إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَغُضُّونَ أَصْوَاتَهُمْ عِندَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ امْتَحَنَ اللَّهُ قُلُوبَهُمْ لِلتَّقْوَىٰ ۚ لَهُم مَّغْفِرَةٌ وَأَجْرٌ عَظِيمٌ
“Verily, those who lower their voices in the presence of Allah’s Messenger, they are the ones whose hearts Allah has tested for piety. For them is forgiveness and a great reward.”
(Surah Hujurat, 49:3)
Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about this ayah:
The Prohibition of making a Decision in advance of Allah and His Messenger; ordering Respect towards the Prophet
In these Ayat, Allah the Exalted teaches His faithful servants the good manners they should observe with the Messenger, which are respect, honor and esteem. Allah the Exalted and Most Honored said,
﴿ يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَا تُقَدِّمُواْ بَيۡنَ يَدَىِ ٱللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِۦۖ ﴾
(O you who believe! Make not (a decision) in advance before Allah and His Messenger,) meaning, do not rush in making decisions before him, rather, follow his lead in all matters. `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) commented;
﴿ لَا تُقَدِّمُواْ بَيۡنَ يَدَىِ ٱللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِۦۖ ﴾
(Make not (a decision) in advance before Allah and His Messenger,) “Do not say anything that contradicts the Qur’an and Sunnah.” Qatadah commented, “We were told that some people used to say, `Revelation should be sent down about such and such matters,’ and, `such and such practices should be rendered allowed.’ Allah the Exalted disliked this attitude.” Allah said,
﴿ وَٱتَّقُواْ ٱللَّهَۚ ﴾
(and have Taqwa of Allah.) meaning, `in what He has ordered you;’
﴿ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ سَمِيعٌ ﴾
(Verily, Allah is Hearing,) `your statements,’
﴿ عَلِيمٌ۬ ﴾
(Knowing.) `your intentions.’ Allah said,
﴿ يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَا تَرۡفَعُوٓاْ أَصۡوَٲتَكُمۡ فَوۡقَ صَوۡتِ ٱلنَّبِىِّ ﴾
(O you who believe! Raise not your voices above the voice of the Prophet,) This contains another kind of favorable behavior. Allah the Exalted is teaching the believers that they should not raise their voices above the voice of the Prophet. It was stated that this Ayah was revealed about Abu Bakr and `Umar. Al-Bukhari recorded that Ibn Abi Mulaykah said, “The two righteous ones, Abu Bakr and `Umar, almost earned destruction when they raised their voices before the Prophet who was receiving the delegation of Bani Tamim. One of them recommended Al-Aqra` bin Habis the member of the Banu Mujashi` while the other recommended another man. Nafi` (a subnarrator) said: “I don’t remember his name.” Abu Bakr said to `Umar, `You only wanted to contradict me,’ while `Umar said, `I did not intend to contradict you.’ Their voices then became loud, thereupon Allah the Exalted sent down this Ayah,
﴿ يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَا تَرۡفَعُوٓاْ أَصۡوَٲتَكُمۡ فَوۡقَ صَوۡتِ ٱلنَّبِىِّ وَلَا تَجۡهَرُواْ لَهُ ۥ بِٱلۡقَوۡلِ كَجَهۡرِ بَعۡضِڪُمۡ لِبَعۡضٍ أَن تَحۡبَطَ أَعۡمَـٰلُكُمۡ وَأَنتُمۡ لَا تَشۡعُرُونَ ﴾
(O you who believe! Raise not your voices above the voice of the Prophet, nor speak aloud to him in talk as you speak aloud to one another, lest your deeds should be thwarted while you perceive not.)” `Abdullah bin Az-Zubayr said, “After that, `Umar’s voice was so low that the Messenger of Allah had to ask him to repeat what he said so that he could understand what he was saying to him.” `Abdullah bin Az-Zubayr did not mention the same regarding his father, Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him. Muslim did not collect this Hadith. In another narration collected by Al-Bukhari, he said that a delegation from the tribe of Banu Tamim came to the Prophet and that Abu Bakr recommended Al-Qa`qa` bin Ma`bad to be appointed as their leader, while `Umar recommended Al-Aqra` bin Habis. Muslim did not collect this narration. Al-Bukhari recorded that Anas bin Malik said, “The Prophet missed Thabit bin Qays and a man said, `O Allah’s Messenger! I will find out about his news.’ That man went to Thabit and found him sitting at home with his head lowered and asked him, `What is the matter’ Thabit said, `An evil matter!’ And he said that he used to raise his voice above the voice of the Prophet. He feared that his good deeds would be useless and he would be among the people of the Fire. The man went back to the Prophet and conveyed Thabit’s statement and returned to Thabit with a wonderfully good news. The Prophet said,
