It Will Come Out.
Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an:
وَحُصِّلَ مَا فِي الصُّدُورِ
“And that which is in the breasts (of men) shall be made known.”
(Surah Al-Adiyat, 100:10)
Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about this ayah:
The Threat about the Hereafter
Then Allah encourages abstinence from worldly things and striving for the Hereafter, and He informs of what the situation will be after this present condition, and what man will face of horrors. He says,
﴿ أَفَلَا يَعۡلَمُ إِذَا بُعۡثِرَ مَا فِى ٱلۡقُبُورِ ﴾
(Knows he not that when the contents of the graves are poured forth) meaning, the dead that are in it will be brought out.
﴿ وَحُصِّلَ مَا فِى ٱلصُّدُورِ ﴾
(And that which is in the breasts shall be made known) Ibn `Abbas and others have said, “This means what was in their souls would be exposed and made apparent.”
﴿ إِنَّ رَبَّہُم بِہِمۡ يَوۡمَٮِٕذٍ۬ لَّخَبِيرُۢ ﴾
(Verily, that Day their Lord will be Well-Acquainted with them.) meaning, He knows all of that they used to do, and He will compensate them for it with the most deserving reward. He does not do even the slightest amount of injustice.
(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)
A Discussion on the Breast
In the above ayah, Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى uses the word الصُّدُورِ to describe the breast. This word implies that an action “proceeds from” or “comes out from a place”. This is like the ayah;
يَوْمَئِذٍ يَصْدُرُ النَّاسُ أَشْتَاتًا لِّيُرَوْا أَعْمَالَهُمْ
“That Day mankind will proceed in scattered groups that they may be shown their deeds.”
(Surah Az-Zalzalah, 99:6)
We ask for Allah’s aid to be successful on The Day when the souls are brought forth, Ameen. On The Day when the trumpet shall be blown (and it is near), souls will be brought back to life and brought forth, their hearts leading the way. Those whose breast was filled with shirk and hypocrisy will be taken to their place. Terrified they will come forth unprepared for the horrors ahead. Whilst those whose hearts were attached to Allah, loving Him more than anything else, will come forth in peace and assurance of safety from harm.
Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى says in The Qur’an;
يَوْمَئِذٍ يَصْدُرُ النَّاسُ أَشْتَاتًا لِّيُرَوْا أَعْمَالَهُمْ
فَمَن يَعْمَلْ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ خَيْرًا يَرَهُ
وَمَن يَعْمَلْ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ شَرًّا يَرَهُ
“That Day mankind will proceed in scattered groups that they may be shown their deeds. So whosoever does good equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant) shall see it. And whosoever does evil equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant) shall see it.”
(Surah Az-Zalzalah, 99:6-8)
Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri (رضي الله عنه) reported:
Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “How can I feel at ease when the Angel of the Trumpet, (Israfil) has put his lips to the Trumpet and is waiting for the order to blow it”. He (ﷺ) perceived as if this had shocked his Companions, so he (ﷺ) told them to seek comfort through reciting: ‘Hasbunallah wa ni’mal-Wakil [Allah (Alone) is Sufficient for us, and He is the Best Disposer of affairs (for us)] . “
O, those who believe in Allahسُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى ! I warn you and myself first of this Day! A day when all that is in our breast will be laid out for us to see. In a clear record lacking no default. Giving complete justice as we will be a witness to our own selves.
We must all examine the contents of our breasts (i.e., the attachment to dunya and its worldly things like wealth, children, men or women, jinn, lust and desires.) as nothing is hidden from Allahسُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى !;
وَمَا تَكُونُ فِي شَأْنٍ وَمَا تَتْلُو مِنْهُ مِن قُرْآنٍ وَلَا تَعْمَلُونَ مِنْ عَمَلٍ إِلَّا كُنَّا عَلَيْكُمْ شُهُودًا إِذْ تُفِيضُونَ فِيهِ ۚ وَمَا يَعْزُبُ عَن رَّبِّكَ مِن مِّثْقَالِ ذَرَّةٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا فِي السَّمَاءِ وَلَا أَصْغَرَ مِن ذَٰلِكَ وَلَا أَكْبَرَ إِلَّا فِي كِتَابٍ مُّبِينٍ
“Neither you (O Muhammad ﷺ) do any deed nor recite any portion of the Qur’an- nor you (mankind) do any deed (good or evil) but We are Witness thereof, when you are doing it. And nothing is hidden from your Lord (so much as) the weight of an atom (or small ant) on the earth or in the heaven. Not what is less than that or what is greater than that but is (written) in a Clear Record. (Tafsir At-Tabari).”
