21:110

Those Who Preserve Their Deeds

Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;

إِنَّهُۥ يَعۡلَمُ ٱلۡجَهۡرَ مِنَ ٱلۡقَوۡلِ وَيَعۡلَمُ مَا تَكۡتُمُونَ


“Indeed, He knows what is declared of speech, and He knows what you conceal.”

Surah Al-Anbiya’, Ayah 110

Excerpt from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about this ayah:


﴿وَإِنْ أَدْرِى أَقَرِيبٌ أَم بَعِيدٌ مَّا تُوعَدُونَ﴾

(And I know not whether that which you are promised (i.e., the Day of Resurrection) is near or far.) meaning: `it will inevitably come to pass, but I have no knowledge of whether it is near or far.’

﴿إِنَّهُ يَعْلَمُ الْجَهْرَ مِنَ الْقَوْلِ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا تَكْتُمُونَ ﴾

(Verily, He (Allah) knows that which is spoken aloud (openly) and He knows that which you conceal.) Allah knows the Unseen in its entirety; He knows what His creatures do openly and what they do secretly. He knows what is visible and what is concealed; He knows what is secret and hidden. He knows what His creatures do openly and in secret, and He will requite them for that, for both minor and major actions.

﴿وَإِنْ أَدْرِى لَعَلَّهُ فِتْنَةٌ لَّكُمْ وَمَتَاعٌ إِلَى حِينٍ ﴾

(And I know not, perhaps it may be a trial for you, and an enjoyment for a while.) meaning, I do not know, perhaps it is a trial for you, and an enjoyment for a while.' Ibn Jarir said:perhaps that is being delayed for you as a test for you, and enjoyment for an allotted time.’ This was narrated by Awn from IbnAbbas. And Allah knows best.

﴿قَالَ رَبِّ احْكُم بِالْحَقِّ﴾

(He said: “My Lord! Judge You in truth!) means, judge between us and our people who disbelieve in the truth. Qatadah said: “The Prophets (peace be upon them) used to say:

﴿رَبَّنَا افْتَحْ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَ قَوْمِنَا بِالْحَقِّ وَأَنتَ خَيْرُ الْفَـتِحِينَ﴾

(“Our Lord! Judge between us and our people in truth, for You are the Best of those who give judgment.”) ﴿7:89﴾, and the Messenger of Allah was commanded to say this too.” It was reported from Malik from Zayd bin Aslam that when the Messenger of Allah witnessed any fighting, he would say:

﴿رَبِّ احْكُم بِالْحَقِّ﴾

(“My Lord! Judge You in truth!”)

﴿وَرَبُّنَا الرَّحْمَـنُ الْمُسْتَعَانُ عَلَى مَا تَصِفُونَ﴾

(Our Lord is the Most Gracious, Whose help is to be sought against that which you attribute!) means, `against the various lies and fabrications that you utter, some of which are worse than others; Allah is the One Whose Help we seek against that.’ This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat Al-Anbiya’. To Allah be praise and blessings.

Tafsir Ibn Kathir

It was narrated that ‘Abdullah bin’ Amr said:

“It was said to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ): ‘Which of the people is best?’ He said: ‘Everyone who is pure of heart and sincere in speech.’ They said: ‘Sincere in speech, we know what this is, but what is pure of heart?’ He said: ‘It is (the heart) that is pious and pure, with no sin, injustice, rancor or envy in it.’ ‘

Sunan Ibn Majah

Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;

يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَا تُبۡطِلُواْ صَدَقَٰتِكُم بِٱلۡمَنِّ وَٱلۡأَذَىٰ كَٱلَّذِي يُنفِقُ مَالَهُۥ رِئَآءَ ٱلنَّاسِ وَلَا يُؤۡمِنُ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلۡيَوۡمِ ٱلۡأٓخِرِۖ فَمَثَلُهُۥ كَمَثَلِ صَفۡوَانٍ عَلَيۡهِ تُرَابٞ فَأَصَابَهُۥ وَابِلٞ فَتَرَكَهُۥ صَلۡدٗاۖ لَّا يَقۡدِرُونَ عَلَىٰ شَيۡءٖ مِّمَّا كَسَبُواْۗ وَٱللَّهُ لَا يَهۡدِي ٱلۡقَوۡمَ ٱلۡكَٰفِرِينَ


“O you who have believed, do not invalidate your charities with reminders or injury as does one who spends his wealth [only] to be seen by the people and does not believe in Allah and the Last Day. His example is like that of a [large] smooth stone upon which is dust and is hit by a downpour that leaves it bare. They are unable [to keep] anything of what they have earned. And Allah does not guide the disbelieving people.”

Surah Al-Baqarah, Ayah 264

Abu Hurayra said,

“The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was asked, ‘Messenger of Allah! A certain woman prays in the night, fasts in the day, acts and gives sadaqa, but injures her neighbors with her tongue. . ‘ The Messenger of Allah, may Allah him and grant him peace, said, ‘There is no good blessing in her. She is one of the people of the Fire.’ They said, ‘Another woman prays the prescribed prayers and gives bits of curd as sadaqa and does not injure anyone.’ The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘She is one of the people of the Garden.’

