17:51

The Great Denial

Allah, The Exalted says in The Qur’an:

أَوْ خَلْقًا مِّمَّا يَكْبُرُ فِي صُدُورِكُمْ ۚ فَسَيَقُولُونَ مَن يُعِيدُنَا ۖ قُلِ الَّذِي فَطَرَكُمْ أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ ۚ فَسَيُنْغِضُونَ إِلَيْكَ رُءُوسَهُمْ وَيَقُولُونَ مَتَىٰ هُوَ ۖ قُلْ عَسَىٰ أَن يَكُونَ قَرِيبًا

“Or some created thing that is yet greater (or harder) in your breasts (thoughts to be resurrected, even then you shall be resurrected).” Then they will say: “Who shall bring us back (to life)?” Say: “He Who created you first!” Then, they will shake their heads at you and say: “When will that be?” Say: “Perhaps it is near!”

(Surah Al-Isra’, 17:51)

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about this Ayah

Refutation of Those Who do not believe in Life after Death

Allah tells us about the disbelievers who think it very unlikely that the Resurrection will happen and who say, in a tone of denial,
﴿ أَءِذَا كُنَّا عِظَـٰمً۬ا وَرُفَـٰتًا ﴾

(When we are bones and fragments.) meaning earth. This was the view of Mujahid. `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn `Abbas that it means dust.
﴿ أَءِنَّا لَمَبۡعُوثُونَ خَلۡقً۬ا جَدِيدً۬ا ﴾

(should we really be resurrected (to be) a new creation) meaning, on the Day of Resurrection after we have disintegrated and become nothing, and have been forgotten. Allah tells us about them elsewhere:
﴿ يَقُولُونَ أَءِنَّا لَمَرۡدُودُونَ فِى ٱلۡحَافِرَةِ • أَءِذَا كُنَّا عِظَـٰمً۬ا نَّخِرَةً۬ • قَالُواْ تِلۡكَ إِذً۬ا كَرَّةٌ خَاسِرَةٌ۬ ﴾

(They say: “Shall we indeed be returned to (our) former state of life Even after we are crumbled bones” They say: “It would in that case, be a return with loss!”) (79:10-12). And,
﴿ وَضَرَبَ لَنَا مَثَلاً۬ وَنَسِىَ خَلۡقَهُ ۥ‌ۖ ﴾

(And he puts forth for Us a parable, and forgets his own creation.) until the end of two Ayat. (36:78-79) Allah commands His Messenger to respond to them, so He says:
﴿ قُلۡ كُونُواْ حِجَارَةً أَوۡ حَدِيدًا ﴾

(Say (O Muhammad): “Be you stones or iron,”) – which are more difficult to restore than bones and fragments,
﴿ أَوۡ خَلۡقً۬ا مِّمَّا يَڪۡبُرُ فِى صُدُورِكُمۡ‌ۚ ﴾

(Or some created thing that is yet greater (or harder) in your breasts.) Ibn Ishaq narrated from Ibn Abi Najih from Mujahid: “I asked Ibn `Abbas about that, and he said: `This is death.”’ `Atiyah reported that Ibn `Umar explained of this Ayah: “If you were dead I would still resurrect you.” This was also the view of Sa`id bin Jubayr, Abu Salih, Al-Hasan, Qatadah, Ad-Dahhak and others. This means that if you were to assume that you would become dead, which is the opposite of living, Allah will resurrect you when He wills, for nothing can stop Him when He wills a thing.
﴿ أَوۡ خَلۡقً۬ا مِّمَّا يَڪۡبُرُ فِى صُدُورِكُمۡ‌ۚ ﴾

(Or some created thing that is yet greater (or harder) in your breasts.) Mujahid said: “This means the heavens, earth and mountains.” According to another report, “Whatever you want to be, go ahead, Allah will still resurrect you after you die.”
﴿ فَسَيَقُولُونَ مَن يُعِيدُنَا‌ۖ ﴾