(Surah Yunus, 10:61)
Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ says in The Qur’an:
زُيِّنَ لِلنَّاسِ حُبُّ الشَّهَوَاتِ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ وَالْبَنِينَ وَالْقَنَاطِيرِ الْمُقَنطَرَةِ مِنَ الذَّهَبِ وَالْفِضَّةِ وَالْخَيْلِ الْمُسَوَّمَةِ وَالْأَنْعَامِ وَالْحَرْثِ ۗ ذَٰلِكَ مَتَاعُ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا ۖ وَاللَّهُ عِندَهُ حُسْنُ الْمَآبِ
“Beautified for men is the love of things they covet; women, children, much of gold and silver (wealth), branded beautiful horses, cattle and well-tilled land. This is the pleasure of the present world’s life; but Allah has the excellent return (Paradise with flowing rivers) with Him.”
(Surah Al-Imran, 3:14)
Being enamored with the things of this dunya is a characteristic of those who disbelieve;
زُيِّنَ لِلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا وَيَسْخَرُونَ مِنَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا ۘ وَالَّذِينَ اتَّقَوْا فَوْقَهُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ يَرْزُقُ مَن يَشَاءُ بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ
“Beautified is the life of this world for those who disbelieve, and they mock at those who believe. But those who obey Allah’s Orders and keep away from what He has forbidden, will be above them on the Day of Resurrection. And Allah gives (of His Bounty, Blessings, Favors, Honors on the Day of Resurrection) to whom He wills without limit.”
(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:212)
Those who believe in Allah must remain a traveller in this dunya, not attaching him or herself to anything in it while giving everyone and everything its proper right.
Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Mas’ud (R.A.A.) says that (once) the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) slept on a mat made of date palm leaves and when he awoke the impressions of the mat were visible on his body. We said: ‘O Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) may we prepare a soft bedding for you?’ He said: I have got nothing to do with the world, I am in this world like a rider who halts in the shade of a tree for a short time and after taking some rest resumes his journey leaving the tree behind.
(Imam Tirmizi has reported this tradition calling it as authentic.)
The believer must prevent the breast from swelling with desire and racing for the dunya like horses racing towards battle. The heart of the believer must remain moderate and attached to Allah above all else;
وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يَتَّخِذُ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ أَندَادًا يُحِبُّونَهُمْ كَحُبِّ اللَّهِ ۖ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَشَدُّ حُبًّا لِّلَّهِ ۗ وَلَوْ يَرَى الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا إِذْ يَرَوْنَ الْعَذَابَ أَنَّ الْقُوَّةَ لِلَّهِ جَمِيعًا وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ شَدِيدُ الْعَذَابِ
“And of mankind are some who take (for worship) others besides Allah as rivals (to Allah). They love them as they love Allah. But those who believe, love Allah more (than anything else). If only, those who do wrong could see, when they will see the torment, that all power belongs to Allah and that Allah is Severe in punishment.”
(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:165)
Al-Haakim رضي الله عنه narrated;
That the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Jibreel came to me and said: ‘O Muhammad, live as long as you want, for you will die. Love whomever you want, for you will leave him. Do whatever you want for you will be requited for it. Remember that the believer’s honour is his praying at night, and his pride is his being independent of people.”
(Classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’, 73.)
Abu Sa’id Khudri رضي الله عنه reported that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said:The world is sweet and green (i.e. it is full of riches and captivation) and verily Allah is going to install you as vicegerent in it in order to see how you behave. The beware of this world and the women (i.e. shun much indulgence in the world and sexual misbehavior and licentiousness).
Allah says in The Qur’an;
اعْلَمُوا أَنَّمَا الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا لَعِبٌ وَلَهْوٌ وَزِينَةٌ وَتَفَاخُرٌ بَيْنَكُمْ وَتَكَاثُرٌ فِي الْأَمْوَالِ وَالْأَوْلَادِ ۖ كَمَثَلِ غَيْثٍ أَعْجَبَ الْكُفَّارَ نَبَاتُهُ ثُمَّ يَهِيجُ فَتَرَاهُ مُصْفَرًّا ثُمَّ يَكُونُ حُطَامًا ۖ وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ عَذَابٌ شَدِيدٌ وَمَغْفِرَةٌ مِّنَ اللَّهِ وَرِضْوَانٌ ۚ وَمَا الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيَا إِلَّا مَتَاعُ الْغُرُورِ
“Know that the life of this world is only play and amusement, pomp and mutual boasting among you, and rivalry in respect of wealth and children. (It is) as the likeness of vegetation after rain, thereof the growth is pleasing to the tillers; afterwards it dries up and you see it turning yellow; then it becomes straw. But in the Hereafter (there is) a severe torment (for the disbelievers– evil-doers), and (there is) Forgiveness from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure (for the believers – good-doers). And the life of this world is only a deceiving enjoyment.”