Al-Adab Al Mufrad

As Salaamun Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu. My dear Brothers and Sister in Islam, it is important for us to remember Allah much and seek His forgiveness for ourselves and the believing men and women. 

We are sometimes thrust into trials with those upon misguidance and disbelief which drive is to become hasty in our duaas. When dealing with the ignorance of disbelief, one can can become forgetful that they were once and saved by Allah from those very sins and disbelief. 

However, constantly and truly remembering our indebtedness to Allah can aid one in refraining from seeing themselves in a lofty status with Allah and looking down upon others.

We should overlook the fault of others graciously and focus on preserving our deeds through understanding and practicing Tawheed. 

This includes granting forgiveness for even the most serious offences, preventing our tongue and heart from backbiting, calling to rememberace Allah’s Gracious forgiveness and guidance to us, letting go of the past by submission and pleasure with the Qadr of Allah.

Following any other path is a means for misguidance that could very well lead one to spend eternity in the fire.

A heart that is pure doesn’t seek revenge or hold grudges.  It takes its pain to Allah, Al-Shafee (The Healer) for healing.  The heart that is pure fights against intrusion of the evil Naafs and wicked Shaytan. 

The heart that is pure connects with places of purity in others and offers sincere naseeha (advice) from that place. This noble behavior can soften even the hardest hearts and be a means of guidance.

Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an:

وَمَآ أَرۡسَلۡنَٰكَ إِلَّا رَحۡمَةٗ لِّلۡعَٰلَمِينَ


“And We have not sent you, [O Muhammad], except as a mercy to the worlds.”

-Surah Al-Anbiya’, Ayah 107

Ibn Kathir says about this Ayah;
﴿وَمَآ أَرْسَلْنَـكَ إِلاَّ رَحْمَةً لِّلْعَـلَمِينَ ﴾

(And We have sent you not but as a mercy for the Alamin.) Here Allah tells us that He has made Muhammad a mercy to theAlamin, i.e., He sent him as a mercy for all of them ﴿peoples﴾, so whoever accepts this mercy and gives thanks for this blessing, will be happy in this world and in the Hereafter. But whoever rejects it and denies it, will lose out in this world and in the Hereafter, as Allah says:

﴿أَلَمْ تَرَ إِلَى الَّذِينَ بَدَّلُواْ نِعْمَتَ اللَّهِ كُفْرًا وَأَحَلُّواْ قَوْمَهُمْ دَارَ الْبَوَارِ – جَهَنَّمَ يَصْلَوْنَهَا وَبِئْسَ الْقَرَارُ ﴾

(Have you not seen those who have changed the blessings of Allah into disbelief, and caused their people to dwell in the house of destruction Hell, in which they will burn, — and what an evil place to settle in!) ﴿14:28-29﴾ And Allah says, describing the Qur’an:

﴿قُلْ هُوَ لِلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ هُدًى وَشِفَآءٌ وَالَّذِينَ لاَ يُؤْمِنُونَ فِى ءَاذَانِهِمْ وَقْرٌ وَهُوَ عَلَيْهِمْ عَمًى أُوْلَـئِكَ يُنَادَوْنَ مِن مَّكَانٍ بَعِيدٍ﴾

(Say: “It is for those who believe, a guide and a healing. And as for those who disbelieve, there is heaviness in their ears, and it is blindness for them. They are those who are called from a place far away.”) ﴿41:44﴾ Muslim reports in his Sahih: Ibn Abi `Umar told us, Marwan Al-Fazari told us, from Yazid bin Kisan, from Ibn Abi Hazim that Abu Hurayrah said that it was said, “O Messenger of Allah, pray against the idolators.” He said:

«إِنِّي لَمْ أُبْعَثْ لَعَّانًا، وَإِنَّمَا بُعِثْتُ رَحْمَة»

(I was not sent as a curse, rather I was sent as a mercy.) This was recorded by Muslim. Imam Ahmad recorded that Amr bin Abi Qurrah Al-Kindi said: "Hudhayfah was in Al-Mada'in and he was mentioning things that the Messenger of Allah had said. Hudhayfah came to Salman and Salman said:O Hudhayfah, the Messenger of Allah ﴿would sometimes be angry and would speak accordingly, and would sometimes be pleased and would speak accordingly. I know that the Messenger of Allah ﴾ addressed us and said:

«أَيُّمَا رَجُلٍ مِنْ أُمَّتِي سَبَبْتُهُ (سَبَّةً) فِي غَضَبِي أَوْ لَعَنْتُهُ لَعْنَةً، فَإِنَّمَا أَنَا رَجُلٌ مِنْ وَلَدِ آدَمَ أَغْضَبُ كَمَا تَغْضَبُونَ، إِنَّمَا بَعَثَنِي اللهُ رَحْمَةً لِلْعَالَمِينَ فَاجْعَلْهَا صَلَاةً عَلَيْهِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَة»