(Then, they will say: “Who shall bring us back (to life)”) meaning, who will resurrect us if we are stones or iron or some other strong created thing
﴿ قُلِ ٱلَّذِى فَطَرَكُمۡ أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ۬‌ۚ ﴾

(Say: “He Who created you first!”) meaning, He Who created you when you were nothing, then you became human beings, walking about. He is able to create you anew, no matter what you have become.
﴿ وَهُوَ ٱلَّذِى يَبۡدَؤُاْ ٱلۡخَلۡقَ ثُمَّ يُعِيدُهُ ۥ وَهُوَ أَهۡوَنُ عَلَيۡهِ‌ۚ ﴾

(And He it is Who originates the creation, then He will repeat it; and this is easier for Him.) (30:27)
﴿ فَسَيُنۡغِضُونَ إِلَيۡكَ رُءُوسَہُمۡ ﴾

(Then, they will shake their heads at you) Ibn `Abbas and Qatadah said, “They will move their heads in a gesture of mockery.” This view expressed by Ibn `Abbas and Qatadah is what the Arabs understand from the language, because the word used Fasayunghidun indicates an up-and-down movement Nughad. A word derived from the same root, Naghd, is used to refer to the young of the ostrich, because when it walks, it walks quickly and moves its head. The same word is used to describe a tooth when it becomes loose and is detached from its place.
﴿ وَيَقُولُونَ مَتَىٰ هُوَ‌ۖ ﴾

(and say: “When will that be”) This shows that they thought it very unlikely that it would happen, as Allah says:
﴿ وَيَقُولُونَ مَتَىٰ هَـٰذَا ٱلۡوَعۡدُ إِن كُنتُمۡ صَـٰدِقِينَ ﴾

(And they say: “When will this promise (i.e. Resurrection) be fulfilled, if you are truthful”) (36:48)
﴿ يَسۡتَعۡجِلُ بِہَا ٱلَّذِينَ لَا يُؤۡمِنُونَ بِہَا‌ۖ ﴾

(Those who believe not therein seek to hasten it (the Hour)) (42:18)
﴿ قُلۡ عَسَىٰٓ أَن يَكُونَ قَرِيبً۬ا ﴾

(Say: “Perhaps it is near!”) meaning, beware of it, for it is at hand and will no doubt come to you, and what will be will be.
﴿ يَوۡمَ يَدۡعُوكُمۡ ﴾

(On the Day when He will call you,) meaning the Lord, may He be blessed and exalted:
﴿ إِذَا دَعَاكُمۡ دَعۡوَةً۬ مِّنَ ٱلۡأَرۡضِ إِذَآ أَنتُمۡ تَخۡرُجُونَ ﴾

(When He will call you by a single call, behold, you will come out from the earth) (30:25) meaning, when He commands you to come out from the earth, for nothing can oppose Him or prevent His command from being fulfilled. Rather, it is as He says:
﴿ وَمَآ أَمۡرُنَآ إِلَّا وَٲحِدَةٌ۬ كَلَمۡحِۭ بِٱلۡبَصَرِ ﴾

(And Our commandment is but one as the twinkling of an eye) (54:50)
﴿ إِنَّمَا قَوۡلُنَا لِشَىۡءٍ إِذَآ أَرَدۡنَـٰهُ أَن نَّقُولَ لَهُ ۥ كُن فَيَكُونُ ﴾

(Verily, Our Word unto a thing when We intend it, is only that We say unto it: “Be!” – and it is) (16:40)
﴿ فَإِنَّمَا هِىَ زَجۡرَةٌ۬ وَٲحِدَةٌ۬ • فَإِذَا هُم بِٱلسَّاهِرَةِ ﴾

(But it will be only a single Zajrah. When behold, they find themselves (on the surface of the earth) alive (after their death).) (79:13-14), meaning, it will be just one definitive command, then the people will have come out from the inside of the earth to its surface, as Allah says:
﴿ يَوۡمَ يَدۡعُوكُمۡ فَتَسۡتَجِيبُونَ بِحَمۡدِهِۦ ﴾

