `Umar that `Umar used to burn incense in the Masjid of the Messenger of Allah every Friday. Its chain of narration is Hasan and there is nothing wrong with it, Allah knows best. It is confirmed in the Two Sahihs that the Messenger of Allah said:
« صَلَاةُ الرَّجُلِ فِي الْجَمَاعَةِ تُضَعَّفُ عَلَى صَلَاتِهِ فِي بَيْتِهِ وَفِي سُوقِهِ خَمْسًا وَعِشْرِينَ ضِعْفًا وَذَلِكَ أَنَّهُ إَذَا تَوَضَّأَ فَأَحْسَنَ وُضُوءَهُ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ لَا يُخْرِجُهُ إِلَّا الصَّلَاةُ لَمْ يَخْطُ خَطْوَةً إِلَّا رُفِعَ لَهُ بِهَا دَرَجَةٌ وَحُطَّ عَنْهُ بِهَا خَطِيئَةٌ. فَإِذَا صَلَّى لَمْ تَزَلِ الْمَلَائِكَةُ تُصَلِّي عَلَيْهِ مَا دَامَ فِي مُصَلَّاهُ: اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَيْهِ، اللَّهُمَّ ارْحَمْهُ. وَلَا يَزَالُ فِي صَلَاةٍ مَا انْتَظَرَ الصَّلَاةَ »

(A man’s prayer in congregation is twenty-five times better than his prayer in his house or the marketplace. That is because if he performs Wudu’ and does it well, then he goes out to go to the Masjid, and for no other purpose than to pray, he does not take one step but he increases in one level in status and one sin is removed. When he prays, the angels continue sending blessings on him as long as he is in the place where he prays, ﴿they say﴾, “O Allah, send blessings on him, O Allah, have mercy on him.” And he will remain in a state of prayer as long as he is waiting for the prayer.) The following is recorded in the Sunan:
« بَشِّرِ الْمَشَّائِينَ إِلَى الْمَسَاجِدِ فِي الظُّلَمِ بِالنُّورِ التَّامِّ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ »

(Those who walk to the Masjids when it is dark, give them the glad tidings of complete Light on the Day of Resurrection.) When entering the Masjid, it is recommended to enter with one’s right foot, and to say the supplication recorded in Sahih Al-Bukhari, where it is narrated from `Abdullah bin `Amr that the Messenger of Allah used to say, when he entered the Masjid:
« أَعُوذُ بِاللهِ الْعَظِيمِ وَبِوَجْهِهِ الْكَرِيمِ، وَسُلْطَانِهِ الْقَدِيمِ، مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ »

(I seek refuge with Allah Almighty and with His Noble Face, and with His Eternal Domain, from the accursed Shaytan.) (He (one of the narrators) asked, `Is that all’ He answered, `Yes’). If he says this, the Shaytan says: “He will be protected from me all day long.” Muslim recorded that Abu Humayd or Abu Usayd said: The Messenger of Allah said:
« إِذَا دَخَلَ أَحَدُكُمُ الْمَسْجِدَ فَلْيَقُلْ: اللَّهُمَّ افْتَحْ لِي أَبْوَابَ رَحْمَتِكَ ‏.‏ وَإِذَا خَرَجَ فَلْيَقُلْ: اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ فَضْلِكَ »

(When anyone of you enters the Masjid, let him say: “O Allah, open the gates of Your mercy for me. And when he comes out, let him say: “O Allah, I ask You of Your bounty.”) An-Nasa’i also recorded this from them from the Prophet. Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah said:
« إِذَا دَخَلَ أَحَدُكُمُ الْمَسْجِدَ فَلْيُسَلِّمْ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ. وَلْيَقُلِ: اللَّهُمَّ افْتَحْ لِي أَبْوَابَ رَحْمَتِكَ، وَإِذَا خَرَجَ فَلْيُسَلِّمْ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ وَلْيَقُلِ: اللَّهُمَّ اعْصِمْنِي مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ »

(When anyone of you enters the Masjid, let him invoke blessings on the Prophet then let him say: “O Allah, open the gates of Your mercy for me.” When he comes out, let him invoke blessings on the Prophet and say, “O Allah, protect me from the accursed Shaytan.”) This was also recorded by Ibn Majah, as well as Ibn Khuzaymah and Ibn Hibban in their Sahihs.
﴿ وَيُذۡڪَرَ فِيہَا ٱسۡمُهُ ۥ ﴾