(Surah Al-Hadid, 57:20)
Advice from the prophet–the narration about the world lovers, real estate
My dear respected brothers and sisters, there are worldly torments ahead of us and I fear we are unprepared. As the Dijjal and Yujuj and Majuj await their arrival, we (The Muslims) sit idly, engaging in lust and desires, loving disproportionately whilst screening our misdeeds with Islam. What will happen when these days come to us all of a sudden? Are we ready physically, spiritually, emotionally, mentally?
It was the way of the Prophets and those endued with knowledge to be moderate in their affairs. They did all things with knowledge- they spoke (with knowledge), they kept silent (with knowledge), they earned (with knowledge), married (with knowledge), they ate (with knowledge), they fasted (with knowledge), and so on.
In our present generation we see the unfortunate affair of the Muslims chasing equal to or sometimes more violently for wealth than the non-Muslims! The dunya pleasures we take for granted such as eating we over indulge making our Ramadan Iftars luxurious feasts! May Allah save us from ourselves, Ameen.
Allah in His infinite wisdom has made His signs apparent to us even within ourselves. As our physical and spiritual realities can be reflections of one another. For it is said; if one wishes to know what is in the heart of another, he/she should look to their speech. As what is in the heart will ultimately pour forth, if Allah withholds his Mercy.
The physical manifestations of a diseased heart is mentioned in this hadith;
‘Imran bin Husain رضي الله عنه narrated;
That the Messenger of Allah (saw) said: “The best of people are my generation, then those who follow them. Then, after them a people will come who increase in fatness, loving fatness, giving testimony before they are asked for it.”
(Jami` at-Tirmidhi 2221)
We live in a time that over half of the population in the West is obese. Overindulgence is a blameworthy characteristic that denotes a sick heart. What then comes forth from the heart is poor impulse control, following lusts, extravagance, and so on. Those who come out to strive in the way of Allah (Jihad) do so with their persons and their wealth following a balanced way and being pleased with it;
‘Aishah (رضي الله عنه) reported:
The family of Muhammad (ﷺ) never ate to the fill the bread of barley for two successive days until he died.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim] .
Another narration is: ‘Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) said: Never did the family of Muhammad (ﷺ) eat to the fill, since their arrival to Al-Madinah, the bread of wheat for three successive nights until his death.
Abu Sa’id Maqburi رضي الله عنه reported:
Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) said that he happened to pass by some people who had a roast lamb before them. They invited him, but he declined, saying: “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ left the world without having eaten his fill with barley bread.”
Ibnul Qayyim رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰهُ on excesses in food intake and illness:
“Material illnesses arise from an increase of matter which comes to a point of excess in the body whereby it harms its natural functions – and these are the most common illnesses. They are caused by consuming more food before the previous meal has been properly digested; by eating in excess of the amount needed by the body; by consuming food which is of little nutritional value and is slow to digest; and by eating different foods which are complex in their composition. So when a person fills his belly with these foods and it becomes a habit, they cause him various diseases…”
(At-Tibb An-Nabawī p.20; Medicine of the Prophet, ITS, p13.)
The Prophet (ﷺ) said:
“The human being can fill no container worse than his belly. Sufficient for the son of Adam are so many morsels of food as will keep his spine upright. But if he must eat more, then a third for his food, a third for his drink and a third for his breath.”
At-Tibb An-Nabawī p.20. Hadīth reported by Imām Ahmad in Al-Musnad (4/132), At-Tirmidhī (2499), Ibn Mājah (3349), and it was authenticated by Al-Albānī in Sahīh Sunan At-Tirmidhī (1939).
Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ says in The Qur’an;
يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ كُلُوا مِمَّا فِي الْأَرْضِ حَلَالًا طَيِّبًا وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا خُطُوَاتِ الشَّيْطَانِ ۚ إِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُّبِينٌ
إِنَّمَا يَأْمُرُكُم بِالسُّوءِ وَالْفَحْشَاءِ وَأَن تَقُولُوا عَلَى اللَّهِ مَا لَا تَعْلَمُونَ
“O mankind! Eat of that which is lawful and good on the earth, and follow not the footsteps of Shaitan (Satan). Verily, he is to you an open enemy. He [Shaitan (Satan)] commands you only what is evil and Fahsha (sinful), and that you should say against Allah what you know not.”
(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:168-169)
A heart given to any excess (ex. food, drink, desires) will struggle for the path, as it will always be in conflict with pursuing that which is good for it and pursuing that which will bring it harm. The believer must be constant in asking Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى for aid;
وعن أبي موسى، رضي الله عنه، عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم، أنه كان يدعو بهذا الدعاء: “اللهم اغفر لي خطيئتي وجهلي، وإسرافي في أمري، وما أنت أعلم به مني، اللهم اغفر لي جدي وهزلي، وخطئي وعمدي، وكل ذلك عندي، اللهم اغفر لي ما قدمت وما أخرت، وما أسررت وما أعلنت، وما أنت أعلم به مني، أنت المقدم، وأنت المؤخر، وأنت على كل شيء قدير”
“O Allah! Forgive my errors, ignorance, and immoderation in my affairs. You are better aware of my faults than myself. O Allah! Forgive my faults, which I committed in seriousness or in fun deliberately or inadvertently. O Allah! Grant me pardon for those sins, which I committed in the past and I may commit in the future, which I committed in privacy or in public and all those sins of which You are better aware than me. You alone can send whomever you will to Jannah, and you alone can send whomever You will to Hell-fire, and You are Omnipotent.”