« اذْهَبْ إِلَيْهِ فَقُلْ لَهُ: إِنَّكَ لَسْتَ مِنْ أَهْلِ النَّارِ، وَلَكِنَّكَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّة »
(Go back to him and tell him this news; you are not among the people of the Fire. Rather, you are among the dwellers of Paradise.)” Al-Bukhari collected this Hadith with this wording. Imam Ahmad recorded that Anas bin Malik said, “When this Ayah was revealed,
﴿ يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَا تَرۡفَعُوٓاْ أَصۡوَٲتَكُمۡ فَوۡقَ صَوۡتِ ٱلنَّبِىِّ ﴾
(O you who believe! Raise not your voices above the voice of the Prophet), until,
﴿ وَأَنتُمۡ لَا تَشۡعُرُونَ ﴾
(while you perceive not), Thabit bin Qays bin Ash-Shammas, whose voice was loud, said, `I was the one who raised his voice above the voice of Allah’s Messenger. I am among the dwellers of the Fire. My good deeds have been done in vain.’ He remained in his house feeling distressed, and the Messenger of Allah noticed his absence. So some men went to Thabit and said to him, `The Prophet noticed your absence. What is the matter with you’ Thabit said, `I used to raise my voice above the voice of the Prophet and speak loudly in front of him. My deeds have been rendered useless and I am among the people of the Fire.’ They went to the Prophet and told him what Thabit said and the Prophet said,
« لَا، بَلْ هُوَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّة »
(Nay, he is among the dwellers of Paradise.)” Anas commented, “We used to see Thabit walk among us knowing that he was (to be) among the dwellers of Paradise. During the battle of Yamamah, our forces suffered retreat. Suddenly, Thabit bin Qays bin Shammas came, having put on his Hanut and shrouds, and said, `The worst habit is the one you acquire from your enemy and do not set a bad example for your companions.’ And he went on fighting until he was martyred, may Allah be pleased with him.” Allah then prohibited speaking to the Prophet in a loud voice, just as one speaks loudly to another in a way that offends him. Instead, they were required to speak to him in terms of respect, honor and calmness. This is why Allah the Exalted and Most Honored said,
﴿ وَلَا تَجۡهَرُواْ لَهُ ۥ بِٱلۡقَوۡلِ كَجَهۡرِ بَعۡضِڪُمۡ لِبَعۡضٍ ﴾
(nor speak aloud to him in talk as you speak aloud to one another,) just as He said in another Ayah,
﴿ لَّا تَجۡعَلُواْ دُعَآءَ ٱلرَّسُولِ بَيۡنَڪُمۡ كَدُعَآءِ بَعۡضِكُم بَعۡضً۬اۚ ﴾
(Make not the calling of the Messenger among you as your calling one of another.) (24:63) Allah’s statement,
﴿ أَن تَحۡبَطَ أَعۡمَـٰلُكُمۡ وَأَنتُمۡ لَا تَشۡعُرُونَ ﴾
(lest your deeds should be thwarted while you perceive not.) means, `We ordered you to refrain from raising your voices to the Prophet, so that he will not get angry with you, because in doing so, you will also anger Allah.’ The good deeds of he who caused the Prophet’s anger will become useless without him even knowing. In the Sahih, there is a Hadith that states,
« إِنَّ الرَّجُلَ لَيَتَكَلَّمُ بِالْكَلِمَةِ مِنْ رِضْوَانِ اللهِ تَعَالَى لَا يُلْقِي لَهَا بَالًا، يُكْتَبُ لَهُ بِهَا الْجَنَّةُ، وَإِنَّ الرَّجُلَ لَيَتَكَلَّمُ بِالْكَلِمَةِ مِنْ سَخَطِ اللهِ تَعَالَى لَا يُلْقِي لَهَا بَالًا، يَهْوِي بِهَا فِي النَّارِ أَبْعَدَ مَا بَيْنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالْأَرْض »
(Verily, a man might utter a word that pleases Allah the Exalted, even though he does not recognize the significance of his word, and on its account Paradise is written for him. Verily, a man might utter a word carelessly that angers Allah the Exalted, and on its account, he is cast in the Fire farther than the distance between the heavens and earth.) Allah then ordains lowering one’s voice before the Messenger and encourages, directs and recommends this better behavior.