(in them His Name is remembered.) meaning, the Name of Allah. This is like the Ayat:
﴿ يَـٰبَنِىٓ ءَادَمَ خُذُواْ زِينَتَكُمۡ عِندَ كُلِّ مَسۡجِدٍ۬ ﴾

(O Children of Adam! Take your adornment to every Masjid…) (7:31)
﴿ وَأَقِيمُواْ وُجُوهَكُمۡ عِندَ ڪُلِّ مَسۡجِدٍ۬ وَٱدۡعُوهُ مُخۡلِصِينَ لَهُ ٱلدِّينَ‌ۚ ﴾

(and you should face (Him only) in each and every Masjid, and invoke Him only making your religion sincere to Him) (7:29).
﴿ وَأَنَّ ٱلۡمَسَـٰجِدَ لِلَّهِ ﴾

(And the Masjids are for Allah) (72:18).
﴿ وَيُذۡڪَرَ فِيہَا ٱسۡمُهُ ۥ ﴾

(in them His Name is remembered.) Ibn `Abbas said, “This means that His Book is recited therein.”
﴿ يُسَبِّحُ لَهُ ۥ فِيہَا بِٱلۡغُدُوِّ وَٱلۡأَصَالِ ﴾

(Therein glorify Him in the mornings and in the evenings.)
﴿ رِجَالٌ۬ لَّا تُلۡهِيہِمۡ تِجَـٰرَةٌ۬ وَلَا بَيۡعٌ عَن ذِكۡرِ ٱللَّهِ ﴾

(Men whom neither trade nor business diverts from the remembrance of Allah) This is like the Ayat:
﴿ يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَا تُلۡهِكُمۡ أَمۡوَٲلُكُمۡ وَلَآ أَوۡلَـٰدُڪُمۡ عَن ذِڪۡرِ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ ﴾

(O you who believe! Let not your properties or your children divert you from the remembrance of Allah.) (63:9)
﴿ يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ إِذَا نُودِىَ لِلصَّلَوٰةِ مِن يَوۡمِ ٱلۡجُمُعَةِ فَٱسۡعَوۡاْ إِلَىٰ ذِكۡرِ ٱللَّهِ وَذَرُواْ ٱلۡبَيۡعَ‌ۚ ﴾

(O you who believe! When the call is proclaimed for the Salah on Friday, hasten earnestly to the remembrance of Allah and leave off business.) (62:9) Allah says that this world and its adornments, attractions and marketplaces should not distract them from remembering their Lord Who created them and sustains them, those who know that what is with Him is better for them than what they themselves possess, because what they have is transient but that which is with Allah is eternal. Allah says:
﴿ لَّا تُلۡهِيہِمۡ تِجَـٰرَةٌ۬ وَلَا بَيۡعٌ عَن ذِكۡرِ ٱللَّهِ وَإِقَامِ ٱلصَّلَوٰةِ وَإِيتَآءِ ٱلزَّكَوٰةِ‌ۙ ﴾

(Men whom neither trade nor business diverts from the remembrance of Allah nor from performing the Salah nor from giving the Zakah). meaning, they give priority to obeying Allah and doing what He wants and what pleases Him over doing what they want and what pleases them. It was reported from Salim from `Abdullah bin `Umar that he was in the marketplace when the Iqamah for prayer was called, so they closed their stores and entered the Masjid. Ibn `Umar said: “Concerning them the Ayah was revealed:
﴿ رِجَالٌ۬ لَّا تُلۡهِيہِمۡ تِجَـٰرَةٌ۬ وَلَا بَيۡعٌ عَن ذِكۡرِ ٱللَّهِ ﴾

(Men whom neither trade nor business diverts from the remembrance of Allah).” This was recorded by Ibn Abi Hatim and Ibn Jarir.
﴿ لَّا تُلۡهِيہِمۡ تِجَـٰرَةٌ۬ وَلَا بَيۡعٌ عَن ذِكۡرِ ٱللَّهِ ﴾

(Men whom neither trade nor business diverts from the remembrance of Allah). `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said, “This meant from the prescribed prayers.” This was also the view of Muqatil bin Hayyan and Ar-Rabi` bin Anas. As-Suddi said: “From prayer in congregation.” Muqatil bin Hayyan said, “That does not distract them from attending the prayer and establishing it as Allah commanded them, and from doing the prayers at the prescribed times and doing all that Allah has enjoined upon them in the prayer.”
﴿ يَخَافُونَ يَوۡمً۬ا تَتَقَلَّبُ فِيهِ ٱلۡقُلُوبُ وَٱلۡأَبۡصَـٰرُ ﴾