This process of self-rectification is often stunted by pride in the chest. One may look at themselves in amazement due to a few good qualities and refuse to look at their faults for areas of improvement. This persons heart will never improve and will remain in the dark domain of the Shaytan and the bellows of his/her naafs as pride is his/her blameworthy quality.
Cleansing the Heart in Preparation of Meeting Its Lord
The chest of the believer must be relieved of past paradigms of dunya so that she/he can worship Allah properly. So that they can distinguish good from evil, enemies from comrades, believers from hypocrites, and all other spiritual contrasts. Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى says in The Qur’an;
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا ادْخُلُوا فِي السِّلْمِ كَافَّةً وَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا خُطُوَاتِ الشَّيْطَانِ ۚ إِنَّهُ لَكُمْ عَدُوٌّ مُّبِينٌ
“O you who believe! Enter perfectly in Islam (by obeying all the rules and regulations of the Islamic religion) and follow not the footsteps of Shaitan (Satan). Verily, he is to you a plain enemy.”
(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:208)
How might one obey all the rules and regulations of the religion if he or she is ignorant of them? One cannot and thus it is incumbent upon the one who believes to seek knowledge and then show gratitude by acting upon that knowledge. Failure to do this (act upon the knowledge) leads to conflict in the breast, regrets, sorrow, despair, the consuming non-beneficial things, revisiting past hurts, bad companions, and sinful acts and sitting in bad environments.
Then there is one who’s heart is attached to evil yet they refrain from acting upon it out of fear of Allah. Allah has promised that such a person will not be held to account unless they act;
Ibn ‘Abbaas رضي الله عنه that the Prophet ﷺ said, relating from his Lord, may He be glorified and exalted:
“Allah decreed good deeds and bad deeds, then He explained that. Whoever thinks of doing a good deed then does not do it, Allah will write it down as one complete good deed. If he thinks of doing a good deed and then does it, Allah [may He be glorified and exalted] will write it down between ten and seven hundred fold, or many more. If he thinks of doing a bad deed then he does not do it, Allah will write it down as one complete good deed, and if he thinks of it then does it, Allah will write it down as one bad deed.”
Al-Bukhaari (6491) and Muslim (131)
Also narrated from Abu Hurayrah رضي الله عنه, that the Prophet ﷺ said: “Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, will forgive my Ummah for whatever crosses their minds so long as they do not act upon it or speak of it.”
Al-Bukhaari (5269) and Muslim (127)
Though Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَال is infinite in His Mercy, we must be careful of what emits from our breast as these things can be a cause for loosing the reward for acts of worship as the sadr is closely tied to the thoughts, and the soul. It is said that what/who is on the mind the most is what controls it. For one may think that they are worshiping Allah but in reality their hearts and minds are distracted and far away from Allah which is how one looses Khushoo (a heart focused on the worship of Allah only);
Narrated Jubair bin Nufair: from Abu Ad-Darda who said: “We were with the Prophet (ﷺ) when he raised his sight to the sky, then he said: ‘This is the time when knowledge is to be taken from the people, until what remains of it shall not amount to anything. ” So Ziyad bin Labid Al-Ansari said: ‘How will it be taken from us while we recite the Qur’an. By Allah we recite it, and our women and children recite it? ‘ He (ﷺ) said: ‘May you be bereaved of your mother O Ziyad! I used to consider you among the Fuqaha of the people of Al-Madinah. The Tawrah and Injil are with the Jews and Christians, but what do they avail of them? ” Jubair said: ‘So I met’ Ubadah bin As-Samit and said to him: ‘Have you not heard what your brother Abu Ad- Darda said? ‘ Then I informed him of what Abu Ad-Darda said. He said: ‘ Abu Ad-Darda spoke the truth. If you wish, we shall narrated to you about the first knowledge to be removed from the people: It is Khushu ‘, soon you will enter the congregational Masjid, but not see any man in it with Khushu’. ”
One must protect Khushoo from all distractions, even food;
Narrated Anas bin Malik رضي الله عنه that The Prophet ﷺ said;
“If dinner is in front of you, start eating before the evening prayer. Do not haste leaving your meal.”
(Bukhari, Azan, 42; Muslim Mesajid, 64 (557)).
Khushoo is something that emits from the heart and has great spiritual rewards;
Uqbah. B Amir al-Juhani رضي الله عنه reported the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) as saying:
Any one performs ablution and performs the ablution perfectly and then offers two rak’ahs of prayers concentrating on them with his heart and face but paradise will necessarily fall to his lot.