﴿ إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ يَغُضُّونَ أَصۡوَٲتَهُمۡ عِندَ رَسُولِ ٱللَّهِ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ ٱلَّذِينَ ٱمۡتَحَنَ ٱللَّهُ قُلُوبَہُمۡ لِلتَّقۡوَىٰۚ ﴾
(Verily, those who lower their voices in the presence of Allah’s Messenger, they are the ones whose hearts Allah has tested for Taqwa.) whose hearts have been purified by Allah and made as a residence and dwelling for the Taqwa,
﴿ لَهُم مَّغۡفِرَةٌ۬ وَأَجۡرٌ عَظِيمٌ ﴾
(For them is forgiveness and a great reward.) Imam Ahmad recorded in the Book of Az-Zuhd that Mujahid said, “Someone wrote to `Umar, `O Leader of the faithful! Who is better, a man who does not feel the desire to commit a sin and does not commit it, or a man who feels desire to commit a sin, but does not commit it’ `Umar replied, `He who feels desire to commit a sin, but does not commit it,
﴿ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ ٱلَّذِينَ ٱمۡتَحَنَ ٱللَّهُ قُلُوبَہُمۡ لِلتَّقۡوَىٰۚ لَهُم مَّغۡفِرَةٌ۬ وَأَجۡرٌ عَظِيمٌ ﴾
(they are the ones whose hearts Allah has tested for Taqwa. For them is forgiveness and a great reward.)”’
(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)
Excerpts from Tafsir As-Sa’di:
This refers to the proper etiquette to be observed with Allah عزوجل and with the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and the proper veneration, respect and honour to be shown to him.
Allah عزوجل instructs His believing slaves to do what is required of them as believers in Allah عزوجل and His Messenger ﷺ, which is to obey the commands of Allah and heed His prohibitions, and to comply with the commands of Allahعزوجل and follow the Sunnah o f the Messenger of Allah ﷺ in all their affairs, and not to decide any matter before Allah عزوجلand His Messenger have decided concerning it, and not to speak before the Prophet ﷺ speaks or to issue any instructions before he does so.
Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;
أَمْ لَهُمْ شُرَكَاءُ شَرَعُوا لَهُم مِّنَ الدِّينِ مَا لَمْ يَأْذَن بِهِ اللَّهُ ۚ وَلَوْلَا كَلِمَةُ الْفَصْلِ لَقُضِيَ بَيْنَهُمْ ۗ وَإِنَّ الظَّالِمِينَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ
“Or have they partners (with Allah- false gods) who have instituted for them a religion which Allah has not ordained? And had it not been for a decisive Word (gone forth already), the matter would have been judged between them. And verily, for the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers) there is a painful punishment.”