(On the Day when He will call you, and you will answer with (words of) His praise) meaning, you will all rise up in response to His command and in obedience to His will.
﴿ وَتَظُنُّونَ ﴾

(and you will think) means, on the Day when you rise up from your graves,
﴿ إِن لَّبِثۡتُمۡ ﴾

(that you have stayed) in this earthly abode,
﴿ إِلَّا قَلِيلاً۬ ﴾

(but a little while.) This is like the Ayah:
﴿ كَأَنَّہُمۡ يَوۡمَ يَرَوۡنَہَا لَمۡ يَلۡبَثُوٓاْ إِلَّا عَشِيَّةً أَوۡ ضُحَٮٰهَا ﴾

(The Day they see it, (it will be) as if they had not tarried (in this world) except an afternoon or a morning.) (79:46). Allah says:
﴿ يَوۡمَ يُنفَخُ فِى ٱلصُّورِ‌ۚ وَنَحۡشُرُ ٱلۡمُجۡرِمِينَ يَوۡمَٮِٕذٍ۬ زُرۡقً۬ا • يَتَخَـٰفَتُونَ بَيۡنَہُمۡ إِن لَّبِثۡتُمۡ إِلَّا عَشۡرً۬ا • نَّحۡنُ أَعۡلَمُ بِمَا يَقُولُونَ إِذۡ يَقُولُ أَمۡثَلُهُمۡ طَرِيقَةً إِن لَّبِثۡتُمۡ إِلَّا يَوۡمً۬ا ﴾

(The Day when the Trumpet will be blown: that Day, We shall gather the blue or blind-eyed with thirst. They will speak in a very low voice to each other (saying): “You stayed not longer than ten (days).” We know very well what they will say, when the best among them in knowledge and wisdom will say: “You stayed no longer than a day!”) (20:102-104).
﴿ وَيَوۡمَ تَقُومُ ٱلسَّاعَةُ يُقۡسِمُ ٱلۡمُجۡرِمُونَ مَا لَبِثُواْ غَيۡرَ سَاعَةٍ۬‌ۚ كَذَٲلِكَ كَانُواْ يُؤۡفَكُونَ ﴾

(And on the Day that the Hour will be established, they will swear that they stayed not but an hour – thus were they ever deluded.) (30:55)
﴿ قَـٰلَ كَمۡ لَبِثۡتُمۡ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ عَدَدَ سِنِينَ • قَالُواْ لَبِثۡنَا يَوۡمًا أَوۡ بَعۡضَ يَوۡمٍ۬ فَسۡـَٔلِ ٱلۡعَآدِّينَ • قَـٰلَ إِن لَّبِثۡتُمۡ إِلَّا قَلِيلاً۬‌ۖ لَّوۡ أَنَّكُمۡ كُنتُمۡ تَعۡلَمُونَ ﴾

(He will say: “What number of years did you stay on earth” They will say: “We stayed a day or part of a day. Ask of those who keep account.” He will say: “You stayed not but a little, if you had only known!”) (23:112-114).

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir)

Unbelievers and their Denial of The Day of Judgement

A characteristic of the disbelievers is that they are unable to think higher than the dunyah. Since their hearts have experienced the light of Faith entering it, the concept of Tawheed, knowledge about their Lord and His ways are beyond their comprehension. For these matters have been made clear and seem very elementary to understand to The Muslim. This understanding is a Mercy only granted to Whom Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ has chosen.

Though these concepts seem small to the Muslim, they are not. They are very heavy. For to understand (even a glimpse) of the vastness of The Dominion of Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ should evoke fear of Him and personal accountability for ones behavior. To the disbeliever, this world is his/her playground where they are free from true account. Their concept of God, when some of them give thought, is highly distorted. They often think their hearts are in a good condition and that fact, despite their sins, is what God will accept from them.