The help of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى can be gained through patience and salat containing Khushoo;
وَاسْتَعِينُوا بِالصَّبْرِ وَالصَّلَاةِ ۚ وَإِنَّهَا لَكَبِيرَةٌ إِلَّا عَلَى الْخَاشِعِينَ
“And seek help in patience and As-Salat (the prayers) and truly it is extremely heavy and hard except for Al-Khashi’un [i.e., the true believers in Allah- those who obey Allah with full submission, fear much from His Punishment, and believe in His Promise (Paradise) and in His Warnings (Hell)].
(Surah Al-Baraqah, 2:45)
There is hope for the believer who has fallen into loosing Khushoo by being distracted the things of this world. This hope can only be gained through returning to Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى in repentance and going forth with good deeds;
وَوَهَبْنَا لِدَاوُودَ سُلَيْمَانَ ۚ نِعْمَ الْعَبْدُ ۖ إِنَّهُ أَوَّابٌ
إِذْ عُرِضَ عَلَيْهِ بِالْعَشِيِّ الصَّافِنَاتُ الْجِيَادُ
فَقَالَ إِنِّي أَحْبَبْتُ حُبَّ الْخَيْرِ عَن ذِكْرِ رَبِّي حَتَّىٰ تَوَارَتْ بِالْحِجَابِ
رُدُّوهَا عَلَيَّ ۖ فَطَفِقَ مَسْحًا بِالسُّوقِ وَالْأَعْنَاقِ
وَلَقَدْ فَتَنَّا سُلَيْمَانَ وَأَلْقَيْنَا عَلَىٰ كُرْسِيِّهِ جَسَدًا ثُمَّ أَنَابَ
“And to Dawud (David) We gave Sulaiman (Solomon). How excellent a slave! Verily, he was ever oft-returning in repentance (to Us)! When there were displayed before him, in the afternoon, well trained horses of the highest breed [for Jihad (holy fighting in Allah’s Cause)]. He said: “I did love the good (these horses) instead of remembering my Lord (in my ‘Asr prayer)” till the time was over, and (the sun) had hidden in the curtain (of night). Then he said “Bring them (horses) back to me.” Then he began to pass his hand over their legs and their necks (till the end of the display). And indeed, We did try Sulaiman (Solomon) and We placed on his throne a Jasad, a body (a devil, so he lost his kingdom for a while) and he did return (to Allah with obedience and in repentance, and to his throne and kingdom by the Grace of Allah.”
(Surah Sad 38:30-34)
True repentance entails one recognizing and regretting their errors, asking Allah عزّ وجلّ for forgiveness, working righteousness through obedience and good works. A person who follows this course after wrongdoing is then counted among the Muslims and may ask (with hope) for the bounties of their Lord which will benefit him/her in this life and the next. May Allah عزّ وجلّ allow us and our offspring to be upon this goodness, Ameen.
قَالَ رَبِّ اغْفِرْ لِي وَهَبْ لِي مُلْكًا لَّا يَنبَغِي لِأَحَدٍ مِّن بَعْدِي ۖ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْوَهَّابُ
فَسَخَّرْنَا لَهُ الرِّيحَ تَجْرِي بِأَمْرِهِ رُخَاءً حَيْثُ أَصَابَ
وَالشَّيَاطِينَ كُلَّ بَنَّاءٍ وَغَوَّاصٍ
وَآخَرِينَ مُقَرَّنِينَ فِي الْأَصْفَادِ
هَٰذَا عَطَاؤُنَا فَامْنُنْ أَوْ أَمْسِكْ بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ
وَإِنَّ لَهُ عِندَنَا لَزُلْفَىٰ وَحُسْنَ مَآبٍ
“He said: “My Lord! Forgive me, and bestow upon me a kingdom such as shall not belong to any other after me: Verily You are the Bestower.” So, We subjected to him the wind; it blew gently by his order whithersoever he willed, And also the Shayatin (devils) from the jinn (including) every kid of builder and diver, And also others bound in fetters. [Allah said to Sulaiman (Solomon)]: “This is Our gift: so spend you or withhold, no account will be asked (of you).” And verily, for him is a near access to Us, and a good (final) return (Paradise).”
(Surah Sad, 38:35-40)
Allah عزوجل reminds the believers in the Qur’an to turn away from falsehoods and to focus on worshiping Him alone;
وَقُلْ جَاءَ الْحَقُّ وَزَهَقَ الْبَاطِلُ ۚ إِنَّ الْبَاطِلَ كَانَ زَهُوقًا
“And say: “Truth (i.e. Islamic Monotheism or this Qur’an or Jihad against polytheists) has come and Batil (falehood, i.e. Satan or polytheism) has vanished. Surely Batil is ever bound to vanish.”