(Any man of my Ummah whom I have insulted or cursed when I was angry — for I am a man from among the sons of Adam, and I get angry just as you do. But Allah has sent me as a Mercy to the Worlds, so I will make that ﴿my anger﴾ into blessings for him on the Day of Resurrection.”) This was also recorded by Abu Dawud from Ahmad bin Yunus from Za’idah. It may be asked: what kind of mercy do those who disbelieve in him get The answer is what Abu Jafar bin Jarir recorded from IbnAbbas concerning the Ayah:

﴿وَمَآ أَرْسَلْنَـكَ إِلاَّ رَحْمَةً لِّلْعَـلَمِينَ ﴾

(And We have sent you not but as a mercy for the `Alamin. ) He said, “Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, mercy will be decreed for him in this world and in the Hereafter; whoever does not believe in Allah and His Messenger, will be protected from that which happened to the nations of earthquakes and stoning.”

﴿قُلْ إِنَّمَآ يُوحَى إِلَىَّ أَنَّمَآ إِلَـهُكُمْ إِلَـهٌ وَحِدٌ فَهَلْ أَنتُمْ مُّسْلِمُونَ – فَإِن تَوَلَّوْاْ فَقُلْ ءَاذَنتُكُمْ عَلَى سَوَآءٍ وَإِنْ أَدْرِى أَقَرِيبٌ أَم بَعِيدٌ مَّا تُوعَدُونَ – إِنَّهُ يَعْلَمُ الْجَهْرَ مِنَ الْقَوْلِ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا تَكْتُمُونَ – وَإِنْ أَدْرِى لَعَلَّهُ فِتْنَةٌ لَّكُمْ وَمَتَاعٌ إِلَى حِينٍ – قَالَ رَبِّ احْكُم بِالْحَقِّ وَرَبُّنَا الرَّحْمَـنُ الْمُسْتَعَانُ عَلَى مَا تَصِفُونَ ﴾

(108. Say: “It is revealed to me that your God is only one God. Will you then be Muslims”) (109. But if they turn away say: “I give you a notice to be known to us all alike. And I know not whether that which you are promised is near or far.”) (110. “Verily, He knows that which is spoken aloud and He knows that which you conceal.”) (111. “And I know not, perhaps it may be a trial for you, and an enjoyment for a while.”) (112. He said:”My Lord! Judge You in truth! Our Lord is the Most Gracious, Whose help is to be sought against that which you attribute!”)

Wathilah ibn al-Asqa’ reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “The Muslim is sacred to another Muslim: his life, his honor, and his wealth. The Muslim is the brother of another Muslim. He does not wrong him or betray him. Righteousness is here,” and he pointed to his heart. The Prophet said, “It is enough evil for a man to look down on his Muslim brother.”

Source: Musnad Aḥmad 15589

Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;

وَمَا خَلَقۡنَا ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضَ وَمَا بَيۡنَهُمَآ إِلَّا بِٱلۡحَقِّۗ وَإِنَّ ٱلسَّاعَةَ لَأٓتِيَةٞۖ فَٱصۡفَحِ ٱلصَّفۡحَ ٱلۡجَمِيلَ

“And We have not created the heavens and earth and that between them except in truth. And indeed, the Hour is coming; so forgive with gracious forgiveness.”

-Surah Al-Hijr, Ayah 85

And;

الَّذِينَ يُنفِقُونَ فِي السَّرَّاءِ وَالضَّرَّاءِ وَالْكَاظِمِينَ الْغَيْظَ وَالْعَافِينَ عَنِ النَّاسِ ۗ, Ayaوَاللَّهُ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ

“Those who spend [in Allah’s Cause – deeds of charity, alms, etc.] in prosperity and in adversity, who repress anger, and who pardon men; verily, Allah loves Al-Muhsinun (the good-doers).”

Surah Ali Imran, Ayah 134

And;

ادْفَعْ بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ السَّيِّئَةَ ۚ نَحْنُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا يَصِفُونَ

“Repel evil with that which is best. We are well aware of what they describe.”

Surah Al Mu’minoon, Ayah 96

وَلَا تَسْتَوِي الْحَسَنَةُ وَلَا السَّيِّئَةُ ۚ ادْفَعْ بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ فَإِذَا الَّذِي بَيْنَكَ وَبَيْنَهُ عَدَاوَةٌ كَأَنَّهُ وَلِيٌّ حَمِيمٌ

“Good and evil are not equal. Repel (evil) with what is best, and you will see that the one you had mutual enmity with him will turn as if he were a close friend.”

Surah Al Fussilat, Ayah 34

May Allah forgive me and you and make us of those who are pure in heart. Ameen.

Published by Umm Nadia Taliah Muhammad

Striving to be a faithful servant of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ. Mother of six. Forever a student, In shaa Allah- in the areas of Qur'an, Sunnah, and Islamic Herbal Herbal Medicine.

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