To accept the Message of Islam is something that is heavy on their hearts;

فَمَن يُرِدِ اللَّهُ أَن يَهْدِيَهُ يَشْرَحْ صَدْرَهُ لِلْإِسْلَامِ ۖ وَمَن يُرِدْ أَن يُضِلَّهُ يَجْعَلْ صَدْرَهُ ضَيِّقًا حَرَجًا كَأَنَّمَا يَصَّعَّدُ فِي السَّمَاءِ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ يَجْعَلُ اللَّهُ الرِّجْسَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ

“And whomsoever Allah wills to guide, He opens his breast to Islam; and whomsoever He wills to send astray, He makes His breast closed and constricted, as if he is climbing up to the sky. Thus Allah puts the wrath on those who believe not.”

(Surah Al-An’am, 6:125)

Their Hearts (sadr) are Filled with Mockery, False Ideas, and Doubts

In the examined ayah;

أَوْ خَلْقًا مِّمَّا يَكْبُرُ فِي صُدُورِكُمْ ۚ فَسَيَقُولُونَ مَن يُعِيدُنَا ۖ قُلِ الَّذِي فَطَرَكُمْ أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ ۚ فَسَيُنْغِضُونَ إِلَيْكَ رُءُوسَهُمْ وَيَقُولُونَ مَتَىٰ هُوَ ۖ قُلْ عَسَىٰ أَن يَكُونَ قَرِيبًا

(Surah Al-Isra, 17:51)

Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ, uses the word صُدُورِكُمْ to describe the heart or breast. This word صُدُورِكُمْ comes from the root word صَدَرَ which (when referencing the heart) can be thought of as the foremost part of the heart or exterior. One can think of the صَدَرَ as a courtyard or fence guarding the innermost parts of the heart.

The light of Faith cannot shine on even the courtyard of the disbelievers heart. This is due to the darkness that it contains. This darkness is a cloud of false ideas about God, His ways, and His Signs which has blinded his/her spiritual eyes and deprived the innermost parts of the heart of spiritual oxygen. This is why Allah says they (the disbelievers) are dead;

Ibnul Qayyim رَحِمَهُ ٱللّٰهُ, said;

Allah سُبْحَانَ وَ تَعَالَىٰ revealed to Musa عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ : “O Musa, the first who died among My Creation was Iblis (Satan), because he disobeyed Me; for I consider the one who disobeys me among the dead.”

(Spiritual Disease and Its Cure, p. 69)

When Allah سلى الله علىه و سلم instructed The Prophet ﷺ to warn the disbelievers about Ressurection, some of them played about, questioning how this could occur. They fabricated evil in their chest about Allah سلى الله علىه و سلم ability filling their hearts with questions of how? Imagining the ways (of Resurrection) then denying all the false possibilities they create. Allah سلى الله علىه و سلم instructed The Prophet ﷺ to put an end to their hearts tossing about by telling them whatever they can imagine in their hearts (for themselves to be), Allah will surely resurrect them. The premise of the disbelievers argument is always rooted in falsehood;

إِنَّمَا يَفْتَرِي الْكَذِبَ الَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِآيَاتِ اللَّهِ ۖ وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْكَاذِبُونَ

“It is only those who believe not in the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, who fabricate falsehood, and it is they who are liars.”

(Surah An-Nahl, 16:105)

صَدَرَ also entails both being both open and constricted. The heart of the disbeliever is always in a state of contradiction. When they opened their hearts to disbelief, Allah constricted it, and so, understanding Allah is a hard affair. Allah سلى الله علىه و سلم, says in The Qur’an;

مَن كَفَرَ بِاللَّهِ مِن بَعْدِ إِيمَانِهِ إِلَّا مَنْ أُكْرِهَ وَقَلْبُهُ مُطْمَئِنٌّ بِالْإِيمَانِ وَلَٰكِن مَّن شَرَحَ بِالْكُفْرِ صَدْرًا فَعَلَيْهِمْ غَضَبٌ مِّنَ اللَّهِ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ

“Whoever disbelieved in Allah after his belief, except him who is forced thereto and whose heart is at rest with Faith; but such as open their breasts to disbelief, on them is wrath from Allah, and theirs will be a great torment.”