(Surah Al-Isra, 17:81)
Turning away from falsehoods can only be implemented by detaching the breast from attachments to dunya and its allurements, evil acts like intoxicants, fornication, harming others especially the parents, and other major sins, and evil companions. One must remember that this life, though it feels real, is only a test, Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ is the true reality;
Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying:
The truest word spoken by an Arab (pre-Islamic) in poetry is this verse of Labid: “Behold! Apart from Allah everything is false.”
May Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ cause us to always remember that when we leave something for His sake that He will always replace it with better. As that is a promise from Allah. Ameen.
When we leave the leave worshiping false gods and enter into Islam, Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ has granted us refuge with Him;
When we leave off old dunya programming (poor eating habits, etc.), bad behaviors, bad companions, and sins, Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ has granted us safety from Him;
When we leave lower levels of worship and progress to higher levels of sincere worship, Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ has granted us Mercy from Him;
When we detach the heart from all that we left behind and focus on Allah alone with all of our hearts and in all of our worship, Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ has granted us a contract with Him;
Ubadat bin Sammitt رضى الله عنه who said: that the Messenger of Allaah سلى الله علىه و سلم said:
«خَمْسُ صَلَوَاتٍ افْتَرَضَهُنَّ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى مَنْ أَحْسَنَ وُضُوءَهُنَّ وَصَلَّاهُنَّ لوقتهن وَأتم ركوعهن خشوعهن كَانَ لَهُ عَلَى اللَّهِ عَهْدٌ أَنْ يَغْفِرَ لَهُ وَمَنْ لَمْ يَفْعَلْ فَلَيْسَ لَهُ عَلَى اللَّهِ عَهْدٌ إِنْ شَاءَ غَفَرَ لَهُ وَإِنْ شَاءَ عَذَّبَهُ»
‘Allaah Ta’ala has indeed obligated five prayers, whoever performs the Wudu for the prayers well, prays them at their times, completes their Ruku, has Khushoo in them, then he has a contract upon Allaah that He will forgive him and whoever does not do so then he does not have a contract from Allaah, if He wills, He will forgive him and if He wills He will punish him.’
[Collected by Ahmad, Abu Dawood, Malik, an-Nisa’ee and graded Saheeh by Al-Albaani in Saheeh Targheeb no. 366 & Saheeh Abu Dawood no. 451]
There are times when those those who had been granted the gift of Islam were tried with leaving off that which they loved/preferred for that which was better. Some of those persons were overtaken by their souls (due to ingratitude and other great sins they were committing) and others were granted firmness, victory, and nearness to Allah عزوجل . We ask Allah to grant us also firmness, victory, and nearness to Allah عزوجل . Ameen.
The Children of Isreal being tried with simple foods is an example of how Allah will sometimes test His servants with restrictions. Despite the perceived hardship of these restrictions, the spiritual and physical reward is great;
وَإِذْ قُلْتُمْ يَا مُوسَىٰ لَن نَّصْبِرَ عَلَىٰ طَعَامٍ وَاحِدٍ فَادْعُ لَنَا رَبَّكَ يُخْرِجْ لَنَا مِمَّا تُنبِتُ الْأَرْضُ مِن بَقْلِهَا وَقِثَّائِهَا وَفُومِهَا وَعَدَسِهَا وَبَصَلِهَا ۖ قَالَ أَتَسْتَبْدِلُونَ الَّذِي هُوَ أَدْنَىٰ بِالَّذِي هُوَ خَيْرٌ ۚ اهْبِطُوا مِصْرًا فَإِنَّ لَكُم مَّا سَأَلْتُمْ ۗ وَضُرِبَتْ عَلَيْهِمُ الذِّلَّةُ وَالْمَسْكَنَةُ وَبَاءُوا بِغَضَبٍ مِّنَ اللَّهِ ۗ ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ كَانُوا يَكْفُرُونَ بِآيَاتِ اللَّهِ وَيَقْتُلُونَ النَّبِيِّينَ بِغَيْرِ الْحَقِّ ۗ ذَٰلِكَ بِمَا عَصَوا وَّكَانُوا يَعْتَدُونَ
“And (remember) when you said, “O Musa (Moses)! We cannot endure one kind of food. So invoke your Lord for us to bring forth for us of what the earth grows, its herbs, its cucumbers, its Fum (wheat or garlic), its lentils, and its onions.” He said, “Would you exchange that which is better for that which is lower? Go you down to any town and you shall find what you want!” And they were covered with humiliation and misery, and they drew on themselves the Wrath of Allah. That was because they used to disbelieve the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah and killed the Prophets wrongfully. That was because they disobeyed and used to transgress the bounds (in their disobedience to Allah, i.e., commit crimes and sins).”