Ibn Kathir رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰهُ says about this ayah;
Making Legislation for the Creatures is Shirk Allah says:﴿ أَمۡ لَهُمۡ شُرَڪَـٰٓؤُاْ شَرَعُواْ لَهُم مِّنَ ٱلدِّينِ مَا لَمۡ يَأۡذَنۢ بِهِ ٱللَّهُۚ ﴾
(Or have they partners with Allah who have instituted for them a religion which Allah has not ordained) means, they do not follow what Allah has ordained for you of upright religion; on the contrary, they follow what their devils (Shayatin), of men and Jinn, have prescribed for them. They instituted taboos, such as the Bahirah, Sa’ibah, Wasilah or Ham. They also permitted eating flesh and blood of animals not slaughtered for consumption, gambling and other kinds of misguidance, ignorance and falsehood. These are things that they invented during Jahiliyyah, when they came up with all kinds of false rulings on what was permitted and what was forbidden, and false rites of worship and other corrupt ideas. It was recorded in the Sahih that the Messenger of Allah said:
« رَأَيْتُ عَمْرَو بْنَ لُحَيِّ بْنِ قَمَعَةَ يَجُرُّ قُصْبَهُ فِي النَّار »
(I saw `Amr bin Luhayy bin Qama`ah dragging his intestines in Hell) — because he had been the first one to introduce the idea of the Sa’ibah. This man was one of the kings of the Khuza`ah tribe, and he was the first one to do these things. He was the one who had made the Quraysh worship idols, may the curse of Allah be upon him. Allah said:
﴿ وَلَوۡلَا ڪَلِمَةُ ٱلۡفَصۡلِ لَقُضِىَ بَيۡنَہُمۡۗ ﴾
(And had it not been for a decisive Word, the matter would have been judged between them.) means, the punishment would have been hastened for them, were it not for the fact that it had already been decreed that it would be delayed until the Day of Resurrection.
﴿ وَإِنَّ ٱلظَّـٰلِمِينَ لَهُمۡ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ۬ ﴾
(And verily, for the wrongdoers there is a painful torment.) i.e., an agonizing torment in Hell, what a terrible destination.
(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)
My respected Brothers and Sisters in Islam- I remind you as I remind myself first, that exulting oneself above leadership involves great sin. Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;
وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ
“And I (Allah) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone).”
(Surat Adh-Dhariyat, 51:56)
مَّا أَفَاءَ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ رَسُولِهِ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْقُرَىٰ فَلِلَّهِ وَلِلرَّسُولِ وَلِذِي الْقُرْبَىٰ وَالْيَتَامَىٰ وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَابْنِ السَّبِيلِ كَيْ لَا يَكُونَ دُولَةً بَيْنَ الْأَغْنِيَاءِ مِنكُمْ ۚ وَمَا آتَاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَمَا نَهَاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانتَهُوا ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۖ إِنَّ اللَّهَ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ
“What Allah gave as booty (Fai’) to His Messenger (Muhammad ﷺ) from the people of townships – it is for Allah, His Messenger (Muhammad ﷺ), the kindred (of Messenger Muhammad ﷺ), the orphans, Al-Masakin (the needy), and the wayfarer, in order that it may not become a fortune used by the rich among you. And whatsoever the Messenger (Muhammad ﷺ) gives you, take it; and whatsoever he forbids you, abstain (from it). And fear Allah; verily, Allah is severe in punishment.”
(Surat Al-Hashr, 59:7)
It was narrated that ‘Abdulleh رضي الله عنه said:”The Messenger of Allah ﷺ cursed the woman who does tattoos and the one who has them done, and those who pluck their eyebrows and file their teeth for the purpose of beautification, and those who change the creation of Allah.” News of that reached a woman of Banu Asad who was called Umm Ya’qub. She came to him and said: “I have heard that you said such and such.” He said: ‘Why should I not curse those whom the Messenger of Allah ﷺ cursed? And it is in the Book of Allah. ” She said: “I read what is between its two covers’ and I have not found that.” He said: “If you read it properly you would have found it. Have you not read the words: ‘And whatsoever the Messenger (Muhammad) ﷺ gives you, take it; and whatsoever he forbids you, abstain (from it).’? ” She said: “Of course.” He said: ‘The Messenger of Allah ﷺ forbade that. “She said:’ I think that your wife does it. ‘ He said: “Go and look.” So she went and looked and she did not see what she wanted. She said: “I have not seen anything! ‘ ‘Abdullah said: “If she was as you say, I would not have kept her with me.”
We live in a time where the Ummah is in disarray due to our neglect of The Qur’an and Sunnah. It is a tragedy that the words of Allahعزوجل have become a decoration for our homes, not pondered upon, and implemented with the highest aspirations.