(They fear a Day when hearts and eyes will be overturned.) means, the Day of Resurrection when people’s hearts and eyes will be overturned, because of the intensity of the fear and terror of that Day. This is like the Ayah:
﴿ وَأَنذِرۡهُمۡ يَوۡمَ ٱلۡأَزِفَةِ ﴾

(And warn them of the Day that is drawing near…) (40:18),
﴿ إِنَّمَا يُؤَخِّرُهُمۡ لِيَوۡمٍ۬ تَشۡخَصُ فِيهِ ٱلۡأَبۡصَـٰرُ ﴾

(but He gives them respite up to a Day when the eyes will stare in horror) (14:42).
﴿ وَيُطۡعِمُونَ ٱلطَّعَامَ عَلَىٰ حُبِّهِۦ مِسۡكِينً۬ا وَيَتِيمً۬ا وَأَسِيرًا • إِنَّمَا نُطۡعِمُكُمۡ لِوَجۡهِ ٱللَّهِ لَا نُرِيدُ مِنكُمۡ جَزَآءً۬ وَلَا شُكُورًا • إِنَّا نَخَافُ مِن رَّبِّنَا يَوۡمًا عَبُوسً۬ا قَمۡطَرِيرً۬ا • فَوَقَٮٰهُمُ ٱللَّهُ شَرَّ ذَٲلِكَ ٱلۡيَوۡمِ وَلَقَّٮٰهُمۡ نَضۡرَةً۬ وَسُرُورً۬ا • وَجَزَٮٰهُم بِمَا صَبَرُواْ جَنَّةً۬ وَحَرِيرً۬ا ﴾

(And they give food, in spite of their love for it, to the poor, the orphan, and the captive, (saying:) “We feed you seeking Allah’s Face only. We wish for no reward, nor thanks from you. Verily, We fear from our Lord a Day, hard and distressful, that will make the faces look horrible.” So Allah saved them from the evil of that Day, and gave them a light of beauty and joy. And their recompense shall be Paradise, and silken garments, because they were patient) (76:8-12). And Allah says here:
﴿ لِيَجۡزِيَہُمُ ٱللَّهُ أَحۡسَنَ مَا عَمِلُواْ ﴾

(That Allah may reward them according to the best of their deeds,) meaning, “They are those from whom We shall accept the best of their deeds and overlook their evil deeds.”
﴿ وَيَزِيدَهُم مِّن فَضۡلِهِۦ‌ۗ ﴾

(and add even more for them out of His grace.) means, He will accept their good deeds and multiply them for them, as Allah says:
﴿ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يَظۡلِمُ مِثۡقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ۬‌ۖ ﴾

(Surely, Allah wrongs not even of the weight of a speck of dust.) (4:40)
﴿ مَن جَآءَ بِٱلۡحَسَنَةِ فَلَهُ ۥ عَشۡرُ أَمۡثَالِهَا‌ۖ ﴾

(Whoever brings a good deed shall have ten times the like thereof to his credit.) (6:160)
﴿ مَّن ذَا ٱلَّذِى يُقۡرِضُ ٱللَّهَ قَرۡضًا حَسَنً۬ا ﴾

(Who is he that will lend to Allah a goodly loan.) (2:245)
﴿ وَٱللَّهُ يُضَـٰعِفُ لِمَن يَشَآءُ‌ۗ ﴾

(Allah gives manifold increase to whom He wills.) (2:261) And Allah says here:
﴿ وَٱللَّهُ يَرۡزُقُ مَن يَشَآءُ بِغَيۡرِ حِسَابٍ۬ ﴾