(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:61)
When Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَى loves a person He puts them through test;
It was narrated from Anas bin Malik رضى الله عنه that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “The greatest reward comes with the greatest trial. When Allah loves a people He tests them. Whoever accepts that wins His pleasure but whoever is discontent with that earns His wrath. ”
It is well known that the hardest test were given to the Prophetsعَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ who were tried with death, sickness, wealth, poverty, rejection, and separation from their kinfolk. The Prophet’sعَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ endured these great trials with the Help of Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَى and their patience is what we (the later generations) can draw upon for strength, in shaa Allah.
These test hold many wisdom’s for the mind curious enough to think. Trials serve to show us the weakness of mankind and the greatness of Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَى . It is in the darkest moments of depressing trials that one feels spiritual, physical, mental, and emotional hardship which will cause him/her to seek ease;
أَوَلَا يَرَوْنَ أَنَّهُمْ يُفْتَنُونَ فِي كُلِّ عَامٍ مَّرَّةً أَوْ مَرَّتَيْنِ ثُمَّ لَا يَتُوبُونَ وَلَا هُمْ يَذَّكَّرُونَ
“See they not that they are put in trial once or twice every year (with different kids of calamities, disease, famine)? Yet, they turn not in repentance, nor do they learn a lesson from it?”
(Surah At-Taubah, 9:126)
Successful is the one who seeks to ease their ailing heart in the remembrance of Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَى! For Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىis a trustworthy handhold that, unlike the handhold of mankind, will never, ever break;
لَا إِكْرَاهَ فِي الدِّينِ ۖ قَد تَّبَيَّنَ الرُّشْدُ مِنَ الْغَيِّ ۚ فَمَن يَكْفُرْ بِالطَّاغُوتِ وَيُؤْمِن بِاللَّهِ فَقَدِ اسْتَمْسَكَ بِالْعُرْوَةِ الْوُثْقَىٰ لَا انفِصَامَ لَهَا ۗ وَاللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ
“There is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in Taghut and believes in Allah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break. And Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.”
(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:256)
Of the greatly tested was Prophet Ibrahim عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ. He was given the light of guidance in a community with guidance amongst misguidance with a dis-believing Father. Imagine someone you love dear rejecting the warnings and resorting to harm you severely though your heart is filled with love and goodwill for them?
وَمَا كَانَ اسْتِغْفَارُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ لِأَبِيهِ إِلَّا عَن مَّوْعِدَةٍ وَعَدَهَا إِيَّاهُ فَلَمَّا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُ أَنَّهُ عَدُوٌّ لِّلَّهِ تَبَرَّأَ مِنْهُ ۚ إِنَّ إِبْرَاهِيمَ لَأَوَّاهٌ حَلِيمٌ
“And Ibrahim’s invoking (of Allah) for this father’s forgiveness was only because of a promise he [Ibrahim] made to him (his father). But when it became clear to him [Ibrahim] that he (his father) is an enemy of Allah, he dissociated himself from him. Verily, Ibrahim was Awwah (one who invokes Allah with humility, glorifies Him and remembers Him much) and was forbearing.”
(Surah At-Taubah, 9:114)
From His test was also the leaving of Hagar and Ishmael عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ. He عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ was also tested in the commandment to slaughter his son Ishmael عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ. Alhamdullilah, Allah relieved him of this burden and so he was not forced to carry it out. In both of these instances, Prophet Ibrahim was unable to even look at what he was leaving for the sake of Allah;
فَلَمَّا أَسْلَمَا وَتَلَّهُ لِلْجَبِينِ
“Then, when they had both submitted themselves (to the Will of Allah), and he had laid him prostrate on his forehead (or on the side of his forehead for slaughtering)”
(Surah As-Saffat, 37:102)
Narrated Ibn `Abbas رضى الله عنه;
The first lady to use a girdle was the mother of Ishmael. She used a girdle so that she might hide her tracks from Sarah. Abraham brought her and her son Ishmael while she was suckling him, to a place near the Ka`ba under a tree on the spot of Zamzam, at the highest place in the mosque. During those days there was nobody in Mecca, nor was there any water So he made them sit over there and placed near them a leather bag containing some dates, and a small water-skin containing some water, and set out homeward. Ishmael’s mother followed him saying, “O Abraham! Where are you going, leaving us in this valley where there is no person whose company we may enjoy, nor is there anything (to enjoy)?” She repeated that to him many times, but he did not look back at her Then she asked him, “Has Allah ordered you to do so?” He said, “Yes.” She said, “Then He will not neglect us,” and returned while Abraham proceeded onwards, and on reaching the Thaniya where they could not see him, he faced the Ka`ba, and raising both hands, invoked Allah saying the following prayers: ‘O our Lord! I have made some of my offspring dwell in a valley without cultivation, by Your Sacred House (Ka`ba at Mecca) in order, O our Lord, that they may offer prayer perfectly. So fill some hearts among men with love towards them, and (O Allah) provide them with fruits, so that they may give thanks.’ (14.37)
Each one of these are examples of the heart going through extreme detachment from things which it loves in order to seek the pleasure of Allah.