During these times we see Muslims striving hard against The Qur’an and the Sunnah–joining with the unrighteous and protesting the government in the streets. These acts are not legislated in Islam and it was never the way of the righteous ones who came before us. Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;
وَمَا كَانَ لِمُؤْمِنٍ وَلَا مُؤْمِنَةٍ إِذَا قَضَى اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَمْرًا أَن يَكُونَ لَهُمُ الْخِيَرَةُ مِنْ أَمْرِهِمْ ۗ وَمَن يَعْصِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ ضَلَالًا مُّبِينًا
“It is not for a believer, man or woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decreed a matter that they should have any option in their decision. And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger, he has indeed strayed into plain error.”
(Surah Al-Ahzab, 33:36)
The Believer must be diligent in seeking knowledge so that he/she can understand the prohibitions of their Lord. How might one know how to avoid evil if they are unaware as to what is evil and what is not? We ask Allah to guide us to what is most correct;
The great and noble Companion ‘Abdullaah Ibn Mas’oud said;
“There will come upon the people a time where the people will see the Sunnah as a bid’ah (innovation in the religion), and the bid’ah as a Sunnah, the good as an evil and the evil as a good.”
[Ibn Wadaah in al-Bida’h 2/160]
Beneficial knowledge of the Deen (that is acted upon) is the key to spiritual success. Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;
وَمِنَ النَّاسِ وَالدَّوَابِّ وَالْأَنْعَامِ مُخْتَلِفٌ أَلْوَانُهُ كَذَٰلِكَ ۗ إِنَّمَا يَخْشَى اللَّهَ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ الْعُلَمَاءُ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزِيزٌ غَفُورٌ
“And likewise of men and Ad-Dawabb [moving (living) creatures, beasts], and cattle, are of various colours. It is only those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allah. Verily, Allah is All-Mighty, Oft-Forgiving.”
(Surat Fatir, 35:28)
The believer must also strive hard against their lower desires by asking Allah عزوجل for beneficial knowledge, His عزوجل aid in overcoming their base inclinations, and His عزوجل vast forgiveness.
We must ever be on guard from making careless decisions, based upon our thoughts and desires.
Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;
وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنسَانَ وَنَعْلَمُ مَا تُوَسْوِسُ بِهِ نَفْسُهُ ۖ وَنَحْنُ أَقْرَبُ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ حَبْلِ الْوَرِيدِ
إِذْ يَتَلَقَّى الْمُتَلَقِّيَانِ عَنِ الْيَمِينِ وَعَنِ الشِّمَالِ قَعِيدٌ
مَّا يَلْفِظُ مِن قَوْلٍ إِلَّا لَدَيْهِ رَقِيبٌ عَتِيدٌ
وَجَاءَتْ سَكْرَةُ الْمَوْتِ بِالْحَقِّ ۖ ذَٰلِكَ مَا كُنتَ مِنْهُ تَحِيدُ
وَنُفِخَ فِي الصُّورِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ يَوْمُ الْوَعِيدِ
وَجَاءَتْ كُلُّ نَفْسٍ مَّعَهَا سَائِقٌ وَشَهِيدٌ
لَّقَدْ كُنتَ فِي غَفْلَةٍ مِّنْ هَٰذَا فَكَشَفْنَا عَنكَ غِطَاءَكَ فَبَصَرُكَ الْيَوْمَ حَدِيدٌ
وَقَالَ قَرِينُهُ هَٰذَا مَا لَدَيَّ عَتِيدٌ
أَلْقِيَا فِي جَهَنَّمَ كُلَّ كَفَّارٍ عَنِيدٍ
مَّنَّاعٍ لِّلْخَيْرِ مُعْتَدٍ مُّرِيبٍ
الَّذِي جَعَلَ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَٰهًا آخَرَ فَأَلْقِيَاهُ فِي الْعَذَابِ الشَّدِيدِ
“And indeed We have created man, and We know what his ownself whispers to him, And We are nearer to him than his jugular vein (by Our Knowledge). (Remember) that the two receivers (recording angels) receive (each human being), one sitting on the right and one on the left (note his or her actions). Not a word does he (or she) utter but there is a watcher by him ready (record it). And the stupor of death will come in truth: “This is what you have been avoiding!” And the Trumpet will be blown- that will be the Day whereof warning (had been given) (i.e. the Day of Resurrection). And every person will come forth along with an (angel) to drive (him) and an (angel) to bear witness. (It will be said to the sinners): “Indeed, you were heedless of this. Now we have removed from you your covering, and sharp is your sight this Day!” And his companion (angel) will say: “Here is (this Record) ready with me!” (Allah will say to the angels): “Both of you throw into Hell every stubborn disbeliever (in the Oneness of Allah, in His Messengers). “Hinderer of good, transgressor, doubter, “Who set up another ilah (god) with Allah. Then both of you cast him in the severe torment.”