(And Allah provides without measure to whom He wills.)
﴿ وَٱلَّذِينَ ڪَفَرُوٓاْ أَعۡمَـٰلُهُمۡ كَسَرَابِۭ بِقِيعَةٍ۬ يَحۡسَبُهُ ٱلظَّمۡـَٔانُ مَآءً حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَا جَآءَهُ ۥ لَمۡ يَجِدۡهُ شَيۡـًٔ۬ا وَوَجَدَ ٱللَّهَ عِندَهُ ۥ فَوَفَّٮٰهُ حِسَابَهُ ۥ‌ۗ وَٱللَّهُ سَرِيعُ ٱلۡحِسَابِ • أَوۡ كَظُلُمَـٰتٍ۬ فِى بَحۡرٍ۬ لُّجِّىٍّ۬ يَغۡشَٮٰهُ مَوۡجٌ۬ مِّن فَوۡقِهِۦ مَوۡجٌ۬ مِّن فَوۡقِهِۦ سَحَابٌ۬‌ۚ ظُلُمَـٰتُۢ بَعۡضُہَا فَوۡقَ بَعۡضٍ إِذَآ أَخۡرَجَ يَدَهُ ۥ لَمۡ يَكَدۡ يَرَٮٰهَا‌ۗ وَمَن لَّمۡ يَجۡعَلِ ٱللَّهُ لَهُ ۥ نُورً۬ا فَمَا لَهُ ۥ مِن نُّورٍ ﴾

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Those striving to be foremost in good deeds should know that just as there is etiquette for proper behavior within the communal Masjid, one must apply that same etiquette of behavior within the home. This matter is especially important as it relates to behavior towards those members (of the home) who are under one’s authority.

One must ask themselves;

Am I advising those in the Ummah with the proper Islamic etiquette of Dawah? (i.e., calling to Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ with patience, beautified speech, understanding, and wisdom.?)

If so, am I using that same good etiquette with the members of my household?

Those who are calling to the Dawah of the righteous predecessors are often blessed to have houses bubbling with children of all ages by Allah’s Mercy. One must always remember that the best work is done at home. Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ says in The Qur’an;

وَالَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا هَبْ لَنَا مِنْ أَزْوَاجِنَا وَذُرِّيَّاتِنَا قُرَّةَ أَعْيُنٍ وَاجْعَلْنَا لِلْمُتَّقِينَ إِمَامًا

” And those who say: “Our Lord! Bestow on us from our wives and offspring the comfort of our eyes, and make us leaders of the Muttaqun (the pious).”

Surah Al-Furqan, 25:74

How many of us, destroy what we have been given (of children) due to our ignorance of using the proper etiquette of dawah in our homes. How many of us neglect the offspring that we asked Allah for by ignoring our offspring and placing our main focus on dawah to the Ummah?

Imam Hazm رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰه said:

“Glad-tidings to he who knows his own faults more than other people know it.”

[Al-Akhlaaq Was-Siyar, pg. 54]

My dear Brothers and Sisters, we must take ourselves to account before we return to Allah. That time is near for all of us. How many of us devote our hearts to studying, writing books, giving lectures, preparing for and giving dawah to hypocrites and unbelievers whilst we shun, talk harshly to, and take lightly the rights of our spouses and children? This is something that must be asked. What is the point of asking Allah for these favors if we will only destroy them with our bad conduct.

The Prophet ﷺ said;

“Allah is gentle and loves gentleness, and He grants reward for it that he does not grant for harshness.”

Sunan Ibn Majah, 3688

Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ says in The Qur’an:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُونُوا أَنصَارَ اللَّهِ كَمَا قَالَ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ لِلْحَوَارِيِّينَ مَنْ أَنصَارِي إِلَى اللَّهِ ۖ قَالَ الْحَوَارِيُّونَ نَحْنُ أَنصَارُ اللَّهِ ۖ فَآمَنَت طَّائِفَةٌ مِّن بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَكَفَرَت طَّائِفَةٌ ۖ فَأَيَّدْنَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا عَلَىٰ عَدُوِّهِمْ فَأَصْبَحُوا ظَاهِرِينَ

“O you who believe! Be you helpers (in the Cause) of Allah as said Isa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), to the Hawariyyun (the disciples): “Who are my helpers (in the Cause) of Allah? The Hawariyyun (the disciples) said: “We are Allah’s helpers” (i.e. we will strive in His Cause!). Then a group of the Children of Israel believed and a group disbelieved. So We gave power to those who believed against their enemies, and they became the victorious (the uppermost).”

Surah As-Saff, 61:14

The duty of those who desire to be helpers in Allah’s cause is to lead mankind by example to the light of Allahسُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ. So that those who in levels of obscurity might one day see by Allah’s سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَleave. We should never forget that the people in our homes are most deserving of this aid from us with means and ways that are pleasing to Allah.

Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ says in The Qur’an;

Surat ‘Abasa, 80:1-16

It is a reality that many Believing Men and Women who are striving with their utmost striving have had difficult upbringings and life experiences. How else might one taste the true sweetness of faith unless they have tasted the bitterness of dunya?