In each one of these circumstances Prophet Ibrahim’s عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ heart was tested for piety whilst 1. The evidence of disbelief was produced for the rejecters of faith, 2. His heart was detached from the allurements of this world in order to be dutiful to Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَى.
Sometimes the decree of Allah سلى الله علىه و سلم calls for a person to come near to that which is seemingly harmful in order to gain wisdom through the doors of repentance and perseverance. This can be witnessed in the story of Prophet Musa عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَام when he was sent to Kidr and also when He was sent to Fir’aun;
وَلَقَدْ آتَيْنَا مُوسَى الْكِتَابَ وَجَعَلْنَا مَعَهُ أَخَاهُ هَارُونَ وَزِيرًا
فَقُلْنَا اذْهَبَا إِلَى الْقَوْمِ الَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِنَا فَدَمَّرْنَاهُمْ تَدْمِيرًا
“(Before this,) We sent Moses the Book and appointed his brother Aaron with him as Minister; And We commanded: “Go ye both, to the people who have rejected our Signs: “And those (people) We destroyed with utter destruction.”
(Surah Furqan, 25:35-36)
Keeping ones heart pleased with the decree of Allah is a means of security in this life and the next. For the displeasure with Allah’s decree is a means by which to earn his wrath. We must understand that to Allah belongs the finest mysteries of the heavens and the earth. He knows what we reveal and what we conceal. We must take an account of what is in our heart and to what our heart is truly attached to in order to prepare for a goodly return back to Allah, in shaa Allah.
يَا بُنَيَّ إِنَّهَا إِن تَكُ مِثْقَالَ حَبَّةٍ مِّنْ خَرْدَلٍ فَتَكُن فِي صَخْرَةٍ أَوْ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ أَوْ فِي الْأَرْضِ يَأْتِ بِهَا اللَّهُ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَطِيفٌ خَبِيرٌ
“O my son! If it be (anything) equal to the weight of a grain of mustard seed, and though it be in a rock, or in the heavens or in the earth, Allah will bring it forth. Verily, Allah is Subtle (in bringing out that grain), Well-Acquainted (with its place).”
(Surah Luqman, 31:16)
al-Hafidh Ibn Rajab رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰهُ [d. 795H) said:
“Some of the Salaf said; when death approaches the Believer it will be said to the Angel,
“Smell his head.”
So he (the Angel) will say, “I find in his head (the scent of) the Qur’an.”
So it will be said, “Smell his heart.”
So he will say, “I find in his heart (the scent of) Siyam (fasting)”.
So it will be said, “Smell his feet.”
So he will say, “I find in his feet (the scent of) Qiyam (standing in prayer).”
So it will be said, “He safeguarded himself (so) may Allah safeguard him.”
(Lata’if al-Ma’arif, p 402.)
Allah عزوجل says in The Qur’an;
إِنَّ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَالْمُسْلِمَاتِ وَالْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ وَالْقَانِتِينَ وَالْقَانِتَاتِ وَالصَّادِقِينَ وَالصَّادِقَاتِ وَالصَّابِرِينَ وَالصَّابِرَاتِ وَالْخَاشِعِينَ وَالْخَاشِعَاتِ وَالْمُتَصَدِّقِينَ وَالْمُتَصَدِّقَاتِ وَالصَّائِمِينَ وَالصَّائِمَاتِ وَالْحَافِظِينَ فُرُوجَهُمْ وَالْحَافِظَاتِ وَالذَّاكِرِينَ اللَّهَ كَثِيرًا وَالذَّاكِرَاتِ أَعَدَّ اللَّهُ لَهُم مَّغْفِرَةً وَأَجْرًا عَظِيمًا
“Verily, the Muslims (those who submit to Allah in Islam) men and women, the believers men and women (who believe in Islamic Monotheism), the men and the women who are obedient (to Allah), the men and women who are truthful (in their speech and deeds), the men and the women who are patient (in performing all the duties which Allah has ordered and in abstaining from all that Allah has forbidden), the men and the women who are humble (before their Lord- Allah), the men and the women who give Sadaqat (i.e. Zakat, and alms), the men and the women who observe Saum (fast) (the obligatory fasting during the month of Ramadan, and the optional Nawafil fasting), the men and the women who guard their chastity (from illegal sexual acts) and the men and the women who remember Allah much with their hearts and tongues- Allah has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward (i.e., Paradise).
(Surah Al-Ahzab, 33:35)
Hazrat Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه relates that the Holy Prophet ﷺ said” ‘Plenty of provision or abundance do not make a person rich and wealthy, real richness is the benevolence of heart.’
(Bukhari and Muslim)
May Allahعزوجل have mercy on the Muslims. Ameen.