(Surat Qaf, 50:16-25)
Narrated Abu Huraira رضي الله عنه:
The Prophet ﷺ ; said, “A slave (of Allah) may utter a word which pleases Allah without giving it much importance, and because of that Allah will raise him to degrees (of reward): a slave (of Allah) may utter a word (carelessly) which displeases Allah without thinking of its gravity and because of that he will be thrown into the Hell-Fire. “
Al-Imam Malik رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰه said:
“Know, that a great form of corruption is a person speaking with everything he hears.”
[Siyar A’lam An-Nubala, 8/66]
A heart that is prone to follow its own desires over The Qur’an and Sunnah has a deadly illness which can only be cured through adherence to The Qur’an and Sunnah. This type of heart contains pride, arrogance, and a craving for honor in the Dunya. Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;
إِذْ جَعَلَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا فِي قُلُوبِهِمُ الْحَمِيَّةَ حَمِيَّةَ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ فَأَنزَلَ اللَّهُ سَكِينَتَهُ عَلَىٰ رَسُولِهِ وَعَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَأَلْزَمَهُمْ كَلِمَةَ التَّقْوَىٰ وَكَانُوا أَحَقَّ بِهَا وَأَهْلَهَا ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمًا
“When those who disbelieve had put in their hearts pride and haughtiness-the pride and haughtiness of the time of ignorance, – then Allah set down His Sakinah (calmness and tranquility) upon His Messenger and upon the believers, and made them stick to the word of piety (i.e. none has the right to be worshipped but Allah); and they were well entitled to it and worthy of it. And Allah is ever All-Knower of everything.”
(Sura Al-Fath, 48:26)
Those who are humble towards leadership, authority, and giving rights to those whom Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَ has given rights to in a way that is pleasing to Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَ are those who a truly pious. The Muslim should first seek to obey Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَ, His Messenger ﷺ , and then to give rights to those persons who have rights over them (i.e., government leaders, spouses, parents…), in a way that is pleasing to Allah.
As-Sa’di رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰه said in his Tafsir;
Then Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَ says: “O you who believe, do not raise your voices above the voice of the Prophet ﷺ, and do not speak loudly to him. This is the etiquette to be observed when addressing the Messenger of Allah ﷺ: the one who is addressing him should not raise his voice above his or speak loudly to him: rather he should lower his voice and address him politely and gently, with all veneration and respect.
The Messenger ﷺ is not like one of them, so they should address him in a different manner when they speak to him, for he is different to others with regard to his due rights over the Ummah, and the obligation to believe in him and love him, without which faith cannot be complete. By failing to comply with these instructions, a person may be committing a sin and there is the fear that his good deeds could be nullified without him realising. By the same token, observing proper etiquette with him is one o f the means of attaining reward and of having one’s good deeds accepted.
Then Allah praises those who lower their voices in the presence of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, for Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَ has tested their hearts and purified them for piety; in other words He has tried and tested them, and the outcome of that is that their hearts became fit for piety.
Then Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَ promises them forgiveness for their sins, which implies that they will be protected from evil and harm and will attain the great reward, the description of which no one knows except Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَ. The great reward includes attaining all that is good. This indicates that Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَ tests people’s hearts with commands, prohibitions and trials.
Whoever adheres to the command of Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَ and seeks His pleasure, hastening to do so and giving it precedence over his whims and desires, will be purified and be fit to have piety in his heart, and his heart will be fit to accommodate piety. Whoever is not like that, it is known that he is not fit for piety.