It is also true that the pallet can become accustomed to even the most acrid of tastes leaving one open to consuming and regurgitating what is harmful. This is the ugly reality of sinful habits.

One of the great companions, Thabit bin Qays bin Shammas رضي الله عنه, who was promised Jannah said before he was martyred; “The worst habit is the one you acquire from your enemy and do not set a bad example for your companions.” (Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

Many hard to abandon habits are those that were learned by those who reared the individual. Those who have been chosen to be Allah’s سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ helpers can often see the error in how the were raised, however, changing their behavior with their own children is a struggle. In these matters Allah’s aid must be sought, and Allah’s help is always near to those who do good.

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said;

“A true believer is not involved in taunting or frequently cursing (others), or in indecency or abusing.”

Riyadh Saliheen, Book 18, Hadith 45.

It is unfortunate that there are many souls are there who have been invited to the Dawah revert to varying levels of ignorance (i.e., teachers of misguidance, befriending the party of Shaytan amongst men and jinn?) This often happens due to harshness by those giving the Dawah limiting the (the one reviving the Dawah) to see the practicality of Islam. The dunya often looks and feels more welcoming than those who claim to be upon the truth, AstagfirAllah!

Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ says in The Qur’an;

فَبِمَا رَحْمَةٍ مِّنَ اللَّهِ لِنتَ لَهُمْ ۖ وَلَوْ كُنتَ فَظًّا غَلِيظَ الْقَلْبِ لَانفَضُّوا مِنْ حَوْلِكَ ۖ فَاعْفُ عَنْهُمْ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ وَشَاوِرْهُمْ فِي الْأَمْرِ ۖ فَإِذَا عَزَمْتَ فَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّهِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُتَوَكِّلِينَ

“And by the Mercy of Allah, you dealt with them gently. And had you (Muhammad ﷺ) been severe and harsh-hearted, they would have broken away from about you; so pass over (their faults), and ask (Allah’s) Forgiveness for them; and consult them in the affairs. Then when you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allah, certainly, Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him).

Surah Al ‘Imran, 3:159

Those guilty of poor etiquette when giving Dawah bear the sin of misleading others from The Path of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَand that is a sin that must be repented from. This evil act can destroy generations of potential helpers of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ unless He (Allah) bestows His Mercy upon those slaves and guides them through other means to His Paths. How evil an act to commit to those of your progeny! Such evil warrants the wrath of Allah to descend upon an unrepentant soul guilty of such act. And Allah will always accomplish whatsoever He Wills.

Imam Ibn Al-Jawazi رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰه said:

“Wise people used to say: “Your son is like your flower for the first seven years, and your servant for the second seven years. By the time he reaches fourteen, if you have been good to him then he will be your partner, and if you were bad to him then he will b your enemy.”

Disciplining the Soul, p. 101, Translated y Ayman ibn Khalid I Dar as-Sunnah Publishers

Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ says in The Qur’an:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَأْمُرُ بِالْعَدْلِ وَالْإِحْسَانِ وَإِيتَاءِ ذِي الْقُرْبَىٰ وَيَنْهَىٰ عَنِ الْفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنكَرِ وَالْبَغْيِ ۚ يَعِظُكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ

وَأَوْفُوا بِعَهْدِ اللَّهِ إِذَا عَاهَدتُّمْ وَلَا تَنقُضُوا الْأَيْمَانَ بَعْدَ تَوْكِيدِهَا وَقَدْ جَعَلْتُمُ اللَّهَ عَلَيْكُمْ كَفِيلًا ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَعْلَمُ مَا تَفْعَلُونَ

وَلَا تَكُونُوا كَالَّتِي نَقَضَتْ غَزْلَهَا مِن بَعْدِ قُوَّةٍ أَنكَاثًا تَتَّخِذُونَ أَيْمَانَكُمْ دَخَلًا بَيْنَكُمْ أَن تَكُونَ أُمَّةٌ هِيَ أَرْبَىٰ مِنْ أُمَّةٍ ۚ إِنَّمَا يَبْلُوكُمُ اللَّهُ بِهِ ۚ وَلَيُبَيِّنَنَّ لَكُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ مَا كُنتُمْ فِيهِ تَخْتَلِفُون

وَلَوْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ لَجَعَلَكُمْ أُمَّةً وَاحِدَةً وَلَٰكِن يُضِلُّ مَن يَشَاءُ وَيَهْدِي مَن يَشَاءُ ۚ وَلَتُسْأَلُنَّ عَمَّا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ

وَلَا تَتَّخِذُوا أَيْمَانَكُمْ دَخَلًا بَيْنَكُمْ فَتَزِلَّ قَدَمٌ بَعْدَ ثُبُوتِهَا وَتَذُوقُوا السُّوءَ بِمَا صَدَدتُّمْ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ ۖ وَلَكُمْ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ

“Verily, Allah enjoins Al-‘Adl (i.e. justice and worshiping none but Allah Alone – Islamic Monotheism) and Al-Ihsan [i.e. to be patient in performing your duties to Allah, totally for Allah’s sake and in accordance with the Sunnah (legal ways) of the Prophet ﷺ in a perfect manner], and giving (help) to kith and kin (i.e. all that Allah has ordered you to give them e.g., wealth, visiting, looking after them, or any other kind of help), and forbids Al-Fahsha (i.e. all evil deeds, e.g. illegal sexual acts, disobedience of parents, polytheism, to tell lies, to give false witness, to kill a life without right), and Al-Munkar (i.e. all that is prohibited by Islamic law: polytheism of every kind, disbelief and every kind of evil deed), and Al-Baghy (i.e. all kinds of oppression). He admonishes you, that you may take heed.

And fulfill the Covenant of Allah (Bai’ah: pledge for Islam) when you have covenanted, and break not the oaths after you have confirmed them- and indeed you have appointed Allah your surety. Verily, Allah knows what you do.

And be not like her who undoes the thread which she has spun, after it has become strong, by taking your oaths as a means of deception among yourselves, lest a nation should be more numerous than another nation. Allah only tests you by this [i.e. who obeys Allah and and fulfills Allah’s Covenant and who disobeys Allah and breaks Allah’s Covenant]. And on the Day of Resurrection, He will certianly make clear to you that wherein you used to differ [i.e. a believer confesses and believes in the Oneness of Allah and in the Prophethood of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ which the disbeliever denies and that is their difference amongst them in the life of this world].

And had Allah willed, He could have made you (all) one nation, but He sends astray whom He wills and guides whom He wills. But you shall certainly be called to account for what you used to do.

And make not your oaths a means of deception among yourselves, lest a foot should slip after being firmly planted, and you may have to taste the evil (punishment in this world) of having hindered (men) from the Path of Allah (i.e. Belief in the Oneness of Allah and His Messenger, Muhammad ﷺ, and yours will be a great torment (i.e. the Fire of Hell in the Hereafter).

Surah An-Nahl, 16:90-94

Moreover, it is important for this person to concern themselves with rectifying their own affair with Allah before attempting to rectify the affairs of others.

Imaam Ahmad رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰه stated:

(There) is nothing equal to knowledge, for the one who makes his intention correct (i.e. sincere). So they (i.e. the people) said: And how do (we) make the intention correct (i.e. sincere) O father of Abdullaah?! He said: You make an intention to remove ignorance from yourself and others.

[Aadaab Ash-Sharee’ah’ 2/45, by Ibn Muflih رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰه]

Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ says in The Qur’an:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا قُوا أَنفُسَكُمْ وَأَهْلِيكُمْ نَارًا وَقُودُهَا النَّاسُ وَالْحِجَارَةُ عَلَيْهَا مَلَائِكَةٌ غِلَاظٌ شِدَادٌ لَّا يَعْصُونَ اللَّهَ مَا أَمَرَهُمْ وَيَفْعَلُونَ مَا يُؤْمَرُونَ

“O you who believe! Ward off yourselves and your families against a Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, over which are (appointed) angels stern (and) severe, who disobey not, (from executing) the Commands they receive from Allah, but do that which they are commanded.”

Surah At-Tahrim, 66:6

If one shows one face publicly whilst his or her home is in spiritual, physical, emotional, and mental distress then the question must be asked…what is the true intention? Its it honor? Is it fame? Or any other worldly gain desired by the ego? For truly, a soul that desires to worship and please Allah cannot be satisfied in such conditions.