(Surah An-Nahl, 16:106)

فَمَن يُرِدِ اللَّهُ أَن يَهْدِيَهُ يَشْرَحْ صَدْرَهُ لِلْإِسْلَامِ ۖ وَمَن يُرِدْ أَن يُضِلَّهُ يَجْعَلْ صَدْرَهُ ضَيِّقًا حَرَجًا كَأَنَّمَا يَصَّعَّدُ فِي السَّمَاءِ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ يَجْعَلُ اللَّهُ الرِّجْسَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ

“And whomsoever Allah wills to guide, He opens his breast to Islam; and whomsoever He wills to send astray, He makes His breast closed and constricted, as if he is climbing up to the sky. Thus Allah puts the wrath on those who believe not.”

(Surah Al-An’am, 6:125)

They earned this condition due to their rebellion towards the truth, love for the dunya, and sins;

ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمُ اسْتَحَبُّوا الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا عَلَى الْآخِرَةِ وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْكَافِرِينَ

أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ طَبَعَ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِمْ وَسَمْعِهِمْ وَأَبْصَارِهِمْ ۖ وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْغَافِلُونَ

لَا جَرَمَ أَنَّهُمْ فِي الْآخِرَةِ هُمُ الْخَاسِرُونَ

“That is because they loved and preferred the life of this world to that of the Hereafter. And Allah guides not the people who disbelieve. They are those upon whose hearts, hearing (ears) and sight (eyes) Allah has set a seal. And they are the heedless! No doubt, in the Hereafter, they will be the losers.”

(Surah An-Nahl, 16:107-109)

Advice for Those Who Give Dawah

When Prophet Muhammad ﷺ discussed Resurrection with the disbelievers, they turned their heads in mockery. All of the Prophet’s experiences were a means by which they received revelation, gained a closer understanding of The Ways of their Lord, and obtained steadfastness. Their experiences were also a Mercy and a guidance for those who believe.

About the disbelievers mockery, Allah عزوجل then instructed the Prophet ﷺ about this;

وَقُل لِّعِبَادِي يَقُولُوا الَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ ۚ إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ يَنزَغُ بَيْنَهُمْ ۚ إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ كَانَ لِلْإِنسَانِ عَدُوًّا مُّبِينًا

“And say to My slaves (i.e. the true believers of Islamic Monotheism) that they should (only) say those words that are the best. (Because) Shaitan (Satan) verily, sows a state of conflict and disagreements among them. Surely, Shaitan (Satan) is to man a plain enemy.”

(Surah Al-Isra, 17:53)

Allah عزوجل is instructing the believers to be patient with all of mankind, including the disbelievers. When giving dawah (to Muslims and Non-Muslims alike) we must be patient and speak effective, kind words. So as to not stray from the task, one must remember to stay with the Speech of Allah عزوجل, as verily that is the best of speech!

We must understand that Allah عزوجل knows best about everyone. He knows the true condition of the heart. When placed in trial of giving dawah, one must remember that they are there to remind not to be the judge and jury. A person may be steeped in sin or the worst of sins (disbelief) however, a good end (i.e., Islam) could be written for them. It could be that they are presently a part of Shaytan’s Army, treading through the muddy sludge of evil, blinded through darkness and (by Allah’s permission) encounter you.

Is your job to tell them they stink? Or should you inform them of the sweetness of Iman? The latter is better. Good words are what is needed for they are also a Slave of Allah عزوجل. Perhaps, if the light of Faith has been decreed to reach their heart one day they will become the best of slaves due to their appreciation for Allah’s عزوجل Guidance.

Remind all of their Lord in the best way and ignore any bad behaviors. Evil and wickedness proceeds from a heart that is dead. However, it is Allah عزوجلwho brings things to life after death.

Allah عزوجل says in the Qur’an:

رَّبُّكُمْ أَعْلَمُ بِكُمْ ۖ إِن يَشَأْ يَرْحَمْكُمْ أَوْ إِن يَشَأْ يُعَذِّبْكُمْ ۚ وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ عَلَيْهِمْ وَكِيلًا

“Your Lord knows you best; if He wills, He will have mercy on you, or if He wills, He will punish you. And We have not sent you (O Muhammad) as a guardian over them.”