(Tafsir As-Sadi, Vol. 9 pgs. 248-249)
It has been over 1400 years since The Prophet ﷺ passed away. We can still venerate honor him in a manner befitting to him by adhering to what he has left us with;
Narrated Anas رضى الله عنه:
Qais bin Sa`d was to the Prophet (ﷺ) like a chief police officer to an Amir (chief).
Narrated Anas رضى الله عنه:
The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Listen and obey (your chief) even if an Ethiopian whose head is like a raisin were made your chief.”
Yahya related to me from Malik from Muhammad ibn Amr ibn AIqama from Malik ibn Abdullah as-Sadi that Abu Hurayra رضى الله عنه said, “The one who raises his head and lowers it before the imam – his forelock is in the hand of a shaytan.”
Malik said, concerning someone who forgot and raised his head before the imam in ruku or sujud, “The sunna of that is to return to bowing or prostrating and not to wait for the imam to come up. What he has done is a mistake, because the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘The imam is appointed to be followed as a leader, so do not oppose him.’ Abu Hurayra رضى الله عنه said, ‘The one who raises his head and lowers it before the imam – his forelock is in the hand of a shaytan.’ “
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin’ Umar رضى الله عنه: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) as saying: Each of you is a shepherd and each of you is responsible for his flock. The amir (ruler) who is over the people is a shepherd and is responsible for his flock; a man is a shepherd in charge of the inhabitants of his household and he is responsible for his flock; a woman is a shepherdess in charge of her husband’s house and children and she is responsible for them; and a man’s slave is a shepherd in charge of his master’s property and he is responsible for it. So each of you is a shepherd and each of you is responsible for his flock.
Narrated Abu Huraira رضى الله عنه:
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “All my followers will enter Paradise except those who refuse.” They said, “O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)! Who will refuse?” He said, “Whoever obeys me will enter Paradise, and whoever disobeys me is the one who refuses (to enter it).”
We ask Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَ for forgiveness for falling short in giving others their proper rights. Ameen.
Anas رضى الله عنه narrated that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said:“All the sons of Adam are sinners, but the best of sinners are those who repent often.” Related by At · Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah with a strong chain of narrators.
Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَ says in the Qur’an;
وَآخَرُونَ اعْتَرَفُوا بِذُنُوبِهِمْ خَلَطُوا عَمَلًا صَالِحًا وَآخَرَ سَيِّئًا عَسَى اللَّهُ أَن يَتُوبَ عَلَيْهِمْ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ
“And (there are) others who have acknowledged their sins, they have mixed a deed that was righteous with another that was evil. Perhaps Allah will turn to them in forgiveness. Surely, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”
(Surah At-Taubah, 9:102)
The Muslim should hasten always to perform good deeds to purify themselves as Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَ says;
خُذْ مِنْ أَمْوَالِهِمْ صَدَقَةً تُطَهِّرُهُمْ وَتُزَكِّيهِم بِهَا وَصَلِّ عَلَيْهِمْ ۖ إِنَّ صَلَاتَكَ سَكَنٌ لَّهُمْ ۗ وَاللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ
“Take Sadaqa (alms) from their wealth in order to purify them and sanctify them with it, and invoke Allah for them. Verily, your invocations are a source of security for them; and Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.”
(Surah At-Taubah, 9:103)
I leave you with these two Hadith my Brothers and Sisters in hopes that we might all be purified from sins by adhering to them as much as we are able;
On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “Every joint of a person must perform a charity each day that the sun rises: to judge justly between two people is a charity. To help a man with his mount, lifting him onto it or hoisting up his belongings onto it, is a charity. And the good word is a charity. And every step that you take towards the prayer is a charity, and removing a harmful object from the road is a charity. ”
Jabir (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying:Never does a Muslim plants a tree except that he has the reward of charity for him, for what is eaten out of that is charity; what is stolen out of that, what the beasts eat out of that, what the birds eat out of that is charity for him. (In short) none incurs a loss to him but it becomes a charity on his part.
As Salaamun Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu.
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