This leads us my dear respected Brothers and Sisters to the ayat to be examined in this chapter. Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ says in The Qur’an;

أَفَرَأَيْتَ مَنِ اتَّخَذَ إِلَٰهَهُ هَوَاهُ وَأَضَلَّهُ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ عِلْمٍ وَخَتَمَ عَلَىٰ سَمْعِهِ وَقَلْبِهِ وَجَعَلَ عَلَىٰ بَصَرِهِ غِشَاوَةً فَمَن يَهْدِيهِ مِن بَعْدِ اللَّهِ ۚ أَفَلَا تَذَكَّرُونَ

“Have you seen him who takes his own lust as his god And Allah, left him astray with knowledge, and sealed his hearing and his heart, and put a cover on his sight. Who then will guide him after Allah. Will you not then remember?”

Surah Al-Jathiyah, 45:23

Excerpt from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about this ayah:


Allah the Exalted states here that the believers and the disbelievers are never equal. Allah said in another Ayah,

﴿لاَ يَسْتَوِى أَصْحَـبُ النَّارِ وَأَصْحَـبُ الْجَنَّةِ أَصْحَـبُ الْجَنَّةِ هُمُ الْفَآئِزُونَ ﴾

(Not equal are the dwellers of the Fire and the dwellers of the Paradise. It is the dwellers of Paradise that will be successful.) (59:20) Allah said here,

﴿أَمْ حَسِبَ الَّذِينَ اجْتَرَحُواْ السَّيِّئَـتِ﴾

(Or do those who earn evil deeds think) those who commit and practice evil,

﴿أَن نَّجْعَلَهُمْ كَالَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ الصَّـلِحَـتِ سَوَآءً مَّحْيَـهُمْ وَمَمَـتُهُمْ﴾

(that We shall hold them equal with those who believe and do righteous good deeds, in their life and their death) treat them equally in the present life of the world and in the Hereafter

﴿سَآءَ مَا يَحْكُمُونَ﴾

(Worst is the judgement that they make.) worst is the thought that they have about Us and about Our justice, thinking that We will ever make the pious and the wicked equal in the Hereafter or this life.' At--Tabarani recorded that Shubah said that `Amr bin Murrah narrated that Abu Ad-Duha said that Masruq said that Tamim Ad-Dari once stood in voluntary prayer through the night until the morning only reciting this Ayah,

﴿أَمْ حَسِبَ الَّذِينَ اجْتَرَحُواْ السَّيِّئَـتِ أَن نَّجْعَلَهُمْ كَالَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ الصَّـلِحَـتِ﴾

(Or do those who earn evil deeds think that We shall hold them equal with those who believe and do righteous good deeds) Allah said in reply:

﴿سَآءَ مَا يَحْكُمُونَ﴾

(Worst is the judgement that they make.) Allah said,

﴿وَخَلَقَ اللَّهُ السَّمَـوَتِ وَالاٌّرْضَ بِالْحَقِّ﴾

(And Allah has created the heavens and the earth with truth,) meaning, in justice,

﴿وَلِتُجْزَى كُلُّ نَفْسٍ بِمَا كَسَبَتْ وَهُمْ لاَ يُظْلَمُونَ﴾

(in order that each person may be recompensed what he has earned, and they will not be wronged.) Allah the Exalted said,

﴿أَفَرَأَيْتَ مَنِ اتَّخَذَ إِلَـهَهُ هَوَاهُ﴾

(Have you seen him who takes his own lust as his god), who abides by his lust, and whatever his lust portrays as good he implements it, and whatever his lust portrays as evil, he abandons it! Allah’s statement,

﴿وَأَضَلَّهُ اللَّهُ عَلَى عِلْمٍ﴾

(And Allah left him astray with knowledge, ) has two meanings. One of them is that Allah knew that this person deserves to be misguided, so He left him astray. The second meaning is that Allah led this person astray after knowledge reached him and the proof was established before him. The second meaning includes the first meaning, but not the opposite. Allah said,

﴿وَخَتَمَ عَلَى سَمْعِهِ وَقَلْبِهِ وَجَعَلَ عَلَى بَصَرِهِ غِشَـوَةً﴾

(and sealed his hearing and his heart, and put a cover on his sight.) so he does not hear what benefits him, understands not what would lead him to the guidance and sees not the evidence with which he can be enlightened. This is why Allah said,

﴿فَمَن يَهْدِيهِ مِن بَعْدِ اللَّهِ أَفَلاَ تَذَكَّرُونَ﴾

(Who then will guide him after Allah Will you not then remember) Allah said in a similar Ayah,

﴿مَن يُضْلِلِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ وَيَذَرُهُمْ فِى طُغْيَـنِهِمْ يَعْمَهُونَ ﴾

(Whomsoever Allah sends astray, none can guide him; and He lets them wander blindly in their transgressions.) (7:186).