(Surah Al-Isra, 17:54)

Excerpts from Tafsir Ibn Kathir about these ayat:

People should speak Good Words with Politeness

Allah commands His servant Muhammad to tell the believing servants of Allah that they should address one another in their conversations and discussions with the best and politest of words, for if they do not do that, Shaytan will sow discord among them, and words will lead to actions, so that evil and conflicts and fights will arise among them. For Shaytan is the enemy of Adam and his descendants, and has been since he refused to prostrate to Adam. His enmity is obvious and manifest. For this reason it is forbidden for a man to point at his Muslim brother with an iron instrument, for Shaytan may cause him to strike him with it. (Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Hurayrah said: “The Messenger of Allah said:
« لَا يُشِيرَنَّ أَحَدُكُمْ إِلَى أَخِيهِ بِالسِّلَاحِ، فَإِنَّهُ لَا يَدْرِي أَحَدُكُمْ لَعَلَّ الشَّيْطَانَ أَنْ يَنْزِعَ فِي يَدِهِ فَيَقَعَ فِي حُفْرَةٍ مِنَ النَّار »

(No one of you should point at his brother with a weapon, for he does not know whether Shaytan will cause him to strike him with it and thus be thrown into a pit of Fire.) Al-Bukhari and Muslim recorded this Hadith with the chain of narration from `Abdur-Razzaq.
﴿ رَّبُّكُمۡ أَعۡلَمُ بِكُمۡ‌ۖ إِن يَشَأۡ يَرۡحَمۡكُمۡ أَوۡ إِن يَشَأۡ يُعَذِّبۡكُمۡ‌ۚ وَمَآ أَرۡسَلۡنَـٰكَ عَلَيۡہِمۡ وَڪِيلاً۬ • وَرَبُّكَ أَعۡلَمُ بِمَن فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۗ وَلَقَدۡ فَضَّلۡنَا بَعۡضَ ٱلنَّبِيِّـۧنَ عَلَىٰ بَعۡضٍ۬‌ۖ وَءَاتَيۡنَا دَاوُ ۥدَ زَبُورً۬ا ﴾

(54. Lord knows you best; if He wills, He will have mercy on you, or if He wills, He will punish you. And We have not sent you as a guardian over them.) (55. And your Lord knows best all who are in the heavens and the earth. And indeed, We have preferred some of the Prophets above others, and to Dawud We gave the Zabur.) Allah says:
﴿ رَّبُّكُمۡ أَعۡلَمُ بِكُمۡ‌ۖ ﴾

(Your Lord knows you best;) O mankind, meaning, He knows best who among you deserves to be guided and who does not deserve to be guided.
﴿ إِن يَشَأۡ يَرۡحَمۡكُمۡ ﴾

(if He wills, He will have mercy on you,) by helping you to obey Him and turn to Him.
﴿ أَوۡ إِن يَشَأۡ يُعَذِّبۡكُمۡ‌ۚ وَمَآ أَرۡسَلۡنَـٰكَ ﴾

(or if He wills, He will punish you. And We have not sent you) – O Muhammad –
﴿ عَلَيۡہِمۡ وَڪِيلاً۬ ﴾

(as a guardian over them.) meaning, `We have sent you as a warner, so whoever obeys you, will enter Paradise and whoever disobeys you, will enter Hell.’
﴿ وَرَبُّكَ أَعۡلَمُ بِمَن فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۗ ﴾

(And your Lord knows best all who are in the heavens and the earth.) meaning, their status or level of obedience or disobedience.

May Allah عزوجل, increase us all in knowledge and understanding of His beautiful religion. Ameen.

Published by Umm Nadia Taliah Muhammad

Striving to be a faithful servant of Allah سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَ. Mother of six. Forever a student, In shaa Allah- in the areas of Qur'an, Sunnah, and Islamic Herbal Herbal Medicine.

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