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Those given the Gift of Islam must remember that it is a precious and sacred thing to be honored and upheld.

Abu Hurayra رضي الله عنه said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was asked, ‘Messenger of Allah! A certain woman prays in the night, fasts in the day, acts and gives sadaqa, but injures her neighbors with her tongue. . ‘ The Messenger of Allah, may Allah him and grant him peace, said, ‘There is no good blessing in her.’ She is one of the people of the Fire. ‘ They said, ‘Another woman prays the prescribed prayers and gives bits of curd as sadaqa and does not injure anyone.’ The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘She is one of the people of the Garden.’

Al-Adab Al-Mufrad

Abu Huraira رضي الله عنه reported: A man came to the Messenger of Allahﷺ , peace and blessings be upon him, and he complained about the hardness of his heart. The Prophet said, “If you want to soften your heart, feed the poor and pat the head of the orphan.”

Source: Musnad Aḥmad 7522

Ibn abu Duniya رضي الله عنه mentioned with his chain of narration by way of Mansur b. Abd al-Rahman رضي الله عنهwho narrated from Safiyah رضي الله عنهwho said:

A woman came to Aishah رضي الله عنه complaining of hardness of the heart. Therefore Aishah رضي الله عنهsaid; “Think about death often and your heart will become soft and you will be able to fulfill your needs. So she did this and as a result of this she sensed guidance in her heart, thus she came to Aishah رضي الله عنهto thank her.”

Book: A Treatise in Condemnation of the Hardness of the Heart Al-Hafidh Ibn Rajab Al-Hanbali I Hikmah Publications, Translated by Hassan Hussein Abdi pg. 47

We must all seek to rectify our affairs with Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ and (in turn) He سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ will rectify your affair with the rest of creation. We must be continuous in asking Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ for His aid in all matters and in particular the matters within our innermost selves of which we may not be fully aware of. The slave must ask At-Tawwab to guide them to those matters that require repentance and do so (repent) sincerely.

The slave of Allahسُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ, must remember that their work will be a testimony for or against them. May Allahسُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ grant you all a good end. Ameen.

Let us pray;

رَبَّنَا أَفْرِغْ عَلَيْنَا صَبْرًا وَتَوَفَّنَا مُسْلِمِينَ

“Our Lord! Pour upon us patience and cause us to die as Muslims!”

Surah Al A’raf, 7:126

Fadalah ibn Ubaid رضي الله عنه reported: The Messenger of Allah ﷺ, peace and blessings be upon him, said during the final pilgrimage, “Have I not informed you? The believer is the one who is trusted with the lives and wealth of people. The Muslim is the one from whose tongue and hand people are safe. The one striving in jihad in the way of Allah is the one who wages jihad against himself in obedience to Allah. The emigrant is one who emigrates away from sins and evil deeds.

Source: Musnad Aḥmad 23438

Recognizing and rectifying ones faults are mercies from Allahسُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ . The slave of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَwho has dedicated him/herself to His work must know that Shaytan will never cease to try to interfere in their affairs and the affairs of their family members. This is all to serve as a distraction and to keep one from truly following Allah’s path. They must be keen in guarding their gates and before one can do that–he/she must understand which gate is weak and which is strong.

One of the strongest protections for the Helpers of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَis The Night Prayer. Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَsays in The Qur’an;

وَمِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَتَهَجَّدْ بِهِ نَافِلَةً لَّكَ عَسَىٰ أَن يَبْعَثَكَ رَبُّكَ مَقَامًا مَّحْمُودًا

“And in some parts of the night (also) offer the Salat (prayer with it (i.e. recite the Qur’an in the prayer), as an additional prayer (Tahajjud optional prayer-Nawafil) for you (O Muhammad). It may be that your Lord will raise you to Maqam Mahmud (a station of praise and glory, i.e. the honour of intercession on the Day of Resurrection).

Surah Al-Isra’, 17:79

May Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَforgive and guide us all. Ameen yaa Rabbi.

Published by Umm Nadia Taliah Muhammad

Striving to be a faithful servant of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ. Mother of six. Forever a student, In shaa Allah- in the areas of Qur'an, Sunnah, and Islamic Herbal Herbal Medicine.

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